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Topic: Nativism

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In the News (Fri 19 Apr 19)

  Getting the Message Out! Political Culture: Nativism
By Michael F. Holt, Ph.D. In the nineteenth century, the term "nativism" referred to white, native-born, Protestant Americans' hostility to European immigrants.
But when immigration coincided with hard times, as it did in the late 1830s and early 1840s and especially in the mid-1850s, and/or with periods of political discontent, then the charges advanced against immigrants multiplied and nativist groups formed independent political parties.
They attracted working class and middle class voters angered by the job competition from immigrants, the increase in crime, public drunkenness, and pauperism that accompanied immigration, the supposed pollution of the body politic by ignorant immigrant voters, and an assertiveness by Catholic clergymen that supposedly threatened the nation's Protestant values and institutions.
dig.lib.niu.edu /message/ps-nativism.html   (340 words)

  Nativism: American Anti-Catholic Sentiment, 1830-1845
Nativism's political relevance grew out of the increase of immigrants during the ‘20s and ‘30s and the anti-foreign writings that abounded during these decades.
While pivoting between anti-foreign and anti-catholic appeals, nativism became both practical and ideological in nature: platforms for the movement ranged from extending the length naturalization to protecting the sacredness of the Protestant Republic.
Clearly, early nineteenth-century nativism participated in significant political changes, and the goal of this paper is to summarize nativism between 1830 and 1845 while analyzing these major political developments.
are.as.wvu.edu /baker.htm   (0 words)

  HIST 275: Nativism, by Geoffrey S. Smith   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Nativism is a construct scholars employ to explain hostility and intense opposition to an internal minority on the grounds of its imputed foreign connections.
A third manifestation of nativism, sometimes overlapping with anti-Catholicism and anti-radicalism, developed during the 1840s as citizens celebrated their "manifest destiny" to bring the benefits of democracy and republican government to the Pacific.
Nativism did not disappear, however, as in the last quarter century antiforeign sentiment erupted during periods of economic duress, especially in areas in which these groups settled, and in contexts where political candidates like Pat Buchanan courted voters with antiforeign themes.
www.geoffsmith.org /courses/275nativism.html   (19528 words)

  Nativism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Nativism is a hostile and defensive reaction to the flux of immigration.
The term "nativism" is normally applied only to nativists of European stock, and accused by some of being a nationalist element of racism.
U.S. nativism appeared in the late 1790s in reaction to the political refugees from France and Ireland.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Nativism   (936 words)

 Highbeam Encyclopedia - Search Results for Nativism
nativism In sociological contexts, this term is used most commonly to refer to the negative, ethnocentric responses of native-born populations towards immigrants.
in anthropology, social movement that proclaims the return to power of the natives of a colonized area and the resurgence of native culture, along with the decline of the colonizers.
Race-ing toward civilization: sexual slavery and nativism in the novels of Pauline Elizabeth Hopkins and Alice Wellington Rollins.
www.encyclopedia.com /SearchResults.aspx?Q=Nativism   (770 words)

Nativism reached its political zenith ten years later with the meteoric rise of the "Know-Nothings." This secret fraternal organization, which sought to curtail the political power of Catholics and immigrants, probably derived its name from its members' pledge to feign ignorance if queried about the group.
Yet this may reflect the lack of large-scale immigration to the United States, because the quota system set up in the 1920s remains intact today, and attempts to prevent illegal immigration reflect public support for this system.
Whatever the case, it is clear that though immigration has played an important role in almost every period of American history, nativism has pervaded its past with equal persistence.
www.asij.ac.jp /middle/ac/ss/8sb/immigrationnativism.htm   (0 words)

This topic of nativism can be shown in three primary issues: immigration restriction, the KKK, and the cases of Sacco and Vanzetti.
The "rebirth" of the KKK was another sign of the nativism of the 1920s as this "new" KKK was not only anti-fl, but also anti-Jewish, anti-Catholic and anti-immigrant.
The case of Sacco and Vanzetti, two Italian-born radicals who were accused, convicted and executed for robbery and murder when there was little evidence of their having committed the crime is another example of nativism during the 1920s.
www.runet.edu /~shepburn/nativism.htm   (0 words)

 PAUL BLANSHARD AND THE NEW NATIVISM   (Site not responding. Last check: )
After the Civil War Nativism was revived by the American Protective Association, and the argument was somewhat changed.
The newness of the Nativism is revealed by the fact that it is not now Protestant but naturalist.
The primary accusation is that Catholicism is anti-American because America is a democracy, and democracy is necessarily based on a naturalist or secularist philosophy, and Catholicism is anti-naturalist.
www.georgetown.edu /users/jlh3/Murray/1951a.htm   (3064 words)

 Nativism (politics) Information
Nativism first gained a name and affected politics in mid-19th century United States because of the large inflows of immigrants from cultures that were markedly different from the existing Anglo-Saxon Protestant culture.
Nativism arose in Tokugawa-era Japan in response to the strong influence of Chinese culture.
Nativism is often leveled as a negative charge for the purposes of political rhetoric.
www.bookrags.com /wiki/Nativism_(politics)   (3859 words)

 Dangers of Nativism in the Religio-Political Sphere -NRA
Nativism is not confined to great national or social trends but is also evidenced in churches, political and civic organizations, families, and individuals.
Nativism can be defined as a strong desire to return to that which is most familiar and conducive to a sense of security and safety.
By definition, nativism is not anchored in a biblical hope for the future, but is instead enamored with past glories, real or imagined, and hence becomes a hindrance to positive, constructive, and forward looking reformation.
www.natreformassn.org /statesman/01/nativism.html   (1631 words)

 Cycles of Nativism in U.S. History
Nativism: a policy of favoring native inhabitants as opposed to immigrants.
The political conditions driving the new nativism were historically familiar: economic stagnation (in California), a widening gap between rich and poor, concerns about crime and moral breakdown, rising racial tensions, and widespread cynicism about social and political institutions.
Meanwhile, as the birthrate of natives declines, the economic well-being of cities and states becomes increasingly reliant on the influx of new immigrants.
www.energyofanation.org /95f01cf6-b15a-4923-8b98-f98f4e789eb0.html?NodeId=   (1329 words)

 Higham, "Strangers in the Land"   (Site not responding. Last check: )
He believes that nativism was a constant in American history, a kind of subterranean stream making its presence felt in 'cycles' or 'rhythms.' In depressions, it burst into the open; in times of prosperity, it sank again beneath the surface.
Higham describes the rise of nativism in the 1880s and its decline in the late 1890s, the various efforts at immigration restriction, the political battles over literacy tests for immigrants, World War I nationalism and its effects on immigrants, the Big Red Scare of 1919-1920, and the Ku Klux Klan....
It is Higham's thesis that prejudice and nativism do not necessarily go hand in hand, for nativism, he explains, generally comes not from external causes or from new peoples but rather from internal problems which seem to threaten the well being of the nation.
carbon.cudenver.edu /~rpekarek/ghighamstr.html   (1703 words)

 Nativism and Xenophobia in America : IMC-SA   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Xenophobia, that is, the distrust of strangers because of the fear that they pose a threat to the culture of the natives, is endemic to most societies.
Nativism made natural moral partners: foreigners were wasting themselves in drink, deluding themselves in choice of schooling, risking their souls by accepting the authority of sinister and manipulative priests who denied them access to the true Bible.
The native American was asked to see in the immigrant a vision of dangers confronting himself and his nation.
southafrica.indymedia.org /print.php?id=683   (2923 words)

 Innateness and Moral Psychology
Moral nativism has taken a backseat to linguistic nativism in contemporary discussions largely because Chomsky made a case for linguistic nativism characterized by unprecedented rigor.
Domain specificity has been the focus of much recent discussion of nativism, and while there are different notions of domain specificity, our interests will be in the notion of domain specificity that plays the central role in POS arguments.
Nativism does seem a natural answer, and it is at home both with the Chomskian approach and with various evolutionary accounts of morality (e.g., Ruse 1993).
www.philosophy.utah.edu /faculty/nichols/Papers/innatenessandmoral.htm   (8531 words)

 Sample Chapter for Mamdani, M.: When Victims Become Killers: Colonialism, Nativism, and the Genocide in Rwanda.
What distinguished native violence from the violence of the settler, its saving grace, was that it was the violence of yesterday's victims who have turned around and decided to cast aside their victimhood and become masters of their own lives.
If its outcome would be death, of settlers by natives, it would need to be understood as a derivative outcome, a result of a prior logic, the genocidal logic of colonial pacification and occupation infecting anticolonial resistance.
Before undertaking this analysis, however, I propose to discuss both how native and settler originated as political identities in the context of modern colonialism, and how the failure to transcend these identities is at the heart of the crisis of citizenship in postcolonial Africa.
www.pupress.princeton.edu /chapters/s7027.html   (6277 words)

 [No title]
I argue that the elements of a new nativist discourse are being assembled, and ask whether it signals that the country is on the threshold of another restrictionist era such as was ushered in by the passage of the Immigration Act of 1924.
Nativism came in several varieties and focused on different perils -- religious, racial, political -- at different times.
In the late 1880s and 1890s, nativism produced social strife, and during World War I, nativism brought political repression and set the stage for the most important piece of immigration restrictionist legislation in American history.
www.colorado.edu /Sociology/gimenez/papers/nativism.html   (1976 words)

In Strangers in the Land, Higham argues that nativism in America from 1860-1925 was driven by anti Catholic sentiment, fear of foreign radicals, and a sense of Anglo-Saxon supremacy.
He defines nativism as “intense opposition to an internal minority on the ground of its foreign (i.e., “un-American”) connections.”[1] Although Higham does a superb job tracing nativism in the United States up to 1925, he does not sufficiently examine the United States Supreme Court’s (USSC) response to nativist measures.
Nativism as a major force in the United States during the WWI era dated from the Haymarket Riot of 1886.
www2.davidson.edu /academics/acad_depts/rusk/prima/Vol3Issue1/Nativism.htm   (3570 words)

We will explore nativism in four sections: colonial discourse, nineteenth century discourse, modernist discourse, and contemporary ethnic discourse.
In this manner, we will explore the extent to which Nativism is a powerful hermeneutic with which we can interrogate literature, the academy, and the cultural contexts around us.
Using MLA format, list at least fifteen references related to Nativism; each bibliographical entry is followed by a three to four sentence synopsis of the major points and/or argument of the article of book.
asweb.unco.edu /latina/courses/specials/nativism.htm   (787 words)

 Psychological nativism - Psychology Wiki - a Wikia wiki   (Site not responding. Last check: )
In the field of psychology, nativism is the view that certain skills or abilities are 'native' or hard wired into the brain at birth.
This is in contrast to the 'blank slate' or tabula rasa view which states that the brain has little innate ability and almost everything is learned through interaction with the environment.
Nativism is most associated with the work of Jerry Fodor, Noam Chomsky, and Steven Pinker, who argue that we are born with certain cognitive modules(specialised genetically inherited psychological abilities) that allow us to learn and acquire certain skills (such as language).
psychology.wikia.com /wiki/Nativism   (306 words)

 Nativism in 19th c. America
A wave of nativism occurred after the huge migration of Irish Catholics into the U.S. during the Potato Famine of the mid 19th century.
Nativism reached its political zenith ten years later with the rapid rise of the "Know-Nothings." This secret fraternal organization, which sought to curtail the political power of Catholics and immigrants, probably derived its name from its members' pledge to feign ignorance if queried about the group.
Whatever the case, it is clear that though immigration played an important role in almost every period of American history, nativism pervaded its past with equal persistence.
score.rims.k12.ca.us /score_lessons/nativism/pages/historical_bg.html   (1404 words)

 What’s Within? Nativism Reconsidered
It is not a consideration and critique of contemporary nativism as such.
And on the other hand, nativists were also motivated by anti-naturalism, claiming that the various processes involved in knowledge-acquisition must fall outside of the purview of any natural science; this being opposed by empiricists who insisted that knowledge-acquisition must itself be a natural process, governed by natural laws.
This view is said to align with the anti-naturalist strand in classical nativism, since Fodor is shown as insisting that concept-acquisition cannot receive any cognitive explanation.
www.philosophy.umd.edu /Faculty/pcarruthers/Cowie.htm   (1188 words)

 AlterNet: Nashville's New Nativism
When Governor Phil Bredesen complained this summer that Tennesseans were being whipped into a "frenzy" over immigration, some took issue with the culprits he cited -- opportunistic Republican candidates -- but not a soul could challenge the accuracy of his description.
Nativism is a word that ruling class propagandists have already spent a lot of time demonizing, so therefore just by using the word, this article is able to negatively characterize the anti-immigration grassroots movement.
The mexicans are mostly descended from Native Peoples ("Indians") of central america.
www.alternet.org /story/40741   (0 words)

 Geoffrey Sampson: Empiricism v. Nativism
The terms nativism and empiricism are used for views which emphasize the role of nature and of nurture respectively.
These books refer to a broader range of considerations, including issues high in human interest such as case studies of pidgin languages, young children’s speech, experiments in teaching language to apes (whereas Chomsky’s arguments were rather dryly formal and mathematical).
I have been exposing the fallacies of linguistic nativism in print for thirty-odd years now, but Chomsky, Pinker, and their followers have scarcely ever publicly alluded to my critique – Pinker never has, so far as I know.
www.grsampson.net /REmpNat.html   (2142 words)

 Neural Constructivism and Language Acquisition. Ash Asudeh
Nativism about language is the claim that linguistic competence is determined by the genetic endowment of every human being (Cook and Newson, 1996) and it has been pursued as the best hypothesis in language acquisition for some time now (roughly since the publication of Chomsky, 1959).
Of course, a rebuttal of Fodor's arguments will cast doubt on nativism as the only hypothesis of language acquisition and there will be more reason to contend that the domain specificity and the innateness of other mental processes is questionable.
The contribution of constructivist neural networks to language acquisition is not a refutation of nativism, but is rather as a new paradigm for examining claims for and against nativism.
fccl.ksu.ru /papers/gp002.htm   (7171 words)

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