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Topic: Neoclassical architecture

In the News (Tue 20 Aug 19)

  Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Greek-inspired architecture in England is exemplified by such constructions as the Bank of England rotunda (1796) by Sir John Soane and the British Museum portico (1823–47) by Sir Robert Smirke (1781–1867).
In general, neoclassical sculptors tended to avoid the dramatic twisting poses and the colored marble surfaces characteristic of late baroque or rococo sculpture, preferring crisp contours, a noble stillness, and idealized white marble forms.
The earliest neoclassical sculpture was produced by artists in direct contact with Winckelmann’s circle in Rome—sculptors such as John Tobias Sergel (1740–1814), who on his return to his native Sweden carried the new style to northern Europe, and the Englishmen Thomas Banks (1735–1803) and Joseph Nollekens (1737–1823), who introduced the style to their homeland.
history.com /encyclopedia.do?vendorId=FWNE.fw..ne025100.a#FWNE.fw..n...   (1676 words)

 A2Z Languages: Pictures and information about the architecture of Paris
From the mid-12th century to the 16th century northern European architecture was characterized by the use of flying buttresses, pointed arches, ribbed vaults, and traceried windows.
Neoclassical architecture, which emerged in about 1740 and remained popular in Paris until well into the 19th century, had its roots in the renewed interest in classical forms.
The spread of neoclassical architecture during the 17th and 18th centuries was due in no small measure to the illustrated books that brought it to the attention of educated patrons.
www.a2zlanguages.com /Teenageprograms/paris/paris-architecture.htm   (1032 words)

 Neoclassical architecture
In architecture, neoclassicism was the dominant style in Europe during 1750s-1850s, marked by the imitation of Greco-Roman forms.
In France, Laugier laid the rational and geometrical groundwork for architecture; in England, neoclassical architecture interweaved with the Picturesque tradition; and Germany, under the influence from France and England, developed a national style with cultural significance.
The architectural impact of the Picturesque was the new emphasis it placed on architecture as part of an environment.
www.geocities.com /rr17bb/neoarch.html   (2405 words)

 The Architecture of Power
Architecture thus serves as a vehicle to understand the unique situation that arises when a society is nurtured by two distinct and strong cultural influences: the Spanish and the American.
Architecture in Puerto Rico was both exposed to a broader assortment of stylistic influences as a result of the war.
In it, the existing Neoclassical Spanish architecture was in sharp contrast with the new architectural vocabularies imported from the States.
www.cmu.edu /ARIS_3/text/text_vivoni.html   (3267 words)

 Neoclassicism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
There is an anti-Rococo strain that can detected in some European architecture of the earlier 18th century most represented in the Palladian architecture of Georgian Britain and Ireland but also recognizable in a classicizing of architecture in Berlin.
Neoclassicism continued to be a major force academic art through the 19th century and beyond— a constant antithesis to Romanticism or Gothic revivals — although from the late 19th century on it had often been considered or even reactionary in influential critical circles.
American architecture neoclassicism was one expression of American Renaissance movement ca 1890 - 1917 ; its last manifestation was in Beaux-Arts architecture and its very last large projects were the Lincoln Memorial (highly criticised at the time) the National Gallery in Washington D.C. and the American Museum of Natural History 's Roosevelt Memorial.
www.freeglossary.com /Neoclassicism   (1387 words)

 Golden Days in Copenhagen - Festival 1998   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Neoclassical architecture was the public face of the Golden Age and reached its pinnacle in the 19th century.
Neoclassical architecture is characterised by simplicity, symmetry and a preoccupation with antiquity.
Harsdorff’s Neoclassical façade décor set the standards for the reconstruction of Copenhagen following the devastating fires, and C.F. Hansen influenced the Italianate colours and classical idiom of the times following the bombardment of the city by the British in the Battle of Copenhagen in 1807.
www.goldendays.dk /composite-930.htm   (469 words)

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Neoclassical artists at first sought to replace the sensuality and what they viewed as the triviality of the rococo style with a style that was logical, solemn in tone, and moralizing in character.
The Empire style in architecture is epitomized by such mammoth public works as the triumphal arches at the Carrousel du Louvre, designed by Percier and Fontaine and begun in 1806, and the Champs-Élysées, designed by Jean-François Chalgrin and begun the same year.
Elsewhere, neoclassical architecture is exemplified in the work of the German Karl Friedrich Schinkel, such as the Royal Theater (1819-1821) in Berlin.
www.csus.edu /indiv/c/craftg/HRS134/Neoclassical.doc   (1535 words)

 Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
neoclassical style of architecture and interior design, popular in Great Britain during the reigns of the first four Georges, or from about 1715 to 1820.
This evolved into a monumental neoclassical style exemplified by Thomas Jefferson's elegant designs (1817–26) for the University of Virginia at Charlottesville.
Le Corbusier, born Charles Edouard Jeanneret in Switzerland in 1887, was a giant of 20th century architecture.
history.com /encyclopedia.do?vendorId=FWNE.fw..ge033100.a#FWNE.fw..g...   (588 words)

 UC Berkeley : Landscape Heritage Plan
The beaux-arts neoclassical style ascended in the United States during the last decade of the 19th Century with the work of such architectural firms as McKim, Mead and White.
Campus plans with strong beaux-arts neoclassical partis that did not employ neoclassical architecture included the Olmsted and Coolidge plan for Stanford University (1888), designed in the Richardsonian-Romanesque, and the Horace Trumbauer plan for the West Campus of Duke University (1925).
Most important to its beaux-arts neoclassical landscape was its interim use during 1909 as the site of the Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition, for which UC Berkeley architect John Galen Howard and landscape architects the Olmsted Brothers designed a magnificent beaux-arts neoclassical site plan.
www.cp.berkeley.edu /lhp/significance/context.html   (1763 words)

 AcademicDB - Architecture University Essays, Coursework and Dissertations
These three key aspects to architecture are fuelled by the aim of designers to attract and entertain residents and guests to an area and make the city and generally more pleasant place.
The architecture of the late Italian Renaissance was introduced in England by Inigo Jones in the 17th century.
Gehry’s newest architectural projects include the proposed and controversial New Jersey Nets complex in Brooklyn, New York, a satellite museum for the Guggenheim, a hospital wing in Scotland and a museum extension in Gehry’s birthplace of Toronto.
www.academicdb.com /Architecture   (3191 words)

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In his rejection of historical styles and precedents, and his advocacy of an architectural design founded on simplification of elements and the unity of functional and aesthetic considerations, Sullivan had a profound influence on residential, as well as commercial, architecture.
Many of the young architects who were influenced by Sullivan and participated in the debates and exhibitions of the Chicago Architectural Club became involved in a movement in the early part of the twentieth century that later became known as the Prairie School.
Architectural Forum (April 1965), in an article entitled "Improving on History" said, "Perhaps the job that Brenner did might best be termed an evocation—a calling forth of the inherent quality of the original.
www.grahamfoundation.org /foundation/madlener.asp   (2165 words)

 OSH - History & Vintage Photos - Architecture
A new style of architecture, neoclassical, had developed in Europe during the second half of the eighteenth century.
The neoclassical movement in America was an extension of neoclassicism in Europe.
Charles Bulfinch was one of the premier architects in the new Federal architecture.
www.ctosh.org /history_vintphotos/osh_hist_architecture.htm   (3441 words)

 LVKF - Neoclassical Architecture 1(2)   
The classicism that flourished in the period 1750-1830 is often known as Neoclassicism, in order to distinguish it, perhaps unnecessarily, from the classical architecture of ancient Rome or of the Renaissance.
Stylistically this began with an onslaught on Baroque architecture, which--with its emphasis on illusion and applied ornament--was felt to be manifestly untruthful.
An important architectural corollary of this idea, which was to spring into prominence in the 19th century, was the notion of a modern style of building.
members.tripod.com /stefanklenze/neoclassical_architecture_1(2).htm   (492 words)

 Canadian Architexts: Essays on Literature and Architecture in Canada, 1759-2005   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Were Scadding to have elaborated this scrap of architectural mythography into a retrospective manifesto of Toronto, he would surely have made less of the conveyance of bricks from elsewhere in the Canadas than of the continuous and continuing importation of architectural styles and designs from Britain, Europe, and the United States.
The neoclassical façade of the head office of the Bank of Montreal (1845-48) and the tubular steel construction of the Victoria Bridge (1854-60) over the St. Lawrence near Montreal had expressed the country’s economic aspirations on the eve of Confederation (see Chapter 6: The Centre in the Square and Chapter 9: HypheNations).
The architectural competition for the project (which was originally to have included a residence for the governor general as well as the Centre, East, and West blocks) elicited thirty three schemes in various styles, including neoclassical, Norman, Italian, and Elizabethan or Tudor.
www.uwo.ca /english/canadianpoetry/architexts/essays/architecture_literature_community.htm   (5913 words)

 Education World® - *Arts & Humanities : Design : Architecture : Periods & Styles : Neo-Classical   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Architecture of 18thCentury Dublin Dublin is noted for its graceful Georgian squares and streets and great civic buildings.
Neoclassical Architecture Read about the defining characteristics of Neoclassical architecture, the factors which led to its emergence and some of its major practitioners.
Neoclassical Style Tulane Provides a brief overview of Europe's rediscovery in the 1760s of the classical Greek and Roman styles.
db.education-world.com /perl/browse?cat_id=10413   (562 words)

 horn-ok-please.com Neoclassical architecture (via CobWeb/3.1 planetlab1.netlab.uky.edu)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
In Paris, many of the first generation of neoclassical architects received training in the classic French tradition through a series of exhaustive and practical lectures that was offered for decades by Jacques-François Blondel.
Neoclassical architecture was exemplified in Karl Friedrich Schinkel's buildings, especially the Old Museum in Berlin, Sir John Soane's Bank of England in London and the newly-built "capitol" in Washington, DC.
In American architecture, neoclassicism was one expression of the American Renaissance movement, ca 1890-1917; its last manifestation was in Beaux-Arts architecture, and its very last, large public projects were the Lincoln Memorial (highly criticised at the time), the National Gallery in Washington, D.C., and the American Museum of Natural History's Roosevelt Memorial.
www.horn-ok-please.com.cob-web.org:8888 /Neoclassical-architecture.htm   (650 words)

 Neoclassicism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Carolingian); Neo-Babylonian culture is a neoclassical revival, and in Persia the "classic" religion of Zoroaster, Zoroastrianism, is revived after centuries, to "re-Persianize" a culture that had fallen away from its own classic Achaemenean past.
The neoclassical writers and talkers, patrons and collectors, artists and sculptors of 1765 - 1830 paid homage to an idea of the generation of Pheidias, but the sculpture examples they actually embraced were more likely to be Roman copies of Hellenistic sculptures.
There is an anti-Rococo strain that can be detected in some European architecture of the earlier 18th century, most vividly represented in the Palladian architecture of Georgian Britain and Ireland, but also recognizable in a classicizing vein of architecture in Berlin.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Neoclassical   (1716 words)

 MELISSA BOOKS - Neoclassical Architecture in Greece
As one would expect, nineteenth- century urban architecture in Greece stemmed from European classicism, since European culture in general played a vital role in the life of the young state.
What is most important, though, is that this architecture developed in the shadow of its superb models, i.e.
Such was the urban build enviroment in Greece up until the early 20th century, with remarkable buildings, both architecturally and artistically, that today attracts an intense and growing interest.
www.melissabooks.com /architecture/neoclassical.htm   (187 words)

 Architecture   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Architecture, like other forms of design, was influenced by Urbanization and Industrialism.
In addition, architecture was no longer bound by the conventions of the past.
The U.S. Capital, an example of NeoClassical architecture, was inspired by the designs of the ancient Greeks and Romans.
personal.ecu.edu /pylypiwd/architecture.htm   (80 words)

 All About The Architecture - American architecture, colonial buildings, post-revolutionary architecture
This early Greek architecture (3000-700 BC) is characterized by the use of massive stone blocks for walls and by the occasional use of corbeled masonry to make primitive forms of vaults and domes, as in the Lion Gate and so-called Treasury of Atreus at Mycenae (1400-1200 BC).
It was, however, the column and the beam--post and lintel--that formed the basis of classical Greek architecture and that give it the simple, straightforward character that, together with its details, has led many scholars to speculate on its origins in the construction of primitive wooden huts.
Complexity and Contradiction in Modern Architecture (1968) by the architect Robert Venturi was a revolt against the ubiquitous glass boxes of the modernists, and it signaled the emergence of postmodern architecture.
www.e-scoala.ro /referate/engleza_architecture.html   (4119 words)

 Neoclassical Architecture in New England, USA
Neoclassical: monumental works with limited ornamentation and strict conformity to the canon of classical Greek and Roman architectural orders.
The grandeur and monumentalism of the Neoclassical style attested to its builders' sobriety, worthiness and seriousness of purpose, and America's fitness to sit in council with other, older countries more directly linked to the classical age.
Unlike the Greek Revival style, which borrowed certain elements from classical architecture, Neoclassicism demanded strict adherence to the Greek and Roman aesthetic.
www.newenglandtravelplanner.com /architecture/neoclassical.html   (151 words)

 The Neoclassical architecture with 3D architecture Drawing Software and architecture of Barcelona (via CobWeb/3.1 ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
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neoclassical-architecture.gagand.com.cob-web.org:8888   (546 words)

 Neoclassical architecture - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Many neoclassical architects were influenced by the drawings and projects of Étienne-Louis Boullée and Claude Nicolas Ledoux.
Neoclassicism first gained influence in Paris, through a generation of French art students trained at the French Academy in Rome and influenced by the presence of Charles-Louis Clérisseau and the writings of Johann Joachim Winckelmann, and in London, through the examples of Paris-trained Sir William Chambers and James "Athenian" Stuart.
Neoclassicism continued to be a major force in academic art through the 19th century and beyond— a constant antithesis to Romanticism or Gothic revivals— although from the late 19th century on it had often been considered anti-modern, or even reactionary, in influential critical circles.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Neoclassical_architecture   (1035 words)

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