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Topic: Mitanni

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 Wikinfo | Mitanni
The Mitanni were a people of Indic origin who ruled a vast kingdom (with a common Hurrian population) in West Asia in the second millennium BC.
Assyria, previously under Mitanni control, was able to assert its independence during the reign of Ashuruballit I in approximately 1330 BC.
In a treaty between the Hittites and the Mitanni, Indic deities Mitra, Varuna, Indra, and Nasatya (Ashvins) are invoked.
www.wikinfo.org /wiki.php?title=Mitanni   (437 words)

 The Mitanni (Naharin)
The Mitanni were an Indo-European (Hurrian) people whose kingdom in northern Mesopotamia flourished from about 1600 (Second Intermediate Period) until it was conquered by the Hittite King Suppiluliumas during the reign of Akhenaten.
The early years of the Mitanni empire were occupied in the struggle with Egypt, to whom they were known as the Naharin, for control of Syria.
Originally the Mitanni were probably part of the Aryan people who finally settled in India, but it appears they, and some other of their race (including the Hurri), turned and settled in Mesopotamia instead.
www.nigli.net /akhenaten/mitann_1.html   (546 words)

Mitanni was not one of the greatest nations of Mesopotamia, but was at periods one of the strongest.
The short existence of Mitanni is one of the main reasons why there is relatively little of art and architecture left behind.
Following this, there are dynastic struggles that weakens Mitanni to an extent that leaves the country powerless and open for conquest by the Hittite kingdom.
lexicorient.com /e.o/mitanni.htm   (172 words)

 Mitanni - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Mitanni is thought to have been a feudal state led by a warrior nobility of Indo-Aryan descent, invading Syria at some point during the 17th century BC in the course of the Indo-Aryan migration that separated the Middle Bronze Age.
Later on, Egypt and Mitanni became allies, and King Shuttarna II himself was received at the Egyptian court.
In the reign of Shalmaneser I (1270s-1240s) King Shattuara of Mitanni, a son or nephew of Wasahatta, rebelled against the Assyrian yoke with the help of the Hittites and the nomadic Ahlamu around 1250 BC.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Mitanni   (4641 words)

It is almost certain that the heartland of Mitanni was situated somewhere along the upper Khabur in Mesopotamia, the country between Euphrates and Tigris.
The capital of Mitanni, Waššukanni, and the important cities Kahat and Taide have not yet been identified, but it is reasonably certain that they must be sought somewhere in the southeast of Turkey, close to or just across the border with Syria.
Mitanni's cultural influence was also felt in neighboring states like the Hittite Empire, where several kings have Hurrian names and Hurrian gods were worshipped (e.g., at Yazilikaya).
www.livius.org /mi-mn/mitanni/mitanni.html   (914 words)

 Myths of Babylon and Assyria: Chapter XII. Rise of the Hittites, Mitannians, Kassites, Hyksos, and Assyrians   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
The Mitanni tribe (the military aristocracy probably) was called "Kharri", and some philologists are of opinion that it is identical with "Arya", which was "the normal designation in Vedic literature from the Rigveda onwards of an Aryan of the three upper classes".
Mitanni signifies "the river lands", and the descendants of its inhabitants, who lived in Cappadocia, were called by the Greeks "Mattienoi".
When they were deciphered, Mitanni was discovered, and a flood of light thrown on the internal affairs of Egypt and its relations with various kingdoms in Asia, while glimpses were also afforded of the life and manners of the times.
www.earth-history.com /Babylon/myths/mba18.htm   (6891 words)

 DBA Army Variants -- The Mitanni (1650-1218 BC) -- DBA #8c
From their capital at Wayefshuna (alternate: Washshuganni), the Mitanni sent out highly skilled and professional armies to conquer all of north and middle Mesopotamia, the highlands north of the fertile crescent from where they originally came, Phoenicia, the lands west of Mesopotamia (Arrapha and perhaps Assyria).
The Mitanni chariots themselves served as the model for the chariots of most of their neighbouring empires (including, but not limited too, the Egyptians, Canaanites, Hittites, and Babylonians).
Mitanni chariots were sleek, with two wheels and a team of two horses.
www.fanaticus.org /DBA/armies/var8c.html   (1201 words)

 Iraq - The 3rd Millennia Theatre of War by K. Gajendra Singh
Mitannis perhaps came to this region through the Caucasus and had splintered off in the Eurasian steppes from the main stream of Aryan tribes, who had continued on to Iran and then to India.
Information on Mitannis and their kingdoms first surfaced at the end of the 19th century when letters from a Mitanni King sent to his Pharaoh son-in-law were discovered at El Amarna and deciphered.
The beginnings of the Mitannis arrival are shrouded in mystery, but it seems that they took advantage of the collapse of the Empire established by Hammurabi (who gave the first code in human history, ie to protect the weak against the strong).
www.boloji.com /analysis/074.htm   (2936 words)

 MITANNI. The Columbia Encyclopedia: Sixth Edition. 2000   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Mitanni controlled Assyria for a period and was engaged in military efforts to hold back Egyptian forces intent on conquering Syria.
B.C. the army of Thutmose III of Egypt successfully advanced as far as the Euphrates; the king of Mitanni surrendered, sending tribute to Egypt, which halted its invasion.
B.C., Mitanni became involved in struggles with the Hittites and c.1335 fell to the Hittites as well as to resurgent Assyrian forces.
www.bartleby.com /aol/65/mi/Mitanni.html   (114 words)

 About Synchronized Ancient History
Mitanni, itself, appears in the conventional chronology in 1550 BC and was destroyed by a combination of Assyrian and `Hittite' pressure about 1365.
Mitanni was a hereditary monarchy, supposedly Hurrian-speaking, and certainly the Hurrian language was used by them in their writings.
In the Amarna Age, the Empire of Mitanni was of considerable importance and maintained the balance of power between Egypt and Mitannian princesses married pharaohs of the eighteenth dynasty.
www.specialtyinterests.net /anatolia.html   (2859 words)

 The Hurrian and Mitanni kingdoms
The Mitanni empire was known to the Egyptians under the name of Naharina, and Thutmose III fought frequently against it after 1460 BC.
The northern boundary dividing Mitanni from the Hittites and the other Hurrian states was never fixed, even under Saustatar's successors Artatama I and Shuttarna II, who married their daughters to the pharaohs Thutmose IV (1400-1390) and Amenhotep III (1390-1353).
Weakened by internal strife, the Mitanni kingdom eventually became a pawn between the rising kingdoms of the Hittites and the Assyrians.
www.angelfire.com /nt/Gilgamesh/hurrian.html   (937 words)

 Myths of Babylon and Assyria: Chapter XV. Conflicts for Trade and Supremacy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
But when Mitanni was overcome, and its territories were divided between the Assyrians and the Hittites, the North Syrian Empire of Egypt went to pieces.
Mitanni was governed by a subject king who was expected to prevent the acquisition by Assyria of territory in the north-west.
Having thus secured the whole of Mitanni, the Assyrian conqueror attacked the Aramæan hordes which were keeping the territory round Haran in a continuous state of unrest, and forced them to recognize him as their overlord.
www.earth-history.com /Babylon/myths/mba21.htm   (5309 words)

 Mithra, Christmass and Pir Shaliyar Ceremony   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
The Mitanni kings who were speakers of an Indo-Iranian language ruled over the mainly Hurrian population of the region around 3500 years ago, a millennium before the Medes.
Mitannis were worshipper of Mit(h)ra, Varuna and Indra according to the documents survived from their pacts.
This mistake was simply caused because the Indo-Hurrian Mitanni empire, their Indo-Iranian gods, the Hurrian subjects and the structure, vocabulary and word formation rules of Hurrian [11], [12] have not been discovered until the middle of last century.
www.cogsci.ed.ac.uk /~siamakr/Kurdish/KURDICA/2000/AUG/shaliyar.html   (1893 words)

 Mitanni, Hurrians, Subareans   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Here was the empire of Mitanni, extending from the shores of the Mediterranean to the Zagros mountains, in conflict with the Hittites in the west and with the Egyptians in the southwest for the control of the Euphrates river.
In the treaty between the Hittites and Mitanni, the Mitanni king swears by: Mi-it-ra (Indic Mitra), Aru-na (Varun.a), In-da-ra (Indra) and Na-sa-at-tiya (Nasatya or As'wins).
In Mitanni, the lion is the main opponent in the contest motifs of all periods.
www.hindunet.org /saraswati/contacts/mitanni.htm   (6500 words)

 A General History of the Near East, Chapter 3
Mitanni, which had declined in the century since Tudkhaliyas, got the worst of the fighting.
Presumably this marks the end of Mitanni's domination over Assyria, but for safety's sake the Assyrians chose to keep their late masters alive as a buffer state when the Anatolians advanced across the Euphrates.
They eliminated what was left of Mitanni around 835 B.C., since it no longer served a useful purpose; its people moved south and east and became the Medes and Persians, whom we will hear from again in the future.
xenohistorian.faithweb.com /neareast/ne03.html   (8980 words)

The Hurrians founded a new state known as Mitanni and began to threaten the Hittites' southern borders.
A daughter of Artatama I of the Mitanni married the young Tuthmose IV, thereby cementing the alliance.
Suppiluliumas left his son in control of Syria, but trouble broke out there when the Mitanni king Tushratta was assassinated and his successor, Artatama, gave up on Egypt and made an alliance with the Assyrians instead.
www.geocities.com /Athens/Acropolis/7987/hittit_1.html   (1235 words)

 VNN World - Vedic Egypt
It is principally among the Mitanni that Vedic Aryan names and words occur....In a famous treaty between the Hittite ruler Suppiluliuma and the Mitanni king, Mattiwaza,(Mattiraja) about 1370 BC, the Vedic gods Mithra, Varuna, Indra and the twin Nasatyas are mentioned.
Thus in the Mitanni kingdom Aryan gods were worshipped as well as Mesopotamian deities, which proves an Aryan Vedic element." In a famous tablet, we have the seal of Prince Suttarna, son of Kirta, King of Mittani in which two lions are defeated by a central single human-headed lion-in bird costume;mid second millennium BC.
In a letter sent by Dushratta, king of Mitanni, to Akhnaton, Tiy is called my sister, which would indicate that she herself was, through one of her parents at least, if not through both, was of royal Mitannian blood.
www.vnn.org /world/WD9912/WD09-5049.html   (1847 words)

 Revisionism, Biblical Chronology in the Light of Stratigraphy at Tell Brak
This is the intermediate level between OB and Early Mitanni.
Late Mitanni ware continues and there is a prominent re-paving of surfaces.
Mitanni ware is paralleled at Alalakh IV circa 15th century [1, p.72].
www.ldolphin.org /alanm/tellbrak.html   (2085 words)

 Egyptian New Kingdom, Babylonia, Assyria, Hittites, etc.
Mitanni was crushed by the great Suppiluliumus, and Egyptian clients in Syria began falling like dominoes, their pathetic pleas ignored but carefully preserved in the archive of Akhenaton's new capital at Amarna.
Mitanni, however, set back by Egypt, weakened after 1400 and was soon crushed between the resurgent Hittites to the west and the Assyrians to the east.
Ironically, it was the Hittites who then brought to an end the Kingdom of the Mitanni, which may have been ruled by a noble elite with Indo-Aryan affinities, speaking or influenced by another Indo-European language from the same family as Persian and Sanskrit, and who worshiped gods obviously identical to those of the Vedas.
www.friesian.com /notes/newking.htm   (7979 words)

 Mitanni   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
1500-1400 B.C. In the 17th century B.C. an Indo-Iranian military aristocracy, known as the Mitanni ascended to the control of the Hurrian territories.
While the aristocracy was Mitanni, the majority of the population who lived in the Mitanni kingdom was the Hurrian peoples who occupied eastern Anatolia down to northern Mesopotamia and northern Syria a couple of centuries before the coming of the Mitanni.
The Mitanni aristocracy unified the Hurrians by the middle of the 17th century creating a powerful confederation of all the Hurrian regions, and thus creating the Mitanni Empire.
idcs0100.lib.iup.edu /WestCivI/mitanni.htm   (155 words)

 [No title]
Mitanni is generally located in Syrian Mesopotamia, between Assyria and Carchemish; but its full extent may have been far greater.
The kings of Mitanni called themselves the "kings of the warriors of Khurri land" and "kings of Khanigalbat"….
Given that the region of Mitanni approximates to that of the eastern Syrian states, between Carchemish and (even penetrating into) Assyria, and given its religious similarities with Syria, I identify the Mitanni of EA with the Syrian kingdom of Ben-Hadad's day.
www.specialtyinterests.net /el_amarnas_mesopotamians.html   (8229 words)

 "Forgotten Empires" Remembered - Text
This, of course, is the kingdom of Hanigalbat, or Mitanni.
As what are recorded by Shalmaneser III as Assyrian/Urartian conflicts are recorded by the Hittites as having been between the Hittites and Mitanni, he identified the Mitannian province of Ashtata as the Assyria of Shalmaneser III, noting a similarity between Ash-tata and Ash-shur.
It was Hoshea's contacts with Egypt which brought the armies of Assyria against Samaria in the reign of Shalmaneser V (son of Tiglath-Pileser III), resulting in the destruction and exile of North Israel.
www.starways.net /lisa/essays/mitanni.html   (7113 words)

 Living in Truth by Charles N.Pope - Chapter 15: "A Shepherd They Withheld" New Kingdom Egypt is Centralized ...
This indicates that the "Psalms of David" should be primarily attributed to Thutmose III, as opposed to Thutmose I. Thutmose III was ultimately succeeded by his son Amenhotep II, the Biblical Patriarch Jacob.
In Chapter 12, it was shown that Rebekah, the mother of Jacob and Esau, had been brought to Egypt from Padam Aram (Mitanni) in NW Mesopotamia to become the wife of Isaac.
Mitanni, rather than Egypt, was quickly becoming the family rump kingdom, and it became the consolation prize for Esau.
www.domainofman.com /book/chap-15.html   (9197 words)

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