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Topic: Political nativism

In the News (Sat 21 Jul 18)

  Know Nothing - LoveToKnow 1911
In the early 'fifties nativism was revivified by an unparalleled inflow of aliens.
The times were propitious for the success of an aggressive third party; for the Whigs were broken by the death of Clay and Webster and the crushing defeat of 1852, and both the Whig and Democratic parties were disintegrating on the slavery issue.
In entering national politics the party abandoned its mysteries, without making compensatory gains; when it was compelled to publish a platform of principles, factions arose in its ranks; moreover, to draw recruits the faster from Whigs and Democrats, it "straddled" the slavery question, and this, although a temporary success, ultimately meant ruin.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /Know_Nothing   (1313 words)

 Nativism: American Anti-Catholic Sentiment, 1830-1845
Nativism's political relevance grew out of the increase of immigrants during the ‘20s and ‘30s and the anti-foreign writings that abounded during these decades.
Clearly, early nineteenth-century nativism participated in significant political changes, and the goal of this paper is to summarize nativism between 1830 and 1845 while analyzing these major political developments.
This petition appealed beyond local political agencies to the state legislature, and the New York state legislature found itself between the plea of the governor, calling for public funding of Catholic schools, and the discouragement of the Public School Society, warning of the precedent this act would set.
are.as.wvu.edu /baker.htm   (2893 words)

 4/15/04 Sawicky Populist
The dilemma for the militantly patriotic, right-wing worker is that the same disapproval that he or she intelligently applies to the manner in which moneyed elites mismanage the nation's economic affairs logically applies to their conduct of war and peace.
Buchanan's nativism is not helpful to the development of a populist movement because it alienates key sectors of the working class.
Nativism is an intrinsically absurd ideology to begin with.
www.populist.com /03.07.sawicky.html   (1000 words)

Nativism made natural moral partners: foreigners were wasting themselves in drink, deluding themselves in choice of schooling, risking their souls by accepting the authority of sinister and manipulative priests who denied them access to the true Bible.
The Native American was asked to see in the immigrant a vision of dangers confronting himself and his nation.
In the words of a Wisconsin leader of the 'United Americans', the new immigrants were, "under the control of a political and religious system of foreigners antagonistic to the foundations of America." These newcomers, unable to speak English, arrived in a low and vicious condition, allied to serfdom, must not be allowed to overwhelm America.
la.indymedia.org /print.php?id=20330   (2725 words)

 Dangers of Nativism in the Religio-Political Sphere -NRA
Nativism is not confined to great national or social trends but is also evidenced in churches, political and civic organizations, families, and individuals.
Nativism can be defined as a strong desire to return to that which is most familiar and conducive to a sense of security and safety.
By definition, nativism is not anchored in a biblical hope for the future, but is instead enamored with past glories, real or imagined, and hence becomes a hindrance to positive, constructive, and forward looking reformation.
www.natreformassn.org /statesman/01/nativism.html   (1631 words)

 Histories of Nativism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
Nativism and Slavery: The Northern Know Nothings and the Politics of the 1850s is truly superb -- historical research and writing of the highest quality.
Part of the explanation was general disgust at the old parties, and nativism particularly inspired demands for political reform: the pro-immigrant Democrats were (then as now) especially prone to commit vote-fraud.
Billington mentions almost in passing the two reasons for the rise of anti-Catholicism and nativism as political forces: increasing immigration, which greatly enlarged the Catholic population; and simultaneously, a religious revival among the native Protestant population, which was bound to react defensively against Catholic encroachment.
home.earthlink.net /~karljahn/nativism.htm   (1365 words)

 PAUL BLANSHARD AND THE NEW NATIVISM   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
This type of political organization, he admits, is still in the experimental stage; and the experiment has recently received setbacks, both from rising totalitarianism and from the tendency of the modern State towards self-aggrandizement and expanding controls over society.
The explicit thesis is a denial that the Church stands outside the political order and above it, and that she has a spiritual authority which, remaining spiritual, may reach into the temporal order, there to lay the protective grasp of its authoritative moral judgments on those elements of secular life which have a sacred aspect.
And the fact that the body politic is still under the influence of the “personal religion” of some of its members, and still diffusely permeated by the survivals of religious sentiment and ethical conviction in a larger number, does not assure an affirmative answer, given the aggressiveness of the secularist faith.
www.georgetown.edu /users/jlh3/Murray/1951a.htm   (3064 words)

 Nativism and Anti-Catholicism in the Mid-C19th
Catholicism, he claimed, was a political system in league with hostile foreign powers and which embraced political positions inimical to the liberties enjoyed by Americans.
Morse's position is known as "nativism," an umberella term for systematic hostility to foreigners, especially immigrants, in the name of national integrity.
In a sense, Morse came by his nativism honestly: his father, the Reverend Jedidiah Morse, had announced to his Boston congregation in 1798 that he was in possession of evidence proving an international conspiracy of "Bavarian Illuminati" to overthrow the United States.
www.etss.edu /hts/hts5/info2.htm   (796 words)

 Getting the Message Out! Political Culture: Nativism
But when immigration coincided with hard times, as it did in the late 1830s and early 1840s and especially in the mid-1850s, and/or with periods of political discontent, then the charges advanced against immigrants multiplied and nativist groups formed independent political parties.
They attracted working class and middle class voters angered by the job competition from immigrants, the increase in crime, public drunkenness, and pauperism that accompanied immigration, the supposed pollution of the body politic by ignorant immigrant voters, and an assertiveness by Catholic clergymen that supposedly threatened the nation's Protestant values and institutions.
By far the most massive and powerful political backlash against immigrants and Catholics before the Civil War, however, came with the Know Nothing movement of the mid-1850s.
dig.lib.niu.edu /message/ps-nativism.html   (340 words)

 Wikinfo | Nativism
The term Nativism is used in both politics and psychology in two fundamentally different ways.
In psychology, nativism is the view that certain skills or abilities are 'native' or hard wired into the brain at birth.
Nativism is most associated with the work of Jerry Fodor, Noam Chomsky and Steven Pinker, who argue that we are born with certain cognitive models (specialised genetically inherited psychological abilities) that allow us to learn and acquire certain skills (such as language).
www.wikinfo.org /wiki.php?title=Nativism   (480 words)

 Sample Chapter for Mamdani, M.: When Victims Become Killers: Colonialism, Nativism, and the Genocide in Rwanda.
When political analysis presents the genocide as exclusively a state project and ignores its subaltern and "popular" character, it tends to reduce the violence to a set of meaningless outbursts, ritualistic and bizarre, like some ancient primordial twitch come to life.
To explore the relationship between history and politics is to problematize the relationship between the historical legacy of colonialism and postcolonial politics.
What distinguished native violence from the violence of the settler, its saving grace, was that it was the violence of yesterday's victims who have turned around and decided to cast aside their victimhood and become masters of their own lives.
press.princeton.edu /chapters/s7027.html   (6277 words)

 University of Calgary - Department of Political Science: POLITICAL IDEAS
An introduction to the study of political ideologies, e.g., nationalism, socialism, liberalism, and fascism.
An examination of selected classical texts from historians, dramatists and political philosophers with special focus upon the concepts relevant to political problems in the twentieth century.
Political analysis of how selected works of literature articulate visions of order and disorder.
www.ucalgary.ca /poli/PoliticalIdeas.htm   (439 words)

 HIST 275: Nativism, by Geoffrey S. Smith
A third manifestation of nativism, sometimes overlapping with anti-Catholicism and anti-radicalism, developed during the 1840s as citizens celebrated their "manifest destiny" to bring the benefits of democracy and republican government to the Pacific.
During the war of 1812 delegates to the Hartford Convention (1814-1815) threatened secession after denouncing the impact of the war upon their section's economy, declaring that European monarchs were "dumping" paupers on American shores, and proposing a constitutional amendment that would exclude naturalized citizens from holding civil office or serving in Congress.
Nativism did not disappear, however, as in the last quarter century antiforeign sentiment erupted during periods of economic duress, especially in areas in which these groups settled, and in contexts where political candidates like Pat Buchanan courted voters with antiforeign themes.
www.geoffsmith.org /courses/275nativism.html   (19528 words)

 Nativism (politics) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Although opposition to immigration is a feature of all countries with immigration, the term nativism originated in American politics, and has a specific meaning.
While the distinguishing feature of nativism is the opposition between established inhabitants and recently arrived immigrants, the specifics of each situation creates different dynamics.
Nativism first gained a name and affected politics in mid-19th century United States because of the large inflows of immigrants from cultures that were markedly different from the existing American culture.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Nativism   (3100 words)

 Rhode Island History: Chapter 4
The most momentous developments in this formative era, however, were a transformation of the state's economy from an agrarian-commercial to an industrial base and a governmental transformation from colonial charter to written state constitution, accomplished after a long period of reform agitation and a serious political upheaval known as the Dorr Rebellion.
In a trial of less than two weeks, he was found guilty by a jury composed entirely of political opponents and sentenced to hard labor in solitary confinement for life.
A Democratic General Assembly restored Dorr's civil and political rights in 1851 and in 1854 reversed the treason conviction.
www.rilin.state.ri.us /studteaguide/RhodeIslandHistory/chapt4.html   (1245 words)

 [No title]
To the natives, it seemed as if foreigners speaking strange languages with peculiar customs were taking over their jobs and their city.
The latter were incensed when a Catholic delegate introduced a bill in the legislature to share public funds with parochial schools and when Catholics demanded the use of their Douay Bible in public schools attended by Catholics.
In response, in the early 1850s Baltimoreans formed a new political organization called the American Party that sought to reform party politics and in their slogan, keep America for the Americans.
www.mdoe.org /nativism.html   (833 words)

According to Morrison “the eclipse of interparty debate between the Democrats and Whigs over expansion defines the politics of the extension of slavery.”(1) The political source of the Civil War, he submits, was anchored in the meaning of national expansion.
While Morrison focuses on the politics and rhetoric of territorial expansion during the mid-1800s more so than the complexities of slavery within their scope, he does argue that the issue of slavery was indeed intertwined with the issues of expansion.
The author delves heavily into the political climate of Jackson’s era and shows that the president believed annexation was important, but because of the developing sectional tensions, Jackson tabled the issue.
personal.tcu.edu /~SWOODWORTH/Morrison.htm   (2318 words)

 AmericanHeritage.com / THE KNOW-NOTHING UPROAR
More remarkable still, the political infant that accomplished these miracles was dedicated to principles that were basically unAmerican, for its sole claim to popular favor rested on its pledge to check the growth of the Catholic Church and foreign immigration.
The two incidents that started their spread a generation before they found political manifestation during the 1850’s were surprisingly trivial, yet they were of the sort that often alters the lives of men or nations.
The stage was set for that remarkable exhibit of political nativism that reached a climax in the elections of 1854 and 1855.
www.americanheritage.com /articles/magazine/ah/1959/2/1959_2_58.shtml   (4530 words)

 Session 117   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
Seeing themselves not as natives of the Southland, only as inhabitants, they in their literary writings initiated the process of turning the Southland into a fetishized object under voyeuristic gaze, a cultural icon with a fatal sensuality.
It was to transform what had been conventionally regarded as "old" (i.e., their roots in the past and the native) into a hot cultural commodity.
The nostalgic longing for an ever-receding past coincides, therefore, with a utopian vision of a better future, a land of political nativism characterized by communal support, tenacity, and an unfailing faith in the future.
www.aasianst.org /absts/2000abst/Inter/I-117.htm   (1033 words)

 1896: McKinley and the A.P.A.
Their influence in politics was beginning to wane, and this was disastrous for the organization, as many of its members had joined because of the political power it gave them (Desmond, 92).
The chief idea we had in view in the constitution was this, that we had not the right under the Constitution of this country to oppose any religious body on account of its dogmatic views, faith, etc,.
A review of his [McKinley's] political career brings to light many incidents showing that he has deliberately catered to the Catholic vote for no other reason than because he thought it was a vote that could be influenced in his behalf by special favors.
projects.vassar.edu /1896/apa.html   (2428 words)

 Ezra Cornell Time Line
Active in local politics and is delegate to Tompkins County convention of the Whig Party.
The establishment of the Liberty Party signals the entry into politics of antislavery forces.
Beginnings of political nativism: anti-Catholic and anti-immigrant movement.
rmc.library.cornell.edu /Ezra-exhibit/time/ECfa.timeline.html   (905 words)

 Indiana University of Pennsylvania - Political Science Department Faculty   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
March 1996, “Economic and Political Liberalization in the Gulf”, and “Stability and Security in the Persian Gulf”, presented at the Annual Meeting of the Western Political Science Association, San Francisco, CA.
March 1992, “The IMF and Political Violence: A Cross-National Analysis”, presented at the Annual Meeting of the Western Political Science Association, San Francisco, CA.
November 1991, “Elite’s Values and Economic Reform”, and “The IMF and Political Instability”, presented at the Annual Meeting of the Northeastern Political Science Association, Philadelphia, PA.
www.iup.edu /politicalscience/faculty/vita_bahgat.shtm   (2845 words)

 Journal of Social History
This study explores several issues under debate in the social and political history of the antebellum North.
Within the compass of two Massachusetts communities, it finds that traditional explanations of political nativism in the 1850s are incomplete.
In Amesbury and Salisbury, the familiar themes of politics in the 1850s--nativism, antislavery, antiparty populism--were political translations of anxieties over industrial and social change.
chnm.gmu.edu /jsh/volumes/29/issue_3/abstracts_3.htm   (1628 words)

 Nativism | Nativistic Movements | Questia.com Online Library   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
With each rise of Nativism, from the thirties on, and reaching a...a few short years, it had deep roots.
George Wallace and the New Nativism, 338 10.
In this regard, the "new nativism" is greatly...
www.questia.com /library/politics-and-government/political-science/political-movements/nativism.jsp   (623 words)

 The Amesbury-Salisbury strike and the social origins of political nativism in antebellum Massachusetts Journal of ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
In it, the activists declared it to be "the duty of every well-wisher to the prosperity of the state to unite" in favor of a ten-hour law.
Typically the Know Nothings are portrayed as "populists" disillusioned with the political status quo and distrustful of the major parties' capacity for change.
Though the development in political history of new analytic frameworks has raised fresh methodological and theoretical challenges,(7) the reintegration of social class and political economy with ethnoculture and sectionalism can yield a more nuanced understanding of popular political behavior in the 1850s.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_m2005/is_n3_v29/ai_18498209   (910 words)

 Mamdani, M.: When Victims Become Killers: Colonialism, Nativism, and the Genocide in Rwanda.
He coaxes to the surface the historical, geographical, and political forces that made it possible for so many Hutu to turn so brutally on their neighbors.
He finds answers in the nature of political identities generated during colonialism, in the failures of the nationalist revolution to transcend these identities, and in regional demographic and political currents that reach well beyond Rwanda.
The Politics of Indigeneity in Uganda: Background to the RPF Invasion 159
press.princeton.edu /titles/7027.html   (642 words)

 Bibliography on Political History
Abbott, J. "Chicago Politics and the Rise of the Boss: From Yankee and Cavalier Amateurs to Professional Politicians." _Social Class and Democratic Leadership_, ed.
Baker, J. _Affairs of Party: The Political Culture of the Northern Democrats in the Mid-Nineteenth Century_.
Baker, J. "Political Nativism: The Maryland KnowNothings as a Case Study." _Law, Society and Economy in Early Maryland_, eds.
www.h-net.org /~pol/bibs/jensenbib.html   (1480 words)

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