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Topic: Muslim history


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In the News (Sun 21 Apr 19)

  
 Muslim Brotherhood - Syria
The Muslim Brotherhood of Syria lasted until 1982, when heavy government actions were successful in destroying its organization.
At first, the aim of the Brotherhood was limited, and sought to end the French mandate and to work for sociopolitical reform in Syria according to the principles of Islam.
Late 1940's: The Brotherhood was politicized thanks to the establishment of the state of Israel.
i-cias.com /e.o/mus_br_syria.htm   (675 words)

  
 History of the Muslim Brotherhood in Syria - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Syria's intervention in the Lebanese civil war in 1976 on the side of the Maronites (and hence technically on the side of Israel) sparked renewed agitation in Syria, and assassinations began to target members of the Syrian regime and prominent Alawites; the Muslim Brotherhood later claimed responsibility for most of these.
In May 2001, encouraged this new political climate, the Muslim Brotherhood published a statement in London rejecting political violence, and calling for a modern, democratic state.
On 2 February 1982, the Brotherhood led a major insurrection in Hama, rapidly taking control of the city; the military responded by bombing Hama (whose population was about 250,000) throughout the rest of the month, killing between 10,000 and 30,000 people.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/History_of_the_Muslim_Brotherhood_in_Syria   (1185 words)

  
 History of Syria
According to traditionalist Muslims, the greatest period of Islamic history was the time of the brief rule of Muhammad--the prototype for the perfect temporal ruler-- and the time of the first four caliphs (known as rashidun, rightly guided), when man presumably behaved as God commanded and established a society on earth unequaled before or after.
The history of Greater Syria in the early medieval period is essentially the history of political Islam at one of its most glorious moments--the period of the Umayyad caliphate when the Islamic empire, with its capital at Damascus, stretched from the Oxus River to southern France.
The Christian Byzantines contended with Arabs, and later the Christian Crusaders competed with Muslim Arabs, for land they all held sacred.
www.motherearthtravel.com /syria/history.htm   (2805 words)

  
 History of Syria
Syria is significant in the history of Christianity; Paul was converted on the road to Damascus and established the first organized Christian Church at Antioch in ancient Syria, from which he left on many of his missionary journeys.
Syria's political instability during the years after the 1954 coup, the parallelism of Syrian and Egyptian policies, and the appeal of Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser's leadership in the wake of the 1956 Suez crisis created support in Syria for union with Egypt.
Syria participated in the multilateral Middle East Peace Conference in Madrid in October 1991, and during the 1990s engaged in direct, face-to-face negotiations with Israel.
www.historyofnations.net /asia/syria.html   (1351 words)

  
 Muslim Brotherhood - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Muslim Brotherhood or The Muslim Brothers (Arabic: الإخوان المسلمون al-ikhwān al-muslimūn, full title جماعة الإخوان المسلمين jamā'at al-ikhwān al-muslimīn, "The Society of the Muslim Brothers", often simply الإخوان al-ikhwān, "the Brotherhood") is the name of several Islamist organizations in the Middle East.
The first Muslim Brotherhood was founded in Egypt in 1928; Muslim Brotherhoods have since been founded in other countries, including Syria and Jordan.
Founded in the 1930s by Syrian students who had participated in the Egyptian Brotherhood, the Brotherhood in Syria played a major role in the broad-based resistance movement that opposed the Ba'th regime starting in 1963; this conflict developed into an armed struggle that continued until 1982, when the rebellion was crushed by the military.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Muslim_Brotherhood   (584 words)

  
 Syria - Hutchinson encyclopedia article about Syria
Syria became deeply involved in 1975–76 in Lebanon's civil war, at first as a mediating influence and then on the side of the right-wing Christians against the Muslims and Palestinians.
In November 1995, 1,200 political prisoners, including members of the banned Muslim Brotherhood, were released as part of an amnesty to commemorate President Assad's seizure of power 25 years previously.
Syria leant increasingly towards the West, its policies in Lebanon in direct conflict with Iran's dream of an Islamic republic, and its crumbling economy was promised Arab aid if Damascus switched allegiance.
encyclopedia.farlex.com /Syria   (2666 words)

  
 JDL: Islamic Terror: A History of the Muslim Brotherhood
It continues with the murder of Sadat, and a series of assassinations, the climax of which is the vicious slaughter of Muslims by Muslims in the middle of prayers for the holiday of the sacrifice in a mosque in Egypt, and its end is the most frightening attack in history on the Twin Towers.
The Muslim Brotherhood accumulated increasing influence in the poor urban neighborhoods and universities, and did well to exploit the great disappointment of the Arab public in light of the defeat in the 1967 war with Israel.
Branches of the Muslim Brotherhood in many cities in Egypt were burned, thousands were arrested, seven of the leaders of the Brothers were sentenced to death.
www.jewishdefenseleague.org /enemies/islam/muslim_brotherhood.shtml   (4360 words)

  
 Egypt - Hutchinson encyclopedia article about Egypt
It was the worst violence to occur between Christians and Muslims in Egypt in living memory.
Egypt was a member of the UN coalition forces that sought an economic embargo against Iraq in 1990 for annexing Kuwait, and its armed forces joined in the military action against Iraq in 1991.
Napoleon's military expedition to Egypt in 1798 was ostensibly to suppress the Mamelukes and restore the authority of the Turkish sultan in Constantinople.
encyclopedia.farlex.com /Egypt   (7147 words)

  
 Talk:Hassan al Banna - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Rommel's panzer division arrived in Cairo and Alexandria, the Muslim Brotherhood would ensure that all of the British troops would be killed.
These seem to have been added with the intent of giving a representative sample of Banna's views, but the articles under Muslim Brotherhood indicate that Banna's views on jihad were far more complex than what the casual reader might infer from reading these isolated quotes.
This amounts to over 12,000 words of text, and is the result of months of research, discussed in Talk:Muslim_Brotherhood, using reputable scholarly texts found at the library of the School of Oriental and African Studies at the University of London.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Talk:Hassan_al_Banna   (1036 words)

  
 Muslim Brotherhood - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Muslim Brotherhood or The Muslim Brothers (Arabic: الإخوان المسلمون al-ikhwān al-muslimūn, full title جماعة الإخوان المسلمين jamā'at al-ikhwān al-muslimīn, "The Society of the Muslim Brothers", often simply الإخوان al-ikhwān, "the Brotherhood") is the name of several Islamist organizations in the Middle East.
The first Muslim Brotherhood was founded in Egypt in 1928; Muslim Brotherhoods have since been founded in other countries, including Syria and Jordan.
Founded in the 1930s by Syrian students who had participated in the Egyptian Brotherhood, the Brotherhood in Syria played a major role in the broad-based resistance movement that opposed the Ba'th regime starting in 1963; this conflict developed into an armed struggle that continued until 1982, when the rebellion was crushed by the military.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Muslim_Brotherhood   (883 words)

  
 Egypt. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
Domestic unrest between Muslims and Christians in 1981 led to a crackdown by the government.
Tensions heightened, and Sadat was assassinated on Oct. 6, 1981, by Muslim extemists.
In the table entitled Dynasties of Ancient Egypt, the numbers of the dynasties are given in Roman numerals, and the numeral is followed by the dates of the dynasty and a notation of famous monarchs of the era (each of whom has a separate article in the encyclopedia).
www.bartleby.com /65/eg/Egypt.html   (5397 words)

  
 Read about Jew at WorldVillage Encyclopedia. Research Jew and learn about Jew here!
Muslim rulers, depending on the regime in power, Jewish communities in Spain, North Africa, and the Middle East were at times subject to persecutions, expulsions, and forced conversion.
Most Jews regard themselves as a people, members of a nation, descended from the ancient Israelites and those who joined their religion at various times and places.
Jews were subject to explusions from England, France, and the Holy Roman Empire throughout the Middle Ages, with most of the population moving to Eastern Europe and Poland.
encyclopedia.worldvillage.com /s/b/Jew   (4028 words)

  
 Muslim Brotherhood - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Muslim Brotherhood or The Muslim Brothers (Arabic: الإخوان المسلمون al-ikhwān al-muslimūn, full title جماعة الإخوان المسلمين jamā'at al-ikhwān al-muslimīn, "The Society of the Muslim Brothers", often simply الإخوان al-ikhwān, "the Brotherhood") is the name of several Islamist organizations in the Middle East.
The first Muslim Brotherhood was founded in Egypt in 1928; Muslim Brotherhoods have since been founded in other countries, including Syria and Jordan.
Several insurgent groups are also believed to have the background ideology of the Muslim Brotherhood, although not officially announced to be a part of the Muslim Brotherhood Organization.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Muslim_Brotherhood   (883 words)

  
 Muslim Brotherhood - Egypt
1939: The Muslim Brotherhood is defined as a political organization, that bases itself on the Koran and the Hadith as a system that is applicable even for the modern society.
— December: The Muslim Brotherhood is banned by the authorities.
[The Brotherhood is] a salafiya message, a Sunni way, a sufi truth, a political organization, an athletic group, a scientific and cultural union, an economic enterprise and a social idea.
lexicorient.com /e.o/mus_br_egypt.htm   (839 words)

  
 International Crisis Group (Crisis Group) - Conflict prevention and resolution
While the history of the Muslim Brotherhood’s violent activities in Syria certainly is cause for concern, the available evidence suggests that the rise of militant Islam has been nurtured by a repressive, closed system that prevents free expression and association and has badly damaged the bond of trust between citizens and state.
(a) issuing a general amnesty for political activists, including members of the Muslim Brotherhood, in Syria and in exile, who have not engaged in violence and allowing the return of exiled opposition figures who have not engaged in violence;
Syria’s foreign reserves should not be used as a pretext to defer reform but rather to put in place the safety net necessary to protect the population from hardships that will inevitably accompany restructuring.
www.crisisweb.org /home/index.cfm?id=2516&l=1   (1181 words)

  
 The Country & People of Syria
Most of Syria is occupied by the Syrian Desert, which is crossed by the Euphrates R. In the west are the Anti-Lebanon Mts., including Mt. Hermon (9,232 ft/2,814 m), Syria's highest point; in the southwest the fertile plain of Hawran extends from the Jabal al-Duruz Mts.
Syria was Hellenized by the Seleucids and had fallen to Rome by 63 BC After a period of Byzantine rule (5th—7th cent.
Syria strongly opposed the 2003 U.S. invasion of Iraq and was accused by U.S. government officials of supplying aid to Iraq and helping Iraqi officials to escape from U.S. forces.
www.hejleh.com /countries/syria.html   (2493 words)

  
 The British, Muslim Terrorism and September 11, Part Two
The Muslim Brotherhood emerged out of Egypt in 1928 to evolve into "the largest and most influential Sunni revivalist organization in the 20th century." It was founded by Hasan al-Banna, the first son of a respected sheik who was also an author and the leader of a local mosque.
At the Muslim Brotherhood meeting in London in 1989 it was decided that Sudan would be a new base for the Islamist movement, and a Muslim Brotherhood leadership council of nineteen members was subsequently established in Khartoum under Turabi.
In 1948 members of the Muslim Brotherhood were implicated in the assassination of the police chief of Cairo and the government retaliated when Prime Minister Nuqrashi Pasha issued a proclamation in December of 1948 dissolving the Muslim Brotherhood.
www.redmoonrising.com /Ikhwan/MB.htm   (19414 words)

  
 Syria History & Syria Culture iExplore.com
Muslim control of Syria was vital to the defeat of the Christians and their expulsion from Jerusalem.
The history of the following centuries, until the eventual destruction of the Kingdom of Judah in 539 BC, is one of a struggle by Babylonians, Canaanites, Assyrians, Phoenicians and many other tribes and empires for control of Syrian trade.
From then on, Syria was to be firmly part of the Muslim world, although retaining Christian and Jewish populations.
www.iexplore.com /dmap/Syria/History   (1697 words)

  
 Muslim Brotherhood
The Muslim Brotherhood was founded in 1928 by Hasan al-Banna, a 22-year-old elementary school teacher, as an Islamic revivalist movement following the collapse of the Ottoman Empire and the subsequent ban of the caliphate system of government that had united the Muslims for hundreds of years.
A Muslim Brother assassinated the Prime Minister of Egypt, Mahmud Fahmi Nokrashi, on December 28, 1948.
Nasser's successor, Anwar-as-Sadat, promised the Brothers that shari'a would be implemented as the Egyptian law and released all of the Brotherhood prisoners; however, the Brothers lost their trust in Sadat when he signed the peace agreement with Israel in 1979; four Brothers assassinated Sadat in September, 1981.
www.fas.org /irp/world/para/mb.htm   (495 words)

  
 Muslim Brotherhood on Encyclopedia.com
The Sufi brotherhoods are powerful pressuregeographical afrika muslim civilization setcenter of the sufi brotherhood of the tidjanespractice common to all muslim religious celebrationssenegal.
MUSLIM BROTHERHOOD [Muslim Brotherhood] officially Jamiat al-Ikhwan al-Muslimun [Arab.,=Society of Muslim Brothers], religious and political organization founded (1928) in Egypt by Hasan al- Banna.
The Muslim Brotherhood has given rise to a number of more militant and violent organizations, such as Hamas, Gama'a al-Islamiya, and Islamic Jihad.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/M/MuslimB1r.asp   (898 words)

  
 Egypt keeps Muslim Brotherhood boxed in csmonitor.com
In Syria, where the local Brotherhood is one of the strongest opposition groups, the movement is illegal and membership is punishable by death.
Brotherhood leadership of these organizations has generally reduced mismanagement and improved their financial condition, but has also provided the Brotherhood with a source of funds to advance its own agenda.
He says the Brotherhood is doing everything in its power to convince Egyptians of its commitment to democracy, but concedes that it's difficult to disprove allegations that every democratic promise is part of a conspiracy to trick the people and seize power.
www.csmonitor.com /2005/0607/p01s04-wome.html   (1702 words)

  
 Atta was a member of the Muslim Brotherhood, as was his father
As is a quick look at the history of the Muslim Brotherhood and the World Trade Center:
Yes, Mohamed Atta was raised by a member of the Muslim Brotherhood and himself became a member in 1990.
One suspected figure in that nexus is alleged Syrian Muslim Brotherhood member… Mohammed Haidar Zammar.
www.madcowprod.com /11052004issue.html   (1689 words)

  
 The Muslim Brotherhood
An important aspect of the Muslim Brotherhood ideology is the sanctioning of Jihad such as the 2004 fatwa issued by Sheikh Yousef Al-Qaradhawi making it a religious obligation of Muslims to abduct and kill U.S. citizens in Iraq.
The Muslim Brotherhood began as a youth organization aimed at moral and social reform in Egypt.
In 1984, the Muslim Brotherhood was partially reaccepted in Egypt as a religious organization, but was placed under heavy scrutiny by security forces.
www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org /jsource/Terrorism/muslimbrotherhood.html   (1304 words)

  
 FTR#455—Compendium on the Muslim Brotherhood—(Two 30-minute segments) (Sources are noted in parentheses
It is important to note that the Brotherhood has maintained important contacts among the conservative GOP interests with which the Bush administration is closely identified, as well as with Muslim congregations and student groups in the United States.
Grandson of the founder of the Muslim Brotherhood, Hassan al-Banna, in 1993, Ramadan was allegedly put in charge of the Daawa (preaching for Europe by that Islamist organization.
It is also alleged by the same sources that Tariq is much more heavily involved with the Muslim Brotherhood than he claims to be.
www.spitfirelist.com /f455.html   (6170 words)

  
 Muslim Brotherhood - Egypt
1939: The Muslim Brotherhood is defined as a political organization, that bases itself on the Koran and the Hadith as a system that is applicable even for the modern society.
— December: The Muslim Brotherhood is banned by the authorities.
[The Brotherhood is] a salafiya message, a Sunni way, a sufi truth, a political organization, an athletic group, a scientific and cultural union, an economic enterprise and a social idea.
i-cias.com /e.o/mus_br_egypt.htm   (839 words)

  
 Al-Ahram Weekly Egypt Speaking in tongues
Throughout their history they were targeted by the state.
The Society of Muslim Brothers has survived for over three-quarters-of-a-century against overwhelming odds, keeping its organisational cohesion intact, an achievement perhaps unparalleled in the Arab and Muslim worlds.
Notably, in the current dialogue between the ruling party and the opposition, the Brotherhood was not even mentioned as a potential interlocutor.
weekly.ahram.org.eg /2003/663/eg1.htm   (2775 words)

  
 Muslim Brotherhood - Syria
Syrian Islamist organization started by Syrian students returning from studies in Egypt in the 1930's, where they had met with the ideology of Hassan al-Banna, the founder of the original Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood.
The Muslim Brotherhood of Syria lasted until 1982, when heavy government actions were successful in destroying its organization.
This is the last time so far that we hear of the Muslim Brotherhood of Syria.
lexicorient.com /e.o/mus_br_syria.htm   (674 words)

  
 Muslim Brotherhood - Egypt - Worldpress.org
But history also shows how the door of politics was as firmly shut in the face of the Brotherhood as it was in the face of other groups, and, in so doing, contributed to the rise of violent splinter groups.
The Brotherhood tried to marry the ideas of Sayyid Qutb [the founder of a violent faction that splintered off from the Brotherhood], with Hassan al-Hodeiby’s claim, issued from prison, that the Brothers are “preachers not judges.” History shows that the Brotherhood has always tried to unite what cannot be united.
The Muslim Brotherhood is the oldest Islamist group in the Arab world and is widely regarded as the biggest opposition group in Egypt today, though the authorities continue to ban it.
www.worldpress.org /Mideast/828.cfm   (1248 words)

  
 Muslim Brotherhood
The Muslim Brotherhood was founded in 1928 by Hasan al-Banna, a 22-year-old elementary school teacher, as an Islamic revivalist movement following the collapse of the Ottoman Empire and the subsequent ban of the caliphate system of government that had united the Muslims for hundreds of years.
A Muslim Brother assassinated the Prime Minister of Egypt, Mahmud Fahmi Nokrashi, on December 28, 1948.
Nasser's successor, Anwar-as-Sadat, promised the Brothers that shari'a would be implemented as the Egyptian law and released all of the Brotherhood prisoners; however, the Brothers lost their trust in Sadat when he signed the peace agreement with Israel in 1979; four Brothers assassinated Sadat in September, 1981.
www.fas.org /irp/world/para/mb.htm   (495 words)

  
 The Rise of Islamist Terrorist Groups
Muslims from around the world called for a jihad, or holy war in defense of Islam, to free the Muslim country from the invaders.
Al-Banna's Muslim Brotherhood preached self-help, generosity, family values, and restricting women to their traditional role in the home.
The curriculum and textbooks refer to infidels (unbelievers in Islam) as the enemy and promote the hatred of Jews, Christians, and Muslims who reject Wahhabi beliefs.
crf-usa.org /bria/bria20_1c.htm   (3615 words)

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