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Topic: Municipalities with linguistic facilities

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In the News (Wed 24 Apr 19)

  Municipalities with linguistic facilities - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
For instance, in those municipalities, French-speakers in Flanders and Dutch-and German-speakers in Wallonia, and French-speakers in the German language area may obtain administrative documents from local public authorities or from certain federal authorities in their mother tongue.
The German-speaking minority was mostly settled in the 'Eastern Cantons', several Prussian municipalities ceded to Belgium by the 1919 Treaty of Versailles and administered from 1920 to 1925 by a Belgian military High Commissionner.
For the facilities in the municipalities with historic minorities on the Walloon-Flemish border, there is still a willingness to consider maintaining them on condition of reciprocity (that these facilities are also re-established in practice in the corresponding Walloon cities).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Municipalities_with_linguistic_facilities   (1354 words)

 Dilbeek - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Dilbeek is a municipality in the province of Flemish Brabant, in Flanders, one of the three regions of Belgium.
The municipality comprises the towns of Dilbeek proper, Groot-Bijgaarden, Itterbeek, Schepdaal, Sint-Martens-Bodegem and Sint-Ulriks-Kapelle.
Municipalities with linguistic facilities (Dilbeek is not a municipality with linguistic facilities though).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Dilbeek   (109 words)

 CJEAP: Denominational/Linguistic Education Quebec
From the outset of the proposal to establish linguistic school boards throughout the province, the government was adamant that the restrictive guidelines that they had established were to be met by all boards, regardless of their circumstances.
While the Linguistic School Boards Act of 1997 explicitly stated that the implementation of the new system was to be achieved by July 1, 1998, in the interim period, provisional councils were to be established to facilitate this transition from denominational to linguistic.
Since the new linguistic board was a result of a merger of the former Gaspesia and the Islands School Board, the School Board of Greater Seven Islands, the Baie Comeau Dissentient Board, and Métis Beach, among the most pressing of all the issues was the location of the central office.
www.umanitoba.ca /publications/cjeap/articles/youngbezeau.html   (7733 words)

 Municipalities of Belgium - Gurupedia
The municipalities are the smallest administrative subdivisions of Belgium.
2.3 Merging of municipalities in 1977 and 1988
1983 (merging of the municipalities of Antwerp), the number came down to 589.
www.gurupedia.com /l/li/list_of_belgian_municipalities.htm   (109 words)

 Consolidation Act on Social Services   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The residential municipality grants a subsidy corresponding to 70%, and the parents pay an amount for their child’s attendance at the day-care facility equalling 30% of the budgeted expenses of attendance at the day-care facility in the residential municipality, apart from property costs, including rent and maintenance, but cf.
Subject to the same conditions and likewise for a specified period, the municipal authority may decide to sever the connection between the parents and the child or young person, or that the address of the facility in which the child or young person is accommodated shall not be disclosed to the parents.
Where the municipal authority is responsible for other parts of the operation of the housing mentioned in subsection (1), the municipal corporation shall also set up and publish the quality requirements applicable in connection with the performance of these duties.
eng.social.dk /index.aspx?id=80ec876c-1437-4e9f-b3a6-80a583009422   (17180 words)

 To speak or not to speak, Fernand de Varennes
It should also be pointed out that whilst linguistic minorities are entitled to freely open and operate their own private minority schools, this does not prevent the state from requiring that all pupils acquire some knowledge of the official or majority language of the country.
These political divisions ensure that the larger linguistic communities have control over public schools and other institutions of learning, and thus ultimately they are in a position to ensure that most inhabitants can have their primary language used as medium of instruction in state schools.
The rights of linguistic minorities include a panoply of protections which have mainly emerged with the strengthened acceptance in the second half of this century of a "faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person, in the equal rights of men and women and of nations large and small".
www.unesco.org /most/ln2pol3.htm   (14797 words)

We argue that the most recent round of municipal reform and regional institution-building is a continued reaction to the fiscal crisis of the State and that it lays the groundwork for a downloading of responsibilities from central to local government.
Then it reformed municipal financing by abolishing local school taxes -- schools were to be financed entirely from general provincial revenues -- and giving that taxing power to the municipalities, a move that essentially doubled their local revenue potential.
Municipalities are seen as ill-equipped to meet these challenges because they are held to be often too small, too inefficient, and too prone to competing rather than collaborating with each other.
www.lib.unb.ca /Texts/CJRS/Spring00/Fischler.htm   (9093 words)

 World congress on language policies
In reviewing their policy responses to linguistic pluralism, it is necessary to remember that each one of them has gone through a number of different phases of development, reflective of their different cultural traditions and adaptations to political conditions prevailing at that time.
The whole approach was based upon the assumption that linguistic transmission would be short-lived and that a language restricted in usage to the home would become extinct in subsequent generations, without disturbing the monolingual texture of society as a whole.
Linguistic erosion at community level (as revealed by census data from 1976 to1996) is best demonstrated by the shift away from the use of community languages towards 'English only' in the home of the second generation Australians of minority ethnic background (Clyne and Kipp, 1997).
www.linguapax.org /congres/Tallers/article13_ang.html   (9515 words)

 flandersonline.org - Belgian Council of State restricting language facilities for French-speaking people in Flanders
Pursuant to these language facilities, people are entitled to receive official documents in their own language on demand, even though they live in an area, the official language of which is a different one.
These facilities were initially meant as a transitional measure to facilitate people's integration, after the linguistic areas had been established by law in the early 1960s.
The application of these facilities for French-speaking people in Flanders has often given rise to political tensions between the Dutch-speaking and French-speaking communities, as language facilities are basically at odds with the country's territorial division and French-speaking people aren't always prone to adapt, when settling down in the officially Dutch-speaking area.
www.flandersonline.org /news/120/432   (612 words)

 MINELRES: Belgian Linguistic Case   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The Act of 14th July 1932 was applicable to "nursery schools and municipal adopted or adoptable primary schools", to "establishments governed by the organic law on secondary education" (upper and lower secondary schools) and to "primary classes (preparatory sections) attached to secondary schools" (Sections 1, 8, 14 and 18).
In the Brussels urban area and bilingual communes on the linguistic boundary, the language of instruction was to be the child's maternal or usual language; teaching of the second national language was to be compulsory (Sections 5, 6, 12, 13, 18, 19 and 22).
Consequently, the cultural and linguistic preferences of parents are in no way comprised within "religious and philosophical convictions" so that the second sentence of Article 2 (P1-2) does not safeguard "the right of parents to have their children taught in the language of their choice".
www.arts.uwaterloo.ca /MINELRES/coe/court/Belglin.htm   (18769 words)

 Protection of minorities in Belgium
The French-speaking inhabitants of the Brussels periphery, and in particular their political representatives, were showing little willingness to recognise that they lived in communes with linguistic facilities situated in a monolingual region, not a bilingual region, and were continuing – as their Flemish counterparts – to use the conflict for political ends.
It is thus in the context of the decentralisation of the Belgian state, and the wide powers especially of the three communities in the area of minority rights, that the existence of national minorities in Belgium at all levels must be assessed.
As of 1962-1963, people belonging to a different linguistic group than that of the relevant Region of certain fringe communes (those contiguous to a different linguistic region) are granted special status (linguistic facilities), i.e.
assembly.coe.int /Documents/WorkingDocs/Doc02/EDOC9536.htm   (11536 words)

This was done by the Act of 23 December 1970, which explicitly placed the six districts in the Dutch-language region, at the same time maintaining in their entirety the facilities accorded by the law to the French-speaking inhabitants.
This being so and having regard to the aim pursued, in the general interest, of promoting the cultural homogeneity of the linguistic regions, it is legitimate for French-language education provided in these districts to be restricted to French-speaking children living there with their parents.
Several years ago, for similar reasons, the same school language facilities were made available in 65 other communes situated in one linguistic region but close to a different one.
www.coe.int /T/E/Human_rights/execution/02_Documents/PAquest379.asp   (902 words)

 Ireland Information Guide , Irish, Counties, Facts, Statistics, Tourism, Culture, How
Brussels is first a city located in the center of Belgium, but it sometimes refers to the main municipality of the Brussels-Capital Region.
This municipality inside Brussels is correctly named The City of Brussels (Bruxelles-Ville or Ville de Bruxelles in French, de Stad Brussel in Dutch), which is one of 19 municipalities that make up the Brussels-Capital Region.
The Brussels-Capital region nowadays is officially French-Dutch bilingual and some municipalities in Flanders around Brussels have special linguistic facilities to protect the right of the French-speaking minorities.
www.irelandinformationguide.com /Brussels   (879 words)

 Inside Self-Storage Magazine 06/2003: WORLDWATCH
A more multinational market would enhance the speed of growth of self-storage facilities in Europe; however, European cities with a large concentration of facilities have a higher occupancy rate that increases significantly as the number of facilities grows.
Often, the only choice to build a facility is to convert a pre-existing building, which means dealing with several zoning and jurisdictional problems.
If a facility for sale is in month-on-month operating profit and 65 percent to 70 percent occupied, the buyer and seller both win.
www.insideselfstorage.com /articles/361world.html   (2506 words)

 Society Fresh : Article 'Auderghem'   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
On 1 January 2004, the municipality had a total population of 29,088 (13,619 males and 15,469 females).
It neighbours the municipalities of The City of Brussels, Ixelles, Auderghem, Woluwe-Saint-Pierre, Woluwe-Saint-Lambert and Schaerbeek.
This list is sometimes referred to as the list of the 19 municipalities of the agglomeration of Brussels, although the actual urban agglomeration around Brussels, as far as demographics is concerned, extends further than these 19 municipalities.
www.society-fresh.net /DisplayArticle217260.html   (268 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Use for locations and facilities named for their agricultural purposes of raising crops and livestock.
Manmade facilities maintained for the use of aircraft.
Harbor facilities for recreational craft where supplies, repairs, and various services are available.
www.alexandria.ucsb.edu /~lhill/FeatureTypes/ftt2.xml   (1984 words)

 Venice Commission - Commission de Venise   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Finally, for both Chambers, voters from the two districts with linguistic facilities of Fourons and Comines-Warneton have the right to vote in a district situated on the other side of the linguistic border.
Both communities are also considered as co-dominant in the region of Brussels-capital, where the Dutch speaking one is in a numerical minority and the executive level in based on quasi-parity.
This law leaves it to the Municipal Statute to establish the number of members of national minorities to be elected in a Municipal Council/Municipal Assembly.
www.venice.coe.int /docs/2005/CDL-AD(2005)009-e.asp   (2884 words)

 Human Rights in Belgium 2002   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The principle of territoriality was thereby introduced, stipulating that in monolingual regions the use of the language of the region is compulsory for all public administrative acts.
The same laws provide for linguistic facilities for the inhabitants of 27 communes contiguous to a different linguistic region, who have the right to request that, in their dealings with the authorities, language other than that of the region in which the communes are located should be used.
Six of the 27 communes with facilities lie on Flemish territory in the Brussels periphery and have a large share, sometimes a majority, of French-speaking inhabitants.
www.hrwf.net /html/human_rights_in_belgium_2002.html   (4154 words)

 State Party Report - Iceland
She has recommended to some municipalities that children be given the opportunity to influence the decisions made by the local authorities and, for that purpose, a special consultation system in which children take part should be established.
To enable the municipal authorities to meet the increased cost imposed on them by the new law some sources of income were transferred from the State to the municipalities.
The construction of compulsory school buildings is financed by the municipal authorities, but the State finances upper secondary school buildings (60 per cent) in conjunction with the municipalities (40 per cent).
www.hri.ca /fortherecord1999/documentation/tbodies/e-1990-6-add15.htm   (15415 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
When municipalities assumed such responsibilities at the turn of the twentieth century, "reformers" created less-representative political bodies--commissions, special districts, city manager governments, strong-mayor systems, at-large councils--to insure efficient delivery of services.
The pattern of low per capita municipal expenditures from 1890 to 1910, years when allegedly patronage-driven machines were powerful, is repeated in other studies.
Other studies searching for the origins of the national welfare state increasingly focus on female volunteerism, "cooperative" or "municipal housekeeping," juvenile courts and child health programs, most of which originated or were headquartered in cities.
www.luc.edu /depts/history/gilfoyle/WHITECIT.HTM   (12612 words)

 Wemmel - Encyclopedia Glossary Meaning Explanation Wemmel   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The municipality only comprises the town of Wemmel proper.
They can request official documents from the local administration in French.
As a result of this, there is growing support in Flanders to get rid of these unilateral 'facilities'.
www.encyclopedia-glossary.com /en/Wemmel.html   (187 words)

 GeoNative - Belgium - Flandres - Brussels
French has minority rights (the so-called "taalfaciliteiten" - "language facilities") in 12 municipalities along the linguistic border.
Those municipalities consist of 9 geographically separated territories or enclaves.
Alongside the linguistic boundary: Mesen, SpiereHelchin/Espierres-Helchin, Ronse/Renaix, Bever/Biévène, Herstappe and the very well-known Voeren/Fourons.) Dutch in Wallonia (allongside the linguistic boundary in Hainaut province: Communes Comines-Warneton /Komen-Waasten, MouscronlMouscroen, Enghien/Edingen.
www.geocities.com /Athens/9479/be.html   (1024 words)

 CIRC Data List   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
A CBSA consists of the county or counties associated with at least one core of 10,000 or greater population, plus adjacent counties having a high degree of social and economic integration with the core(s) as measured by commuting ties.
Total number of nursing facility beds by county in 1999, extracted from HRSA Area Resource File (ARF).
Total number of skilled nursing facility beds by county in 1999, extracted from HRSA Area Resource File (ARF).
ims.circ.rupri.org /datalist/datalist.asp   (3166 words)

 Asean News Network   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Okinawans against US bases in Ginowan rally Marine camps, Naval bases and smaller facilities as part of the U.S. commitment of a bilateral alliance to defend Japan.
U.S. chip-making giant Intel announced plans to build a $300 million chip assembly and testing facility in Southern Vietnam.
The facility will be built in the Saigon Hi-Tech Park outside Ho Chi Minh City, and will be the largest investment in Vietnam by a U.S. company.
www.aseannewsnetwork.com /articles/content/b/br/brussels.html   (5075 words)

 Archives - What's New | Canada Site   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The Government of Canada Invests $1,843,539 to Upgrade Nunavik Telecommunications Facilities
Transport Canada: Brentwood Bay and Saanichton Public Port Facilities Officially Transferred to Local Interests
Nuclear Facilities: Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission - Ordered Security Measures Have Been in Place Since After September 11, 2001
canada.gc.ca /whats/archive/03/3_e.html   (6856 words)

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