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Topic: Mizrahi Jews


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Jew

In the News (Thu 21 Mar 19)

  
  NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Sephardi Jews
Ashkenazi Jews dwelled in the new, ‘European’ part of the city along with Russians and Tatars, while Sephardi Jews, only some of them considered subjects of the Russian Empire while the others were regarded as subjects of ‘foreign states’ inhabited the old district of Osh.
By 1916 some Jews of the hundreds of thousands of Jewish war refugees and POW from the German and Austro-Hungarian armies were sent to Kyrgyzstan where they were compelled to work in coalmines, irrigation projects, railway routes and as technical personnel in the local factories.
Orthodox Jews have a fundamentalist and rigid interpretation of their religion, and the Jews that are most negative towards the modern society are normally from this group.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Sephardi_Jews/Sephardic_Chief_Rabbis_in_Israel   (0 words)

  
  Mizrahi Jews - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Mizrahi Jews, or Mizrahim (מזרחי "Easterner", Standard Hebrew Mizraḥi, Tiberian Hebrew Mizrāḥî; plural מזרחים "Easterners", Standard Hebrew Mizraḥim, Tiberian Hebrew Mizrāḥîm) sometimes also called Edot HaMizrah (Congregations of the East) are Jews descended from the Jewish communities of the Middle East.
Mizrahi communities spoke a number of Judeo-Arabic dialects, such as Moghrabi though these are now mainly used as a second language.
Mizrahi Wanderings - Nancy Hawker on Samir Naqqash, one of Israel’s foremost Arab-language Mizrahi novelists.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Mizrahi_Jews   (1388 words)

  
 Jew - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jews (Hebrew: יְהוּדִים, Yehudim; Yiddish: ייִדן, Yiden) are followers of Judaism or, more generally, members of the Jewish people (also known as the Jewish nation, or the Children of Israel), an ethno-religious group descended from the ancient Israelites and from converts who joined their religion.
Defeats in the Jewish-Roman Wars in the years 70 CE and 135 notably contributed to the numbers and geography of the diaspora, as significant numbers of the Jewish population of the Land of Israel were expelled and sold to slavery throughout the empire.
Jews were subject to expulsions from England, France, and the Holy Roman Empire throughout the Middle Ages, with most of the population moving to Eastern Europe and especially Poland, which was uniquely tolerant of the Jews through the 1700s.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Jew   (6241 words)

  
 Bejarano2
Study of the process of immigration of Jews from the Middle East and North Africa to Latin America, and a comparative analysis of the patterns of their economic and social integration in various countries of the continent between 1890 and 1960.
The study of institutional history and the religious characteristics of the various ethnic groups, and the analysis of their relations with the majority societies and with Ashkenazi communities.
Immigration to Latin America: Causes of immigration from the Middle East; The Latin American countries as receptive countries and their attitude towards the "Turks"; The map of immigration of Sephardi/Mizrahi Jews in Latin America; The demographic composition and the patterns of economic integration.
www.princeton.edu /~rsimon/bejarano2.html   (265 words)

  
 Jews of the Middle East
In the early 20th century, severe violence against Jews forced communities throughout the Middle Eastern region to flee once again, arriving as refugees predominantly in Israel, France, the United Kingdom, and the Americas.
In Israel, Middle Eastern and North African Jews were the majority of the Jewish population for decades, with numbers as high as 70 percent of the Jewish population, until the mass Russian immigration of the 1990s.
As Mizrahi and Sephardi Jews are a minority of Jews in North America, their heritage remains foreign to many North American Jews of Central and Eastern European heritage (known as Ashkenazim).
www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org /jsource/Judaism/mejews.html   (0 words)

  
 [No title]
In November 1942, at the height of the war and the annihilation of the Jews of Europe, David Ben-Gurion, then head of the Yishuv, the pre-State Jewish community in Palestine, presented a plan to bring a million Jews to the country immediately.
I'm a Mizrahi Israeli, and in the book I examine how Jewish-Arab communities became `Mizrahi.' The emissaries in the 1940s called the Jews `Arab Jews.' "In an interview that then Israeli prime minister Golda Meir granted Italian journalist Oriana Falacci in 1972, she was asked if she felt sorry about the Palestinian refugees from 1948.
I was already born as a Mizrahi who underwent the Mizrahi experiences of the generation of native-born Israelis.
nyc.indymedia.org /media/text/_it_could_.txt   (6639 words)

  
 Spartanburg SC | GoUpstate.com | Spartanburg Herald-Journal
Mizrahi Jews or Mizrahim, also written Mizrachi, (), also referred to as Edot HaMizrah (communities of the East) are Jews descended from the Jewish communities of the Middle East.
The vast majority of Kurdish Jews, who were primarily concentrated in northern Iraq, left Kurdistan in the mass aliyah (immigration to Israel) of 1950-51, which brought almost all Kurdish Jews to Israel, ending thousands of years of Jewish history in Assyria and Babylonia.
JIMENA Jews Indigenous to the Middle East and North Africa.* Mizrahi Wanderings - Nancy Hawker on Samir Naqqash, one of Israel's foremost Arab-language Mizrahi novelists.
www.goupstate.com /apps/pbcs.dll/section?category=NEWS&template=wiki&text=Mizrahi_Jews   (0 words)

  
 Israel: National Geographic World Music
Mizrahi is a term that refers to Oriental Jews, whose origins are in Muslim, Arab-speaking countries, while Ashkenzi is the word for Jews who originated in Eastern Europe and Westernized, mostly Christian countries.
Although there was a Mizrahi presence in Israel prior to the 1948 War of Independence, the majority of the Jewish population in Palestine was overwhelmingly Ashkenazi and its culture and music reflected that.
Upon arrival, there was an expectation that the Mizrahi Jews, whose culture and traditions were often considered inferior by the mainstream, and was also associated with the hostile Arab world that surrounded Israel, should assimilate into the dominant sabra culture.
worldmusic.nationalgeographic.com /worldmusic/view/page.basic/country/content.country/israel_36   (0 words)

  
 Mizrahi Jews
Mizrahi Jews, or Mizrahim (מחרחי "Easterner", Standard Hebrew, Tiberian Hebrew ; plural מחרחים "Easterners", Standard Hebrew, Tiberian Hebrew) sometimes also called Edot HaMizrah (Congregations of the East) are Jews descended from the Jewish communities of the Middle East.
Prior to the emergence of the term "Mizrahi", Arab Jews was sometimes used for Mizrahim originating in Arab lands, though not by the Mizrahim themselves.
Mizrahi Wanderings - Nancy Hawker on Samir Naqqash, one of Israel’s foremost Arab-language Mizrahi novelists.
www.dejavu.org /cgi-bin/get.cgi?ver=93&url=http://articles.gourt.com/%22http%3A%2F%2Farticles.gourt.com%2F%3Farticle%3DMizrahi   (0 words)

  
 Post-Zionism and the Sephardi Question - Middle East Quarterly
Post-Zionist Mizrahi writers present a compelling account of the systematic economic and ethnic discrimination that they personally, their families, and Mizrahi Jews in general have faced since the establishment of Israel to the present day.
According to the radical Mizrahi critique, one of the great recent myths about Israel is that the social, economic, and educational gap between the Ashkenazim and the Mizrahim—which peaked in the 1960s and 1970s—finally closed in the 1990s.
The electoral victories of the Likud party in 1977 and 1981 were the outcome of the Mizrahi ethnic vote protesting the Ashkenazi elite's failure in the 1973 war, its corruption, and its condescending attitude toward non-Ashkenazi Israelis.
www.meforum.org /article/707   (0 words)

  
 Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Mizrahi Jews
One argument against the term "Arab Jews" is that some of the communities referred to originated as early as the Babylonian captivity (6th century BCE), thus antedating the Arab Muslim conquest by a millennium.
Arab Jews or Jewish Arab are false terms and false notions, according to Professor Jacob Taieb of the Sorbonne University, France, an expert on Maghrebi Jews born in Tunisia.
The vast majority of Kurdish Jews, who were primarily concentrated in northern Iraq, left Kurdistan in the mass aliyah (immigration to Israel) of 1950-51, which brought almost all Kurdish Jews to Israel, ending thousands of years of Jewish history in Assyria and Babylonia.
www.reference.com /browse/wiki/Arab_Jews   (2367 words)

  
 Chapter 11
One can define the modern Jew as being located between “Europe” and the “Orient,” in a hybrid place that produced continuous tension and led to varying responses, be they “assimilationist” or “subversive.”  The dialectics of assimilation were also the dialectics between West and East and between colonizer and colonized.
It is important to note that this Zionist ambivalence towards Mizrahim echoed the Christian ambivalence toward the Jews as, on the one hand, the carriers of the Hebraica Veritas or the ancient Hebrew truth, and, on the other, as those who rejected the gospel, in context of the Enlightenment and European culture.
As in the European debate regarding the Jews, both sides to the debate shared the assumption that the Mizrahim had be changed, and could not be integrated as they were.
www.chass.utoronto.ca /~ikalmar/illustex/Razorijed.htm   (6368 words)

  
 Unique Facts about Africa: Ethiopia
The Beta Israel of Ethiopia were recognized by the Israeli government as "official" Jews in 1975, and many of them were air-lifted to Israel during the time of Prime Minister Menahem Begin; significant immigration continues into the 21st century.
According to local legends Dialliaman (Za-al-Ayaman) was a member of one of the Jewish colonies transported from Yemen by the Abbysinians in the sixth century C.E. Dialliaman is said to have traveled into West Africa along with his brother, and eventually established a local Jewish community in Northern Nigeria.
The largest influx of Jews to Africa came after the Spanish Inquisition and expulsion of the Jews in Spain in 1492, and Portugal and Sicily soon afterwards.
www.sheppardsoftware.com /Africaweb/factfile/africauniquefact23.htm   (0 words)

  
 Tensions In Israeli Feminism: The Mizrahi-Ashkenazi Rift
The Mizrahi feminist agenda is fueled by the history of the common yet diverse (Iraqi, Yemenite, Moroccan, and so on) Mizrahi experience within the general population of Israel and by the history of the specific experiences of Mizrahi women within the female population of Israel.
Mizrahi women are a different social category in the sense that the solutions to problems such as domestic or sexual violence and rape must take into consideration the ethnic relations context in which it occurs (Hill Collins, 1990:236-238).
The Mizrahi woman who is invited to represent Mizrahi women's interests often realizes that she has no power and faces a grave dilemma: to continue playing the role without any real power, and thus collude with the tokenist approach, or to resign and thus render the Mizrahi women's issue invisible once again.
www.ha-keshet.org.il /english/Tensions.htm   (9446 words)

  
 Drawing Lines
This essay refers to two such communities: Mizrahi Jews, or Mizrahim, lived in the Middle East and North Africa from the beginning of the Jewish people, four thousand years ago.
Sephardic Jews, or Sephardim, are Jews who eventually ended up in Spain and Portugal but were murdered or expelled during the Inquisition of 1492.
The Mizrahi neighborhoods of Israel seem not to be just a source of poverty, but also a source of ethnic pride and activism.
www.moxiemag.com /moxie/articles/identity/drawinglines.html   (1748 words)

  
 The Head Heeb: Two ways to be an Arab Jew
Until the pogrom of 1941, Iraqi Jews were a largely middle-class community and one of the most assimilated in the Arab world, so it is probably no accident that Iraqi Jews were among the few who really considered themselves Arabs.
When Shohat talks of "Arab Jews" she is (quite consciously, I think) conflating these, thus implying that which all Jews have always known to be false -- the nationalist conceit that, unlike current settler countries, the "old countries" were ethnically homogeneous -- and thereby aligning herself with those of the fellow-citizens-of-the-Mosaic-faith persuasion.
It was as possible (although maybe as deluded) for an Iraqi Jew in 1925 to consider himself an Arab as for a German Jew to consider himself a German.
headheeb.blogmosis.com /archives/019749.html   (5311 words)

  
 Arab Jews
Official Israeli history presents the emigration of Mizrahi as a result of anti-Semitism within the countries where they lived or a religious devotion to the land of Palestine.
However, it does reflect Mizrahi discontent with both Labour and Likud politics; one estimate puts four out of 10 Shas seats as due to the support of non-orthodox Mizrahi.
Another Mizrahi movement is HILA, the Public Committee for Education in the Underprivileged Neighbourhoods.
www.jews-for-allah.org /Jews-not-for-Judaism/Arab_Jews.htm   (0 words)

  
 Hitching a ride on the magic carpet
Yigal Allon, then foreign minister, worried that WOJAC would become a hotbed of what he called "ethnic mobilization." But WOJAC was not formed to assist Mizrahi Jews; it was invented as a deterrent to block claims harbored by the Palestinian national movement, particularly claims related to compensation and the right of return.
In contrast, Jews from Arab lands came to this country under the initiative of the State of Israel and Jewish organizations.
The history of the "Mizrahi aliyah" (immigration to Israel) is complex, and cannot be subsumed within a facile explanation.
www.ifamericansknew.org /history/magic-carpet.html   (0 words)

  
 Tamir Sorek | S&F Online | The Cultural Value of Sport: Title IX and Beyond
The 1970s, a decade of turbulent Mizrahi activism, was accompanied by the success of soccer teams that were followed mainly by Mizrahi fans and by the growing visibility of Mizrahi soccer stars.
Additionally, during the first decades of the state's existence, Arab Palestinian and Mizrahi Jews competed for the same low-paid jobs, a competition which was much less familiar to Ashkenazi middle class men.
The combination of a questioning of the national loyalty of opponents and a questioning of their masculinity (homosexuality as evidence of impaired masculinity) is related to the anxiety of Mizrahi soccer fans about their masculinity, as well as their public (mis)identification as Arabs.
www.barnard.edu /sfonline/sport/sorek_04.htm   (0 words)

  
 The Head Heeb : Knocking Down 4000 Years of Icons
Jews are still underrepresented in American prisons, with an incarceration rate of 1.5 to 2 per thousand compared to about 7 per thousand in the country as a whole.
The first Jew to hold that office in New York was elected in 1718, while Jewish names start cropping up in the London constables' rolls about 1760, with all but one serving in 1780 or later.
Jews are zero for one with respect to the capacity of ethnic federalism to protect their self-determination.
headheeb.blogspot.com   (0 words)

  
 Yale Daily News - Jewish refugees and the suffering of 1948
Waldman is a Mizrahi Jew -- a Jew indigenous to the Middle East or North Africa.
She is one of 900,000 Mizrahi Jews to become refugees after the founding of the state of Israel in 1948.
The reason for this ignorance is that the young Jewish state managed to absorb all 600,000 Mizrahi refugees within a short period of time (the other 300,000 emigrated to countries other than Israel).
www.yaledailynews.com /article.asp?AID=20342   (0 words)

  
 San Francisco Bay View - National Black Newspaper of the Year
While the Euro-American Ashkenazi Jews who dominated Israel’s founding Labour Party spoke of the “ingathering” of these immigrants as part of fulfilling the Zionist dream, in reality they were seen as inferior “human material” and were desired mainly as a source of cheap labor.
And so a process was begun to de-Arabize the Mizrahi, who, in every way other than religion, such as food, dress and culture, were much closer to the Palestinians and other Arab peoples than they were to the Euro-American Ashkenazis.
A key goal of this program was to make the Palestinians bitter enemies in the eyes of the Mizrahi, and one way they did that was to provide better protection to the Ashkenazi towns and settlements than to those of the Mizrahi.
www.sfbayview.com /070506/israeliblack070506.shtml   (0 words)

  
 [lbo-talk] Hitching a ride on the magic carpet by Prof. Yehouda Shenhav in Ha'aretz   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Yigal Allon, then foreign minister, worried that WOJAC would become a hotbed of what he called "ethnic mobilization." But WOJAC was not formed to assist Mizrahi Jews; it was invented as a deterrent to block claims harbored by the Palestinian national movement, particularly claims related to compensation and the right of return.
In contrast, Jews from Arab lands came to this country under the initiative of the State of Israel and Jewish organizations.
The history of the "Mizrahi aliyah" (immigration to Israel) is complex, and cannot be subsumed within a facile explanation.
mailman.lbo-talk.org /2003/2003-August/020003.html   (1060 words)

  
 Al-Ahram Weekly | Time to meet the Mizrahim?   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Because, as one of the Arab organisers of the Beirut symposium wrote, "we are being accused of collaborating with Israel because...
One thing, in any case, is clear: Mizrahi Jews constitute the only critical mass within the Jewish collectivity that possesses the reservoirs of historical, political, cultural and class-based experience from which a sufficiently large question mark can be extracted and placed at the end of every Zionist, or racist, proposition.
I hold this truth to be self-evident, even if Mizrahi Jews -- perhaps like their Arab counterparts across the nine countries from which they originated -- have thus far proved quite incapable of the political unity to which their destiny calls them.
weekly.ahram.org.eg /1998/1948/399_mzrm.htm   (3387 words)

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