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Topic: Midrash

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In the News (Tue 23 Jul 19)

  Midrash halakha - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Midrash halakha was the ancient rabbinic Jewish method of verifying the traditionally received laws by identifying their sources in the Tanakh (Hebrew Bible), and by interpreting these passages as proofs of the law's authenticity.
The halakic midrash to Exodus from the school of R. Ishmael is the Mekilta, while that of the school of R. Akiba is the Mekilta of R. Simeon bar Yohai, most of which is contained in the Midrash ha-Gadol.
Midrashic halakot found also scattered through the two Talmuds; for many halakic baraitot (traditions in oral law) which occur in the Talmuds are really midrashic, recognizable by the fact that they mention the Scriptural bases for the respective halakot, often citing the text at the very beginning.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Halakhic_Midrash   (1628 words)

 MIDRASH - LoveToKnow Article on MIDRASH
So far then, Midrash tends to include moralizing history, whether we call it narrative or romance, attached to names and events, and it is obviously exemplified whenever there are unmistakable signs of untrustworthy amplification and of some explicit religious or ethical aim coloring the narrative.
Midrashic Exposition.The Talmud poetically describes Midrash as~ a hammer which wakes to shining light the sparks which slumber in the rock; and the simile is a happy one when one considers the exegetical implements, the workmen and their workmanship.
Of collections of Midrash the chief are (a) the Yalqut Shimeoni, which arranges the material according to the text of the Old Testament (extending over the whole of it), preserves much from sources that have since disappeared, and is valuable for the criticism of the text of the Midrashim (recent ed.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /M/MI/MIDRASH.htm   (4778 words)

 Rabbinic Citations
Midrash is the name for the process and body of work that interprets and expands stories from the Bible.
Midrash derives from the Oral Law of Judaism that dates back more than 3,000 years and is considered the mirror image of the Written Law.
Midrash is built on a careful study of the sacred text, raising both the implicit and explicit questions within the text.
www.megillatesther.com /midrash.htm   (430 words)

 JewishEncyclopedia.com - MIDRASH   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The divergence between midrash and peshaṭ increased steadily; and, although the consciousness of this divergence may not have increased in a proportionate degree, contrary to the view of Geiger (l.c.
Great as was this twofold influence of actual practise on the origin and development of the Midrash, it must be borne in mind that speculation for its own sake in the obligatory study of the Law (Deut.
The history of the Midrash may be divided into three periods: (1) of the Soferim; (2) of the Tannaim; and (3) of the Amoraim.
www.jewishencyclopedia.com /view.jsp?artid=586&letter=M&search=Midrash   (1277 words)

 Midrash Encyclopedia Article @ CompleteIdiotsGuide.com (Complete Idiots Guide)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Midrash (Hebrew: מדרש; plural midrashim) is a Hebrew word referring to a method of exegesis of a Biblical text.
The Midrash linking a verse to a halakha will often function as a proof of a law's authenticity; a correct elucidation of the Torah carries with it the support of the halakhah, and often the reason for the rule's existence (although many rabbinical laws have no direct Biblical source).
The text of this midrash is only partially preserved in medieval works, while other portions were discovered by Solomon Schechter in his research in the famed Cairo Geniza.
completeidiotsguide.com /encyclopedia/Midrash   (1961 words)

 JewishEncyclopedia.com - MIDRASH HAGGADAH:   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
It is of the utmost importance, in considering the several midrash works, to emphasize the fundamental difference in plan between the midrashim forming a running commentary to the Scripture text and the homiletic midrashim.
It is doubtful whether the midrash in both pericopes is the work of the same author, and it is improbable that originally it formed a part of a haggadic work which dealt in a similar way with the entire Book of Numbers.
The extent of the development of the Midrash Haggadah in the course of the centuries, from the epoch of the tannaitic midrashim down to the period that produced the Bemidbar Rabbah to Num.
www.jewishencyclopedia.com /view.jsp?artid=587&letter=M   (13249 words)

As a method: Midrash is a particular way of reading and interpreting a biblical verse.
As a verse: Midrash is a particular verse and its interpretation.
Both kinds of Midrashim were at first preserved only orally; but their writing down commenced with the second century of our era, and they now exist in the shape chiefly of exegetical or homiletical commentaries on the Tanach (the Hebrew Bible, aka The Old Testament).
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/mi/Midrash.html   (904 words)

 Midrash - The Key to Interpretation
Midrash is actually a way to change the frame (context) of the stories in the Bible.
A famous tradition of midrash concerns an apparent inconsistency in Genesis: first, God created humans "male and female." Then, a few verses later, we are told the story of it not being good that Adam was alone and God creating a helpmate.
As this example demonstrates, midrash is a way of using additional narrative to change the meaning of a story by changing the frame of a given action.
www.storydynamics.com /Articles/Storytelling_Concepts/midrash.html   (1360 words)

 Midrash from WUJS   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Midrash is the name given to certain collections of writings that are ordered around the layout of the Tanach.
Mechilta (Tractate) is a Midrash to Shemot (Exodus).
Midrash was translated into Modern Hebrew by early Zionists.Writers such as Bialik collected various stories from Midrash, and published them to encourage Jews to read from the actual body of Jewish tradition.
www.wujs.org.il /activist/learning/guide/midrash.shtml   (828 words)

 MyJewishLearning.com - Texts: Primer: Midrash
Midrash is an interpretive act, seeking the answers to religious questions (both practical and theological) by plumbing the meaning of the words of the Torah.
Midrash halakhah attempts to clarify or extend a law beyond the conditions assumed in the Bible, and to make connections between current practice and the biblical text.
Midrash Aggadah: The type of midrash most commonly referred to (as in, "There is a midrash which says…") is from the collections of midrash aggadah, most of which were compiled between about 200 and 1000 C.E. (Many midrashim circulated orally before then).
www.myjewishlearning.com /texts/Midrash/PrimerMidrash.htm?GL=true   (579 words)

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Midrash incorporates a grammatical-historical exegesis, vaguely similar to the western models of Biblical interpretation that the Reformers borrowed from 16th century Humanism, but it sees this as simply a first step.
The clearest set of guidelines in Midrash are the Seven Midroth attributed to Rabbi Hillel, the founder of the Pharisaic School of Hillel, where St. Paul was educated as a rabbi by Rabbi Gamaliel, the grandson of Hillel.
Midrash interprets prophecy as a cyclical pattern of historical recapitulation (prophecies having multiple fulfillment), with an ultimate fulfillment associated with the eschaton, which is the final focal point of the redemptive process.
www.moriel.org /articles/sermons/midrash.htm   (3431 words)

 Apostasy Now Article - Midrash: The Camel's Nose
I declare that this "Midrash" (being one of the latest fads among the exponents of the Hebrew Roots Movement) is just "the camel's nose"; and as the Bedouin parable goes: if the camel is allowed to stick his nose in the tent, before long, the whole camel will be in the tent.
The "patterns" that midrash would bring to our attention are clearly there, but to use this fact to change the definition of prophecy from predictive to primarily a commentary on the cycles of history is obviously an attempt by traditional rabbinicism to evade the mountain of predictive prophecy that was fulfilled in Christ.
Prasch's Midrashic system is precisely the "historical grammatical" school - for he implies that without an intimate knowledge of first century culture and Hebrew grammar, we cannot fathom the intended meaning of the words and phrases in the Bible.
www.apostasynow.com /articles/midrash.html   (5360 words)

 Question 3.24: What is a Midrash?   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Midrash is a method of reading the Bible as an Eternal text, and is the result of applying a set of hermeneutical principles evolved by the community to guide one in reading the canon, in order to focus one's reading.
One is that the language is the language of human discourse, and is subject to the same redundancies and occasional verbiage that we all encounter in desultory conversation.
Midrash minimizes the authority of the wording of the text as communication, normal language.
www.faqs.org /faqs/judaism/FAQ/03-Torah-Halacha/section-25.html   (593 words)

 A Critique of the Uses and Abuses of Midrash in Contemporary Christianity, Moriel Ministries
The "midrashic field of play" is defined by two "axioms" - it is an "activity performed on the Bible, which is regarded as a fixed, canonical text", and "scripture is divine speech", with its origins in the "mind of God", therefore, the "human element in scripture is minimal" (Alexander 1993:306).
He argues that midrash is the "Jewish way of saying that everything to be venerated in the present" is "somehow…connected with a sacred moment in the past", so that present experiences can be "affirmed and asserted as true inside the symbols of yesterday" (Spong 1994:8-9).
Midrash reads the everyday as the metaphor against which the eternal is to be read, and the eternal as the metaphor against which the everyday is to be re-enacted.
www.moriel.org /sermons/uses_abuses_midrash.htm   (13324 words)

 Judaism: A Quarterly Journal of Jewish Life and Thought: Midrash, bible, and women's voices.@ HighBeam Research   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Midrash, or Bible commentaries created by rabbis, should extend the scope of the narratives to the thoughts and actions of biblical women.
Midrash detailing the marriage of Abraham to Keturah after Sarah's death reveals that the second wife was Hagar, the banished concubine.
Another midrash in the story of Esther relates her death by suicide after being forced to appear naked before the king and his court.
www.highbeam.com /library/doc0.asp?DOCID=1G1:19016962&refid=holomed_1   (217 words)

 S.C.J. FAQ: Section 3.24. Torah: What is a Midrash?
Jacob Neusner explains that the word "Midrash" is based on a Hebrew word meaning "interpretation" or "exegesis".
In order to get a good idea of what classical rabbinic Midrash really is, one has to actually study it; no two- or three-sentence definition can accurately define the structure of Midrash.
If you would like to be part of the group to which the maintainer directs questions, please drop a note to the FAQ maintainer at maintainer@scjfaq.org.
www.shamash.org /lists/scj-faq/HTML/faq/03-24.html   (589 words)

 What is a Midrash?
For example the Midrash Rabbah is a non-halachic Midrash as most of its material is not halachic in nature, but the Mechilta is a halachic Midrash as it covers various laws including the laws of Passover.
This Midrash is telling us that this marriage that is being arranged is not some normal everyday marriage, but that this pair would be those who would merit bringing into the world that people which would accept the Torah.
If a Midrashic teaching is not the pshat of the verse (which can usually be seen when reading the verses in context) than that is not the pshat of the verse.
www.messiahtruth.com /midrash.html   (4334 words)

 Israel Movement for Progressive Judaism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The Beit Midrash (“House of Study”) is a classic Jewish institution.
While the traditional Beit Midrash was a male-only institution, its Progressive counterparts are naturally open to joint study by men and women.
While we share the traditional view that learning is something desirable for its own sake, we are particularly interested to draw participants to the Beit Midrash who will be able to express and implement the values they have learned in their future professional and personal lives.
www.reform.org.il /English/Education/BeitMidrash.htm   (445 words)

 Midrash Bibliography, General Studies
"Toward a New Agendum for the Study of Rabbinic Midrashic Literature." In Studies in Aggadah, Targum and Jewish Liturgy in Memory of Joseph Heinemann, edited by Petuchowski, Jakob J. and Ezra Fleischer, 55-73.
"The Philosophy Implicit in the Midrash." HUCA 27 (1956): 235-91.
Parables in Midrash -- Narrative and Exegesis in Rabbinic Literature.
www.huc.edu /midrash/genstud.html   (834 words)

 The Story Of Abraham And Idols In The Qur'an And Midrash Genesis Rabbah
It is allegedly the earliest extant midrash collection and is the most important of the midrash collections.
The precarious nature of the midrashic and other Jewish religious writing and their late redaction is well known among the modern scholarship and Genesis Rabbah is no exception.
Midrash Genesis Rabbah); it was probably undertaken not much later than that of the Jerusalem Talmud.
www.islamic-awareness.org /Quran/Sources/BBrabbah.html   (6181 words)

Midrash aggada derive the sermonic implications from the biblical text; Midrash halakha derive laws from it.
Aside from the ingenuity of these explanations, this midrash also demonstrates that a reader understands a text in light of his own experiences.
Midrash most commonly refers to the famous compilation of Midrash Rabbah, a compilation of the rabbis' comments on each of the five volumes of the Torah.
www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org /jsource/Judaism/Halakha_&_aggadata_&_midrash.html   (1638 words)

 Fraade: Looking for Legal Midrash
However, for all the midrash and halakhah found within the scrolls, textually they evidence very little midrash halakhah: the explicit citation and interpretation of Scripture as a source of or justification for law.
But there is, to my mind, and uncomfortable circularity in employing rabbinic midrash halakhah to uncover the midrashic methods by which Qumran rules can be said to have been exegetically generated, and then to claim from the results proof that these methods were there all along.
Because the pesharim were among the first of the DSS discovered and published, because of their allusions to events and persons in the sect's history, and because of their significance for the history of biblical interpretation, they have gained a prominence that has led some to regard them as defining Qumran scriptural exegesis overall.
orion.mscc.huji.ac.il /symposiums/1st/papers/Fraade96.html   (9628 words)

 ApostasyRevealed.com : Fighting Apostasy in the today's Church
Midrashim (plural of Midrash) were written in Israel and Babylon by the rabbis.
Midrash is a kind of Scriptural archaeology, bidding us not to stop at surface appearances but to dig down deeply into the text to uncover hidden riches." Midrashich interpretations permit students of Scripture to explore far beyond the safe boundaries of the Sacred Canon.
As a method of interpretation, Midrash tends to minimize the authority of the wording of the Bible text.
www.apostasyrevealed.com /midrash.htm   (2059 words)

 The Soncino Midrash Rabbah   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The indispensable Soncino Midrash Rabbah on CD-ROM is for those who thirst for knowledge about Judaism, its homiletic interpretations, and the Bible.
The Soncino Midrash Rabbah on CD-ROM is the most striking testimony to the joy and reverence with which the Jews have cherished the Bible.
The inclusion of the Tanach and Midrash on this CD is particularly noteworthy.
www.jewishstore.com /Software/SoncinoMidrash.htm   (225 words)

 The Midrash Says on Midrash Rabba   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The Midrash or Aggadic section of the Oral Tradition provides the background, the motivations, and the stories behind the biblical text which may seem sometimes dry and incomprehensible to an unlearned reader.
It is the allegories and illustrations, of the Midrash which make the Jewish biblical tradition so much more full and alive.
The Midrash Says is both an anthology and a very readable translation.
www.virtualgeula.com /midrshsay/mdrshsay.htm   (129 words)

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