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Topic: Modern philosophy

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  19th-century philosophy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In the 18th Century the philosophies of The Enlightenment would begin to have dramatic effect, and the landmark works of philosophers such as Immanuel Kant and Jean-Jacques Rousseau would have an electrifying effect on a new generation of thinkers.
In the late 18th century a movement known as Romanticism would seek to combine the formal rationality of the past, with a greater and more immediate emotional and organic sense of the world.
The last third of the 18th century produced a host of ideas and works which would both systematize previous philosophy, and present a deep challenge to the basis of how philosophy had been systematized.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Modern_philosophy   (412 words)

 Postmodern philosophy -- Facts, Info, and Encyclopedia article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Postmodern philosophy is an eclectic and elusive movement characterized by the (Click link for more info and facts about postmodern) postmodern criticism and analysis of Western (The rational investigation of questions about existence and knowledge and ethics) philosophy.
Postmodern philosophy originated primarily in France during the (The decade from 1950 to 1959) 1950s, (The decade from 1960 to 1969) 1960s and (The decade from 1970 to 1979) 1970s.
Derrida thus claimed to have deconstructed Western philosophy by arguing, for example, that the Western ideal of the present logos is undermined by the expression of that ideal in the form of markings by an absent author.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/p/po/postmodern_philosophy.htm   (972 words)

 Robertson, Leo Strauss on Early Modern Philosophy
Strauss argues that the crisis of modernity, while corrosive of the social and political life in Western nations, could be for reflective souls an opportunity to be liberated from the project of modernity and its underlying assumptions.
Since for Strauss modernity had at its beginning a fundamental reformulation of political philosophy, in order to grasp the nature of modernity, and thereby better to understand our contemporary crisis, we are required to return to the early modern political thinkers--those who initiated the project of modern political philosophy.
The originators of modernity, the early modern thinkers, appear to argue for such a synthesis, and so for Strauss, either they were contradictory or their apparent contradictions hid a deeply consistent radical humanism.
www.mun.ca /animus/1998vol3/robert3.htm   (7533 words)

 Modern Philosophy
The modern period is marked by great changes such as the scientific revolution, technological progress, the rise of nation states and democracy, the Reformation and religious pluralism, Enlightenment, use of reason rath er than tradition, universal education, and a strong emphasis on the individual.
Descartes set modern philosophy in motion, arguing that it was necessary to question every belief and start over again with a new foundation.
Modern philosophy thus formula ted a new set of philosophical issues which were debated and finally recast by Kant, whose problems are still with us today.
www.usfca.edu /philosophy/modphilsylstump.htm   (322 words)

 Adventures in Philosophy: A Brief History of Modern Philosophy
The Philosophy of Antonio Rosmini-Serbati and Vincenzo Gioberti
The Philosophy of the Positivists: Comte, Mill, Spencer, Feuerbach, Marx and Engels
Modern philosophy considered as a whole is characterized by a basic immanentism which distinguishes it and places it in opposition to ancient and medieval philosophy, which are based on transcendence.
radicalacademy.com /adiphilmodern.htm   (1333 words)

 MODERN PHILOSOPHY: The Philosophy of Rationalism
"Philosophy is a perfect knowledge of all that man can know, as well for the conduct of his life as for the preservation of his health and the discovery of all the arts." He seeks a system of thought that possesses the certainty of mathematics independent of Scholastic tradition and theological dogma.
Gottfried W. von Leibniz (picture), who had a mind of encyclopedic culture, was born in Leipzig where he acquired during his early studies a profound knowledge of philosophy itself and of the history of medieval and modern philosophy and of the mathematical sciences.
His philosophy opens to the mind new vistas of philosophic syntheses, and is an invaluable aid to the understanding of later systems.
radicalacademy.com /adiphilrationalism.htm   (3511 words)

 Learn more about Modern Islamic philosophy in the online encyclopedia.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Ismail al-Faruqi looked more closely at the ethics and sociology of knowledge, concluding that no scientific method or philosophy could exist that was wholly ignorant of a theory of conduct or the consequences a given path of inquiry and technology.
His "Islamization of knowledge" program sought to converge early Muslim philosophy with modern sciences, resulting in, for example, Islamic economics and Islamic sociology.
More modern efforts in Indonesia, Afghanistan, Iran and the proposed state of Palestine have often emphasized the traditional role of women's control of the household finances.
www.onlineencyclopedia.org /m/mo/modern_islamic_philosophy.html   (694 words)

 Modern Philosophy at Erratic Impact's Philosophy Research Base
One thing that happened during the Renaissance that was of great importance for the later character of modern philosophy was the birth of modern science.
Although pre-Kantian modern philosophy is easily (perhaps too easily) organized as a debate between Rationalists and Empiricists, modern philosophy after Kant presents a much greater tangle of influences.
In this and other publications Popkin traces the impact of skepticism on modern philosophy from 16th century editions of Sextus Empiricus to its ultimate resolution in the writings of the "new Pyrrho": David Hume.
www.erraticimpact.com /~modern/html/modern.htm   (1264 words)

 Roger Scruton - Home Page - Books   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Roger Scruton offers a wide-ranging perspective on philosophy, from logic to aesthetics, in a lively and engaging way that is sure to stimulate debate.
This extensive survey of topics in modern philosophy as taught in English-speaking universities consists of two parts, about 500 and 100 pages, respectively.
Modern Philosophy succeeds in inspiring readers to explore the topic further, because one senses in Scruton the mark of the true thinker, a deep sincerity and conviction'
www.rogerscruton.com /books/modern.html   (229 words)

 Hist. Modern Philosophy
The so-called "Modern" period in philosophy extends from approximately 1550-1850.
Arguably the most significant figure of the modern period in philosophy is Kant, and he will be treated as such.
As such the course is both a study of the history of philosophy and of the philosophical issues themselves.
www.usfca.edu /philosophy/hist.htm   (650 words)

Niccolo Machiavelli is considered to be the founder of modern political philosophy.
Leo Strauss, a critic of modern political thought from a classical perspective, said that, whereas classic political thought saw the formation of character as the proper aim of politics, modern political thinkers in general adopted lower goals – goals which, they believed, were more likely to be attained.
The practical result of Machiavelli's teachings has been, for the modern conscience, a profound split, an incurable division between politics and morality, and consequently an illusory but deadly antinomy between what people call idealism (wrongly confused with ethics) and what people call realism (wrongly confused with politics).
www.personal.psu.edu /users/g/l/glm7/m099.htm   (2481 words)

 Modern Philosophy On Love -   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Platonic love in its modern sense is an affectionate relationship into which the sexual element does not enter, especially in cases where one might easily assume otherwise.
Philosophy is a discipline or field of study involving the investigation, analysis, and development of ideas at a general, abstract, or fundamental level.
Modern philosophy is typically said to begin with Descartes.
philosophy.fmqg.com /index.php?k=modern-philosophy-on-love   (989 words)

 Table of contents for The problem of God in modern philosophy
The attempt to represent the philosophy of a specific historical period in a unitary fashion is an increasingly difficult task to pursue.
Post-Hegelian philosophy, which we could unify under the label of an 'anthropological turn,' would have tried to do justice to an immense pretence regarding the possibilities of human reason and would have cleared the way for itineraries of thought which are closer to a 'human scale,' even allowing for their diversity and opposition.
The second interpretation, however, sees in modern philosophy an enterprise which must recognize nihilism as its fulfillment, of which Nietzsche would offer the best diagnosis, and which constitutes, according to different modalities, the common base (albeit not always recognized as such) of important sectors of contemporary thought.
www.loc.gov /catdir/toc/ecip058/2005004722.html   (1332 words)

 On the History of Modern Philosophy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
A double reproach is made to earlier philosophy thereby: (1) it has the absolute merely as an unfounded presupposition instead of as a founded result, (2) it thereby has a presupposition at all, whilst the Hegelian philosophy boasts of being a philosophy which presupposes nothing, absolutely nothing.
But besides this general boast of not presupposing anything, this philosophy also claims to have surpassed the preceding system in the fact that for this system the absolute is a mere presupposition, for it, on the other hand, it is a result, something produced, something founded.
The preceding philosophy is reproached with the fact that in it God is supposed to have been determined not as spirit but only as substance.
www.marxists.org /reference/subject/philosophy/works/ge/schelli3.htm   (6963 words)

 PetersNet: Joseph Barrett, Old Problems with Modern Philosophy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The intrusive philosophy, here, tends to rely, not upon science as such, but upon "scientific theory" as its first principle and is therefore bound to it; and laid open to the charge that, as I have remarked, it exists primarily as a justification of that opinion in which it is rooted.
Modern philosophy cowers from the surrounding abyss unless it can pretend there is no abyss at-all but a nice little middle class nursery where inanimate objects argue and fuss.
However, most of what we have termed modern philosophies - that rash of opinion systems which rose first in atheist France - have something in common, and that is the anger to tear at any authority higher than the pundits who preach them.
www.petersnet.net /browse/1226.htm   (5518 words)

 Modern philosophy quotes & quotations
"We are tainted by modern philosophy which has taught us that all is good, whereas evil has polluted everything and in a very real sense all is evil, since nothing is in its proper place.
"The modern conservative is engaged in one of man's oldest exercises in moral philosophy; that is, the search for a superior moral justification for selfishness.
philosophies were of two kinds, --_exoteric_, those that the philosophers themselves could partly understand, and _esoteric_, those that nobody could understand.
en.thinkexist.com /quotes/with/keyword/modern_philosophy   (280 words)

 BigEye Philosophy Center
This site explores the importance of philosophy and presents many of the important concepts and questions that must be considered.
Sites on the philosophy of Objectivism are largely divided into three camps: those which follow the lead of the Ayn Rand Institute, those which support the Institute for Objectivist Studies, and a smaller group which supports The Jefferson School.
A field guide to the nomenclature of philosophy includes A to Z dictionary of philosophical movements (all types of "isms") and branches of philosophy.
www.bigeye.com /philoso.htm   (722 words)

 Modern Philosophy - AB Philosophy Program - De La Salle University - Dasmariñas
This course provides a synthetic vision of the history of modern philosophy, from an analytical perspective.
Thus, it is inevitable to explore the historical conditions and the currents of influence which led from Hobbes to Spinoza, from Malebrance to Berkley, from Rousseau to Kant, and from Schopenhauer to Wittgeinstein.
Analyze the rise of modern philosophy that gave birth to a new form of philosophizing in the 19
pilosopiya.20m.com /modern.htm   (127 words)

 Amazon.com: Books: Modern Philosophy : An Introduction and Survey   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
It is, moreover, quite good at introducing the basic issues and positions, both of contemporary philosophers and their early modern counterparts, in metaphysics, epistemology, philosophy of language, and philosophy of mind.
The complaints of complexity are legion in philosophy- it's not a subject for the average man by its very nature.
I majored in philosophy over 20 years ago and I wish that I had had such a well-written and comprehensive text to refer to in order to put modern philosophy all "together".
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0140249079?v=glance   (2058 words)

 Ektopos :: Online Philosophy Community & News   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
It leads to bad philosophy because it results in an alienated view of nature as essentially dead and meaningless, a view which, minimally, fails to capture our experience of the dynamism and interconnectedness evident in nature.
Philosophy is in the process of transforming itself into a science, becoming actual wisdom instead of mere love of wisdom (71-72).
These sections of the book aside, the crucial elements of Conway's philosophy emerge slowly as the chapters of her life unfold, perhaps in much the same fashion that her philosophy developed in Conway's own mind.
www.ektopos.com /modules.php?op=modload&name=News&file=index&catid=&topic=22   (3608 words)

 M.A. in Modern Continental Philosophy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The MA in Modern Continental Philosophy is an innovative programme designed to bring participants to a rich understanding of some of the most exciting figures and topics in recent European thought.
Designed to consolidate and enhance students' knowledge of modern philosophy, the MA provides an excellent foundation for, and one way into, doctoral (Ph.D.) work in philosophy.
Philosophy is situated on the College Road campus of the Staffordshire University, in Stoke-upon-Trent.
www.staffs.ac.uk /schools/humanities_and_soc_sciences/philosophy/philo_ma.html   (1823 words)

 Modern Philosophy
Descartes is justly regarded as the Father of Modern Philosophy.
And in a day when philosophy and science were not distinguished from each other, Descartes was a famous physicist and mathematician as well as a philosopher.
In the third meditation Descartes' use of the history of philosophy explodes out of control: technical terminology ("formal cause," etc.) flies thick and fast, the argument itself is inspired by Anselm, and the whole process is very far from the foundational program of starting from nothing.
www.friesian.com /hist-2.htm   (4813 words)

 Modern Philosophy (from philosophy) --  Britannica Student Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
From 1500 philosophy took so many twists and turns that it cannot be defined by any one approach.
This 1,000-year era was noted for the division of Hinduism into sects and schools of philosophy, the writing of devotional hymns to the gods, and the influence of Islam in India.
This is a summary of the political philosophy of John Locke.
www.britannica.com /ebi/article-206442?ct=   (918 words)

 Amazon.ca: Books: Short History of Modern Philosophy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
A Short History of Modern Philosophy is a lucid, challenging and up-to-date survey of the philosophers and philosophies from the founding father of modern philosophy, Rene Descartes, to the most important and famous philosopher of the twentieth century, Ludwig Wittgenstein.
Completely revised and updated, A Short History of Modern Philosophy is an entirely accessible introduction, perfect for the general reader of philosophy.
His "Short History of Modern Philosophy" is worth reading for two reasons: 1) it is a model of fine expository writing; and 2) it is an accessible overview of modern philosophy that will provide a foundation for further study of the central philosophers.
www.amazon.ca /exec/obidos/ASIN/0415267633   (406 words)

 MODERN PHILOSOPHY   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
philosophy is, namely, the occupation of attempting to devise, by the
philosophy is forever seeking were to be found, that discovery would be
Philosophy can strip men of part of the inheritance of faith.
www.geocities.com /Athens/Parthenon/6528/fund64.htm   (5923 words)

 Haverford College
Second, the philosophy curriculum is designed to help students acquire philosophical materials and skills that supplement and integrate their other studies in the liberal arts and sciences.
(2) Five philosophy courses at the 200 level, at least four of which must be completed by the end of the junior year, and three philosophy courses at the 300 level.
The award of Honors in philosophy will be based upon distinguished work in philosophy courses, active and constructive participation in the senior seminar, and the writing and presentation of the Senior essay.
www.haverford.edu /catalog/Philosophy.html   (3291 words)

 Early Modern Philosophy
The Modern period in Western philosophy is an era sandwiched between the Renaissance in Europe and the last half of the nineteenth century.
Its scope and shape were profoundly affected by the cultural and intellectual currents that preceded it and in one way or another, the disparate strands of contemporary philosophy are all either descendants of it or reactions against it.
Most of the philosophers we will look at thought of their views on those topics as outgrowths of the epistemological and metaphysical accounts they offered, so this course can be thought of as a grounding in the details that underlie those other views.
www.kzoo.edu /phil/wolf/modern/mod03A.html   (1445 words)

 Modern Philosophy
While the Renaissance, the Reformation, the discovery of the New World, the rise of Science and Capitalism, represent the external (socio-historical) determinants of Modernity, its major internal moving forces have been undoubtedly the unleashed human Subjectivity and the new spirit of Foundationalism.
In spanning the extension of Modern Philosophy along the lines drawn by these two major philosophical projects we do not want to overlook significant differences and changes that separate them.
The principal objective in this course is to become acquainted with the development of Modern Philosophy from Descartes to Kant.
www.uri.edu /personal/szunjic/philos/modern.htm   (1315 words)

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