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Topic: Napoleon I of France


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  Napoleon I of France - France.com
Napoleon was one of the so-called "enlightened monarchs".
He was born Napoleone Buonaparte in the city of Ajaccio on the island of Corsica one year after Corsica had been sold to France by the Republic of Genoa.
A coalition against France formed in Europe, the royalists rose again, and Napoléon abandoned his troops and returned to Paris in 1799; in November of that year, a coup d'état made him the ruler and military dictator ("First Consul") of France.
www.france.com /docs/364.html   (1925 words)

  
  NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Napoleon I of France   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Napoleon II, Duke of Reichstadt (March 20, 1811 –; July 22, 1832) was the son of Napoleon Bonaparte, and briefly the second Emperor of the French.
Napoleon developed few military innovations, apart from the divisional squares employed in Egypt, the placement of artillery into batteries, and replacing the division with army corps as the standard all-arms unit.
Napoleon secured an annulment of his marriage with Josephine, who was unable to bear him a child, and was married in Mar., 1810, to Marie Louise, the daughter of the Austrian emperor Francis I (formerly Holy Roman Emperor Francis II).
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Napoleon_I_of_France/Early_life_and_military_career   (2249 words)

  
 Napoleon Bonaparte Speech - Farewell to the Old Guard
Napoleon built a 500,000 strong Grand Army which used modern tactics and improvisation in battle to sweep across Europe and acquire an Empire for France.
Thus Napoleon was forced to begin a long retreat, and saw his army decimated to a mere 20,000 men by the severe Russian winter and chaos in the ranks.
Napoleon then lost the support of most of his generals and was forced to abdicate on April 6, 1814.
www.historyplace.com /speeches/napoleon.htm   (598 words)

  
  Napoleon I. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
Returning to military duty in France, Bonaparte was associated with the Jacobins and first attracted notice by his distinguished part in dislodging the British from Toulon (1793); he was promoted to brigadier general and sent to the Italian front.
Napoleon built up his army, apparently preparing to invade England, but the invasion fleet he assembled (1803–5) was repeatedly struck by storms, and a major part of the French fleet was engaged in the disastrous expedition of Charles Leclerc to Haiti.
Napoleon secured an annulment of his marriage with Josephine, who was unable to bear him a child, and was married in Mar., 1810, to Marie Louise, the daughter of the Austrian emperor Francis I (formerly Holy Roman Emperor Francis II).
www.bartleby.com /65/na/Napoleon1.html   (2383 words)

  
 Napoleon III of France - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
In a situation that resembles the case of Louis XVIII of France, the numbering of Napoléon's reign assumes the existence of a legitimate Napoléon II of France who never actually ruled, but was briefly recognized as emperor from June 22, 1815 to July 7, 1815.
France took part in the Second Opium War along with Great Britain, and in 1860 the French troops entered Beijing.
In the beginning of the 1860s, the objectives of the emperor in foreign policy had been met: France had scored several military victories in Europe and abroad, the humiliation of Waterloo had been exorcised, and France was regarded again as the largest military power in Europe.
www.newlenox.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Napoleon_III   (1287 words)

  
 MSN Encarta - Napoleon I
Napoleon was born on August 15, 1769, in Ajaccio, Corsica, and was given the name Napoleone (in French his name became Napoleon Bonaparte).
Napoleon graduated in 1785, at the age of 16, and joined the artillery as a second lieutenant.
Napoleon destroyed the Prussian army at Jena and Auerstädt (1806) and the Russian army at Friedland.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761566988/Napoleon_I.html   (1117 words)

  
 Napoleon II of France - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Napoleon François Joseph Charles Bonaparte (March 20, 1811 -July 22, 1832), Duke of Reichstadt, was briefly the second Emperor of the French.
His Majesty Napoleon François Joseph Charles Bonaparte, King of Rome, Prince Imperial of France was the son of Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte and his second wife, Archduchess Marie Louise of Austria.
Nevertheless, the next Napoleon to come to the throne of France took the name Napoleon III in deference to him.
www.northmiami.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Napoleon_II_of_France   (403 words)

  
 Napoleon I of France - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Napoleon was determined not to lose hold of Germany and there was a lull in fighting over the winter of 1812–13 whilst both the Russians and the French recovered from their massive losses of around half a million soldiers each.
Napoleon was imprisoned and then exiled by the British to the island of Saint Helena (2,800 km off the Bight of Guinea) from 15 October 1815.
Furthermore, the Napoleonic Wars also exported the Revolution to the rest of Europe, and it is believed that the movements of national unification and the rise of the nation state, notably in Italy and Germany, were rooted in and precipitated—if not caused—by the Napoleonic rule of those areas.
www.bexley.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Napoleon   (5435 words)

  
 Napoleon I of France article - Napoleon I of France Napoleon (disambiguation) 15 August 1769 1821 1799 1815 France - ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
He was the effective ruler of France (as First Consul) starting in 1799, declared himself Emperor Napoléon on May 18, 1804 and continued as Emperor until April 6, 1814; he is also known as Napoléon I or Napoléon le Grand ("the great").
He was born Napoleone Buonaparte in the city of Ajaccio on Corsica one year after Corsica had been sold to France by the Republic of Genoa.
A coalition against France formed in Europe, the royalists rose again, and Napoléon abandoned his troops and returned to Paris in 1799; in November of that year, a coup d'état made him the ruler and military dictator ("First Consul") of France.
www.what-means.com /encyclopedia/Napoleon   (2313 words)

  
 Napoleon I of France - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Napoleon is considered to have been a military genius, and is known for commanding many successful campaigns, together with some spectacular failures.
Aside from his military achievements, Napoleon is also remembered for the establishment of the Napoleonic Code, and is considered by some to have been one of the "enlightened monarchs".
Napoleon's noble, moderately well-off background and family connections afforded him greater opportunities to study than were available to a typical Corsican of the time.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Napoleon_I_of_France   (6347 words)

  
 Royalty.nu - Royal History of France - Napoleon Bonaparte, Emperor of the French
Napoleon was the master of the broken play, so confident of his ability to improvise, cover his own mistakes, and capitalize on those of the enemies that he repeatedly plunged his armies into uncertain, seemingly desperate situations, only to emerge victorious.
Napoleon by Lucy Lethbridge, illustrated by Robin Lawrie.
Napoleon and Josephine: The Sword and the Hummingbird by Gerald and Loretta Hausman.
www.royalty.nu /Europe/France/Bonaparte/NapoleonI.html   (3028 words)

  
 Napoleon
Certain of Napoleon Bonaparte's detractors declared that he was not French because he was born in 1768 and not 1769, and that his date of birth had been falsified, it being unthinkable that the emperor of the French not be French himself.
According to Thibaudeau, Napoleon used this term (in the same speech containing the famous remark that men could be led 'by baubles') in the debate in the Conseil d'Etat on the creation of the Légion d'Honneur.
Napoleon III was the third son of Louis Bonaparte (1778-1846), who himself was the third brother of Napoleon I. Hortense de Beauharnais (1783-1837), daughter (by her first marriage) of Josephine, was the mother of Napoleon III.
www.napoleon.org /en/essential_napoleon/faq/index.asp   (1159 words)

  
 Napoleon Bonaparte | Emperor of the French
Napoleon Bonaparte was born on August 15, 1769 in Ajaccio on the Mediterranean island of Corsica, the son of Carlo and Letizia Bonaparte.
Napoleon decided on a military career when he was a child, winning a scholarship to a French military academy at age 14.
Napoleon Bonaparte's Farewell to the Old Guard—On April 20, 1814 the Emperor of France and would-be ruler of Europe said goodbye to the Old Guard after his failed invasion of Russia and defeat by the Allies.
www.lucidcafe.com /library/95aug/napoleon.html   (930 words)

  
 Napoleon Bonaparte biography
Napoleon approved of the Revolution in principal but he deplored the violence of the common people.
Napoleon’s first defeat, however, came on August 1 when his entire naval fleet was destroyed by the British navy.
Napoleon Bonaparte was meant to be one of the three equal members of this consul but it didn’t take long for him to assert himself as de facto dictator of France.
wy.essortment.com /napoleonbonapar_rxda.htm   (1186 words)

  
 Napoleon Bonaparte : Napoleon : Bonaparte : Biography : Career : Life Story : Emperor of France : Soldier
One of the most brilliant individuals in history, Napoleon Bonaparte was a masterful soldier, an unequalled grand tactician and a superb administrator.
Not a Frenchman by birth, Napoleon Bonaparte was born at Ajaccio on Corsica - only just sold to France by the Italian state of Genoa - on 15 August 1769 and learnt French at the school of Autun and later the military academy at Brienne.
In a series of battles that included such as Montenotte, Mondovi, Arcola and Rivoli, Bonaparte swept the board of ageing Austrian generals and established himself as one of the leading soldiers of his time.
www.napoleonguide.com /leaders_napoleon.htm   (395 words)

  
 Napoleon in the Electronic Passport
Napoleon is considered by many to be the most brilliant military figure in history.
Napoleon was born on Corsica, an island that had been controlled first by the Italian city-state of Genoa and later by France.
Napoleon was considered a huge success as a leader of France and as a military leader.
www.mrdowling.com /705-napoleon.html   (546 words)

  
 FRANCIA
Later France would take most of the 18th century to acquire Alsace and Lorraine, but most of the Imperial Kingdom of Burgundy would be acquired by the reign of Henry IV (numbers in blue are the dates of acquisition by France).
Napoleon, although reconciling with the Pope (until annexing Rome and arresting him in 1809), supposedly reintroducing some of the limitations on government of traditional society, marrying a Hapsburg and producing a half-Hapsburg heir (Napoleon II), nevertheless was still ruthless beyond most precedent.
A memorable example of Napoleon's ruthlessness was his kidnapping and execution of the Duke of Enghien, the heir of the Bourbon House of Condé.
www.friesian.com /francia.htm   (14110 words)

  
 Napoleon and the Jews
Napoleon won it by his success with the sword, not the sword of execution, nor the sword of the guillotine, but the sword of battle against the enemies of France.
Napoleon established awards such as the "Legion of Honour" to reward those whose services to the nation merited special recognition; the recipient could be scientist, composer, legislator, clergyman, writer, as well as a soldier.
Before Napoleon took over the leadership of the French government, the political situation of the Jews was precarious, unstable, and had to submit to negative laws, and according to specific regions of France, they were some times treated in a liberal manner and some times in a tyrannical manner.
www.napoleon-series.org /ins/weider/c_jews.html   (4782 words)

  
 Napolean
Napoleon's rise to power was, indeed, impressive, and was predicated on both his military capabilities and his strength of will.
Napoleon, however, became a national hero when he crushed the Austrian and Sardinian armies in Italy and brought the war with the alliance to a close in October of 1797 by negotiating the Treaty of Campo.
Four years of this insubordination was too much for Napoleon; in 1811, with the war still going badly in Spain, he assembled an army of six hundred thousand men and invaded Russian in 1812 with the sole purpose of punishing the tsar.
www.wsu.edu:8000 /~dee/REV/NAPOLEAN.HTM   (2790 words)

  
 Lecture 15: Europe and the Superior Being: Napoleon
Napoleon was born August 15, 1769, on the island of Corsica, the son of a petty or low noble.
Napoleon's meager fleet, however, was destroyed at the Battle of the Nile by Nelson's navy.
Napoleon was removed as Emperor to the island of Elba and a Bourbon monarch returned to the French throne.
www.historyguide.org /intellect/lecture15a.html   (2711 words)

  
 French food killed Napoleon, French News, France, Expatica
After 186 years France may have to stop blaming Britain for the death of their most famous conqueror, Napoleon, as a study favours a stomach cancer induced by military food, reports AFP's Richard Ingham.
As there is scant evidence that Napoleon had a genetic predisposition to cancer, the likelihood is that the disease developed, as is often the case, from a prepyloric ulcer, it said.
Meanwhile, a small but vocal group in France is campaigning for Napoleon's corpse, buried beneath the gilt dome of the Invalides military hospital in Paris, to be disinterred and submitted to a DNA test.
www.expatica.com /actual/article.asp?subchannel_id=25&story_id=35645   (702 words)

  
 Luxury hotel in Paris - Hotel Napoleon Paris 5* star near Champs-Elysées and Arc de Triomphe
After years of refurbishing, "The Place" as Errol Flynn called it, located in the shadow of the Arc de Triomphe and moments from the Champs-ElysÈes, is reborn.
Built at the turn of the century the ; Text-decoration : none">Hotel Napoleon in Paris was immortalised by one of France s most famous actors Jean Gabin in a couple of his films made in the 1930 s.
This luxurious, spacious and sunny two-bedroom suite, decorated in typical Napoleonic style, is 100m2 and offers spectacular views of the Eiffel Tower and the Arc de Triomphe from a private terrace where you can enjoy your breakfast or lunch.
www.paris-paris.com /hotel_napoleon.php   (308 words)

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