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Topic: Molecular neuroscience

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In the News (Mon 19 Aug 19)

  USC Neuroscience: Research: Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
The mechanisms by which these specific molecules regulate a diverse array of processes are being actively investigated, including: modes of excitability in axons versus dendrites; synaptogenesis and synaptic communication and plasticity; the ability of axons to project to their targets; and sensory processing and signal transduction.
Finally, an important area of research in cell-molecular neuroscience at USC is focused on identifying genes that comprise the molecular basis for complex behaviors, such as courtship in the fly and ingestive and sensory behaviors in mammals.
Molecular neuroscientists further benefit from collaborations with colleagues in computational and molecular biology, who excel at analyzing large and complex data sets.
www.usc.edu /programs/neuroscience/research/cellular.html   (392 words)

  Encyclopedia :: encyclopedia : Neuroscience   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Neuroscience is a field of study which deals with the structure, function, development, genetics, biochemistry, physiology, pharmacology and pathology of the nervous system, divided most generally into the central nervous system (the brain and spinal cord), and the peripheral nervous system, consisting of the myriad nerve pathways running throughout the body.
Some researchers believe that cognitive neuroscience provides a bottom-up approach to understanding the mind and consciousness that is complementary to, or may replace, the top-down approach of psychology.
Molecular and cellular neuroscience - In principle, there is no distinction between cellular and molecular biology of the brain and of any other organ.
www.hallencyclopedia.com /Neuroscience   (821 words)

 List of neuroscience topics - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Electron Cryomicroscopy (Cryo-EM) is a means of imaging neural serial sections, usually cut by a cryoultramicrotome, now at an experimental maximum (uniform) sample width-reduction of 40-60 nanometers (nm).
Application of the attained information is of limited practical significance relative to the shortcomings of any stand-alone mechanism (as well as its resultant metadata complex therefore), and is often optimally beneficial when synthesized in hybrid with the many other imaging techniques, borrowing their appropriate specialized data-perception abilities as compensation for its own short-comings.
As the first of these four primary choices of examination are non-invasive they are more commonly employed, especially in psychiatric evaluation, which lacks the need present in computational neuroscience (e.g.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/List_of_neuroscience_topics   (481 words)

 Systems neuroscience - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Systems neuroscience is the study of neural circuit function in intact organisms.
Researchers concerned with systems neuroscience focus on the vast space that exists between molecular and cellular approaches to the brain and the study of high-level mental functions such as language, memory, and self-awareness (which are the purview of behavioral and cognitive neuroscience).
The challenges in studying neural circuits are many, as nonlinear interactions between voltage and ligand-gated channels, second messenger systems, exocytosis, and other processes dictate that these neural networks will not just be the sums of their parts, but will produce unexpected and complex patterns of activity.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Systems_neuroscience   (216 words)

Neuroscience is a field of study that deals with the structure, function, development, genetics, biochemistry, physiology, pharmacology, and pathology of the nervous system, divided into the central nervous system (the brain and spinal cord), and the peripheral nervous system, consisting of the myriad nerve pathways running throughout the body.
Computational and systems neuroscience: These two fields are interested in understanding the computational roles of various parts of the nervous sytem.
Neurobiology is often used interchangeably with neuroscience, but may refer specifically to the study of the biology of the nervous system.
www.brainyencyclopedia.com /encyclopedia/n/ne/neuroscience.html   (796 words)

 Program in Neuroscience and Cognitive Science :: Cellular, Molecular and Developmental Neuroscience
The goal of the Laboratory of Molecular Genetics is to identify, clone and characterize the genes that contribute to communication disorders.
The overall goals of the Unit on Developmental Neuroscience are to identify the molecular and cellular factors that play a role in the development of the sensory epithelium of the mammalian cochlea (the organ of Corti).
We use a multidisciplinary approach (biochemistry, molecular biology, physiology and behavior) to study the molecular mechanisms of experience-dependent synaptic plasticity in the mammalian cerebral cortex.
www.nacs.umd.edu /res/cellular.html   (1092 words)

 University of Michigan Neuroscience
Neuroscience 623 is an intensive lab course in cellular and molecular neuroscience.
Among the molecular topics covered are analysis of cDNA clones, PCR amplification of DNA, quantitation of mRNA by Northern blot and RNAse protection analysis, and expression of genes in foreign tissues.
Neuroscience 800,801 students in the Neuroscience program begin independent research projects in their first semester in the program, and are required to participate in independent research each semester.
www.umich.edu /~neurosci/program/courses.htm   (617 words)

Neuroscience majors are required to complete a core of introductory courses in biology, chemistry, mathematics, and physics that provide the broad scientific background that is necessary for the study of neuroscience.
Majors are required to take the introductory neuroscience course NSC 201, two courses in Molecular and Cellular Neuroscience, one course in Systems Neuroscience, one course in Integrative/Cognitive Neuroscience, Neuroscience Laboratory Courses (4 hours), and Electives (12 hours).
Because Neuroscience is an interdisciplinary major, you will need to complete a Contract of course work that requires the approval of your major advisor, the Program Director, and the Office of the Dean of the College of Arts and Science.
sitemason.vanderbilt.edu /neuroscience/majorinneuroscience   (502 words)

 Mayo Graduate School - Ph.D. Program - Molecular Neuroscience - Director's Message
The Molecular Neuroscience Program was established as an independent graduate school track at Mayo Clinic in 1991 in recognition of the importance of interdisciplinary training for future investigators studying neuronal function in health and disease.
Molecular Neuroscience at Mayo Graduate School is an interdisciplinary program spanning basic-science and clinical departmental boundaries and ranging from fundamental molecular and cellular neuroscience to clinical neurology.
Graduates of the Molecular Neuroscience Program at Mayo are uniquely prepared to apply molecular, cellular, biochemical and biophysical approaches to fundamental problems in neurobiology and to the improvement of our understanding of the development and treatment of neurological disease.
www.mayo.edu /mgs/neuro-directors-message.html   (214 words)

 Laboratory of molecular neuroscience
The Laboratory for Molecular Neuroscience investigates molecular mechanisms involved in the development of acute and chronic neurodegenerative disease, with a focus on the role of glutamate excitotoxicity.
It aims at unravelling the molecular basis for cell death and edema development in stroke, and explores the pathophysiology of Alzheimer's disease and temporal lobe epilepsy.
One of the long term goals is to identify new molecular targets for neuroprotective strategies in stroke and other conditions involving glutamate excitotoxicity.
www.cmbn.no /ottersen   (76 words)

 Neuroscience @ Skidmore College
Students may be exposed to, and participate in, several aspects of the research process, including planning, designing, and implementing the research, as well as in data analysis and interpretation of the results.
molecular to behavioral) at which research topics in neuroscience can be addressed and also the ways in which research techniques define the types of questions that can be asked at a given level of analysis.
Emphasis is placed upon atomic and molecular structure, physical and chemical properties related to structure, periodic relationships, mass relationships, thermo-chemistry, and properties of solutions.
www.skidmore.edu /academics/neurosci/courses.htm   (1893 words)

  Center for Neuroscience Research
Neuroscience research at UAMS is supported by extramural awards from a variety of federal and private funding agencies and is recognized as one of the institution's areas of research excellence.
Neuroscientists within the Division of Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience are recognized internationally for their research on Alzheimer's disease, spinal cord injury, multiple sclerosis, neuroimmunology, glial cell biology, neurodegeneration, fetal alcohol syndrome, neuroendocrine regulation of growth and reproduction, and immune responses to brain infection.
The Center for Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience was established through funding of a P30 center grant by the National Institute of Neurological Diseases and Stroke of the NIH.
www.uams.edu /neuroscience_cellbiology/research_centers/neuroscience_research.asp   (361 words)

A combination of approaches— biochemical, biophysical, neurophysiological, molecular biological, and genetic— is being used to characterize how chemical stimuli are recognized, transduced into electrical signals in receptor cells, and processed in the brain.
Recent advances in molecular genetics are helping researchers to describe how genes influence the chemical senses, from olfactory receptor function to sensitivity to different tastes.
Biochemical and biophysical studies are exploring the mechanisms that generate taste signals in the receptor cells, while molecular biological and molecular genetic techniques are being used to identify taste receptor proteins, ion channels, and components of the cellular second messenger pathways involved in generating taste responses.
www.monell.org /neuroscience.htm   (724 words)

 Neuroscience PhD graduate program
This breadth is organized and made coherent by the Center for Neuroscience which serves as the focal point for neuroscience research on the Davis campus, and is an important resource for our students and faculty.
Special research resources include the Center for Neuroscience, the M.I.N.D. Institute for the study of neurodevelopmental disorders, the California Regional Primate Center, the UC Davis Alzheimer's Research Center, the Medical School, the Veterinary School, the Center for MIND Sciences, the Institute of Theoretical Dynamics, and the Veteran's Administration Medical Center.
The purpose of the Neuroscience Graduate Program is to educate students for a successful career in research and teaching in neuroscience.
neuroscience.ucdavis.edu:16080 /grad   (491 words)

 Molecular Neuroscience   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Molecular Neuroscience is a dynamic area of contemporary research which seeks to apply new molecular biology techniques to advance our understanding of complex brain functions such as memory and of inherited neurological diseases such as Alzheimer's.
The text is designed to bridge the gap between the established cores of molecular biology and neuroscience knowledge through concise descriptions of key research questions, the genetic technologies which are available to approach those questions, and the current interpretation of research findings.
Molecular Neuroscience has been developed from final year undergraduate and postgraduate courses, which the authors have devised and taught.
transatlanticpub.com /cat/tech/mole7020.htm   (262 words)

 Johns Hopkins University - Department of Neuroscience
This is the first half of a 4-quarter course on the cellular and molecular basis of neural function and the neural basis of perception, cognition, and behavior.
This is the second half of a 4-quarter course on the cellular and molecular basis of neural function and the neural basis of perception, cognition, and behavior.
In addition, the molecular mechanisms involved in the control of synaptic transmission such as the trans-synaptic regulation of the function and expression of synaptic proteins will be examined.
neuroscience.jhu.edu /academics_3.php   (2265 words)

 Molecular Neuroscience Section
The research program of the Molecular Neurosciences Section is concerned with the elucidation of mechanisms that are involved in the establishment and maintenance of specific peptidergic neuronal phenotypes in the central nervous system.
Specifically we focus on the cell biological and molecular processes that underlie cell-specific expression of oxytocin and vasopressin genes, and the biosynthesis, sorting, packaging and neurosecretion of the resulting neuropeptides in the hypothalamus.
Rusnak, M.,Tòth, Z.E., House, S.B., and Gainer, H (2007) Depolarization and neurotransmitter regulation of vasopressin gene expression in the rat suprachiasmatic nucleus in vitro, J. Neuroscience 27, 141-151.
intra.ninds.nih.gov /Lab.asp?Org_ID=44   (523 words)

 Online edition of Daily News - News   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
An International Workshop on Neuroscience and Molecular Biology and Symposium on Neurodegenerative Diseases, Alcoholism and Drug Addiction organised by the Neuroscience Society of Sri Lanka (NSSL) will be held in Kandy/Peradeniya in August 2004.
The objective of the workshop is to bring together neuroscientists and to train young scientists from Sri Lanka and neighbouring countries in neuroscience techniques for researching molecular biology, chemistry and anatomy in relation to human tissue and the diseases of the nervous system.
Doctors, Neuro-Scientists, Molecular Biologists, and other professionals in Sri Lanka and from neighbouring countries who are engaged in research activities in this field are scheduled to participate at this workshop.
www.dailynews.lk /2004/07/09/new41.html   (445 words)

 Division of Neuroscience   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
A team of molecular biologists is undertaking laboratory-based research and clinical research staff are involved in recruitment and ascertainment of families and patients.
The Molecular Neurology Group also holds the UK ‘NNIPPS’ DNA collection, a collection of DNA samples from patients with multiple system atrophy and progressive supranuclear palsy and their carers who are enrolled in a large clinical trial of riluzole therapy.
Professor Morrison and Dr Hardev Pall (Senior lecturer in Clinical Neurosciences) are Co-directors of the Birmingham MND Care and Research Centre, at the Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, and run the monthly multidisciplinary MND clinic there (see listing in www.wfnals.org/clinics/euuk.htm).
www.neuroscience.bham.ac.uk /clinicalneuroscience/molneuro-grp.htm   (933 words)

 Registrar's Office | Fall 2007 Course Schedule | Neuroscience
Topics include the molecular basis of the action potential, effect of cell shape and myelination on conduction of action potentials, mechanisms regulating neuro-transmitter release, structure and function of neurotransmitter receptors, modulation of neuronal functions, sensory transduction, and muscle contraction.
The course's primary focus is the cellular and molecular mechanisms of brain injury and the recovery of function.
Neuroscience is approaching the time when it can offer a compelling explanation for how the brain works.
www.jhu.edu /~registr/sched_cr/neurosci.html   (711 words)

 Welcome to Humana Press
The Journal of Molecular Neuroscience presents original papers on all aspects of macromolecular neuroscience research.
The Journal of Molecular Neuroscience is committed to the rapid publication of original findings that increase our understanding of the molecular structure, function, and development of the nervous system.
All experiments described in the Journal of Molecular Neuroscience that involve the use of animal or human subjects must have been approved by the appropriate institutional review committee and conform to accepted ethical standards.
www.humanapress.com /JournalDetail.pasp?issn=0895-8696&txtCatalog=HumanaJournals&txtProductID=0895-8696   (539 words)

 CAMH: Molecular Neuroscience 2002   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
The goal of the Molecular Neuroscience Section is to understand the mechanisms by which neural communication takes place.
Their research involves molecular, biochemical and electrophysiological approaches to study the molecules involved in neuronal signalling.
We used molecular and biochemical approaches to show that the dopamine receptor and girk channel form a stable complex early during their synthesis.
www.camh.net /Research/Areas_of_research/2002-03/Neuroscience/molecular_neurosc_rar2002_pr.html   (2417 words)

 SUN: Cellular and molecular neuroscience
Julian Barden is head of the Protein Receptor Structure and the Biosceptre Laboratories in the Dept. of Anatomy and Histology.
The main focus of his research is in understanding the molecular mechanism of channel gating and the development of greatly improved diagnostics for the earliest possible detection of preneoplasia and cancer in most tissues.
One of the great challenges for 21st century Neuroscience is to better understand the cooperative interactions between pre- and postsynaptic cells, interactions that happen at synapses.
www.sun.med.usyd.edu.au /cellular.html   (1080 words)

 University of Helsinki
Neuroscience Center teaching consists of integrated lecture series "Molecular and Cellular Neuroscience" covering central topics in neurobiology, and of laboratory courses closely linked to the lectures.
The lecture series is recommended to everyone interested in neuroscience, and especially to those who intend to proceed to do a Ph.
Neuroscience Center laboratory courses provide an excellent opportunity to learn hands-on skills in various up-to-date techniques applied in contemporary neuroscience research.
www.helsinki.fi /neurosci/education.htm   (996 words)

 Cellular&Molecular Neurobiology Research Group
The cellular and molecular neurobiology research group is a newly formed collective of former members of the Neuroscience, Cardiovascular and Respiratory Research groups.
The goal of the groups is to address nervous system function at the cellular and molecular level, using a wide array of state of the art techniques that include electrophysiological and neurophysiological recording techniques, molecular biology, proteomics, confocal imaging and the development of silicone chip-neuronal interfaces.
The group members are actively engaged in a number of teaching activities, and the group is responsible for the Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience core course in the Graduate Department of Neuroscience.
www.med.ucalgary.ca /cmnrg   (246 words)

 Graduate Courses in Neuroscience - Neuroscience Training Program
Below is a partial list of neuroscience courses that may be of particular interest to graduate students in the Program.
Molecular basis of bacterial physiology and genetics with emphasis on molecular mechanisms; topics include nucleic acid-protein interactions, transcription, translation, replication, recombination, regulation of gene expression.
Lectures concern basic membrane biophysics, biophysics and molecular biology of voltage- and ligand-gated ion channels and gap junctions, synaptic modulation through second messengers, transduction in photoreceptors and hair cells, neuronal circuits of the retina and of the cochlear nuclei, and the function of glial cells.
ntp.neuroscience.wisc.edu /courses.html   (762 words)

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