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Topic: Military of Bolivia

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In the News (Wed 17 Jul 19)

Siles Zuazo was one of the survivors of the revolution of 1952 which ended the domination of the wealthy tin barons over the impoverished Andean country and later had to struggle against the military, often acting in the service of the cocaine barons, before stable democracy was established in the last decade.
During the previous year opposition had been mounting against the military regime of General Hugo Banzer, which was already under pressure from the administration of U.S. President Jimmy Carter and its policy of encouraging a return to civilian rule throughout Latin America.
Enough of the military were in his pocket to allow him to do so with impunity.
ourworld.compuserve.com /homepages/Harvey_Morris/bolivia.htm   (1063 words)

 Bolivia - The Military
The military remained in its barracks despite the social turmoil that enveloped the country.
The military's role in support of democracy in the late 1980s was in large measure dependent on the success of Paz Estenssoro's reforms under the NPE.
Because of the military's willingness to engage in joint exercises with United States troops and in drug interdiction programs in the late 1980s, the military once again became the recipient of aid that had been drastically reduced since 1980.
countrystudies.us /bolivia/83.htm   (663 words)

As Bolivia was unable to populate the coast and exploit the deposits by itself, it made contracts mostly with Chilean companies.
Bolivia tried to participate of this boom in its own territory of the Acre, but Brazil claiming sovereignty sent its army and took it the land.
Bolivia was dragged again in another war between 1932 and 1935, this time with Paraguay for control of the Chaco region.
members.tripod.com /~texcolca1/body/bolivia.html   (853 words)

Bolivia is now poor and backward but this was not always the case for the area that is now Bolivia.
As a result of their defeat in the War of the Pacific the military in Bolivia lost status and the power shifted to entrepreneurs who were trying to resurrect Bolivian mining.
The military junta allied itself with the MNR and Villaroel was president from 1943 to 1946.
www2.sjsu.edu /faculty/watkins/bolivia.htm   (2912 words)

Bolivia's per capita gross national income is among the three lowest in the hemisphere, and it has failed to convince its distrustful populace of the benefits of employing modern economic practices.
FMF will be used to educate, train, and equip a Bolivian Military Police Command, as well as continue to increase the effectiveness of their counterterrorist and counternarcotics forces that support the global war on terrorism and other traditional national/internal security roles.
Bolivia will be eligible in FY 2007 to receive Excess Defense Articles (EDA) on a grant basis under Section 516 of the Foreign Assistance Act.
www.state.gov /t/pm/64489.htm   (626 words)

 Human Rights Watch: Americas : Bolivia
Bolivian military personnel implicated in human rights violations must be tried in civilian rather than military courts, Human Rights Watch said today after the Constitutional Court upheld civilian court jurisdiction in a case involving alleged killings by army troops.
Bolivia signed the Mine Ban Treaty on 3 December 1997 and was the first country of South America to deposit its instrument of ratification with the UN on 9 June 1998.
Bolivia, one of the world’s leading producers of coca leaf and refined cocaine, is also the largest recipient of U.S. counter-narcotics aid.
www.hrw.org /americas/bolivia.php   (761 words)

 Plan Colombia and Beyond: Military aid to Bolivia
That’s an 18 percent drop in military aid from 2006 to 2007, and a 25 percent drop from 2005 to 2007.
Bolivia got a waiver in 2004 when it signed an immunity agreement, but the waiver was lifted when the Bolivian Congress did not ratify the agreement.
Bolivia is one of twelve Western Hemisphere countries in the same situation.
www.ciponline.org /colombia/blog/archives/000214.htm   (865 words)

 Global Voices Online » Blog Archive » Bolivia: Border Military Bases and Internal Conflicts
The treaty between Bolivia and Venezuela to build military facilities on the borders with Paraguay, Chile, Perú, and Brasil is being discussed in political blogs from Perú and Chile.
Bolivia is the poorest South American country, and its population is very small compared to all its neighbors (except Paraguay).
Also, Bolivia doesn’t have the economic, political, military, and social conditions to be a military threat for countries such as Perú, Chile or Paraguay.
www.globalvoicesonline.org /2006/10/23/bolivia-border-military-bases-and-internal-conflicts   (727 words)

 Background Notes: Bolivia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Bolivia's weakness was demonstrated during the War of the Pacific (1879-84) when it lost its seacoast and the adjoining rich nitrate fields to Chile.
Bolivia is a signatory of the Inter- American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance (Rio Treaty), an agreement among the American states for mutual support against aggression.
Relations with Chile, strained since Bolivia's defeat in the War of the Pacific (1879-83) and its loss of the coastal province of Atacama, were severed from 1962 to 1975 in a dispute over the use of the waters of the Lauca River.
gopher.state.gov /ERC/bgnotes/wha/bolivia9109.html   (3370 words)

 Bolivia: the military plan and wait, by Maurice Lemoine
There is a well-established tradition of military interference in politics in Bolivia, which has experienced about 180 coups since it became independent in 1825.
Although the initiative came from retired members of the military, the serving top brass - including the commander of land forces at the time, General Marcelo Antezana - were involved in the creation of Tradepa.
To counter the corruption of Bolivia’s political parties Tradepa proposes “a revolutionary, independent and humanist nationalism” and “the participation of the armed forces in national development”.
mondediplo.com /2006/02/08bolivia   (2096 words)

 Flashback: This Month in History
In 1946, Bolivia's president was overthrown and hanged by a mob.
The military leaders who overthrew Torres had charged when the rebellion began Thursday in Bolivia's eastern provinces that Torres was leading the nation towards Communism.
Bolivia, a landlocked nation of 4.5 million that is one of the poorest in the Western Hemisphere, has had nearly 200 coups in its 145 years of independence.
www.washingtonpost.com /wp-srv/inatl/longterm/flash/articles/aug96/bolivia71.htm   (691 words)

 Upside Down World - Bolivia: Coca growers killed in action approved by Evo Morales
A conflict between Bolivian military and coca growers led to the death of 2 coca growers on the morning of Friday, September 29.
According to government reports, a military contingent was sent by the government to eradicate illegal coca crops in the national park.
According to the military reports, between 8 and 9 am, the eradication contingent was ambushed by 200 coca growers armed with guns and dynamite, and the soldiers shot back in self defense, (4).
upsidedownworld.org /main/content/view/450/1   (1935 words)

Military relations with regional neighbors remain stable, but tensions between Peru and Chile have the potential to unbalance the military equilibrium currently governing South America.
Bolivia’s neighbours should not feel threatened by a proposed military aid package from Venezuela that will be used to set up new bases along its borders...
LA PAZ, Bolivia Bolivia's vice president on Tuesday said the government was still committed to an Oct. 28 deadline to fully nationalize...
www.mongabay.com /reference/new_profiles/200.html   (2621 words)

 Bolivia to build border military bases   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Morales says the bases are needed because the United States is "scheming" against Bolivia through neighboring countries, but domestic critics think he is more interested in having the troops available to stem unrest in a region that increasingly is demanding autonomy.
Morales is using Venezuelan aid to militarize eastern Bolivia, which is the stronghold of opposition parties that have pushed through a referendum endorsing regional autonomy.
Military delegations from Bolivia and Venezuela met yesterday to establish "economic cooperation" for new army installations in Bolivia's Amazonic region along the Paraguay River, said Defense Minister Walker San Miguel.
wpherald.com /articles/1356/1/Bolivia-to-build-border-military-bases/Venezuela-to-provide-aid.html   (308 words)

 Bolivia's military seizes gas fields - Breaking News - World - Breaking News
Impoverished Bolivia has the second largest natural gas reserves in South America after Venezuela, and the question of how the country should manage these riches has been at the heart of several popular revolts since 2003.
Bolivia's actions echo what Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez, a Morales ally, did in the world's fifth-largest oil exporter with forced contract migrations and retroactive tax hikes - conditions that oil majors largely agreed to accept.
Bolivia exports most of its natural gas to Argentina and Brazil, with whom the government is negotiating higher prices.
www.theage.com.au /news/World/Bolivias-military-seizes-gas-fields/2006/05/02/1146335699024.html   (711 words)

 Bolivia - Military Justice   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Military justice matters are adjudicated by the Permanent Tribunal of Military Justice and, in the highest instance, by the Supreme Tribunal of Military Justice, both of which were headed by generals in the late 1980s.
Some military cases may be adjudicated by civilian courts once the defendants have been expelled from the FF.AA.
Even in times of peace, territories declared to be military zones fall under military jurisdiction, although in practice the standards of military criminal justice generally have not been applied in trying civilians.
www.country-data.com /cgi-bin/query/r-1654.html   (263 words)

 Bolivia: Ruling Holds Military Accountable for Rights Abuses (Human Rights Watch, 7-5-2004)
For years, Bolivia’s military courts have insisted on trying members of the armed forces accused of violating human rights, but then almost invariably acquit them.
Bolivia’s military court system had asserted jurisdiction over the case, an approach that the Constitutional Court rejected.
A lack of military cooperation has also stalled investigations into the death of at least 59 people in September and October 2003, when army troops opened fire on demonstrators during anti-government protests sparked by plans to export Bolivian natural gas through Chile.
www.hrw.org /english/docs/2004/05/07/bolivi8559.htm   (793 words)

 Bolivia - MILITARY RULE, 1964-82
He placed Comibol under the control of a military director and abolished the veto power of union leaders in management decisions.
Military troops again occupied the mines, and in 1967 they massacred miners and their families at the Catavi-Siglo XX mines.
The military also resented the key role of United States officers in the capture and killing of Ernesto "Che" Guevara in 1967 in Bolivia, where he had tried to start a guerrilla movement.
countrystudies.us /bolivia/21.htm   (635 words)

 SignOnSanDiego.com > News > World -- Bolivia says military posts no threat to neighbors
LA PAZ, BoliviaBolivia's neighbors should not feel threatened by a proposed military aid package from Venezuela that will be used to set up new bases on its borders, Defense Minister Walker San Miguel said Friday.
San Miguel said Bolivia will spend $12 million of the Venezuelan aid in the next five years for other new military posts on its borders, but said they were small bases for 20 men to combine immigration, customs, police and army operations.
San Miguel said Bolivia has a total of 15 military posts on its borders and said that was a small number compared to its neighbors.
www.signonsandiego.com /news/world/20061020-1214-bolivia-military.html   (446 words)

U.S. citizens whose passports are lost or stolen in Bolivia must obtain a replacement passport and present it, together with a police report of the loss or theft, to a Bolivian government immigration office in order to obtain permission to depart.
Minors (under 18) who are citizens or residents of Bolivia and who are traveling alone, with one parent or with a third party, must present a copy of their birth certificate and written authorization from the absent parent(s) or legal guardian, specifically granting permission to travel alone, with one parent or with a third party.
Eastern Bolivia is tropical, and visitors to that area are subject to related illnesses.
travel.state.gov /travel/bolivia.html   (4803 words)

 Bolivia Radical Military Government - Flags, Maps, Economy, Geography, Climate, Natural Resources, Current Issues, ...
Because the officer corps wanted to avoid a civilian investigation of the military's wartime leadership, military backing for the coup came from all ranks.
Reformist decrees raised expectations among the middle class, but when they failed to be implemented, they contributed to the growth of the left.
The military socialist regimes also prompted the conservatives to join forces to stem the growth of the left.
www.workmall.com /wfb2001/bolivia/bolivia_history_radical_military_government.html   (416 words)

 General: Reduce Military Aid to Colombia
MIAMI - The U.S. military's commander for Latin America says Washington should gradually reduce its roughly $600 million (euro480 million) in annual military and anti-drug aid to Colombia, support that has been crucial to putting the region's most potent rebel force on the defensive.
But Uribe's armed forces have recently been beset by a series of scandals, including accusations of dozens of civilians killed by soldiers who claimed they were rebels and allegations that military intelligence officers have staged bombings and FARC surrenders to make it appear as if they have been weakening the rebels.
At the Military Community Center, keep up with your units, find buddies and reunions, connect with military associations, or chat with other military servicemembers and veterans.
www.military.com /NewsContent/0,13319,117024,00.html   (838 words)

 Bolivia: the military plan and wait
But if you mean a movement driven by caprices, it is a danger to the stability of the state.” What he understood by populism remained unclear.
Bolivia’s generals found themselves deprived of influence or room to manoeuvre, but they continued to exploit privileged relationships with the parties in power and some presidents used special funds to buy their loyalty.
Next, the former general Luis Gemio (brother of the sacked deputy defence minister and leader of the Mariscal de Zepita group from 1997 to 2002) made a public threat to use other methods if the military was not allowed to have its own political wing.
www.informationclearinghouse.info /article11794.htm   (2043 words)

 Daily News - eluniversal.com
Paraguay should be on guard vis-à-vis the scope of the military agreement Bolivia and Venezuela initialed last May 26, as it represents a threat, said the newspaper Abc Color in its editorial on October 15.
The daily asserted that under the "cooperation" agreement signed between President Hugo Chávez and his Bolivian counterpart Evo Morales for the construction of military bases on the border with Paraguay, "underlies a hidden political position that is very ample," AP reported.
The construction of military bases or headquarters in Bolivia does not involve settling of Venezuelan operational units, said the Venezuelan Minister of Defense General Raúl Isaías Baduel.
english.eluniversal.com /2006/10/20/en_pol_art_20A793481.shtml   (372 words)

 BBC NEWS | World | Americas | Bolivia's Morales meets military
Bolivia's senior military commanders have held a meeting with Evo Morales, the left-leaning presidential candidate who is leading the polls.
During the meeting with senior commanders, he said the military should concentrate on defending his country's borders rather than, as he put it, attacking the Bolivian people.
Bolivia - the poorest country in South America - has recently been marred by instability and violent protests.
news.bbc.co.uk /1/hi/world/americas/4527542.stm   (251 words)

 Bolivia says military posts no threat | NEWS.com.au
BOLIVIA'S neighbours should not feel threatened by proposed military aid from Venezuela that will be used to set up new posts on its borders, Defence Minister Walker San Miguel says.
Bolivian officials have said military aid from Venezuela would also go to developing a port managed by Bolivia's navy to transport oil seeds on the Paraguay and Parana rivers.
Mr Ramirez said Bolivia had explained its plans for new developments at the Quijarro port on a river 200km north of the border with Paraguay was an infrastructure project with commercial goals.
www.news.com.au /story/0,23599,20623473-38199,00.html   (461 words)

 Military Of Bolivia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
If you would like to use this flag of Bolivia or any other on your website you are welcome to do so, all we ask is that you include a link back to our site on the same page.
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www.appliedlanguage.com /country_guides/bolivia_country_military.shtml   (200 words)

 ZNet |Bolivia | Bolivia's Gas War
A new cycle of conflict has developed in Bolivia as worker unions, coca farmers and ordinary citizens unite to prevent the sale of the nation's gas reserves to the United States through a Chilean port.
Bolivia is currently in its tenth day of road blockades and on September 19th large scale strikes and protests took place across the country.
In Bolivia, there is a profound contempt towards Chile which originated with the Pacific war of 1879 when Chile took over Bolivia's only access to the sea.
www.zmag.org /content/showarticle.cfm?SectionID=52&ItemID=4245   (1144 words)

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