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Topic: Military of Argentina

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  Military of Argentina - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The last military dictatorship lasted from 1976 to 1983 and was termed "National Reorganization Process" (in Spanish, Proceso de Reorganización Nacional) by its leaders, who justified their actions (illegal detentions, forced disappearances, torture and summary executions) as necessary for the suppression of terrorism (see Dirty War).
In 1965, the Argentine military conducted a large-scale land military maneuver on Antarctica.
Argentina sent warships and cargo planes in 1991 to the Gulf War under UN mandate and has remained involved in peacekeeping efforts in multiple locations like Croatia/Bosnia, Gulf of Fonseca, UNFICYP in Cyprus (where among Army and Marines troops the Air Force provided the UN Air contingent since 1994) and MINUSTAH in Haiti.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Military_of_Argentina   (889 words)

Argentina was then marked by periods of internal political conflict between conservatives and liberals and between civilian and military factions.
Argentina's population is overwhelmingly Roman Catholic, which is Argentina's official religion, but it also has the largest Jewish population in Latin America, about 250,000 strong, and is home to one of the largest Islamic mosques in Latin America.
The indigenous population, estimated at 700,000, is concentrated in the provinces of the north, northwest, and south.
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/ar/Argentina.html   (889 words)

 History of Argentina - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
During the early part of this period Argentina was largely a country of Spanish immigrants and their descendants, known as criollos, some of them gathered in the Buenos Aires and other cities, others living on the pampas as gauchos.
Argentina was officially neutral during most of the Second World War; the public remained divided, however the military governments that ruled between the years 1943-1946 favoured the Axis Powers, although towards the end of the war Argentina entered on the Allied side.
However, constant friction with the military, failure to resolve endemic economic problems (such as chronic inflation), and an inability to maintain public confidence undermined the effectiveness of the Alfonsín government, which left office six months early after Peronist candidate Carlos Saúl Menem won the 1989 presidential elections.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/History_of_Argentina   (4345 words)

 Argentina   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Argentina was then marked by periods of political conflict between conservatives and liberals and between civilian and military factions.
Argentina's parliament is the bicameral National Congress or Congreso Nacional consisting of a senate (Senado) of 72 seats and a Chamber Deputies (Cámara de Diputados) of 257 members.
Argentina's population is overwhelmingly Roman Catholic which is Argentina's official religion but also has the largest Jewish population in Latin America about 300 000 strong and is to one of the largest Islamic mosques in Latin America.
www.freeglossary.com /Argentina   (1557 words)

 History of Argentina   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Military campaigns led by Generals José de San Martín and Simón Bolívar between 1814 and 1817 made independence a reality with independence now generally dated Buenos Aires formal declaration of independence from on July 9 1816.
Argentina was neutral during most of the Second World War ; much of the public sympathized with Axis Powers but towards the end of the Argentina entered on the Allied side.
This alternative to two traditional political parties in Argentina is strong in Buenos Aires but as yet the national infrastructure of the Peronists and In an important development in Argentina's political all three major parties in the 1999 race espoused free market economic policies.
www.freeglossary.com /History_of_Argentina   (2370 words)

 Education Template
Argentina is a plain, rising from the Atlantic to the Chilean border and the towering Andes peaks.
Argentina occupies a continental surface of 2.791.810 square kilometers, with an extension of 3.800 km from the north to the south and 1.425 km from east to west.
Politically, Argentina is a federal republic, divided in 23 provinces and a federal district, that corresponds to the Federal Capital or the center of Buenos Aries.
www.consulateargentina-chicago.org   (399 words)

 The Ultimate Argentina - American History Information Guide and Reference   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Argentina is a country in southern South America, situated between the Andes in the west and the southern Atlantic Ocean in the east.
Argentina's parliament is the bicameral National Congress or Congreso de la Nación, consisting of a senate (Senado) of 72 seats and a Chamber of Deputies (Cámara de Diputados) of 257 members.
Argentina's population is overwhelmingly Roman Catholic, and Roman Catholicism is economically supported by the Argentine state, without being an official religion.
www.historymania.com /american_history/Argentina   (3388 words)

 Argentina in the Electronic Passport
Juan Peron was a dictator who ruled Argentina in the 1940s and 1950s and again briefly before his death in 1973.
Peron was an army officer who came to power in Argentina after a military junta in 1943.
A rival military faction had Peron imprisoned in 1945, but the descamisados, led by Peron’s wife Eva (nicknamed Evita or Little Eve), forced his removal from prison with massive demonstrations.
www.mrdowling.com /712-argentina.html   (399 words)

 Intercom - Military Conscription in Argentina, 1901-1945
Argentina’s conscription system was creating a strong race of men who were capable of defending the country.
Military service had also taught generations of young men to love their country and to respect the institution and tradition of the military.
Military conscription was instituted in 1901 with the goal of shoring up the republic’s defenses while also forging more patriotic and civic-minded citizens.
www.ithaca.edu /intercom/article.php/20050908100054107   (435 words)

 Argentina (11/06)
Argentina's population is overwhelmingly Catholic, but it also has the largest Jewish population in Latin America, estimated between 280,000 to 300,000 strong, and is home to one of the largest Islamic mosques in Latin America.
Argentina's constitution of 1853, as revised in 1994, mandates a separation of powers into executive, legislative, and judicial branches at the national and provincial level.
Argentina is a participant in the Three Plus One regional mechanism (Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and the U.S.), which focuses on possible terrorist-related activity in the tri-border region.
www.state.gov /r/pa/ei/bgn/26516.htm   (5269 words)

 The Unstable Economy in Argentina The next U.S. military intervention?
Argentina's currency was at par with the dollar (one peso equals one U.S. dollar) and hence strong; other countries had devalued their currencies and the exchange rate against the dollar was much lower, that is, weak currency.
On November 14, 2002 Argentina defaulted on an $X05 million loan installment that it owed the World Bank and said it would resume payment only when the IMF agreed to restore a credit line that was cut off late last year, although it did make a token payment of $77 million.
The fourth was staged in May-June 2002 in the province of Misiones that borders on Paraguay and Brazil.
www.thirdworldtraveler.com /South_America/Unstable_Argentina.html   (2433 words)

 Argentina military junta members top officers and ministers
Military governor of Tucuman in 1976 and 1977.
Born in Aug. 2, 1925, in Mercedes, Argentina de-facto president of Argentina from 1976 to 1981 and the main architect of the dirty-war.
Videla and Massera who had commanded the army and navy during the worst years of the repression were convicted of multiple cases of homicide aggravated by the defenseless state of victims, aggravated false arrests, torture, torture resulting in death, and robbery, and sentenced to life imprisonment.
www.yendor.com /vanished/junta.html   (5117 words)

Courageous efforts by victims' relatives, human rights organizations, prosecutors, and judges in Argentina have been reinforced by the determined efforts of their counterparts in Spain, France, Italy, Sweden, and Germany to see justice done for their own citizens who were "disappeared" and murdered by the military in Argentina.
The three countries were all governed by repressive military regimes in the 1970s and 1980s, suffering a similar pattern of human rights violations: political imprisonment on a huge scale, denial of due process, torture, extrajudicial executions, and "disappearances." (The number of "disappearances" in Argentina was much higher than its neighbors.
One of the most tragic and unsavory aspects of the repression under the military juntas was the fate of at least 240 children and unborn infants who "disappeared" with their parents.
hrw.org /reports/2001/argentina/argen1201-01.htm   (3762 words)

 The Vanished Gallery: The Desaparecidos of Argentina   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
In a coup on March 24, 1976, a military junta seized power in Argentina and went on a campaign to wipe out left-wing terrorism with terror far worse than the one they were combating.
Between 1976 and 1983 - under military rule - thousands of people, most of them dissidents and innocent civilians unconnected with terrorism, were arrested and then vanished without a trace.
In 1983, after democracy was restored, a national commission was appointed to investigate the fate of the disappeared.
www.yendor.com /vanished   (223 words)

 History of Argentina
The Spanish further integrated Argentina into their empire by establishing the Vice Royalty of Rio de la Plata in 1776, and Buenos Aires became a flourishing port.
When military governments failed to revive the economy and suppress escalating terrorism in the late 1960s and early 1970s, the way was open for Peron's return.
Rodriguez Saa announced immediately that Argentina would default on its international debt obligations, but expressed his commitment to maintain the currency board and the peso's 1-to-1 peg to the dollar.
www.historyofnations.net /southamerica/argentina.html   (1509 words)

 Argentina, 1966-88
The public celebrated, and much of Argentina felt united, and in the Falklands the Argentine military captured a small detachment of British Royal Marines and the British governor.
The rulers promised that the military would not run a candidate for the presidency, and the government approved a law granting military and police personnel immunity from prosecution for crimes connected in the repression of dissent.
Under Alphonsín, a decision was made to prosecute nine of the former leaders of the military regime for having spread "terror, pain and death." Alphonsín called Congress into a special session, and Congress set up a commission to investigate the disappearances of thousands.
www.fsmitha.com /h2/ch24arg.htm   (1326 words)

 The Virtual Jewish History Tour - Argentina
Argentina is the second largest nation in Latin America and boasts the largest Jewish community in the region.
From an open door policy of immigration to the harboring of Nazi war criminals, Argentina’s Jews have faced periods of peaceful coexistence and periods of intense anti-Semitism.
Argentina’s oldest synagogue, Congregacion Israelita de la Republica Argentina, is known as "Libertad" because it is located at Libertad 733 in Buenos Aires.
www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org /jsource/vjw/Argentina.html   (1973 words)

 BBC NEWS | Americas | Argentina checks Ford's 'military ties'
Prosecutor Felix Crous said he had filed the case after a former Ford Argentina employee, Pedro Norberto Troiani, told a court that a secret military detention centre was set up inside one of the firm's factories on the outskirts of Buenos Aires.
Ford Argentina was accused in 1998 of having collaborated with the military juntas which ran the country from 1976 to 1983, but this is the first time a legal process has been opened in connection with the allegations.
Ford Argentina is not the first car-maker to be accused of ties with the military regime.
news.bbc.co.uk /2/hi/americas/2410551.stm   (393 words)

 Argentine Defense Industry
Argentina lacks the requisite technical infrastructure, and therefore, many of the high-tech products currently in use in the defense industry would not be practical for Argentina to consider at this time.
Argentina's military is well educated and many of its senior officers, through special military programs, have lived and studied in the United States and Europe.
The Argentine military has become increasingly active in international peacekeeping missions, and is interested in the technological support required for the modernization required to interact in an international environment.
www.globalsecurity.org /military/world/argentina/industry.htm   (901 words)

Argentina participates actively in hemispheric institutions and assumed a non-permanent UN Security Council seat in 2005.
The International Military Education and Training (IMET) program continues to contribute to our efforts to build a professional, appropriately-sized military dedicated to the rule of law, subordinate to civil rule, and which demonstrates respect for human rights.
Argentina will be eligible to receive Excess Defense Articles (EDA) on a grant basis under Section 516 of the Foreign Assistance Act.
www.state.gov /t/pm/64485.htm   (619 words)

 On 30th Anniversary of Argentine Coup: New Declassified Details on Repression and U.S. Support for Military Dictatorship
The U.S., the Argentine Military and the Coup
It is also significant that the military intelligence count starts in 1975, at a time the military took over national repressive activities from the national police but several months before the military coup in March.
Since the disappearances are known to have continued several more years, the actual total of those disappeared by the military should be extrapolated beyond the 22,000 who had already been killed at the time the report was written in July 1978.
www.gwu.edu /~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB185/index.htm   (4407 words)

 The military in Argentina and Chile   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
It was simplistic and glossed over the role of the military during their murky years of control.
The situation is especially sad in Argentina, where both the military and the politicians are despised.
In the TV programs on the dazzling military planes performing stunts in the air, this moral question was not raised.
www.stanford.edu /group/wais/LatinAmerica/latinamer_militaryinargenandchile2902.html   (207 words)

 Military Of Argentina   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
If you would like to use this flag of Argentina or any other on your website you are welcome to do so, all we ask is that you include a link back to our site on the same page.
If you would like to use this map of Argentina or any other on your website you are welcome to do so, all we ask is that you include a link back to our site on the same page.
If you would like to use this information for Argentina or any other on your website you are welcome to do so, all we ask is that you include a link back to our site on the same page.
www.appliedlanguage.com /country_guides/argentina_country_military.shtml   (212 words)

 The Online NewsHour: Tracking Nuclear Proliferation | Country Profile | Argentina | PBS
In 1968, Argentina refused to accede to the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty or to ratify the 1967 Tlatelolco Treaty, an agreement which called for a nuclear-free zone in Latin America and the Caribbean.
Though the plant was never completed due to technical problems, by 1983 Argentina had developed uranium enrichment technology and had built a heavy water plant, according to Julio Carasalas, a former Argentine ambassador.
In 1993, Argentina ratified the Tlatelolco Treaty and in 1995 acceded to the NPT as a non nuclear-weapon state.
www.pbs.org /newshour/indepth_coverage/military/proliferation/countries/argentina.html   (232 words)

 Argentina history
Documents for the history of Argentina A selection of documents on aspects of Argentina´s history and society.
Argentina at Independence--Geographical Issues Interesting article on the role of geography in the formation of the new state.
Argentina and South America: La Argentina frente a la América del Sur, 1881-1930.
www.casahistoria.net /argentina.htm   (1705 words)

 Book Analyzes Blending of Military Interests into Argentina Politics   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Military meddling in political affairs has long been common in Latin America, and the recent rebirth of democracy in many countries only heightens concern that military leaders will refuse to submit to civilian authority.
One hallmark of progress is the willingness of the military to work through, rather than around, democratic institutions in Argentina, a country with a long history of militarism.
This book examines the influence that institutions have had over the implementation of policy in Argentina between 1983 and 1995, revealing that policies can succeed despite military resistance.
www.personal.psu.edu /dept/ur/NEWS/news/argentina.html   (272 words)

Uruguay and Argentina are cutting ties with the US Army's School of the Americas, paving the way for other Latin American countries to end a destabilizing force that only perpetuates human rights atrocities.
The Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo, icons of courageous demands for accountability in Argentina, marked a thirty-year milestone and a significant if imperfect victory in the fight for human rights.
The current debate in the United States over the use of torture in the interrogation of terror suspects has prompted Patricia Isasa, a teenage torture victim in Argentina's "dirty war," to speak out against the School of the Americas, a longtime training ground for torture techniques.
www.thenation.com /directory/argentina   (245 words)

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