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Topic: Mine warfare

In the News (Mon 22 Apr 19)

  Land mine - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In Europe in the early eighteenth century, improvised land mines or booby traps were constructed in the form of bombs buried in shallow wells in the earth and covered with scrap metal and/or gravel to serve as shrapnel.
Some types of modern mines are designed to self-destruct, or chemically render themselves inert after a period of weeks or months to reduce the likelihood of civilian casualties at the conflict's end.
Mines may be dropped from helicopters or airplanes, or ejected from cruise missiles.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Land_mine   (2630 words)

 Mine Warfare
Mine Warfare is an essential warfare capability integral to the ability of naval forces to open and maintain sea lines of communication and to dominate the littoral battlespace.
Operation Desert Storm again highlighted the importance of Mine Warfare with the near catastrophic damage to the USS Princeton and the USS Tripoli, and with the extensive beach defenses put in place by the Iraqis along the Kuwaiti coast.
Mine warfare-relevant emphasis in projects dealing with MCM digital-route surveys; maintenance of a global mine-like contact database; and development of mine warfare-specific environmental databases augment the Navy's ability to rapidly assess, avoid, or neutralize the sea-mine threat.
www.globalsecurity.org /military/systems/ship/mine.htm   (772 words)

 Mine Warfare in WW2
The mining of harbors and sea-lanes, and the clearing of the enemy’s mines, was the focus of a large part of every navy involved in World War 2.
This is the kind of mine that Gilligan found in that episode of "Gilligan’s Island" — though, as I recall, Gilligan’s metal watch and necklace became magnetically "stuck" to the side of the mine, so Hollywood was taking a few creative liberties with the device.
The mine could be set to respond to a particular frequency of sound — thus controlling whether or not the mine would detonate when a particular kind of ship passed overhead.
pigtrail.uark.edu /people/rcordell/defense/minewar.html   (2128 words)

 S-mine - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The mines were subsequently used to defend German positions during the Battle of Normandy and in the defense of Northern France and the German border.
The main charge of the mine used TNT as its explosive; the propelling charge was fl powder.
The Soviet mines tended to be far simpler internally; instead of being filled with ball bearings or scrap metal, the OZM-4 mine was given a solid cast-iron body that would fragment on its own.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/S-mine   (2073 words)

 Mine Warfare as waged by the Viet Cong & NVA
Mine Warfare as waged by the Viet Cong and NVA
The majority of enemy mines are handmade by the VC using U.S. duds, discarded ammunition and equipment, and materials thrown away by U.S. forces as trash.
As we improve in our ability to detect mines, the enemy counters with new twists such as increased use of booby traps attached to a basic mine to create casualties among mine-clearing personnel; larger mines buried deeper with reduced activation pressure; and pressure electric detonators with offset devices to explode mines under vehicles.
www.diggerhistory.info /pages-weapons/mines02.htm   (1304 words)

 Sea Mines & Countermeasures in the 20th Century : A Bibliography : Mine Warfare : Technical Reports   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-01)
The cases are examined in terms of forces involved, mining conducted, and the effect the mining and mine countermeasures had upon the achievement of surprise in the assault.
A discussion of mine warfare history, operational considerations, and today's mine countermeasure assets as well as a hypothetical situation that a commander may actually be faced with in today's global crisis oriented climate is considered.
The basic problem, a lack of attention and emphasis of mine warfare on the part of persons in positions of decision in the defense establishment, is treated in the opening sections as a prelude to describe the need for such a paper.
library.nps.navy.mil /~library/bibs/seamines/warfaretech.htm   (14060 words)

 Mine (warfare) - Search Results - MSN Encarta
Mine (warfare) - Search Results - MSN Encarta
Mine (warfare), in warfare, explosive device used on land or at sea, designed to destroy or disable enemy troops, ships, and vehicles such as tanks....
The navy can deploy sophisticated mines with aircraft, surface ships, and submarines to threaten an enemy’s maritime traffic and naval forces.
uk.encarta.msn.com /Mine_(warfare).html   (125 words)

 NDM Article - Navy Mine Warfare Blueprint Proffers ‘Innovator’s Dilemma’
In 1992, lawmakers ordered that mine warfare should be given greater attention and that a Marine major general should be assigned to the naval operations staff (OPNAV) to oversee all requirements for expeditionary warfare.
Prior to the Gulf War, mine warfare experienced a lot of "ebb and flow," with regard to being an important increment of expeditionary warfare strategy, a Navy official commented.
Once mines are located and identified, AMNS will neutralize its targets by detonating a charge from a safe distance, to avoid damage to the AMNS while destroying the mine.
www.nationaldefensemagazine.org /issues/2001/Jan/Navy_Mine.htm   (1901 words)

In naval mine warfare, an explosive device laid in the water with the intention of damaging or sinking ships or of deterring shipping from entering an area.
Therefore, this chapter provides you with a brief history of mines and their development; information on mine types; the methods of planting and the advantages and disadvantages of each method; and the purposes of defensive, protective, and offensive minefield.
Bushnell's mine was a simple, watertight wooden keg, shown in i ure - Loaded with gunpowder and fitted with a gunlock and hammer, it hung from a float and, at that time, was called a torpedo.
www.tpub.com /mineman1/1.htm   (512 words)

 State: Navy practices mine sweeps in Gulf of Mexico
Iraqi mines blew holes in the hulls of the USS Tripoli, an amphibious assault ship, and the cruiser USS Princeton during the Persian Gulf War in 1991.
Once a mine is suspected, a "pilot" uses a joystick to steer Biff to its target based on the sonar image and pictures from a TV camera on the vehicle.
Mine hunting is not a glamorous job, but a critical one, Laxen said.
www.sptimes.com /News/121001/news_pf/State/Navy_practices_mine_s.shtml   (920 words)

 CHIPS - The Department of the Navy Information Technology Magazine   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-01)
Mine Warfare Command (MINEWARCOM) demonstrated its capability during a ten day at sea training period in the Gulf of Mexico in October 2002 with Norfolk based USS Kearsarge (LHD 3).
Current mine inventories are adequate to meet requirements for most scenarios, however the small size and advanced age of the stockpile limit operational flexibility.
A replacement for the MK-56 intermediate depth moored mine is necessary to retain a mining response in the 150 to 600 FT regime.
www.chips.navy.mil /archives/03_winter/webpages/mine_warfare.htm   (3117 words)

 SignOnSanDiego.com > News > Military -- Merger of Navy's mine warfare unit draws fire
Critics of the consolidation argue that the Mine Warfare Command would become the weaker partner in the merger, lowering the priority given to battling cheap, low-tech mines as the threat of maritime terrorism is growing.
Mine warfare includes the laying of mines at sea, a skill used most recently during the Persian Gulf and Vietnam wars.
Mine warfare has always existed on the Navy's fringes, its slow-moving, coast-hugging vessels dwarfed by the bigger, faster oceangoing fleet.
www.signonsandiego.com /news/military/20060731-9999-1n31mines.html   (1604 words)

 Mine warfare
The US record in mine warfare is mixed and over the past 20 years the mix could have been better.
Mines, because their action typically occurs long after they are placed, are the classic asynchronous weapons.
The countermeasures we give the forces should therefore provide: rapid clandestine mine and obstacle surveillance in very shallow water and the surf and beach zones; and rapid organic mine and obstacle clearance in very shallow water and the surf and beach zones.
www.global-defence.com /2000/pages/seamine.html   (1128 words)

 NDM Article - Navy Rethinking Mine-Warfare Strategy
One of the concepts being studied by the Navy Warfare Development Command is the use of an HSV or a Littoral Combat Ship equipped with mine warfare systems, Ryan explained.
The Mine Warfare Command, based in Corpus Christi, Texas, operates 14 Avenger-class and 12 Osprey-class minesweeper vessels, in addition to 20 minesweeper helicopters and 17 explosive-ordnance disposal mobile detachments.
The Navy’s strategic plan for mine warfare is to phase out the dedicated minesweeping fleet and to deploy organic systems within each battle group, beginning in fiscal year 2005.
www.nationaldefensemagazine.org /issues/2002/Aug/Navy_Rethinking.htm   (1348 words)

 Mine Warfare (N752)
Mine warfare concepts under development underscore the Navy’s goal to provide effective, proactive mine countermeasures (MCM) to avoid or eliminate the mine threat during all phases of forward-deployed operations.
Mine operations will include a synergistic use of intelligence, strategic mapping and surveillance, tactical surveillance and reconnaissance, self-protection initiatives organic to non-MCM forces, and dedicated mine countermeasures forces to clear unavoidable mines and mine fields.
As recognized by the Institute for Defense Analysis in late 1997, mining is also a force multiplier in today’s and tomorrow’s conflict scenarios, and proposals are being addressed to enhance the Navy’s mining capabilities.
www.exwar.org /Htm/4000.htm   (139 words)

 Naval Institute Proceedings: Mine Countermeasures a Success
The Helicopter Mine Countermeasures Squadron (HM)-14 airborne mine countermeasures helicopters (MH-53Es) flew sidescan sonar surveys of the KAA and conducted magnetic and acoustic sweep operations while fighting continued a few miles to the west in Umm Qasr.
Mine hunting and mine clearing is slow, tedious, and dangerous work, particularly in littoral areas with challenging environmental conditions.
The overall Coalition mine countermeasures operations in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom were successful because of the training and dedication of our people, coupled with having the right equipment at their disposal.
www.usni.org /Proceedings/Articles03/PROryan05.htm   (649 words)

 Mine Warfare Command
The South Texas Mine Warfare Center of Excellence was established in 1992, with the first two mine countermeasures ships (MCMs) arriving for homeporting at Naval Station (NAVSTA) Ingleside in the spring of that year.
First, this ensures that the mine warfare ships are aligned with deploying carrier and amphibious battle groups so that they can exercise and train in the United States just as they will fight, should that be required.
The combat readiness in the mine force is the highest priority -- the reason for the existence of this very capable mine warfare force.
www.globalsecurity.org /military/agency/navy/minewarcom.htm   (900 words)

 Service Experts Eye "Leap Ahead" in Mine Warfare Capabilities - Page 2
Although the organic MCM capabilities initially will augment the dedicated mine force, the long-term status of the pure mine warfare community is uncertain.
The divers and the mammals work mainly in very shallow water and the surf zone, which “continues to be the most challenging environment” for mine warfare, he said.
The Marines, meanwhile, are working on a number of programs to deal with mines inland from the beach and “fill the capabilities gap not being addressed by the Army and industry,” Canfield said.
www.military.com /NewContent/0,13190,NL_Mines_092304-P2,00.html   (797 words)

 Mine Warfare   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-01)
Mines are a proven technology that continues to be improved to make mines more lethal and difficult to detect.
Due to poor underwater acoustic conditions often present in the littorals, specialized equipment is necessary to detect, avoid, and remove mines.
Unique high frequency sonar systems and remote mine detection through the use of Unmanned Undersea Vehicles (UUVs) are tools that submarines will use to contribute to this vital mission area.
www.chinfo.navy.mil /navpalib/cno/n87/future/minewar.html   (106 words)

 The Development of Mine Warfare — Praeger Security International
Treating the sea mine and the land mine as siblings, Youngblood tells the history of mine warfare from the origins of the mine through the development of the International Campaign to Ban Landmines and the signing of the 1997 Ottawa Convention limiting the manufacture and use of antipersonnel mines.
He discusses technical, tactical, and strategic developments in mine warfare along with the experiences of those who developed mines and those who had to deal with them on the battlefield.
The mine is one of the most feared and destructive weapons of war, and in the twentieth century it changed the face of war on land and sea.
www.greenwood.com /psi/book_detail.aspx?sku=C8419   (430 words)

 Mine (warfare) - Search Results - MSN Encarta
Mine (warfare), explosive concealed underground or underwater, used primarily by military forces for defense purposes.
Mine warfare vessels include oceangoing minesweepers and mine countermeasure ships.
Warfare : pictures related to warfare: Antipersonnel Mines
encarta.msn.com /Mine_(warfare).html   (109 words)

 Mine Warfare
Mines released by U.S. Navy submarines and dropped by U.S. Army Air Forces B-29 bombers in the Western Pacific during World War II sank hundreds of Japanese warships, merchant ships, and smaller vessels.
Owing to post-World War II demobilization and defense budget cuts, the wartime force of 500 mine warfare vessels, manned primarily by Naval Reserve sailors, had been reduced to a worldwide contingent of two destroyer minesweeper divisions, two fleet minesweeper divisions, and 21 smaller craft.
The Korean War showed clearly that in the future the sea mine would be the weapon of choice for many of the U.S. Navy's adversaries and a fixture of late 20th century naval warfare.
www.history.navy.mil /wars/korea/minewar.htm   (1556 words)

Therefore, the COMINEWARCOM is tasked by the CNO to assess and assure mine warfare (MIW) readiness throughout the Navy.
To accomplish this task, the Commander, Mine Warfare Inspection Group (COMINEWARINSGRU), under the direction of the COMINEWARCOM, conducts or assists in conducting MIW certification inspections of all commands or units assigned MIW missions.
Upon completion of the assembly aspect of the inspection, a post analysis is conducted on the mines to check the effectiveness of procedures and the operating efficiency.
www.tpub.com /mineman1/25.htm   (662 words)

 Naval Surface Warfare Center Panama City Florida, a Leader in Littoral Warfare   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-01)
It is the mission of the Naval Surface Warfare Center Panama City (NSWC PC) to provide research, development, test and evaluation and in-service support for amphibious warfare, diving, maritime special operations, mine warfare (mines and mine countermeasures), and other Naval missions that take place in the coastal region.
It is the repository of the Nation’s mine warfare expertise.
It is the champion for the transition to organic mine countermeasures.
www.ncsc.navy.mil   (655 words)

 Mine Warfare Association Summer Regional Conference   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-01)
The concept of operations establishes the Mine Warfare Commander as a principal warfare commander within the fleet composite warfare command structure.
He emphasized the necessity for ISR and ROE that permits destruction of enemy mine stocks, prevention of enemy minelaying, surveillance of enemy minelaying activity, and detailed knowledge of the environment to allow ready identification of mines in the water.
ISR good enough to avoid mined assault and logistics lanes, with alternative capability to breach the weakest surf zone/beach zone defenses at landing penetration points is critically needed.
www.minwara.org /Meetings/2001_07/summary.htm   (620 words)

 Mine Warfare   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-01)
Because their covertness permits them to enter waters denied to surface ships or aircraft, submarines can be highly effective in both minelaying and mine reconnaissance.
Because of the significant “force-multiplier” value of naval mines, the Navy has decided to pursue an innovative modification of early variants of the Mk 48 heavyweight torpedo to an Improved SLMM configuration.
The Long-Term Mine Reconnaissance System (LMRS) is in development to enter service in the next decade to provide a robust, long-term capability to conduct clandestine minefield reconnaissance.
www.fas.org /man/dod-101/sys/ship/docs/98review/mine.htm   (339 words)

 Naval Technology - Mine Warfare Vessels Image Gallery
There are 14 Avenger mine countermeasures vessels in service with the US Navy.
A mine is identified and neutralised by the remote detonation of a mine disposal charge.
The main mission is the clearance of mines in the entrance to ports, naval bases and coastal sea lanes.
www.naval-technology.com /projects/minewarfarevessels_gallery.html   (572 words)

 Service Experts Eye "Leap Ahead" in Mine Warfare Capabilities - Page 1
After years of struggle against funding shortfalls and major technical challenges, mine warfare officials believe they are on a firm path to fielding the capabilities the U.S. Navy and Marine Corps need to overcome one of the major obstacles to expeditionary operations.
Iraqi mines in the Persian Gulf damaged the cruiser Princeton and the assault amphibious ship Tripoli in 1991 and nearly sank the frigate Samuel B. Roberts in 1988.
The Navy plans to conduct the “first organic mine systems deployment” with the Nassau Expeditionary Strike Group at the end of fiscal 2005, putting an RMS and two AQS-20s on the high-speed vessel Swift as a surrogate Littoral Combat Ship (LCS), he said.
www.military.com /NewContent/0,13190,NL_Mines_092304-P1,00.html   (940 words)

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