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In the News (Mon 24 Jun 19)

 National Revolutionary Army - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The National Revolutionary Army (NRA) (Chinese:國民革命軍; pinyin: guo2 min2 ge2 ming4 jun1) was the national army of the Republic of China.
The National Revolutionary Army was closely linked to the Whampoa Military Academy, which had also been established by the Kuomintang.
It was largely controlled by the Kuomintang (KMT), with the boundaries between the Kuomintang and the National Revolutionary Army sometimes becoming quite blurred. /wiki/National_Revolutionary_Army   (207 words)

 New 1st Army - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The New 1st Army was formed in February 1943 at Ramgarh with the three divsions: the New 38th, the New 22nd and the.
During the Chinese Civil War, the New 1st Army was deployed in Manchuria to fight against Communist Party of China military units under Lin Biao and suffered heavy losses by Lin's guerrilla and hit and run tactics.
New 1st Army was reputed as the most elite Chinese military unit of the Kuomintang. /project/wikipedia/index.php/New_1st_Army   (239 words)

Building the revolutionary army, and with it the underground, with the insurrectionary seizure of power in mind, is an objective that can be achieved by planned, purposeful organisational work in a relatively short period of time (such as five years) where the conditions are favourable, and where the revolutionary army is waging the war.
The revolutionary army is not only the organ for building up the revolutionary forces and for seizing power; it also becomes the organ for defending and guaranteeing the revolution.
Clearly, the revolutionary army is the armed force of the revolution. /ancdocs/history/mk/rkmk.html   (3663 words) - Colombia - The National Army Colombian Information Resource
The commander of the National Army in 1988 was General Nelson Mejía Henao. - Colombia - The National Army
Approximately 500 of the army's troops were believed to be serving as military observers with the United Nations Peacekeeping Force in the Sinai. /country-guide-study/colombia/colombia147.html   (977 words)

 Lin Biao
Less than a year later, he was ordered to participate in the Northern Expedition, rising from deputy platoon leader to battalion commander in the National Revolutionary Army within a few months.
As commander of the 115th Division of the Communist 8th Route Army, Lin orchestrated the ambush at Pinghsingkuan in September 1937, which was one of the few battlefield successes for the Chinese in WWII.
Lin proved to be a brilliant guerilla commander and during the 1934 breakout he commanded the First Corps of the Red Army which fought a two-year running battle which culminated in the occupation of Yenan in December 1936 (see Long March). /en/wikipedia/l/li/lin_biao.html   (742 words)

 Revolutionary Army / Ejercito Revolucionario (ER)
He is integrated by the Head of the Army, that presides over it; the presidents of the Provincial Defense councils of the territory of the Army, and other members designated by the Minister of the Revolutionary Armed Forces.
The Ejército Rebelde [Rebellious Army] formed from the survivors of the expedition of the yacht Granma, the 2 of December of 1956.
It is the military organ subordinated to the head of the army of the respective territories. /military/world/cuba/army.htm   (1271 words)

 Marco Polo Bridge Incident - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Japanese Guandong Army at the region was a combination of infantry, tanks, mechanized forces, artillery and cavalry.
At dawn on 7 July, the Japanese army telegraphed the KMT forces saying that a soldier was missing and believed to be hiding inside the town.
The 3rd (2nd?) Division of the Guandong Army from Chahar Province and the 15th (9th?) Division from Manchuria and troops from Phase I were all commanded by General Hashimoto (橋本大將). /wiki/Marco_Polo_Bridge_Incident   (1871 words)

 Army National Guard History
The National Guard of the United States (NG US), as a reserve component of the Army of the United States (AUS), was to be an "M-day" (Mobilization Day) force, thoroughly trained, equipped and ready for immediate service to the nation in case of enemy aggression or a national emergency.
The Army National Guard is the oldest component of the United States armed forces.
The National Guard of the sever2l states was to provide organizations and personnel for the Reserve (federal) Component, and to preserve peace, order and public safety in their states and during local emergencies. /military/agency/army/arng-history.htm   (6403 words)

 Chinese Civil War - Encyclopedia.WorldSearch
This clash, which would be known as the New Fourth Army Incident, weakened the CPC position in Central China and effectively ended any substantive cooperation between the Nationalists and the Communists and both sides concentrated on jockeying for position in the inevitable Civil War.
In December 1940, Chiang Kai-shek demanded that the CPC’s New Fourth Army evacuate Anhui and Jiangsu Provinces.
Attempts by the Nationalist armies to suppress the rebellion were unsuccessful but extremely damaging to the Communist forces. /chinese_civil_war.htm   (2983 words)

 1927, Jan. 11. 2001. The Encyclopedia of World History
The Shanghai General Labor Union and labor leaders called for a general strike to support the surging National Revolutionary Army, which had just taken Hangzhou.
On March 22, troops of the National Revolutionary Army began to enter Shanghai.
From the British, who were tired of the Chinese boycott and hopeful of wooing the Chinese away from the Soviets, the GMD extracted the rendition of the concessions at Hankou and Jiujiang. /67/2469.html   (578 words)

 National Liberation Army (Colombia) - the free encyclopedia
Ejército de Liberación Nacional (usually abbreviated to ELN), or National Liberation Army, is a revolutionary, Marxist, insurgent guerrilla group that has beenoperating in several regions of Colombia since 1964.
Observers have commented that, since the death of Manuel Pérez, the movement may arguablyhave begun to slowly lose focus regarding many of its earlier concerns, such as the necessary unity of revolutionary activitywith Christian and social action, in order to win over the population to their cause.
Torres himself died shortly afterjoining the ELN during his first combat, but he remained as an important symbol both for the group as a whole and to otherlike-minded priests who gradually followed his example, most from relatively low positions in the Catholic Church's structure. /?t=ELN   (589 words)

The Clandestine Revolutionary Indigenous Committee of the Zapatista National Liberation Army has decided that when there are more specific and finished results coming out of these talks, it will send the respective documents to all the non-governmental organizations, to the national and international press, and to civil society at large.
Third: The recognition of the Zapatista National Liberation Army as a belligerent force, and of its troops as authentic combatants and the application of all international treaties regulating armed conflicts.
And that this National Commission for Peace with Justice and Dignity oversee the fulfillment and implementation of the accords that the EZLN and the government arrive at. /Govt/about-the-zapatistas/14-chapter.08-dialogue.txt   (13303 words)

 What is the NDF
The National Democratic Front of the Philippines (NDF) is the principal alliance of progressive and revolutionary organizations fighting currently for national freedom and genuine democracy; it is led by the Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP).
The NDF believes that true national liberation requires a two-stage revolution-the national democratic revolution currently being waged and the subsequent socialist revolution that will immediately be undertaken upon the nationwide victory of the current stage.
Because the U.S. imperialists are armed to the teeth and will not give up their privileges and stolen property without a fight, the NDF is waging an armed struggle for national liberation with the New People's Army (NPA). /Politics/MIM/fil/ndf.html   (425 words)

 First World - Primary Documents - Lenin's Proclamation of 25 October 1917
The national revolutionary army must not permit uncertain military detachments to leave the front for Petrograd.
Announcing this to the army at the front, the Revolutionary Committee calls upon the revolutionary soldiers to watch closely the conduct of the men in command.
The suppression of this order from the rank and file by army organizations is equivalent to a great crime against the revolution and will be punished by all the strength of the revolutionary law. /source/lenin_25oct1917.htm   (399 words)

 1928, Jan. 2001. The Encyclopedia of World History
The farther advance of the National Revolutionary Army to Beijing was blocked as it entered Jinan, Shandong, by 5,000 Japanese troops, sent to protect residents there.
After conflict (May 3–11) with the Japanese forces in Jinan, Jiang's army withdrew and moved directly on Beijing.
A series of treaties with 12 countries (July 25–Dec. 22) recognized the Nanjing government and its right to complete tariff autonomy, provided it did not discriminate against foreign nationals. /67/2470.html   (475 words)

 The United States Army 227th Birthday
The Army Staff run will be held in the morning with special commemoration of the Army’s Birthday and a tribute to all of those who have given their lives in defense of freedom.
Digital Army anniversary messages and images are to appear four times an hour, every hour, in throughout the Army's Birthday on the NBC Jumbotron, CBS Spectacular Extronics Screen, and Nasdaq Digital Marquee in the heart of Times Square.
The U.S. Army Southern European Task (Airborne), based in Vicenza, and the 22nd Army Support Group, with their motto "Support to Win," honors the Army Birthday on the move with a 13-K run in Vicenza. /birthday/227/events.htm   (3157 words)

 Information Headquarters: World War 2
In 1927, Chiang Kai-Shek and the National Revolutionary Army of the Kuomintang led the Northern Expedition.
The influence of Chinese nationalism on opinion both in the political elite and the general population rendered this strategy increasingly untenable.
While huge armies of low-quality troops would be seen again (during the Korean War and in a number of African conflicts), after this victory the major powers relied upon small highly-trained and well-trained militaries. /Economics/World_War_II.shtml   (7179 words)

 Feb 17 EZLN Communiqué
Third—Despite seeing itself betrayed and injured in this way, the Clandestine Revolutionary Indigenous Committee, General Command of the Zapatista National Liberation Army, has ordered its troops to retreat to their positions in the mountains and to avoid armed conflict with the punitive expedition of the supreme government as much as possible.
The Zapatista National Liberation Army responds: The physical conditions for dialogue are not present.
Second—To the demonstrations of the disposition of the Zapatista National Liberation Army to seek a political solution to the conflict, the federal government responded with two-facedness. /library/pubs/lr/sp001716/feb17com.html   (691 words)

 Biographical Database
Internal struggles troubled the KMT soon after Sun's death in 1925, but military power remained in the hands of Chiang, and as commander in chief of the National Revolutionary Army he emerged as the most forceful leader of the party.
Sun's revolutionary activities relied heavily on funds generated in Chinese communities in Honolulu and Japan.As a boy, Sun was influenced by a teacher who had participated in the Taiping Rebellion, an uprising against the Qing dynasty.
During these last years of his life he made serious efforts to achieve national reunification by trying to persuade the leaders of the various northern factions to abandon their personal ambitions, but he died in Beijing on March 12, 1925, without having fulfilled that cherished goal, which was later achieved by his successor, Chiang Kai-shek. /chinesehistory/bio.html   (7492 words)

 Chapter 11, Section a6- Nationalist Movements
During the summer of 1925, Chiang, as commander-in-chief of the National Revolutionary Army, set out on the long-delayed Northern Expedition against the northern warlords.
In early 1927 the Kuomintang- CCP rivalry led to a split in the revolutionary ranks.
Kuomintang army forces led by Chiang Kai-shek attacked their Communist allies in Shanghai and several other cities, executing 5,000 to 6,000 of those captured. /chinesehistory/contents/c11sa06.html   (797 words)

 Zapatista Communique Oct 8, 1994
Communique from the Clandestine Revolutionary Indigenous Committee-General Command of the Zapatista National Liberation Army (EZLN)
Sixth: The recent political crime perpetrated against the Secretary General of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI)—a crime whose source should be sought within the government's own ranks—is a murderous response to the democratic impulses in the country.
Clandestine Revolutionary Indigenous Committee-General Command of the EZLN. /texts/pubs/lr/sp001714/zap8.html   (679 words)

 Who as Peng Dehuai?
He commanded a battalion and later a regiment in the National Revolutionary Army.
Peng is faced with the enormous problem of assembling an army of a quarter of a million: most field officers have no experience of fighting a conventional war against a well-organized army; transportation and communication are virtually non-existent.
Peng's original plan was to regroup the 13th Army Group to south of the Taedong River while the US X Corps in the east front is eliminated by the 9th Army Group. /2000/peng.htm   (2158 words)

 The Long March -- Kathryn Kolata
Nationalism: to supersede the narrow provincial and clan loyalties of the Chinese
Red Army should break through the ever-tightening Kuomintang circle, split into small units and fight guerrilla campaigns in the areas to the north and east of the enemy lines where there were no blockhouses.
Zhang believed that his army was the strongest, most viable army and deserved to be shown the appropriate amount of respect. /~journal/1999/Paper8.html   (6317 words)

 On Taking Prompt Punitive Action
Chen Tiaoyaun (1886-1943) was commander-in-chief of the Third Army Group (northern front) of the First Group Army of the National Revolutionary Army and concurrently commander of its 37th Army.
Guo Moruo (1892-1978) was deputy director of the General Political Department of the National Revolutionary Army during the Northern Expedition.
During the Northern Expedition, he served as commander of the 1st Division of the National Revolutionary Army. /reference/archive/zhou-enlai/1927/04/x01.htm   (1170 words)

 U.S. A - U.S. C
This is a brief and easily read article that traces the evolution of the "ranger tradition" from the seventeenth century wars between colonists and Native American tribes through the Revolutionary War.
According to Ruffner, "CIC Records...," CSI Bulletin 11 (Summer 2000), a declassified version of this originally classified work "is available to researchers at the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) at College Park, Maryland....
The Origin and Development of the Army Security Agency 1917-1947. /alpha_folder/U_folder/usa-c.html   (481 words)

  National Revolutionary Army (KMT), (1) 277, 317, 318
National Salvation Army, (III) 11, 24, 25, 26, 97, 149, 150, 151, 152, 153, 160, 161, 162, 163, 164, 165, 167, 168, 169, 174, 175, 178, 181, 182, 183, 184, 185, 186, 187, 188, 190, 193, 194, 195, 196, 197, 198, 199, 200, 274, 275, 291, 293, 294, 299, 343, 359, 379
Nationalism, (III) 4, 17, 19, 24, 37, 39, 40, 48, 58, 74, 97,102, 130, 137, 149, 150, 152, 154, 155, 160, 162, 163, 181, 186, 196, 200, 257, 268, 276, 293, 294, 309, 315, 325, 331, 335, 345, 357, 359, 361, 367, 374, 375, 376, 395 /war/concord.n.htm   (387 words)

 OA Online Editorials
After all, the Zapatista National Revolutionary Army’s march from its Chiapas headquarters into downtown Mexico City struck some observers more as the Mardi Gras than the Great March, given the lack of violence and the abundance of festivities and street theater.
Rather than revolutionary slogans, income redistribution and more political power for people who advocate the politics of Fidel Castro, Chiapas residents need freer markets, international investment and the good jobs and rising standard of living those things bring.
The election of Vicente Fox as president of Mexico last year is one of the most encouraging developments in years, given that Fox replaced the corrupt and statist Institutional Revolutionary Party which had governed Mexico as a one-party state for 70 years. /columns/edit031401.htm   (549 words)

 Northern Expedition - SmartyBrain Encyclopedia and Dictionary
Chiang was able to achieve victory over the warlords in large part because both the National Revolutionary Army and the Kuomintang were far better organized than the warlord armies which they faced.
In addition, Chiang had the advantage of a chain reaction effect as victory over one warlord encouraged others to defect to Chiang which strengthened his position even more.
The Northern Expedition began from a base area in Guangdong province. /index.php/Northern_Expedition   (288 words)

 Global Exchange : 052099.html
Marcos said his Zapatista National Revolutionary Army will continue to make the same demand of the next president -- greater justice for Mexico's poor Indians.
The ruling Institutional Revolutionary Party, or PRI, has decided for the first time to hold primaries to select a candidate to run for president in July 2000 elections, instead of following the tradition of having the incumbent -- in this case President Ernesto Zedillo -- pick his successor.
In a rare interview with a foreign reporter, the Zapatistas' Subcomandante Marcos said Tuesday that Zedillo was just trying to appear that he is expanding democracy -- while the system will still allow his political machine to control the choice of nominee. /countries/mexico/news/052099.html   (359 words)

 EZLN communique, 10 April
Communique from the Clandestine Indigenous Revolutionary Committee- General Command of the Zapatista National Liberation Army, Mexico.
Clandestine Indigenous Revolutionary Committee-General Command of the EZLN.
While these demands are not met our armed mission will continue and we will continue to wave our flag in the Mexican mountains. /documentos/1994/19940410b.en.htm   (239 words)

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