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Topic: Motte-and-bailey

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In the News (Thu 18 Apr 19)

 Motte-and-bailey - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The remains of a motte, at Brinklow in Warwickshire, England
The motte is a raised earth mound, like a small hill, usually artificial and topped with a wooden or stone structure known as a keep.
The defensive ditch surrounding the bailey at Brinklow /wiki/Motte-and-bailey   (466 words)

 Motte and Bailey Castles
Motte and bailey castles were a common feature in England by the death of William the Conqueror in 1087.
Motte and bailey castles appeared in England after the Norman Conquest of 1066.
Each Norman knight was an invader and building a motte and bailey castle for himself and his soldiers was basic commonsense as they were highly unpopular with the Saxons. /motte_and_bailey_castles.htm   (1098 words)

 Motte and Bailey Castles
Although the Welsh were successful in attacking and burning the "outer castle" or bailey, the Normans on the motte caused enough casualties among the assailants for the attack to be withdrawn.
motte is an enditched mound, usually artificial, which supported the strongpoint of the motte-and-bailey castle, overshadowing the bailey or enclosed courtyard below.
Many Norman soldiers fell in the engagement, and only a few were able to reach the safety of the "tower," a reference to the motte with a timber structure on its summit. /motte.html   (657 words)

 Soon after the Norman Conquest of 1066, the Norman's had to make sure that the newly conquered land was secure. The Normans may have used local peasants as force labour to build up mounds of earth known in archaeological terms as a motte. The mottes
The mottes are conical or pyramidal mound of earth or sometimes of stone, and surrounded by, an embankment enclosure known as the bailey.
The identifying of the motte and bailey castle in the landscape is a fairly straightforward and quite easily is carried out by anyone who has and active interested.
By the twelfth century the motte and bailey changed its design from wood to a more permanent stage of construction with stone castles and fortified dwellings of different classes. /colin42/motteandbailey.htm   (683 words)

 Stone keep castles
Motte and bailey castles were built out of weaker wood and builders were limited to the size and height they could go to.
Motte and bailey castles were open to being set on fire.
Motte and bailey castles were only temporary features (though many mottes exist to the day) while stone keep castles were built to last. /stone_keep_castles.htm   (840 words)

 Etrusia - Motte and Bailey Castles
Motte and Bailey castles are a good example of how practical the British people have been when it comes to making use of sites reinforced by their predecessors.
Castle builders and designers moved away from the outmoded motte and bailey and started experimenting with the concentric ring castles and square enclosures that are often shown in literature and fiction.
Normally you pay an entrance fee to EH sites, however lots of the Motte and Bailey castles are free to visit - this makes them a great starting place to look and learn about the castle heritage of Britain. /mottes.php   (946 words)

 Details, Somerset HER
Motte with two baileys, one to the S and the other to the NW, the whole situated along a ridge running N-S. The S bailey appears to have been divided into three smaller enclosures and there is evidence of a slight platform at the junction of these.
The smaller bailey on the NW is enclosed by a bank, ditch and counterscarp bank; it has been suggested that this may be a ringwork and overlain by the motte.
Motte and Bailey Castle, Cockroad Wood, Charlton Musgrove /her/details.asp?prn=53716   (640 words)

 Peel Ring of Lumphanan
Right: Another view of the motte and surrounding ditch.
Surrounding the motte was a ditch or moat.
In the center of the palisade is the courtyard or bailey. /p/peel/peel.html   (114 words)

 Britannia: English Castles
Motte and bailey castles came in a variety of configurations but the most common was a single mound and enclosure, with the motte at one end of the bailey and separated from it by its ditch.
The primary advantage of motte and bailey castles was that they were quick and cheap to erect, particularly if you had forced labour at your disposal.
The first Norman castles were hurriedly constructed of earth and timber, in many cases using forced labour and most conformed to a basic plan; that of the motte and bailey. /history/david1.html   (1847 words)

Motte and bailey castles are usually fairly easy to identify as field monuments, although sometimes large round barrows, windmill mounds, garden landscape features, and isolated mottes have been confused with the mottes of motte and bailey castles.
Motte and bailey castles were military strongholds, built as a base for offensive operations, and are found in urban areas and in rural settings.
For the purposes of evaluation, isolated mottes are specifically excluded from the definition of motte and bailey castle and are considered as a separate class. /mpp/mcd/sub/mbc1.htm   (264 words)

 Motte Bailey
The motte itself was a great mound of earth, usually artificial, though sometime part-natural, with its own ditch and bank about the base and thus separated from the bailey, from which it summit was reached usually by an inclined and stepped timber bridge.
The main enclosure was the bailey, defended by a ditch, bank and palisade, with a timber gate or gate tower; the bailey contained all the residential buildings, presumably timber-framed, required by a lordly household, at least in the first generation.
To this was added the motte, usually to one side with direct access to the open country, the whole looking like a figure of eight, with the area of the bailey larger than that of the motte. /architecture/architecture_8.htm   (180 words)

Motte and bailey castles could be built very quickly, some being raised in only eight days.
The earliest medieval castles in Britiain were mainly constructed of earth and timber, and were either a ringwork or motte and bailey type.
Ringworks seldom had baileys, but some ringwork castles were developed into motte and bailey castles or major stone castles. /tmw_castles/types.html   (1358 words)

Later, a stone mansion was built on the motte, and in 1336 the Lord of the Manor, Richard Cogan, obtained a licence from the king to castellate it and surround it with a stone and mortar wall.
It is impossible to be anywhere in Bampton and not be conscious of the Motte standing at the eastern approach to the town.
However, a back exit from the original bailey gave access to the Barton farm - there is still a flight of stone steps leading down into the fields towards Kersdown Barton which may have had their origins in that exit. /motte.htm   (375 words)

 History - Thornes Peel Hill Motte
A motte is a mound of earth and a bailey is a ward or enclosure.
A Motte and Bailey was a type of early castle introduced by the Normans after 1066 and is depicted in the Bayeux Tapestry.
The motte was usually on the edge of the bailey to enable the defenders to escape in an emergency. /history/peel_hill.html   (655 words)

 Yorkshire and Lancashire Castle Ruins and Earthworks
Motte and bailey by ford at junction of Swale and Cod Beck.
An overgrown motte and bailey surrounded by ditches.
An earthwork motte and bailey on a cliff. /nmidlandgr.htm   (373 words) - Time Team - Medieval castles
The motte and tower, which were built to give a clear line of arrow fire over the whole bailey, comprised the last stronghold of the castle in the event of attack, but they were also the home of the castle owner, his family and servants.
The outer bailey was ringed by a stone rather than timber wall and the motte became the keep at the heart of the castle.
The great hall, which could be located within the bailey or inside the motte itself, would be lit with torches and heated by a large hearth built into one of the walls. /history/timeteam/snapshot_medieval_castles.html   (1166 words)

Motte and bailey were built when a Norman knight defeated a chieftain.
At the base of the motte was the area known as the bailey.
The lord’s workers and soldiers lived in the bailey. /~kinnittyns/Archive/comweb/motte.htm   (343 words)

 Dromore Motte & Bailey
Dromore motte and bailey, in Ballyvicknacally townland, lies in a bend of the Lagan with extensive views along the valley.
It is the best-preserved and most impressive example in Ulster of an Anglo-Norman motte and bailey castle.
To the south is a bailey 32m by 29m, with a bank 1.5m high and a ditch about 4m deep. /down/dromore_motte.html   (118 words)

 Medieval Life - Types of Castle
The earliest castles built by the Normans were either constructed within an existing Roman Fort or were Motte and Bailey castles.
As their name suggests they had two parts the Motte and the Bailey.
Motte and Bailiey castles were the earliest form of castles built completely from scratch by the Normans. /Medieval_Life/types_of_castle.htm   (564 words)

 Wark: What did the Motte and Bailey Look Like?
Motte and bailey castles contained a large, circular mound, usually up to 5m high, on which stood a wooden tower or keep.
In some castles, the motte may just have supported a look-out tower with the main accommodation for the lord and his family in the bailey.
It is not certain whether the bailey encompassed all the land between the kaim and the river cliff to the north or took in a smaller area; this is the sort of information that only excavation will reveal. /sites/wark/images/mandb2.html   (253 words)

 InfoHub Forums - motte and bailey
A bailey represents a rather extensive defensive enclosure usually consisting of a circular earthwork crowned by a wooden palisade with a gate or gate tower, and surrounded by a ditch to impede the invaders.
The motte had a separate moat (ditch around the bottom of the mound) and palisade, access to which was restricted by means of wooden stairs or a “floating bridge”, which could be easily destroyed.
Inasmuch as the bailey borders were rather extensive and difficult to defend, and since the wooden palisades were susceptible to fire, it soon became obvious that smaller, less accessible, and sturdier structures were needed as shelters. /forums/showthread.php?p=1390   (1085 words)

 Wark: The Motte and Bailey Castle
Motte and Bailey castles were introduced into this country by the Normans, most date to the late 11th and 12th centuries.
Find out what the Motte and Bailey looked like and how Wark Castle developed in the 12th and 13th centuries or return to the home page.
A Norman baron called Walter Espec built a Motte and Bailey Castle at Wark in the early 12th century. /sites/wark/images/mandb.html   (128 words)

 Medieval History, Castles
The ditches to the motte and the bailey were quite substantial, with the materials from the ditches being used to construct the motte.
At a distance around the motte was the bailey which was the area where the ordinary members of the community would live and work.
A motte would generally range from about forty feet high to approaching one hundred feet in height and the sloping surface was built-up with layers of rocks and earth to stabilize the soil in the steeply angled mound. /castles/03.html   (385 words)

 Castle Types
When castles were converted to stone the motte was sometimes leveled so it may not be as clear now that the castle started as a motte and bailey type.
Early motte and bailey castles were made of wood, but many of these were then converted to stone at a later date.
Cardiff Castle in Wales began as a motte and bailey castle and later became an enclosure castle while retaining its motte. /thefro/castles_type.html   (444 words)

 Hawick Motte, Scotland
Standing in Motte Park are the remains of this “motte and bailey” castle which was the stronghold of the Lovell family.
In 1912, an exploratory ditch was cut across the filled-in bailey which showed that the original ditch had been between 5and 9 metres wide and between 1 and 2 ½ metres deep.
There are no signs now of the bailey or ditch which was the outside defensive work beyond the “wall” which surrounded the main mound. /places/153.html   (121 words)

 History - Field Antiquities of County Longford
The highest part known as the motte was surrounded by a ditch, and the lower section (the bailey) was separated from the motte by this ditch, and finally the bailey was also surrounded by another ditch.
The motte served as quarters for the Norman chief and his officers, the bailey for the troops, horses, equipment and foodstuffs.
The earthworks now known as a Motte and Bailey are purely Norman in origin and therefore must date in Ireland from late in the 12th century. /history/h2.html   (2046 words)

 Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record
Ratley Castle, a Medieval motte and bailey Castle.
The remains of a motte and bailey castle at Ratley
A dry stone wall was located within the bailey bank and a tumble of stone in the Motte ditch. /detail.aspx?monuid=WA692   (1388 words)

Castles were also developed to defend key part of the countryside such as a mountain pass or river estuary and often exploited the natural geography to support the defensive walls through exploitation of cliffs, rivers, hills and the like.
Castle also refers to the Rook chess piece, and the chess move castling.
In the Annals of a Fortress the site of the feudal castle is occupied by the citadel of the walled town, for once again, with the development of the middle class and of cammerce and industry, the art of the engineer came to be disolayed chiefly in the fortification of cities. /c/ca/castle.html   (1388 words)

 Castles: Some History, Pictures and Plans
The "bailey" was the walled area around the keep with another at the base of the motte to protect the keep's support functions: grain storage, workshops for wood and metal, troop housing, a well, sometimes a garden, a chapel, a hall for getting together (the "great hall").
The ditch that had separated the motte from the bailey became a moat, either dry and stone-lined, or with a handy river or lake to fill it with water.
A "motte" was the conical hill of dirt that was built as the main defense for the "keep", which was the residence and refuge for the fellow responsible for holding the surrounding territory. /helenelope/castles/castles.html   (1198 words)

 Channel 4 – Time Team
One reason why they are seen less commonly today is that as the Normans consolidated their power, they strengthened and redeveloped the original ringworks into the motte and bailey structures and stone castles that are such a well-known feature of the historic environment of England and Wales.
The bailey was a larger area adjacent to the motte, itself surrounded by a ditch, or moat.
The motte is a flat-topped mound of earth, generally built on high ground and surrounded by a ditch, the earth from which was used to build up the motte. /history/timeteam/archive/2001ald2.html   (353 words)

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