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Topic: Morphosyntactic alignment

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In the News (Mon 17 Jun 19)

  Morphosyntactic alignment - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In linguistics, morphosyntactic alignment is the system used to distinguish between the arguments of transitive verbs and intransitive verbs.
The particular criteria for assigning verbs to one class or the other vary from language to language, and may either be fixed lexically for each verb, or chosen by the speaker according to the degree of volition, control, or suffering of the verbal action by the participant, or the degree of sympathy the speaker has.
The alignments are often misleadingly called "active" and "passive" voice, but both have two core arguments, so increasingly the terms such as "actor focus" or "agent trigger" are used for the accusative type, and "undergoer focus" or "patient trigger" for the ergative type.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Morphosyntactic_alignment   (1708 words)

 Alignment - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Alignment is the adjustment of an object in relation with other objects, or a static orientation of some object or set of objects in relation to others.
Morphosyntactic alignment, in linguistics, the properties determining the grammatical relationship between verbal arguments of various kinds
In integrated circuit fabrication, alignment is the step in a photolithographic process in which a mask used to pattern a layer of the circuit is registered in its x-y position with respect to the wafer (usually silicon) on which the circuit is being formed.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Alignment   (341 words)

 Morphosyntactic alignment - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography
Ergative-absolutive languages can turn transitive verbs into intransitives by marking the agent with the ergative case and dropping the patient; this is called the antipassive voice.
Active-stative languages treat an intransitive argument as either an agent or as a patient based on its semantics.
Morphosyntactic alignment, Semantics and grammatical relations, Ergative vs. accusative, Milewski's typology, External links, Bibliography and Linguistic typology.
www.arikah.net /encyclopedia/Morphosyntactic_alignment   (1665 words)

 Accusative case - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
It should be noted that Balto-Fennic languages such as Finnish and Estonian have two cases to mark objects, the accusative and the partitive case.
In morphosyntactic alignment terms, both perform the accusative function, but the accusative object is telic, while the partitive is not.
Modern English, which lacks declension in its nouns, still has an explicitly marked accusative case in a few pronouns as a remnant of Old English, an earlier declined form of the language.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Accusative_case   (528 words)

 Word alignment strategies and experiments
A source of alignment clues or an association metric for clue estimation is called a clue resource.
Six types of alignment settings are used to summarize the achieved results: Word alignment using base1 clues, base2 clues, base1 and base2 clues in combination with declarative clues, and, finally, a combination of the latter two with dynamic clues.
Alignment clues that involve features such as parts-of-speech and phrase types (p3, c3, c3p, eacl, pp, p3p) behave very similar for both experimental settings because they generalize relations between words and phrases on a morphological and syntactic level rather than on the lexical level.
odur.let.rug.nl /~tiedeman/phd/html/node9.html   (9798 words)

The one-to-one alignment assumption for word alignment is insufficient for most language pairs, as already mentioned in the introductory part of section 0.6.
The alignment in SMT is usually modeled as a sequence of hidden connections between words in the target language string and words in the source language string.
Alignment probabilities are typical examples of such parameters because links between words are not present in the training data.
odur.let.rug.nl /~tiedeman/phd/html/node6.html   (8245 words)

 Morphosyntactic Alignment info here at en.86-of-100.info   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
In linguistics, morphosyntactic alignment is the classification used to distinguish within the arguments of transitive verbs & intransitive verbs.
The alignments are ofttimes misleadingly whooped "active" & "passive" voice, but both have two nucleus arguments, so with acceleration the corollary such as "actor focus" or "agent trigger" are used for the accusative type, & "undergoer focus" or "patient trigger" for the ergative type.
For either alignment two cases are used, but the compatible morphology is used for the nominative & the absolutive, so a undisputed of even-handed six nucleus cases: nominative-absolutive (usually whooped nominative), ergative, & accusative.
en.86-of-100.info /.../Morphosyntactic_alignment   (1895 words)

 CES Part 5. Encoding Linguistic Annotation
In alignment documents, specification of a character offset is often not required for alignment, which is typically between the entire content of SGML elements (sentences, paragraphs, tokens) in the aligned documents.
Alignment may be between primary data documents or between annotation documents containing segmentation information for the aligned units (paragraphs, sentences, tokens etc.).
Alignment may be between two or more such documents, which should be identified in the cesHeader of the alignment document (see section 5.3.2).
www.cs.vassar.edu /CES/CES1-5.html   (5025 words)

 Absolutive case oddd.org   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
Georgian also has an ergative alignment, but the subject is only marked with the ergative case for transitive verbs in the past tense (also known as the "aorist screeve").
(See morphosyntactic alignment.) In active languages, intransitive verbs are classified in two subtypes: the ones where the subject is typically the agent (performer) of the action (as in eat, run, cook), and the ones where the subject is typically the patient (undergoer) of the action (as in fall, die, and maybe sneeze and hiccup).
English is rather flexible with regards to verb valency, and so it has a high number of ambitransitive verbs; other languages are more rigid and require explicit valency changing operations (voice, causative morphology, etc.) to transform a verb from intransitive to transitive or vice versa.
absolutive.case.en.oddd.org   (2612 words)

 Ditransitive verb - tScholars.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
In languages which mark grammatical case, it is common to differentiate the objects of a ditransitive verb using, for example, the accusative case for the direct object, and the dative case for the indirect object (but this morphological alignment is not unique; see below).
Just as the way the arguments of intransitive and transitive verbs are aligned in a given language allows one sort of typological classification, the alignment between arguments of monotransitive and ditransitive verbs allows another kind of classification.
Another message of 3 August 2005, on the various combinations of ditransitive/monotransitive alignment and monotransitive/intransitive alignment actually attested in natural languages
www.tscholars.com /encyclopedia/Ditransitive_verb   (664 words)

 MULTEXT-East Language ResourcesVersion 3
The morphosyntactic lexicons, which contain the full inflectional paradigms of at least 15,000 lemmas and cover the ‘1984’ corpus.
The syntax and semantics of the morphosyntactic descriptions (MSDs) are given in the MULTEXT-East morphosyntactic specifications, which have been developed in the formalism and on the basis of specifications for six Western European languages of the MULTEXT project and in cooperation with EAGLES, the Expert Advisory Group on Language Engineering Standards.
The details on the morphosyntactic descriptions used to word-tag V3 of the corpus are given in the MULTEXT-East Morphosyntactic Specifications, and also in the MSD library teiHeader, which is a part of the cesAna corpus.
nl.ijs.si /ME/V3/doc   (2804 words)

 Alignment and transitivity in lexical typology   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
In standard morphosyntactic typology, a language has an alignment type that determines the coding of its arguments.
In contrast, in lexical typology, the essential building blocks of clauses are individual verbs, each of which has its own argument structure and valence.
Alignment types, role types, and argument types are not building blocks but linguists' generalizations over the behavior of individual verbs.
www-linguistics.stanford.edu /sssg/20060418.html   (329 words)

 Bay Area Typology Workshop
We have created a database of morphosyntactic information that applies (and even generates) pure typological information to create pure typological entries that are ready to serve as input to both formal and distributional theories.
The status of the word is an issue that has been of concern to formal, distributional, and typological theories alike.
In order to produce or understand a linguistic message--in speech, sign, or written form--it is necessary to represent the content in terms that fit the lexical and morphosyntactic patterns of the particular language being used.
www.uni-leipzig.de /~autotyp/events/BAT.html   (1322 words)

 Linguistic typology
Linguistic typology includes morphological, syntactic (sometimes "morphosyntactic"), and phonological typology.
Typological classification of languages contrasts with the more familiar genetic classification into families that share an ancestor language (see historical linguistics).
For example, only some verbs in Georgian behave this way, and, as a rule, only while the tense called aorist is used.
www.brainyencyclopedia.com /encyclopedia/l/li/linguistic_typology.html   (652 words)

 Highbeam Encyclopedia - Search Results for Morphosyntactic alignment
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Find newspaper and magazine articles plus images and maps related to "Morphosyntactic alignment" at HighBeam.
www.encyclopedia.com /SearchResults.aspx?Q=Morphosyntactic+alignment   (275 words)

 Case - CDLI Wiki
In general, case or case-marking is a morphosyntactic device or mechanism that is used to indicate, at a minimum, who is doing what to whom.
English, for example, often uses word order to show which noun is the entity that is performing the action of the verb and which noun is affected by the action of the verb.
This page was last modified 02:16, 24 Aug 2005.
cdli.ucla.edu /wiki/index.php/Case   (730 words)

 Intransitive verb dgun.org   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
This is immediately apparent by the fact that it is semantically absurd to have X is fallen by Y, where Y is an agent.
Besides the restrictions of passivization, some languages treat unaccusative verbs distinctly from other intransitives (unergative verbs) in morphosyntactical terms.
That is, the difference between unaccusatives and other intransitives shows up in the verb word or phrase.
intransitive.verb.en.dgun.org   (11974 words)

 Accusative   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
The term accusative may be used in the following contexts:
A form of morphosyntactic alignment, as found in nominative-accusative languages.
The accusative case, which is a grammatical case found in nominative-accusative languages that employ explicit morphology to mark direct objects, such as Latin.
www.gogoglo.com /wiki/en/wikipedia/a/ac/accusative.html   (66 words)

 alignment | English | Dictionary & Translation by Babylon
act of moving a mask or reticle to match up alignment marks.
Alignment insures that a new pattern being added to a wafer is aligned to the previous pattern or patterns on the wafer.
Copyright © 1997-2005 Babylon.com Ltd. All Rights Reserved - Terms of Use
www.babylon.com /definition/alignment/?uil=English   (557 words)

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