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Topic: Mongolian

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  Mongolian language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Mongolian (Монгол), is the best-known member of the Mongolian language family, and the primary language of most of the residents of Mongolia.
Mongolian has only first and second person pronouns; in place of third person pronouns, the demonstrative pronouns "this" (en), "that" (ter), "these" (ed nar), and "those" (ted nar) are used.
The Mongolian alphabet was used in Mongolia until 1943, when it was replaced by the Cyrillic alphabet, and Cyrillic is still the most common script found in Mongolia, while the traditional alphabet is being slowly reintroduced in the public school system.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Mongolian_language   (877 words)

 OHCHR: Mongolian (Khalkha) - Universal Declaration of Human Rights   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Mongolian belongs to the Mongolian branch of the Altaic family of languages.
Standard Mongolian is often referred to as "Khalkha" to distinguish it from a number of related languages and dialects.
The original Mongolian alphabet was adapted from that of the Uyghurs in the 13th century.
www.unhchr.ch /udhr/lang/khk.htm   (192 words)

 What are Mongolian Spots? - DrGreene.com - caring for the next generation
At least one Mongolian spot is present on over 90% of Native Americans and people of African descent, over 80% of Asians, over 70% of Hispanics,and people of African descent, over 80% of Asians, over 70% of Hispanics, and just under 10% of fair-skinned infants (Clinical Pediatric Dermatology, 1993).
Mongolian spots are nothing more than dense collections of melanocytes, the skin cells which contain melanin, the normal pigment of the skin.
Mongolian spots are present at birth, and most of them fade (at least somewhat) by age two.
www.drgreene.com /21_833.html   (592 words)

 Mongolian Tourism Board   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Mongolians sing to their animals, sing about the environment, sing about nomadic lifestyles and sing about their patriotism.
The Mongolian climate means that the calorific intake needs to be higher in the winter months than in the summer.
Mongolian's believe that the most parts of their livestock can be eaten.
www.mongoliatourism.gov.mn /history.htm   (5627 words)

 [No title]
The monuments of that period are linguistic materials referred to in historical documents of neighboring nations, in a majority of cases in Chinese transcription; materials in the Tabghatch dialect of the Xian'pi language; and in the Mongolian literary language in the Mongolian script based on the ancient Mongolian language.
The middle period of the development of Mongolian extended from the seventh and eighth to the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries.
In official documents it is stated that the reason for the change from the Mongolian script to the new form of writing was twohold: (1) there was a great gap between the written and spoken languages, and (2) the Mongolian script was not suitable for the assimilation of foreign words.
www.indiana.edu /~mongsoc/mong/language.htm   (1204 words)

 Mongolian alphabets
The Traditional Mongolian alphabet was adapted from the Uighur alphabet in the 12th Century.
Between the 13th and 15th Centuries, Mongolian was also written with Chinese characters, the Arabic alphabet and a script derived from Tibetan called Phags-pa.
Since 1994, the Mongolian government has been trying to bring back the Mongolian alphabet and it is starting to be used more widely and is now taught in schools.
www.omniglot.com /writing/mongolian.htm   (474 words)

 BabelStone : Unicode Test Pages : Mongolian   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The Mongolian script was derived from the Uighur script around the beginning of the thirteenth century (the earliest extant Mongolian document is an inscription dateable to circa 1225).
Unfortunately, although the Mongolian and Chinese delegations to WG2 promised to produce Mongolian, English and Chinese versions of this document (see http://std.dkuug.dk/jtc1/sc2/WG2/docs/n1980.doc), such a document was never produced, or at least never made public.
The Mongolian Birga is used in the same way as the corresponding Tibetan signs, and as in general punctuation is not restricted to a single script, I see no reason why the Mongolian script cannot use punctuation characters that are encoded in the Tibetan block.
www.babelstone.co.uk /Test/Mongolian.html   (5240 words)

 Mongolian Shamans' Association   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Mongolian and southern Siberian shamanism originated in the time of Stone Age hunters and in the time of Bronze Age herdsmen, developing from this ancient culture into the spirituality of the Mongols today.
The cosmology of Mongolian shamanism and its eight customary rituals is based on the view that besides the visible world the shaman interacts with many other worlds or universes, and that contacting the spirits is an imporant part of shamans' work.
The Mongolian Shamans' Association has the historic role of allowing networking among Mongolian shamans and is able to act on behalf of Mongolian shamans collectively in establishing contacts with the larger world shamanic community.
www.buryatmongol.com /msa.html   (891 words)

 ► Mongolian blue spots   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Mongolian spots are flat bluish to bluish gray skin markings that commonly appear at birth (or shortly thereafter).
Mongolian blue spots are common among darker skinned races, such as Asian, East Indian, and African.
Mongolian spots are benignskin markings and are not associated with any conditions or illnesses.
www.marylandhospital.org /ency/article/001472.htm   (205 words)

 Writing Mongolian
Classical Mongolian is still the official writing system used in China's Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region and finds limited use in the Buryat region of Russia.
Mongolians used a modified set of some 500 characters from Early Mandarin Chinese to render the proper pronunciation of words.
Mongolian can be transliterated using the Roman alphabet, but Cyrillic gives a much better representation of Mongolian sounds than the paltry 26 of the Roman alphabet.
www.koreanhistoryproject.org /Jta/Mo/MoLAN1.htm   (869 words)

 Mongolian Hot Pot
Called a Mongolian or Chinese Hot Pot, Firepot, Fire Pot, or Chinese Fondue Pot, it is a large communal cooking and serving pot and the forerunner of our modern meat fondue pots.
The traditional use of the Mongolian Fire Pot is to make a soup broth, in which thinly sliced, bite size pieces of lamb or beef are cooked.
The five main races of China are the Han of China proper, the Mongolians, the Tibetians, the Manchurians and the Muslim tribes.
fantes.com /mongolian_hot_pot.htm   (1190 words)

 FCC: Mongolian Spots   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Mongolian Blue Spots are flat birthmarks with wavy borders and irregular shapes, common among people of Asian, East Indian, African, and Latino heritage.
Mongolian spots are benign skin markings, and are not associated with any illnesses, complications or risk factors.
Because Mongolian spots can be easily mistaken for bruises, particularly by well-meaning white people who have no experience with them, they have triggered accusations of child abuse against some adoptive parents.
www.fwcc.org /mongolianspot.htm   (334 words)

 Speaking Mongolian
The earliest form of Mongolian is called Ancient Mongolian and was used up until the 12th century.
It is this version of Mongolian that gave birth to the English word "horde," which derived from the Middle Mongolian word "(h)ordu," meaning "camp." In its modern form, after dropping a few vowels and consonants, Khalkhan reads and sounds totally different from Middle Mongolian.
Mongolian is a challenging language to learn for someone whose native language is English, European, or Chinese mainly because its pronunciation differs so radically from the Indo-European languages and partly because some of the words are very long.
www.koreanhistoryproject.org /Jta/Mo/MoLAN2.htm   (521 words)

 AllRefer.com - Mongolian languages (Language And Linguistics) - Encyclopedia
Mongolian languages, group of languages forming a subdivision of the Altaic subfamily of the Ural-Altaic family of languages (see Uralic and Altaic languages).
The Mongolian languages are spoken by about 6 million people, mainly in the Republic of Mongolia, in the Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region of China, and in the region of Lake Baykal in Siberia.
There are also some speakers of Mongolian tongues in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region and in Manchuria, both in China.
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/M/Monglang.html   (361 words)

 The vertical Script
At the time of Genghis Khan, Mongolians loaned the script from the Uighurs, who in turn took it from the Aramaic (Syriac).
Even today, the spelling of the vertical Mongolian script is according to the pronounciation of the spoken Mongolian of the 13th century.
There, the vertical Mongolian had been abandoned sixty years ago and was replaced by the cyrillic (Russian) alphabet.
www.mongolbible.com /html/body_the_vertical_script.html   (184 words)

 Mongolian languages --  Encyclopædia Britannica
The Mongolian languages are spoken in Mongolia and adjacent parts of east-central Asia.
The central Mongolian languages are usually divided into a western group, consisting of the closely related Oryat (spoken in Mongolia and in...
Chinese is spoken, though Mongolian and other ethnic languages and dialects—especially Uighur—are commonly used for communication within their...
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9109789?tocId=9109789   (848 words)

 Mongolian Collection (Asian Reading Room: Library of Congress)
All three are Mongolian translations of famous Buddhist sutras (sudur), which Rockhill acquired during his travels in Mongolia at the turn of the century.
The Mongolian rare collection also includes complete reprint editions of both the Mongolian Kanjur and Tanjur, the Buddhist canonical texts and their commentaries.
The Mongolian Kanjur, in 108 volumes, was published in New Delhi, 1973-1974 by Dr. Lokesh Chandra.
www.loc.gov /rr/asian/MongolianCollection.html   (506 words)

 Mongolian OpenType specification
The Mongolian script is used to write classical Mongolian, with additional letters for Todo, Sibe and Manchu, and extensions for Sanskrit and Tibetan.
Mongolian was historically derived from Aramaic, a right to left script but was later transformed to be written vertically from top to bottom, in columns from left to right.
Similar to Arabic, Mongolian is a contextual script where letters are cursively joined and have initial, medial and final presentation forms for the same letter.
www.microsoft.com /typography/otfntdev/mongolot   (346 words)

 [XeTeX] XeTeX and Classical Mongolian   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
But for Mongolian you need the engine to understand the script and apply *different* features to each glyph depending on its context.
XeTeX is using the ICU layout library for OpenType support, so you could file a bug report/feature request regarding Mongolian support there, and it may eventually become available.
If there's an AAT-enabled Mongolian font available, that would work, as the AAT model puts all the behavior into the font tables, requiring no script-specific support in the application.
www.tug.org /mail-archives/xetex/2004-October/000963.html   (294 words)

 Mongolian Herdsmen Fear Winter 'Dzud'   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
For the half-million Mongolians who live as nomadic herdsmen, the news that their livestock are threatened by a particularly severe winter this year is truly alarming.
Although the Mongolian Red Cross and the Federation will be working to make food and shelter available to the nomadic families throughout the winter, several factors complicate the logistics of relief supply distribution.
At the start of what promises to be another long, harsh winter, Mongolian herdsmen are preparing to overcome freezing conditions and keep their families fed. "The Year of the Dragon (2000-01) brings many difficulties," admitted Mr.
www.redcross.org /news/archives/2000/11-29-00.html   (932 words)

 Mongolian Translation - Translate Mongolian Language Translator
The best-known member of this language family, Mongolian is the primary language of most of the residents of Mongolia.
The official Mongolian alphabet was created in the 12th century, although it has undergone transformations and occasionally been supplanted by other scripts since then.
The Mongolian alphabet had been used in Mongolia until 1943, when it switched to the Cyrillic alphabet, and Cyrillic is still the most common script found in Mongolia today, while the traditional alphabet is currently being slowly reintroduced in the public school system.
www.translation-services-usa.com /languages/mongolian.shtml   (325 words)

 Mongolian Desk Top Publishing, Mongolian Dictionary, Mongolian Fonts, Mongolian Learn, Mongolian Literature, Mongolian ...
Mongolian is spoken in both Mongolia and China.
In the Mongolian People's Republic (the area traditionally known as Outer Mongolia) there are about 2 million speakers, while the Inner Mongolian Au-tonomous Region of China (traditionally known as Inner Mongolia) has another 2 million.
The original Mongolian alphabet was adapted from that of the Uigurs in the 13th century.
www.worldlanguage.com /Languages/Mongolian.htm   (373 words)

 Mammals » Rodents » Jird - Mongolian Gerbil Main Page
The Mongolian Gerbil is an intelligent and highly social creature, which is greatly at ease interacting with humans.
In addition the Mongolian is also seen in white varieties such as the dark tailed, pink eyed white, ruby eyed white and dark eyed white, as well as other standard colors such as dove, nutmeg, blue fox, lilac, fl, blue, sapphire, dark eyed honey, and white bellied cream.
Since the domestic Mongolian Gerbil has been kept for many years there are some differences between the wild type and the domestic.
www.centralpets.com /animals/mammals/rodents/rod3474.html   (754 words)

 International Mongolian Festival   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
To this very day, Mongolians and Tibetans continue to be intertwined by their mutual respect for one another.
The International Mongolian Festival will be the second unique event in the TCC annual World Harmony Series, inaugurated in 2003 with the dedication of the Chamtse Ling Interfaith Temple by His Holiness the Fourteenth Dalai Lama.
Mongolians have always taken wholeheartedly to Tibetan Buddhism and the links between Mongolia and Tibet are old and deep.
www.tibetancc.com /events/2004/imf2004.htm   (1321 words)

 Center for East Asian Studies Location
Mongolian and Mongolian scripts are taught only by special arrangement.
Mongolian 217s is a continuation of Mongolian 217r and is designed to introduce beginning Mongolian language students to basic features of the Mongolian language.
In 1989, a survey was conducted of Mongolian holdings at libraries in the United States and Canada.
www.ac.wwu.edu /~eas/mongolian.html   (1004 words)

 Brochure of the Mongolian Exhibition
Mongolian saddles are wonderful creations encompassing such techniques as metal casting, leather work, and embroidery.
The Mongolian tsam, which was inspired by the Tibetan Buddhist cham ceremonies, had among its characters both Buddhist deities and shamanistic figures converted to Buddhism.
A unique characteristic of Mongolian appliques is the decoration of their surfaces with jewels.
www.asianart.com /mongolia/intro.html   (1487 words)

 Mongolian spots   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Because the spots resemble bruises, it is important that parents get their pediatrician to record specific references to the spots in the child's records as early as possible.
It is also important that parents show and explain their child's Mongolian spots to others who may see the spots on their own, including family members and daycare providers or other sitters.
Another parent, when picking up her Chinese daughter from a new sitter's, remarked to the sitter that she had meant to talk about the toddler's Mongolian spots and asked the sitter if she knew what they were (as she pulled up the child's shirt).
www.chinaconnectiononline.com /mongspot.htm   (249 words)

 Mongolian - Test for Unicode support in Web browsers
The Mongolian range was introduced with version 3.0 of the Unicode Standard.
Mongolian is the caseless script used for writing Menggu, the language of the Chinese province of Nei Menggu.
The characters that appear in the first column of the following table depend on the browser that you are using, the fonts installed on your computer, and the browser options you have chosen that determine the fonts used to display particular character sets, encodings or languages.
www.alanwood.net /unicode/mongolian.html   (266 words)

 ::Mongolian Society Inc ::   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Aleksej G. Sazykin, Preface to the Catalogue of Mongolian Manuscripts and Xylographs in the Institute of Oriental Studies of the Academy of Science of the USSR.
This book comprises an introduction to the Mongolian language, based on the Khalkha dialect, which is the standard language spoken in Mongolia.
Mongolian Language Textbook Three, /2003, by L. Tserenchunt and Sharon Luethy The third book in this language series is designed to introduce you to some of the most useful complex grammar.
www.indiana.edu /~mongsoc/Publications.htm   (3476 words)

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