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Topic: Military of Chile

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 Military and Politics: Weaknesses in Chilean Democracy
In fact, the strategy of the Frei administration was to postpone the discussion of institutional reforms (i.e., subordination of the military) until the period 1998-2000 because of the composition of the Senate.
Here Aguero distinguishes two internal positions: some sectors accept the participation of the military in the development of the country for pragmatic reasons, that is, because the country has needs and the armed forces have capabilities to help in the development, while other actors perceive the military's involvement in the development as a constant ideal.
What is interesting in the case of Chile is the different approach that two democratic governments that share the same ideology and face the same institucional prerogatives of the military have acted differently in resolving civil-military conflicts.
isla.igc.org /Features/Chile/chile5.html   (5265 words)

 Pinochet and Chile Invisible Hand and Iron Fist
While the structure of military impunity is showing its first cracks -a new and narrower reinterpretation of the amnesty law, and new human-rights investigations-the Armed Forces retain their "advisory" role.
Chile's political elites are still committed to the neoliberal economic model instituted by the dictatorship.
As indiscriminate as the military was in its terror - anyone vaguely accused of having been "involved" in leftist politics was in danger of arrest, torture, or disappearance - workers were the prime enemy.
www.thirdworldtraveler.com /Latin_America/PinochetandChile.html   (2727 words)

 CHILE : Encyclopedia Entry   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-09)
Chile's Constitution was approved in a highly irregular national plebiscite in September 1980, under the military government of Augusto Pinochet.
Chile is a strong proponent of pressing ahead on negotiations for a Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) and active in the WTO’s Doha round of negotiations, principally through its membership in the G-20 and Cairns Group.
Chile is a relatively homogenous country and most of its population is of predominantly Spanish origin, with varying degrees of native Amerindian admixture, the product of the racial mixture between colonial Spanish immigrants and the native Amerindian tribes.
bibleocean.com /OmniDefinition/Chile   (6674 words)

 Chile - Imposition of Authoritarian Rule
In the military's view, Chile's constitution had encouraged the rise of venal parties and politicians preoccupied not with the broader welfare of the country but with their own interests and hunger for power.
The military's primary goal was to revitalize the economy, while destroying the parties of the left and rendering obsolete the parties and leaders of other stripes.
Chile's democratic parties had proved incapable of challenging the power of the military to impose its own blueprint for the future.
countrystudies.us /chile/86.htm   (773 words)

 CHARLES BRAY's Chil Journal
Chile is the world’s largest copper ore producer: it is estimated that the country contains about 20 per cent of the world’s total copper deposits.
Chile's President Eduardo Frei said Cardinal Henriquez's death represented "a deep pain for the entire nation." His outspokenness on human rights made the Church in Chile a leading opponent of General Pinochet's military regime.
Chile, the biggest copper producer in the world, is now analyzing ways of to keep prices stable at their current high levels, without killing off demand or leading customers to look for substitutes for copper.
www.greatestcities.com /users/cbray5003/South_America/Chile   (6054 words)

 Human Rights in Chile - The Legacy
Throughout the military regime, the jurisdiction of the martial court broadened while the civilian court's authority was increasingly subject to unchallenged restrictions and intrusions.
Military law is based on the defense of the nation against internal and external enemies, and this, in conjunction with the National Security Doctrine, adopted by Chile's military regime, granted military courts the responsibility of judging crimes which perceived to pose a threat to internal peace.
The surge in cases heard by military courts was also a result of modifications to the military justice code and the creation of political crimes in new laws which military courts were mandated to enforce.
www.chipsites.com /derechos/dictadura_poder_5_eng.html   (2658 words)

Still, ongoing investigations of alleged human rights violations by military leaders are a source of tension, including the recent case of General Miguel Trincado, who was accused of dumping 26 bodies into the ocean in 1973 during Pinochet´s Caravan of Death.
Chile´s recent military purchases, including ten F-16 fighter jets from the United States and Holland, formed a backdrop to the ceremony.
The military is awaiting the arrival of the first of 136 Leopard 2 tanks, purchased from Germany, at the beginning of 2007.
www.mercopress.com /Detalle.asp?NUM=8797   (533 words)

 Military of Chile - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Chile's armed forces are subject to civilian control exercised by the president through the Minister of Defense.
Augusto Pinochet (sitting) as head of the military junta that ruled Chile from 1973 to 1990.
After the military coup in September 1973, the Chilean national police were incorporated into the Defense Ministry.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Military_of_Chile   (605 words)

 The Peru – Chile Arms Race: Current Ramifications of a Bitter History
Tensions ran particularly high then as Chile is one of the four nations (the others being Argentina, Brazil and the U.S) responsible for guaranteeing the peace between Peru and Ecuador, according to the 1941 peace agreement that ended a conflict that had raged between the two nations at that time.
While Peruvian military officers would never publicly express their brimming satisfaction about seeing the Chilean flag being disgraced, it is quite obvious that more than one glass of beer was raised to toast Rengifo’s actions by the behind closed doors of Peruvian barracks.
Chile also purchased two Scorpene-type submarines from Spain (for $500 million) In addition, Chile has bought four frigates type M from Holland, at a cost of $300 million, as well as four frigates type 22 and 23 from England (for $400 million).
www.williambowles.info /americas/coha_peru_chile.html   (2590 words)

 [01-22-01] Military Horrors Shake Chile's "Controlled Democracy"
The public was aghast as the military for the first time acknowledged its direct responsibility in disappearing and murdering opponents of the Pinochet regime, and at the macabre details in the report.
When he returned to Chile, the government first held that Chilean courts should be free from outside pressures -- but within months government ministers began arguing publicly that Pinochet should not be imprisoned for his crimes.
Chile is still governed, under the Pinochet-imposed constitution, in part by the military, and this is also unchanged -- though recent public outrage over the military's behavior have created political space for some changes.
www.pacificnews.org /jinn/stories/6.28/010122-military.html   (892 words)

 Military horrors shake Chile's "controlled" democracy
Santiago, Chile: The prosecution of Augusto Pinochet for his crimes as dictator of Chile is reaching a crescendo.
According to the military report, her husband was dumped in the ocean one day after he was detained.
The military also enjoys the right to appoint its own officials, is entitled to a fixed percentage of the revenue of the country's copper exports and, upon retiring from the military, the head of each branch of the armed forces becomes a senator in the Chilean Congress.
www.redress.btinternet.co.uk /pinochet2.htm   (1578 words)

 Online NewsHour: Politics in Chile
In part two of her series on Chile's re-examination of its bloody past under former dictator Augusto Pinochet, Elizabeth Farnsworth reports on the families of "the disappeared" and how the ongoing investigation is viewed by different parts of Chilean society.
A Chilean court on May 28, 2004 stripped former military leader Gen. Augusto Pinochet of his immunity from prosecution, opening the possibility he may be tried on charges of human rights abuses during his rule in the 1970s and 1980s.
Chile's growing economic might in the region follows decades of political and social turbulence.
www.pbs.org /newshour/bb/latin_america/chile/index.html   (769 words)

Chile is a key partner of the United States in promoting the principles of democracy, human rights, and free trade.
U.S. national interests in Chile include promoting prosperity and regional security through enhanced bilateral and multilateral economic and commercial ties, military cooperation, reform of the criminal justice system, and cooperation on a range of important regional and global issues in multilateral fora.
Chile is now, or has been, an important contributor of peacekeeping forces.
www.state.gov /t/pm/64492.htm   (676 words)

 Chile - MILITARY RULE, 1973-90
Immediately on seizing power, the military junta--composed of the commanders in chief of the army, navy, air force, and national police--issued a barrage of decrees to restore order on its own terms.
The isolation of the armed forces from civil society had been a virtue under the democracy, inhibiting their involvement in political disputes; now that erstwhile virtue became an impediment to redemocratization, as the military remained loyal to Pinochet and resisted politicization by civilians.
Although aid and loans from the United States increased spectacularly during the first three years of the regime, while presidents Nixon and Gerald R. Ford were in office, relations soured after Jimmy Carter was elected president in 1976 on a platform promising vigorous pursuit of human rights as a major component of his foreign policy.
countrystudies.us /chile/31.htm   (767 words)

 Wikinfo | Chile   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-09)
The Republic of Chile, or República de Chile, is located on the southwestern coast of South America.
Although there are some known cases of corruption in Chile, there is no rampant abuse of power by public officals.
Chile has a large service sector and has one of the worlds most
www.wikinfo.org /wiki.php?title=Chile   (1120 words)

 Landmines: A Deadly Reminder of Chile’s Military Past, by Louise Egan (5.2)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-09)
But a nightmarish experience two years ago taught him that the majestic Andes, except for patches of the Atacama Desert in the north, and the picturesque islands of Patagonia in the south, are riddled with one of the world’s cruelest weapons.
Between 1974 and 1978, Chile’s army and navy dotted the sparsely populated, rugged terrain along its borders with Peru, Bolivia and Argentina with 293 minefields containing between 250,000 and 1 million anti-personnel and anti-tank landmines.
But Soto, one of 26 reported cases of civilian landmine casualties in Chile, takes offense at the government’s lack of concern and is suing for about $800,000, the estimated cost of prostheses for his hands and the medical costs of the accident, in which he also lost an eye and suffered burns.
maic.jmu.edu /journal/5.2/focus/chile.htm   (909 words)

 Pinochet in Chile: Guaranteed Impunity - Military Jurisdiction (December 1998)
Even if the general lost his senatorial immunity and were subject to prosecution, Chile's military tribunals would claim jurisdiction over the case, arguing that Pinochet's acts were committed as part of his military service.
In solving past conflicts over jurisdiction, Chile's Supreme Court has demonstrated a very expansive view of "acts of service" and would certainly hand the case to military courts, which are staffed by current and former military officers for whom Pinochet would be untouchable.
Short of legislation, the government could prevent military courts from assuming jurisdiction if the Supreme Court were to appoint one of its members as the investigation judge, replacing Judge Guzmán.
www.hrw.org /campaigns/chile98/chile-justice-anly5.htm   (473 words)

 Political Actors: The Military   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-09)
The military tend to be socialized in isolation from civilian life
While military rule is always authoritarian, the military’s record regarding human rights varies widely, from gentle rule to extreme repression
While the military remain a “factor of power” in places like Chile, Brazil, and to a lesser extent in Argentina, the fear of open military coup has subsided
www.udel.edu /poscir/jcarrion/p426/military.htm   (232 words)

 Military Coup in Chile
Augusto Pinochet thought he had completely removed the influence of the left and in 1980 was confident enough to introduce a new national constitution.
Pinochet did however remain as commander-in-chief of the army, a position he was able to use to make sure there were no prosecutions against any members of the security forces suspected of human rights abuses during his period of power.
The Chilean government applauded remarks by U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell this week that the United States was "not proud" of its role in the 1973 coup that brought dictator Augusto Pinochet to power, Chilean newspapers reported on Saturday.
www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk /COLDchile.htm   (812 words)

 Military Of Chile   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-09)
If you would like to use this flag of Chile or any other on your website you are welcome to do so, all we ask is that you include a link back to our site on the same page.
If you would like to use this map of Chile or any other on your website you are welcome to do so, all we ask is that you include a link back to our site on the same page.
If you would like to use this information for Chile or any other on your website you are welcome to do so, all we ask is that you include a link back to our site on the same page.
www.appliedlanguage.com /country_guides/chile_country_military.shtml   (202 words)

 Thesis Introduction
  While Chile remains divided by the violence of the past, the new political atmosphere at the elite level favors addressing the past to move beyond it.
  This divide reflected the infinitely deeper divide in Chile itself between the military and its conservative civilian allies, and the opposition.
  The ruling moderates in the government and the military have demonstrated their desire to use this opening for the resolution of the past and the consolidation of Chilean democracy.
www.geocities.com /ajhrhodes/intro.htm   (2259 words)

Chile was more a nuisance, although Nixon feared Allende's victory might erode the image of U.S. strength.
Nevertheless, the U.S. ambassador to Chile and other senior Nixon officials saw a regional crisis -- and a blow to Washington's international prestige -- if an avowed Marxist won a fair presidential election in South America.
In one cable, he announced that "there is a graveyard smell to Chile, the fumes of a democracy in decomposition.
www.geocities.com /~virtualtruth/chile.htm   (686 words)

 Declassified Documents Relating to the Military Coup in Chile   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-09)
September 11, 1998 marks the twenty-fifth anniversary of the military coup led by General Augusto Pinochet.
Revelations that President Richard Nixon had ordered the CIA to "make the economy scream" in Chile to "prevent Allende from coming to power or to unseat him," prompted a major scandal in the mid-1970s, and a major investigation by the U.S. Senate.
The documents, including summaries of prison letters written by DINA agent Michael Townley, provide evidence on the carbombing assassination of Orlando Letelier and Ronni Moffitt in Washington D.C., and the murder of Chilean General Carlos Prats and his wife in Buenos Aires, among other operations.
www.gwu.edu /~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB8/nsaebb8i.htm   (447 words)

« Encyclopedia of the Nations :: Americas :: Chile
Chile participates in Peacekeeping missions in the Middle East and India/Pakistan, and is in the process of developing a peace-keeping training center for the region.
Copyright © 2006 - Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation - Copyright notice
www.nationsencyclopedia.com /Americas/Chile-ARMED-FORCES.html   (114 words)

 Chilean Army [Ejercito de Chile] - Chile
Although it had not fought a war against a foreign enemy since the War of the Pacific, the army is still well regarded by armed forces throughout Latin America.
The army divides the country into seven military areas (AMs) headquartered in Antofagasta, Santiago, Concepción, Valdivia, Punta Arenas, Iquique, and Coihaique.
The military courts punished the army captain only for neglect of duty, but he was discharged from the army in November 1993.
www.globalsecurity.org /military/world/chile/army.htm   (176 words)

 U.S.-Chile Documents
FBI Report to Chilean Military on Detainee, June 6, 1975: This letter, one of a number sent by FBI attache Robert Scherrer to Chilean General Ernesto Baeza, provides intelligence obtained through the interrogation of a captured Chilean leftist, Jorge Isaac Fuentes.
He characterizes September 11 as "our D-Day," and states that "Chile's coup de etat [sic] was close to perfect." His report provides details on Chilean military operations during and after the coup, as well as glowing commentary on the character of the new regime.
Instead of a coup, the military and the country rallied behind Allende's ratification by Chile's Congress on October 24.
www.gwu.edu /~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB8/nsaebb8.htm   (1647 words)

 Chile : Country Studies - Federal Research Division, Library of Congress
Chile : Country Studies - Federal Research Division, Library of Congress
The Crisis of 1982 and the Erosion of Military Rule
Military Tradition and the Evolution of the Armed Forces
lcweb2.loc.gov /frd/cs/cltoc.html   (110 words)

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