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Topic: Mongol invasion of Volga Bulgaria


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In the News (Fri 26 Apr 19)

  
  Volga - LoveToKnow 1911   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
VOLGA (known to the Tatars as Etil, DR or Atel; to the Finnish tribes as Rau, and to the ancients as Rha and Oarus), the longest and most important river of European Russia.
Along the whole of the Samara bend the Volga is accompanied on its right bank by high cliffs, which it is constantly undermining, while broad lowland areas stretch along the left or eastern bank, and are intersected by several old beds of the Volga.
The Arab geographers throw little light on the condition of the Volga during the great migrations of the 3rd century, or subsequently under the invasion of the Huns, the growth of the Khazar empire in the southern steppes and of that of'Bulgaria on the middle Volga.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /Volga   (2488 words)

  
 Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Mongol invasion of Volga Bulgaria
Volga Bulgaria became a part of the Ulus Jochi, later known as the Golden Horde.
The steppe areas of Volga Bulgaria were settled by nomadic Kipchaks and Mongols, and the agricultural development suffered a severe decline.
The population of Volga Bulgaria was mostly Muslim.
www.reference.com /browse/wiki/Mongol_invasion_of_Volga_Bulgaria   (878 words)

  
  Volga Bulgaria - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography
Volga Bulgaria or Volga-Kama Bolghar, is a historic state that existed between the 7th and 13th centuries around the confluence of the Volga and Kama rivers in what is now the Russian Federation.
In 1236, the Mongols returned but it took them five years to subjugate the whole country which in that time was in internal war.
Henceforth Volga Bulgaria became a part of the Ulus Jochi, later known as the Golden Horde.
www.arikah.net /encyclopedia/Volga_Bulgaria   (778 words)

  
 Mongol invasion of Rus - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
The Mongol Invasion of Rus was an invasion of the medieval state of Kievan Rus' by a large army of nomadic Mongols, starting in 1223.
The vast Mongol hordes of some 150,000 mounted archers, commanded by Batu Khan and Subutai, crossed the Volga and invaded Volga Bulgaria in the autumn of 1236.
The influence of the Mongol invasion on the territories of Kievan Rus' was uneven.
88.208.194.172 /wiki/index.php/Mongol_invasion_of_Russia   (1430 words)

  
 Britain.tv Wikipedia - Mongol yoke
The Mongol Invasion of Rus' was heralded by the Battle of the Kalka River (1223) between Subutai's reconnaissance unit and the combined force of several princes of Rus'.
The vast Mongol hordes of some 150,000 mounted archers, commanded by Batu Khan and Subutai, crossed the Volga River and invaded Volga Bulgaria in the autumn of 1236.
Crossing the Volga, he mustered a new army, which was totally exterminated by the Mongols in the Battle of the Sit River on March 4.
www.britain.tv /wikipedia.php?title=Mongol_yoke   (1563 words)

  
 Finance Choices - Personal Finance Wiki
Mongols in general were very used to living through cold, harsh winters, in fact often preferring to campaign in winter in order to facilitate river crossings, and they were used to travelling great distances in very short time without difficulty, since their nomadic lifestyle already involved bi-annual migrations from summer to winter pastures.
Mongol armies pushed into Persia, finished off the Xi Xia and the remnants of the Khwarezmids, and came into conflict with the imperial Song Dynasty of China, starting a war that would last until 1279 and that would conclude with the Mongols gaining control of all of China.
The Mongol army lost the Battle of Ayn Jalut near modern-day Nazareth in part because a majority of the Mongol army had returned to Mongolia but also because this war was fought in summer when the land was parched and the Mongol armies could not keep enough mounts fed in the absence of pastures.
www.financechoices.co.uk /personal-finance-wiki.php?title=Genghis_Khan   (8993 words)

  
 Mongol Empire - Medbib.com, the modern encyclopedia
The Mongol Empire was founded by Genghis Khan in 1206, and at its height, it encompassed the majority of the territories from East Asia to Central Europe.
Mongols prized their commercial and trade relationships with neighboring economies and this policy they continued during the process of their conquests and during the expansion of their empire.
Mongol armies pushed into Persia, finished off the Xia and the remnants of the Khwarezmids, and came into conflict with the Song Dynasty of China, starting a war that concluded in 1279 with the conquest of populous China, which then constituted the majority of the world's economic production.
www.medbib.com /Mongolian_Empire   (4270 words)

  
 Mongol
Mongol Occupation of Eastern Europe - Mongol occupation of Eastern Europe, refers to the 257 year period of Mongol invasion, occupation, and rule of Eastern Europe under the subsequent Mongol Golden Horde from 1223 to 1480 starting with the Battle of Kalka River and subsequently ending with the Great Standing on the Ugra River.
The Mongol invasion and occupation tends to include the Mongol invasion of Rus, Mongol invasion of Volga Bulgaria, and the Mongol invasion of Europe.
Mongols before Chinggis Khan Origins of the Mongols Archaeological evidence places early Stone Age human habitation in the north, while building up and improving the army, particularly the cavalry, and while preparing long-range plans for an invasion of the second century B.C., when the Chinese repelled an invasion of Mongolia.
www.twin-bhudda.com /Mongol.html   (1565 words)

  
 Mongols
The Mongols were originally a confederation of tribes in competition with the Tatar, Kerait, Merkit and Naiman confederations and therefore only one division of what we call the Mongol nation.
The Mongols were a nomadic people who in the 13th century found themselves encompassed by large, city-dwelling agrarian civilizations.
The Mongols succeeded very briefly in their invasion of Dai Viet in the northern part of contemporary Vietnam, but were soon defeated by the Vietnamese general Tran Hung Dao after almost three decades.
www.ufaqs.com /wiki/en/mo/Mongols.htm   (1879 words)

  
 Suar - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography
Suar (Suwar) was a medieval (9th - 14th century) Volga Bulgarian city, the capital of Suar Duchy in 948-975.
Suar was a great political, economical and trade center of Volga Bulgaria.
After Mongol invasion of Volga Bulgaria in 1236 city lost its importance.
www.arikah.net /encyclopedia/Suar   (129 words)

  
 Volga Bulgaria - Facts, Information, and Encyclopedia Reference article
Today, Republics of Tatarstan and Chuvashia are considered to be descendants of Bulgaria in terms of territory and ethnicity.
In 1236, the Mongols returned but it took them 5 years to subjugate the whole country.
Thenceforth Volga Bulgaria became a part of the Ulus Jochi, later known as the Golden Horde.
www.startsurfing.com /encyclopedia/v/o/l/Volga_Bulgars_7714.html   (677 words)

  
 Batu Khan   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Crossing the Volga, he mustered a new army, which was totally exterminated by the Mongols on the Sit' River on March 4.
As the story goes, at the news of Mongol approach, a city of Kitezh was submerged into a lake with all its inhabitants, where it may be seen to this day.
The only major cities to escape destruction was Smolensk, who very wisely submitted to the Mongols and agreed to pay tribute, and Novgorod with Pskov, which could not be reached by the Mongols on account of considerable distance and winter weather.
www.wikipedia-mirror.co.za /wiki/Batu_Khan   (1744 words)

  
 MONGOLS : Encyclopedia Entry
The Mongols were originally a confederation of tribes in competition with the Tatar Turks, Kerait, Merkit and Naiman confederations and therefore only one division of what is known today as the Mongol nation.
Mongols were originally shamans who pray to the supernatural God they believed existed beyond the sky and look down from the heavens.
The Mongols and Genghis Khan maintained a policy of being open to all religions, it was known as particularly sympathetic to Christians (which may have helped contribute to the legend of Prester John).
bibleocean.com /OmniDefinition/Mongols   (4598 words)

  
 Mongol invasion of Rus - China-related Topics MM-MP - China-Related Topics
The Mongol Invasion of Rus was an invasion of the medieval state of Kievan Rus' by a large army of nomadic Mongols, starting in 1223.
The influence of the Mongol invasion on the territories of Kievan Rus' was uneven.
In short, the Mongol influence, while destruction in the extreme to their enemies, had a long term affect which was positive on the rise of modern Russia.
www.famouschinese.com /virtual/Mongol_invasion_of_Rus   (1356 words)

  
 Genghis Khan information - Search.com
By 1218, the Mongol Empire extended as far west as Lake Balkhash and it adjoined Khwarezmia, a Muslim state that reached to the Caspian Sea in the west and to the Persian Gulf and the Arabian Sea in the south.
More specifically, the Mongol armies were known for their strict discipline, speed, good weapons, the mobility when mounted on their fast and tough horses and good intelligence compared to armies of sedentary population to build one of the most feared armies in the world.
Mongol armies pushed into Persia, finished off the Xia and the remnants of the Khwarezmids, and came into conflict with the imperial Song Dynasty of China, starting a war that would last until 1279 and that would conclude with the Mongols' successful conquest of China.
webshots.search.com /reference/Genghis_Khan   (7915 words)

  
 Batu Khan - Biocrawler   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
1205 - 1255) was a Mongol ruler, founder of the Kipchak Khanate.
The army crossed the Volga and invaded Volga Bulgaria in 1236.
The Kipchak Khanate was known in Russia and Europe as the Golden Horde (Zolotaya Orda) because of the Golden colour of the Khan's tent.
www.biocrawler.com /encyclopedia/Batu   (1216 words)

  
 Volga Bulgaro   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
The Mongol Volga Bulgaria lasted invasion of from 1223 and Kipchak campaigns In 1223 after defeating Russia n to 1236 The Mongol armies at the Battle of...
Volga Bulgaria silver is Volga Bulgaria - a state that was formed at the confluence of the rivers Volga...
The Sunnite Islam in Volga Bulgaria as as an official religion the majority of the early as in 922.
volgaaghq.adhulpukxe.info   (626 words)

  
 Golden Horde xmpg.org   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
The Golden Horde was a Mongol state established in parts of present-day Russia, Ukraine, and Kazakhstan after the break up of the Mongol Empire in the 1240s.
The Horde's supreme ruler was the khan, chosen by the kurultai among Batu Khan 's descendants.
In the early 14th century, the capital was moved considerably upstream to Sarai Berqe, which became one of the largest cities of the medieval world, with a population estimated by the 2004 Britannica at 600,000.
golden.horde.en.xmpg.org   (1416 words)

  
 Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Volga Bulgaria
Volga Bulgaria or Volga-Kama Bolghar, is a historic state that existed between the 7th and 13th centuries around the confluence of the Volga and Kama rivers in what is now Russia.
Modern Chuvashes and Kazan Tatars descend from the Volga Bulgars, although linguistic evidence suggests that the Chuvashes represent an earlier Turkic ethnos, which may be connected to the Huns.
In 1236, the Mongols returned but it took them five years to subjugate the whole country which in that time was in internal war.
www.reference.com /browse/wiki/Volga_Bulgaria   (688 words)

  
 Mongols - Chinese ethnics - China
Mongol warriors wore significantly lighter armor, usually in the form of light chain shirts (in the shape of a t-shirt) or leather lamellar.
Mongols' effective use of terror is often credited for the unprecedented speed with which Mongol armies spread across western Asia and eastern Europe.
Mongols in Mongolia, especially those that are nomads are regarded as one of the most kindest and warmest of people in the world by most Westerners that had the chance to see first-hand Mongolian nomadic people.
www.famouschinese.com /virtual/Mongols   (2808 words)

  
 Batu Khan Summary
Batu was a grandson of Genghis Khan, the conqueror of Asia and founder of the Mongol Empire.
Although the Mongols had defeated the Russians in a battle on the Kalka River in 1223, a serious attempt to conquer Russia, and perhaps Europe, was not undertaken until 1237.
As the story goes, at the news of Mongol approach, a city of Kitezh was submerged into a lake with all its inhabitants, where it may be seen to this day.
www.bookrags.com /Batu_Khan   (2161 words)

  
 Volga Bulgaria, Khan Kubrat, Kotragh, by Neytcho Iltchev
Volga Bulgaria, Khan Kubrat, Kotragh, by Neytcho Iltchev
Khan Boris converted Bulgaria to the Christianity, the Volga Bulgaria, guided by Khan Almush, son of Shilki, accepted Islam as the official state religion.
Consequently, in the Russian perception, the Mongolian invasion came to be known as the Tatar conquest.
www.angelfire.com /nb/nbulgaria/bulgaria/volgabul.htm   (632 words)

  
 Genghis Khan - Guide Mongolia portal - War on Georgia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
As was customary in Mongol society for nobility the Russian princes were given a blood less death.
Genghis Khan's army did lose to Volga Bulgars in the first attempt [citation needed], though they did come back to avenge their defeat by subjugating all Volga Bulgaria under the Khanate Golden Horde.
Mongols also learned from captives of the abundant green pastures beyond the Bulgar territory, allowing for the planning for conquest of Hungary and Europe.
genghis.guide-mongolia.com /era-of-genghis/war-on-georgia/war-on-georgia.html   (398 words)

  
 Mongol Yoke info here at en.my-widgets.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
The invasion, facilitated by the breakup of Kievan Rus' in the 12th century, had incalculable ramifications for the history of Eastern Europe, including the division of the East Slavic people into three separate nations and the rise of the Principality of Moscow.
As it was undergoing fragmentation, Kievan Rus' faced the unexpected eruption of an irresistible foreign foe coming from the mysterious regions of the Far East.
The Mongols have been blamed for the destruction of Kievan Rus', the breakup of the ancient East Slavic nationality into three components, and the introduction of the concept of "oriental despotism" into Russia.
en.my-widgets.com /Mongol_yoke   (1656 words)

  
 Volga Bulgaria - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Volga Bulgaria or Volga-Kama Bolghar, is a historic state that existed between the 7th and 13th centuries around the confluence of the Volga and Kama rivers in what is now Russia.
Some Bulgar tribes, however, continued westward and after many adventures settled along the Danube River, in what is now known as Bulgaria proper, where they merged with or were assimilated by the Slavs, adopting a South Slavic tongue and an Eastern Orthodox faith.
In September 1223 near Samara an advance guard of Genghis Khan's army under command of Uran, son of Subedei Bahadur, entered Volga Bulgaria but was defeated by the Gabdula Chelbir khan.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Volga_Bulgaria   (668 words)

  
 Qaban - The real meaning from Timesharetalk wikipedia
It is connected with the Qazansu River by the Bolaq channel and a subterranean channel from Bolaq-Qazansu.
The medieval Volga Bulgarians' graves which date back to 12-13th century were founded on the banks of Argi Qaban.
Another legend about the origin of the lakes names claims that, at the Mongol invasion of Volga Bulgaria, the Bulgarian prince Qabanbäk, escaped from Bilär city (or in Bolghar), fled to the banks of the lake and built a castle.
www.timesharetalk.co.uk /wiki.asp?k=Qaban   (234 words)

  
 Bolgaria   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
After the breakup of Great Bulgaria, Khan Kubrat's son Bezmer {or Bat-Bayan, or Bate Bayan} led his horde far to the north, occupying the land around the confluence of the Volga and Kama rivers.
Consequently, in the Russian perception, the Mongolian invasion came to be known as the Tatar conquest.
The Mongols had different ways of ruling the lands they conquered, some they ruled directly, some not, the Bulgars enjoyed a considerable degree of autonomy, which at times even enabled them to exhibit a certain independence in foreign policy.
members.tripod.com /great-bulgaria/Bolgaria   (785 words)

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