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Topic: Military of Bulgaria

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In the News (Tue 18 Jun 19)

  Bulgaria - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The struggle for liberation of the Bulgarians in the Adrianople Vilayet and Macedonia continued throughout the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century culminating with the Ilinden-Preobrazhenie Uprising organised by the IMARO in 1903.
Bulgaria joined NATO on 29 March 2004 and is set to join the European Union at the earliest on 1 January 2007 after signing the Treaty of Accession on 25 April 2005.
Bulgaria is comprised of portions of the classical regions of Thrace, Moesia, and Macedonia.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Bulgaria   (2419 words)

 Military of Bulgaria - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
They become part of multinational military formations in compliance with international treaties Bulgaria is a Party of, participate in the preparation of the population, the national economy and the maintenance of wartime reserves and the infrastructure of the country for defense.
In case of low- and medium-intensity military conflict the Active Forces that are part of the Land Forces participate in carrying out the initial tasks for the defense of the territorial integrity and sovereignty of the country.
In case of a military conflict of high intensity the Land Forces, together with the Air Force and the Navy, form the defense group of the Bulgarian Army aiming at countering aggression and protection of the territorial integrity and sovereignty of the country.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Military_of_Bulgaria   (689 words)

 Bulgaria. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
Bulgaria crumbled under the attacks of a reinvigorated Byzantium in the 10th cent., and in 1018 it was annexed by Emperor Basil II.
Bulgaria was victorious against Turkey in the first (1911–12) of the Balkan Wars, but claims to Macedonia involved it in the Second Balkan War with its former allies Greece and Serbia, and it was soon defeated.
Bulgaria joined (1949) the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance and in 1955 became a member of the Warsaw Treaty Organization and the United Nations.
www.bartleby.com /65/bu/Bulgaria.html   (1925 words)

 Bulgaria (03/06)
Bulgaria shares a border with Turkey and Greece to the south, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Serbia and Montenegro to the west, Romania to the north and the Black Sea to the east.
As Bulgaria emerged from the throes of communism, it experienced a period of social and economic unrest that culminated in a severe economic and financial crisis in late 1996-early 1997.
Bulgaria is a member of the United Nations and in 2002-2003 served a 2-year term as a nonpermanent member on the UN Security Council.
www.state.gov /r/pa/ei/bgn/3236.htm   (3073 words)

Bulgaria was ruled by the Byzantine Empire from 1018 to 1185 and the Ottoman Empire from 1396 to 1878.
In 1879, Bulgaria adopted a democratic constitution and invited a German nobleman, Alexander of Battenburg, to be prince.
Bulgaria has good relations with its neighbors and has proved to be a constructive force in the region under socialist and democratic governments alike.
clinton4.nara.gov /WH/New/Europe-9911/background/bulgaria.html   (3398 words)

 Bulgaria on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Bulgaria was victorious against Turkey in the first (1911-12) of the Balkan Wars, but claims to Macedonia involved it in the Second Balkan War with its former allies Greece and Serbia, and it was soon defeated.
Bulgaria became a member of NATO in Mar., 2004, and a little more than a year later the country signed an accession treaty with the European Union that called for its admission in 2007.
Bulgaria's foreign relations in the post-communist era: a general overview and assessment.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/B/Bulgaria.asp   (2476 words)

 Military doctrine of Bulgaria   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The Republic of Bulgaria assumes that it might be involved in a military-political crisis or military conflict primarily as a result of expansion or spread of a military or armed conflict close to its state border.
Military planning is aimed at: building up and maintaining an adequate defence potential and combat readiness allowing for effective capabilities to deter and repel aggression; effective operation of the military components of the national crisis management system; participation in international initiatives for peace support and crisis prevention.
In case of direct military threat or military conflict on the territory of the whole country, or part of it, a "state of war" or state of emergency are declared.
www.bulgaria2net.com /Government/MilDoc.htm   (4733 words)

 Bulgaria.com - History, Rulers of Bulgaria - Boris I   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Bulgaria often suffered defeat at the hands of its powerful enemies Byzantium, the German kingdom, Croatia and Serbia, but the state's borders remained unchanged.
Bulgaria's conversion to Christianity was prompted mostly by external events.
After Bulgaria's conversion to Christianity, the Slavonic language was firmly established as the vehicle of cultural development.
www.bulgaria.com /history/rulers/boris1.html   (641 words)

 US Assists Bulgaria in Military Reform
Now Bulgaria's defence minister came to Washington to announce the country's concrete achievements in the same national university, which is the most prestigious academic establishment in the US for training of senior military and civilian staff in the sphere of defence.
For the political circles and experts in Washington the issue about Bulgaria's trade in arms and its regulation is still stirring both interest and suspicion, especially after the publication of the latest report on this topic by Helsinki Watch (April 1999).
Bulgaria has had a consistent policy to prove its authority in the region and it naturally takes up the position of a leading factor on the Balkans in the process of democratisation and economic development.
www.capital.bg /weekly/99-29/14-29-1.htm   (904 words)

 [No title]
Bulgaria's possible participation in IFOR2 will be consistent with its principled position on the crisis in former Yugoslavia, he said.
If Bulgaria receives the financial support it needs, it may send a company as part of the Austrian contingent which will be under British command along with Belgian and Dutch troops.
Bulgaria took part in the Mars'96 mission with instruments for monitoring radiation levels inside and outside the station, for analyzing cosmic plasma and for measuring the three components of the magnetic field on the surface and six meters below the surface of the planet.
www.b-info.com /places/Bulgaria/news/96-11/nov21.bta   (3064 words)

 SIGNAL Magazine
Bulgaria’s goal is to be prepared for participation in joint task force operations for a variety of situations.
The percentage of commercial technologies used in military systems is increasing rapidly.” He cites the automated information system for the ministry and the military headquarters as an example of a C4 system relying on both commercial and military elements.
Bulgaria is developing a digital terrain model in a 1:100,000 scale that could be used to prepare operational/tactical missions.
www.afcea.org /SIGNAL/articles/anmviewer.asp?a=896&z=146   (2219 words)

 Bulgaria expects U.S. military base deal in April - Boston.com
Bulgaria is likely to sign a deal at the end of April to establish two U.S. military bases on its territory, Defense Minister Veselin Bliznakov said in an interview published on Monday.
SOFIA (Reuters) - Bulgaria is likely to sign a deal at the end of April to establish two U.S. military bases on its territory, Defense Minister Veselin Bliznakov said in an interview published on Monday.
Bulgaria's northern neighbor Romania signed a deal in December to open similar bases, the first U.S. military facilities in former Soviet bloc countries in Eastern Europe.
www.boston.com /news/world/europe/articles/2006/01/30/bulgaria_expects_us_military_base_deal_in_april   (365 words)

 Bulgaria and NATO: 7 Lost Years
Bulgaria's actions and policies on military reform between 1990 and March 1997 left the country's institutions and military largely unprepared for integration with the Alliance.
Bulgaria's experience over the past seven years has shown that the executive has control of the military, but changes in the government have resulted in a declining, rather than increasing, number of members of parliament who have the experience to exercise legislative oversight of the defense community.
Bulgaria's 3,000 person (civilian and military) defense structure is roughly twice the size of Poland; though Bulgaria's 107,000 troops are roughly one-half Poland's 218,000 troops.
www.ndu.edu /inss/strforum/SF142/forum142.html   (2918 words)

 [No title]
The United Democratic Forces demand that Parliament dissolves itself immediately and that early general elections be held, while the Democratic Left insists on the adoption of laws related to the introduction of a currency board in the present Parliament and on receiving a mandate to form a cabinet.
Erler described the situation in Bulgaria as very serious and dangerous, particularly in the context of the events in Serbia and Albania and the general aggravation of the situation in the Balkans.
The IMF is ready to provide assistance to Bulgaria if it adopts all the necessary laws and takes the economic decisions needed for the introduction of a currency board in the country, Mr Rozwadowski told the German MP.
www.b-info.com /places/Bulgaria/news/97-01/jan28.bta   (3284 words)

 Bulgaria.com - History of Bulgaria, Conversion of the Bulgarian People...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
In those crippling wars which did not change the territorial status quo of Bulgaria, it became quite clear that the loyalty of a population practicing different religions would be hard to maintain by drawing force from brandishing swords.
The papacy which was not backed up by any genuine military power at that time seemed to Boris inclined to allow greater independence to the Bulgarian clergy and thus, more opportunities for control on the part of the political power.
Thus Bulgaria, once and for all, committed its church to the patriarchal see of Constantinople, and its political and cultural destiny to that of the Orthodox Christianity of the East.
www.bulgaria.com /history/bulgaria/conver.html   (2171 words)

 US base move would put up to 3,000 US military in Bulgaria: official
Bulgaria is expecting Washington to decide early next year on setting up US military bases in the former communist country, Svinarov said.
Svinarov said Bulgaria, which joined NATO in March 2004, was important since it was "the eastern boundary of NATO right now and very soon Bulgaria is going to be the eastern boundary of the European Union," as Bulgaria hopes to join the EU in 2007.
Parliament said in December that Bulgaria "supports the redeployment of American forces in military bases abroad and approves of the consultations already begun on the issue between the United States and Bulgaria".
archive.turkishpress.com /news.asp?id=34744   (607 words)

 BBC NEWS | Europe | US military eyes Balkan bases
Bulgaria and Romania also offer other benefits for the Pentagon - not the least of which is the fact that costs are considerably lower than in western Europe.
That means that Washington's plan for the new military facilities envisages the deployment of small units, mostly maintenance and logistical staff, who can handle at short notice much larger troop movements in times of emergency.
Yet whatever the limitations of these plans, Bulgaria and Romania - as well as other countries in the region - are eager to attract a US military presence.
news.bbc.co.uk /2/hi/europe/4174901.stm   (749 words)

 CIA - The World Factbook -- Bulgaria   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
In succeeding centuries, Bulgaria struggled with the Byzantine Empire to assert its place in the Balkans, but by the end of the 14th century the country was overrun by the Ottoman Turks.
Northern Bulgaria attained autonomy in 1878 and all of Bulgaria became independent in 1908.
Bulgaria, a former communist country striving to enter the European Union, has experienced macroeconomic stability and strong growth since a major economic downturn in 1996 led to the fall of the then socialist government.
www.cia.gov /cia/publications/factbook/print/bu.html   (1154 words)

 Bulgaria Military Cooperation and Exchanges - Flags, Maps, Economy, History, Climate, Natural Resources, Current ...
Bulgaria had fewer military contacts with developing countries than did its Warsaw Pact allies, instead stressing economic, agricultural, and technological exchanges.
Military cooperation with developing countries occurred primarily as part of assistance programs to Soviet allies rather than as an independent policy.
During this period, Bulgaria also had limited military relations with several developing countries that were not Soviet client states, including India, Nigeria, and Zambia.
www.photius.com /countries/bulgaria/national_security/bulgaria_national_security_military_cooperation~6799.html   (319 words)

 US to negotiate location of military bases in Bulgaria in December (Auf wiedesen Gerhard!!!)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Bulgaria is among the seven east European countries to join NATO next year.
U.S. military have reviewed the defunct Ravnets military airfield 20 kilometers (12.5 miles) west of Burgas, a city of 250,000, which is also location of Bulgaria’s main Lukoil-Neftochim oil refinery and a major transport and tourist hub.
Passy said the U.S. was expected to detail its plans to establish military bases in Bulgaria and Romania _ its new allies on the Balkans _ at a NATO summit scheduled in Istanbul, Turkey next June.
www.freerepublic.com /focus/f-news/1029568/posts   (1570 words)

 The Militant - January 11, 2005 -- Bulgaria gov’t: U.S. military bases -Welcome!
According to Bulgaria’s defense ministry sources, Trud said, Washington is considering leasing the airfields Graf Ignatievo near the southern city of Plovdiv, Bezmer near Yambol in the southeast, and Sarafovo near the Black Sea port of Bourgas, as well as the Novo Selo military base near Sliven.
In addition to Bulgaria, the Pentagon plans to build facilities in neighboring Romania, at the Mihail Kogalniceanu air base and the Black Sea port of Constanta, both of which were used to ferry troops and equipment into Iraq.
This is part of the overall “transformation” of the U.S. military into smaller, more agile, and more lethal brigades that are being located closer to theaters of conflict and are being trained and equipped for deployment at a moment’s notice.
www.themilitant.com /2005/6901/690155.html   (617 words)

 SignOnSanDiego Military -- Bulgaria cancels plans to buy U.S. F-16 warplanes   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
SOFIA, BulgariaBulgaria has scrapped plans to replace some of its Russian-made military aircraft with U.S. F-16 jet fighters, a senior army officer said Tuesday.
Bulgaria hopes to receive an invitation to join NATO during the alliance's summit next year.
Only three of the fighters are in working condition due to lack of spare parts, said Gen. Dimitar Georgiev, air defense commander.
www.signonsandiego.com /news/military/20010828-0804-bulgaria-us-.html   (188 words)

 Military Ministry   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
In May 2003, the Military Ministry in Bulgaria held its annual summer project for cadets at the National Military University (NMU) and midshipmen at the Naval Academy in Varna.
Shawn Maze, Military Ministry Director at the Citadel in South Carolina, led a team of cadets and sponsors from the U.S. to Eastern Europe.
The Military Ministry International Director, Paul Pettijohn, and wife, Lorraine, were speakers at the conference and led four seminar sessions.
www.milmin.com /international/Bulgaria.htm   (228 words)

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1917, military in Bulgaria, FP 460 postmark and Sofia unit handstamp on postcard to Austria.
1915, military in Poland, Etappenpost Wloszczowa postmark on postcard to Wien.
1917, military in Syria, FP 452 postmark and hospital unit handstamp on postcard to Wien.
www.mayoph.com /prevlist_1.htm   (10822 words)

 Military.org -- CountryWatch.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Bulgaria has long been a crossroads of civilizations; archaeological finds date back to 4600 B.C.E. (Before the Common Era).
The Byzantine Empire ruled Bulgaria from 1018 until 1185; the Ottoman Empire ruled from 1396 until 1878.
After Bulgaria's surrender to the Allies, the Communist Party purged opposition figures in the Fatherland Front, exiled young King Simeon II, and consolidated power.
www.countrywatch.com /mi_topic.asp?vCOUNTRY=26&SECTION=COVER&TOPIC=POHIS&TYPE=TEXT   (431 words)

 CIA - The World Factbook -- Bulgaria   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Having fought on the losing side in both World Wars, Bulgaria fell within the Soviet sphere of influence and became a People's Republic in 1946.
Communist domination ended in 1990, when Bulgaria held its first multiparty election since World War II and began the contentious process of moving toward political democracy and a market economy while combating inflation, unemployment, corruption, and crime.
Low inflation and steady progress on structural reforms improved the business environment; Bulgaria has averaged 4% growth since 2000 and has begun to attract significant amounts of foreign direct investment.
www.cia.gov /cia/publications/factbook/geos/bu.html#Econ   (1154 words)

 ipedia.com: Military of Bulgaria Article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Military branches: Army, Navy, Air and Air Defense Forces, Border Troops, Internal Troops, Railway and Construction Troops Military manpower - military age: 19 years of age Military manpower - availab...
Military expenditures - percent of GDP'': 2.7% (FY 1999)
The Bulgarian Ministry of Defense has begun a new downsizing, modernization, and reform program (PLAN 2004) that will result in the adoption of a smaller force structure of around 50,000 personnel, based upon a Rapid Reaction Force and two additional corps headquarters, all with subordinate brigades.
www.ipedia.com /military_of_bulgaria.html   (181 words)

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