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Topic: Modal jazz

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In the News (Wed 24 Apr 19)

Jazz, a musical form that grew out of of a cross-fertilization of folk blues, ragtime, and European music, particularly band music, has been called the first art form to develop in the United States of America.
One of the key influences on jazz was blues, a rural folk art that changed as fl musicians migrated to the cities in the late 19th century.
The early development of jazz was racially segregated, reflecting the culture of the United States at the time, with the innovation of mainly fl club musicians being taken onto bandstands by white band leaders, who tended to mould the music more to orthodox rhythms and harmony.
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/ja/Jazz.html   (1020 words)

 Modal jazz
Modal jazz is jazz played using musical modes rather than chord progressions.
Other notes, for example the B, are dissonant with C, so that they won't be used in a non-modal jazz song written in C, when playing the chord C. In a modal song they will be, which means the notes played will not be recognized as a part of C major.
In modal jazz, among the significant compositions were "So What" by Miles Davis and "Impressions" by John Coltrane.
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/mo/Modal_jazz.html   (591 words)

 What is Modal Jazz? A Layman's Guide
As a movement or phenomenon, however, modal jazz was originally centered in the work of a handful of musicians that included Miles Davis and George Russell, arranger Gil Evans, pianist/composer Bill Evans, saxophonist/composer Oliver Nelson, and later Wayne Shorter, Herbie Hancock, Chick Corea, and John Coltrane.
Modal jazz's seminal works are the recordings Milestones and Kind of Blue by Davis' ensemble and the theoretical formulations published in George Russell's Lydian Chromatic Concept.
Any consideration of the "meaning" of modal jazz must include a look at its social, cultural, and historical contexts, since music is, after all, a cultural expression that does not exist in a vacuum.
www.scena.org /lsm/sm8-3/Modal_Jazz.htm   (1110 words)

 Jazz   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Jazz is a musical art form rooted West African cultural and musical expression and the African American blues tradition with diverse influences over time characterized by blue notes syncopation swing call and response polyrhythms and improvisation.
At the root of jazz is the the folk music of former African slaves the American South and their descendants heavily by West African cultural and musical traditions evolved as fl musicians migrated to the -- most notably the Storyville district of New Orleans -- in the late 19th century.
Early jazz influences found their first mainstream in the marching band music of the which was the standard form of popular music at the turn of century.
www.freeglossary.com /Jazz   (2669 words)

 Modal jazz - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
However, with modal jazz, a soloist must create a melody in one scale (typically), which could be potentially boring for the listener.
Modal jazz was, in essence, a return to melody.
It is possible for the bassist and the pianist to move to notes within the mode that are dissonant with the prime (tonic) chord of that mode.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Modal_jazz   (854 words)

Jazz is rooted in West African cultural and musical expression and in African American music traditions, in folk blues and ragtime.
At the root of jazz is the blues, the folk music of former African slaves in the U.S. South and their descendants, heavily influenced by West African cultural and musical traditions that evolved as fl musicians migrated to the cities.
Early jazz influences found their first mainstream expression in the marching band and dance band music of the day, which was the standard form of popular concert music at the turn of century.
www.askfactmaster.com /Jazz   (4939 words)

 Jazz:   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Jazz is an original American musical art form originating around the start of the 20th century in New Orleans, rooted in African and African American musical styles blended with Western music technique and theory.
Jazz is rooted in the blues, the folk music of former enslaved Africans in the U.S. South and their descendants, which is influenced by West African cultural and musical traditions that evolved as fl musicians migrated to the cities.
In some modern jazz compositions where the underlying chords of the composition are particularly complex or fast moving, the composer or performer may create a set of "blowing changes," which is a simplfied set of chords better suited for comping and solo improvisation.
jazz.openfun.org   (3651 words)

 The International Institute Of Bassists | Bass Lessons Online - Cliff Engel   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Modal compositions are characterized by a form which contains few chord changes and lots of space that lasts for several measures.
Although the song form of modal tunes like "So What" is really basic in theory, modal tunes are one of the most difficult styles of music for bassists to improvise on because they present the bass player with a number of formidable challenges.
Modal tunes such as "So What" and "Impressions" are a great place to start experimenting with playing "outside" the changes because they provide plenty of space to establish the tonality on a single chord type.
www.instituteofbass.com /bass_lessons/cliff_engel/modal_tunes   (1387 words)

 The roots of jazz
Jazz musicians added their own twist to the European scales, or group of notes.
However, understanding modal jazz is a bit more complicated because it can apply to entirely new scales that a jazz musician invents for a particular composition.
You may hear the term modal jazz used to describe a new scale being used in a jazz piece even though the scale doesn't figure neatly into one of the traditional modes of western musical theory.
www.suite101.com /article.cfm/jazz/58626/2   (476 words)

 Jazz styles
Cool (or West Coast jazz) --This music came to be as a result of the Miles Davis' nonet and a series of recordings that later became known as The Birth of the Cool (Click link to view album).
What modal improvisation did was use slower moving chord changes, and freed up the soloist to improvise more based on scales, rather than the rapidly changing chords of bebop.
Although he mastered hard bop and modal jazz, John Coltrane played this music during the last years of his life and became the musical figurehead who lent credibility to it (and the music's popularity basically died with him).
ilovejazz.tripod.com /jazz/styles.html   (1561 words)

 [beyondjazz.net] Music Discussions - What style is John Coltrane?   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Modal had more freedom an focus on the melody in the solos compared to Hard Bop, where the player had to build a solo pretty much based on the rhythmic pattern that the drums and the bass gave.
the modal concept changed this for the benefit of more melodic freedom, because the music now is centered around mainly one harmonic `pedal´ point.
also `kind of blue´ from 1959 is one and `so what´ is considered officially as the first modal jazz piece recorded, i think, and is the `mothertune´of modal jazz.
www.beyondjazz.net /viewtopic.php?t=8224   (570 words)

 Modal Music Downloads - Download Modal Music Music - Download Modal Music MP3s
Before the advent of modal music in the '50s, solo improvisations were based around the specific key of a piece -- that is, its tonal center, the starting point to which its melodies and chord progressions would return for a feeling of resolution or completeness.
Modal music had a subtle tension produced by the fact that the solo lines, while melodic, didn't always progress or resolve exactly as the listener was accustomed to hearing; plus, every time a new mode was introduced, the tonal center shifted, keeping the listener just off balance with a subtle unpredictability.
Miles Davis was the first jazz musician to improvise and compose according to modal structure; his Kind of Blue is the definitive modal jazz album, and two of his sidemen on the record -- John Coltrane and Bill Evans -- later went on to become modal innovators in their own right.
www.mp3.com /genre/531/subgenre.html   (5859 words)

 Modal bass? - Jazz Bulletin Board
Modal tune chord progressions are generally loooooooongggg (as in changes slooooowlyy), so its more about...
But someone learning to play jazz bass has to learn to walk bass lines period, that is not an opinion, it's a fact.
But to post on a jazz board that walking bass lines don't lend themselves to modal tunes....most folks here are going to postulate that you either don't like / listen to much jazz or you're just trolling.
forums.allaboutjazz.com /showthread.php?t=13288   (1171 words)

 Miles' first foray into modal - Jazz Bulletin Board
Though I am not sure what Miles' own first go at modal jazz was, I am fairly certain that he was partially inspired/interested by George Russell's "Cubana Be Cubana Bop" (written for Dizzy Gillespie) in 1947, which was definitely a foreshadow to the modal jazz movement a few years later.
Great jazz is when he heaves a piercing note for 32 bars and collapses on his hands and knees.
I think many jazz musicians (wrongly) call a modal piece one based on one chord, or a two chord vamp, or with various cycles of the same.
forums.allaboutjazz.com /showthread.php?t=10449   (1254 words)

 Changing Modes (1959: Giant Steps) | The Chronicle of Jazz | Abbeville Press   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Until the late 1950s all jazz performances were based on pre-set sequences of chords, referred to by musicians as the changes (i.e., changes of harmony).
From the 1920s to the 1940s, the chordal vocabulary of jazz increased in complexity through the importation of more advanced harmonies (mostly borrowed from modern classical music), but the underlying structural principle of the "changes" remained constant.
Second, the essentially "static" nature of modal music (as opposed to the "dynamic" sense of progression created by the tension and relaxation inherent in any good sequence of chords) led to a contemplative mood in which pieces might be protracted to sometimes inordinate length.
www.abbeville.com /jazz/146.asp   (480 words)

 The Jazz/Rock Fusion Page:a site is dedicated to Jazz Fusion and related genres with a special emphasis on Jazz/Rock ...
Since its birth in the ragtime of the 1890's, jazz had been undergoing an evolutionary progression characterized by increasing sophistication in the use of harmonic, melodic, and rhythmic concepts that in many ways paralleled the much slower evolution of European classical music.
Jazz had progressed from Dixieland in the century's teens on through swing in the thirties, bebop in the forties, cool, hard bop and modal in the fifties, and finally the free jazz developed by John Coltrane and other avant-garde performers in the early sixties.
This integration was a natural one for both jazz and rock musicians since jazz and rock share many of the same roots: worksongs, the blues, gospel, and rhythm and blues.
liraproductions.com /jazzrock/htdocs/histhome.htm   (3413 words)

 SoYouWanna learn about jazz?
The first all-Modal album was Kind of Blue, which is one of the first jazz albums anyone should ever buy.
Modal Jazz may have had only one note it would play off of, but Free Jazz had none.
Miles Davis didn't stop at helping found Cool Jazz and Modal Jazz; he moved on to create Fusion, a combination of jazz and rock that hit its stride in the 70s and 80s.
soyouwanna.grab.com /site/syws/jazz/jazz4.html   (277 words)

 Modes and Ragas: More Than just a Scale
But the Dorian mode, for example, didn't have to start on the pitch we call a D. The important thing was the pattern of half steps and whole steps within that octave, and their relationship to the notes that acted as the modal equivalent of tonal centers, the finalis and the dominant.
Modal European (and American) folk music tends to be older tunes that have been around for hundreds of years.
Modal jazz, on the other hand, is fairly new, dating from around 1960.
cnx.org /content/m11633/latest   (2308 words)

 Final Test Review
Modal tunes allow the improviser to play as long as he or she wants, not being fenced in by measures or changes.
Most speculate he is the most important jazz figure of the 1960s and one of the most important of all time.
The other free jazz LP is Acension which like the first is important for focusing on free jazz collective concepts.
www.music.eku.edu /faculty/davis/jazzhistory/finalreview.htm   (4206 words)

 Lesson- 'Modal Harmony'   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Even the "fancy" chords used in jazz and contemporary music, such as maj7, m11, 13, and even 7b9, are constructed by stacking thirds on top of other thirds.
A similar thing happened in jazz in the '50s when Miles Davis and John Coltrane conceived of basing their solos and the backing harmonies of a tune on a scale, rather than on standard chords.
These particular voicings are often used in modal jazz and are sometimes called fourth chords, because they consist of fourths stacked on top of each other.
www.acousticguitar.com /lessons/Modal_Harmony/1.shtml   (756 words)

 Jazz Viewpoint - Kind of Blue by Ashley Kahn@ jazzreview.com
Kahn writes about the times both historically and biographically before and after the making of the original 1959 recording at the now-defunct 30th Studios of Columbia Records with the transcripts of and annotations on the actual taping of the record plunked in the middle of the book.
While reading about each cut, I had the recording playing so I could make sense out of what Kahn was describing; I had to flip back and forth in the book and keep punching the replay buttons on the CD player remote in order to interpret Kahn's play by play.
Kahn's raison d'etre for his book is more arcane and for the expression of his point of view than valuable for the history of jazz.
www.jazzreview.com /articledetails.cfm?ID=337   (488 words)

 NPR's Jazz Profiles: Miles Davis Kind of Blue
By 1958, at age 32, Davis was an international jazz star whose playing set the standard for jazz musicians of the day.
Even before Kind of Blue, Davis was experimenting with "modal" jazz, keeping the backround of a tune simple while solists played a melody over one or two "modes," or scales, instead of busy chord progressions -- the usual harmonic foundation of jazz.
Jazz musicians were startled by the truly different sound on an album that laid out a clear roadmap for further modal explorations.
www.npr.org /programs/jazzprofiles/archive/miles_kob.html   (1000 words)

 Jazz - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jazz is an original American musical art form that originated around the start of the 20th century in New Orleans, rooted in African American musical styles blended with Western music technique and theory.
Guru continued the jazz rap trend with the critically acclaimed Jazzmatazz series beginning in 1993, in which modern day jazz musicians were brought into the studio.
In some modern jazz compositions where the underlying chords of the composition are particularly complex or fast moving, the composer or performer may create a set of "blowing changes," which is a simplified set of chords better suited for comping and solo improvisation.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Jazz   (4200 words)

 Caris Music Services   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
The goal of Volume 2 of "Modal Jazz Composition and Harmony" is to continue the dissemination of information that presents a path of study for the aspiring jazz composer.
Where Volume 1of the book emphasized the preparation of a modal harmonic foundation, t his volume will introduce concepts of melody writing and a study of the styles of jazz compositions that are an intrinsic addition to the contemporary jazz composer's repertoire.
This book is the result of 30 years of teaching jazz piano and keyboard harmony to the best and brightest students at the University of Miami.
www.upbeat.com /caris/miller.htm   (334 words)

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