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Topic: Neolithic


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In the News (Fri 20 Oct 17)

  
  Neolithic Age in Anatolia and Asia Minor
Neolithic age was the scene of many major developments and changes that the Human achieved after the relatively static Mesolithic period.
Actually Neolithic period is to be considered as the beginning of real civilization.
However, Neolithic houses were built adjacent to each other so forming sort of a defense system in place of massive fortification walls.
www.ancientanatolia.com /historical/neolithic.htm   (676 words)

  
  Neolithic period - Encyclopedia.com
The term neolithic is used, especially in archaeology and anthropology, to designate a stage of cultural evolution or technological development characterized by the use of stone tools, the existence of settled villages largely dependent on domesticated plants and animals, and the presence of such crafts as pottery and weaving.
In the Tigris and Euphrates river valleys, the Neolithic culture of the Middle East developed into the urban civilizations of the Bronze Age by 3500 BC Between 6000 BC and 2000 BC Neolithic culture spread through Europe, the Nile valley (Egypt), the Indus valley (India), and the Huang He valley (N China).
The late Neolithic in the Eastern Aegean: excavations at Gulpinar in the Troad.
www.encyclopedia.com /doc/1E1-Neolithi.html   (1296 words)

  
 Articles: Neolithic Warfare - Historical Text Archive
Because it is possible that Neolithic conditions after 3500 BC in areas outside of the Eastern Mediterranean were influenced by cultural diffusion from Egypt or Mesopotamia, I shall concentrate mainly on evidence earlier than that date.
Neolithic cave paintings show warriors forming a line, firing on command, and marching in column behind a leader who was wearing a distinctive uniform that distinguished him from the rest of his troops.
Neolithic cemeteries near the Dnieper rapids in the Soviet Union and at Schela Cladovei in Rumania also reveal the signs of warfare.
www.historicaltextarchive.com /sections.php?op=viewarticle&artid=167   (4485 words)

  
  Archaeology Wordsmith
A fourth Neolithic culture in the area, dating to the mid-2nd millennium BC was a combination of farming and fishing by people who moved there from the Lower Amur area.
The Neolithic was followed by the Mesolithic period, the Chalcolithic, or the Bronze Age, depending on the terminology used in different areas and the nature of the archaeological sequence itself.
Pastoral Neolithic settlement is attested as far to the south as the Serengeti Plain of northern Tanzania.
www.reference-wordsmith.com /cgi-bin/lookup.cgi?category=&where=headword&terms=Neolithic   (2678 words)

  
  Neolithic - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Neolithic (or "New" Stone Age) was a period in the development of human technology that is traditionally the last part of the Stone Age.
Early Neolithic farming is limited to a narrow range of crops (both wild and domestic) and the keeping of sheep and goats, but by about 7000 BCE it included the domestication of cows and pigs, the establishment of permanently or semi-permanently inhabited settlements and the use of pottery.
These structures (and their later Neolithic equivalents such as causewayed enclosures, burial mounds, and henges) required considerable time and labour to construct, which suggests that some influential individuals were able to organise and direct human labour.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Neolithic   (1579 words)

  
 Neolithic Europe - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Neolithic Europe refers to the time between the Mesolithic and Bronze Age periods in Europe, roughly from 7000 BC (the approximate time of the first farming societies in Greece) to ca.
Regardless of specific chronology, many European Neolithic groups share basic characteristics, such as living in small-scale, presumably egalitarian, family-based communities, subsisting on domestic plants and animals supplemented with the collection of wild plant foods and hunting, and producing hand-made pottery.
Their reasoning is first, that the spread of the Neolithic toolkit is more likely to occur through demic diffusion than through cultural diffusion, and second, that a sedentary population relying on domesticated plants and animals will grow much faster than a nomadic, foraging population.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Neolithic_Europe   (1515 words)

  
 Neolithic Culture in China
Neolithic cultures are distinguished from earlier Paleolithic and Mesolithic structures by the domestication of plants and animals, and extensive making and use of stone tools.
Neolithic cultures have been shown to have existed in southwest Asia as early as 8000 b.c.
During the early Neolithic period vessels were made using the coil technique where ropes of clay are circled on top of each other, pressed together and the surface smoothed over.
www.chinapage.com /archeology/neolithic.html   (306 words)

  
 Neolithic - BushcraftWiki   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The Neolithic, (Greek neos=new, lithos=stone, or "New Stone Age") was a period in the development of human technology that is traditionally the last part of the Stone Age.
The term "Neolithic" thus does not refer to a specific chronological period but a suite of behavioural and cultural characteristics including the use of (both wild and domestic) crops and the use of domesticated animals.
Neolithic peoples were skilled farmers, manufacturing a range of tools necessary for the tending, harvesting and processing of crops (such as sickle blades and grinding stones) and food production (e.g.
www.bushcraftwiki.com /wiki/Neolithic   (291 words)

  
 Ancient Neolithic Architecture - Great Buildings Online
Neolithic or "stone age" architecture includes some of the oldest known structures made by humankind.
Neolithic cultures are distinguished from earlier Paleolithic and Mesolithic structures by the domestication of plants and animals, and extensive making and use of stone tools.
Neolithic cultures have been shown to have existed in southwest Asia as early as 8000 b.c.
www.greatbuildings.com /types/styles/neolithic.html   (133 words)

  
 Neolithic Britain
The Neolithic or New Stone Age can be defined as the time when people took up agriculture as a way of life, and stopped being nomadic hunter-gatherers.
Neolithic farmers settled in stable communities, cleared land, planted wheat and barley, and raised herds of domesticated sheep, cattle, and pigs.
Communities were small, but they were communities, so people could and did indulge in large projects requiring group participation, such as the building of communal graves (long barrows), causewayed camps, and henges.
www.britainexpress.com /History/The_Neolithic_Era.htm   (392 words)

  
 Neolithic period. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
B.C. There the domestication of plants and animals was probably begun by the Mesolithic Natufian peoples, leading to the establishment of settled villages based on the cultivation of cereals, including wheat, barley, and millet, and the raising of cattle, sheep, goats, and pigs.
B.C. Neolithic culture spread through Europe, the Nile valley (Egypt), the Indus valley (India), and the Huang He valley (N China).
B.C., Neolithic cultures based on the cultivation of corn, beans, squash, and other plants were present in Mexico and South America, leading to the rise of the Inca and Aztec civilizations and spreading to other parts of the Americas by the time of European contact.
www.bartleby.com /65/ne/Neolithi.html   (461 words)

  
 Neolithic Stone Age in Prehistoric Ireland
The Neolithic settlers set about clearing upland forest (which was thinner and easier to clear than lowland forest) with stone axes, or by burning it, in order to build their permanent farms.
Neolithic farmers may have lived in larger communities than the Mesolithic Irish did, with a number of families living in a cluster of houses with perhaps a larger multi-purpose building in the centre.
A Neolithic house was rectangular and made either from tree trunks sunk vertically into the ground or from woven branches covered with mud.
www.fortunecity.com /bally/sligo/93/past/pre_norman_history/neolithic_age.html   (2533 words)

  
 BALKAN NEOLITHIC PERIOD
It is assumed that the Neolithic establishment on the Balkans had been accomplished under the influence of the migrating Neolithic population of Anatolia, which had merged itself with the smaller local Mesolithic population.
The separate phases in the development of the Neolithic cultures in Bulgarian lands have been defined according to the change in the shape of the pottery, to the different manufacturing methods and in the use of different styles for ornamentation.
During the last stage of the Late Balkan Neolithic, the development of the shapes of the dishes continues in the stages Karanovo for Thrace, the cultures Kurilo and Topolnitsa for west Bulgaria, Usoe I and II for central and north Bulgaria and Hamandgia for Dobrudja (north-east Bulgaria).
www.worldmuseumofman.org /balkanneolithic1.htm   (1247 words)

  
 [No title]
Because it is possible that Neolithic conditions after 3500 BC in areas outside of the Eastern Mediterranean were influenced by cultural diffusion from Egypt or Mesopotamia, I shall concentrate mainly on evidence earlier than that date.
Neolithic cave paintings show warriors forming a line, firing on command, and marching in column behind a leader who was wearing a distinctive uniform that distinguished him from the rest of his troops.
Neolithic cemeteries near the Dnieper rapids in the Soviet Union and at Schela Cladovei in Rumania also reveal the signs of warfare.
history.eserver.org /neolithic-war.txt   (4309 words)

  
 Learn more about Neolithic in the online encyclopedia.   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The term "Neolithic" is associated with a suite of specific behavioural characteristics including the use of domesticated animals (from ca.
The Neolithic people of Northwestern Europe built elaborate tombs for their dead.
A glance at such cultures as the Iroquois, Pueblo people, Maya civilization and the Maori shows that a culture may be highly socially and politically sophisticated in many ways without knowledge of the use of metals.
www.onlineencyclopedia.org /n/ne/neolithic.html   (529 words)

  
 Search Results for Neolithic -¬†Encyclop√¶dia Britannica
The subsequent Neolithic Period saw the introduction from western Asia of farming and the raising of domesticated animals.
The Neolithic Period, or New Stone Age, the age of the ground tool, is defined by the advent around 7000 BC of ground and polished celts (ax and adz heads) as well as similarly treated chisels and...
Neolithic culture (1900–1350) of the central plains of northern...
www.britannica.com /search?query=Neolithic   (522 words)

  
 The State Hermitage Museum: Collection Highlights
Neolithic art is represented by a number of large and varied collections of objects found in vast isolated areas in Eastern Europe, Siberia and Central Asia.
The objects found give an idea of the culture and art of Neolithic tribes who, from the 6th millenium to the middle of the 2nd millenium BC, inhabited the country between the rivers Volga and Oka, the Urals, and southern areas of the Pskov region including settlements in Karelia.
Neolithic everyday objects reveal that fishing and hunting were the main occupations of the inhabitants of the forest territories.
www.hermitagemuseum.org /html_En/03/hm3_2_2.html   (249 words)

  
 Neolithic
At the beginning of the Neolithic period, England was covered in forests: by the end of the period woodland stood out in islands in the landscape.
It is possible that Neolithic peoples selectively removed limes in favour of oak and beech which provided autumn acorn and beech mast forage for their swine.
Although Neolithic settlements have yet to be found in our area, NW Surrey has produced the only certain examples in the county.
www.chobham.info /neolithic.htm   (1281 words)

  
 Neolithic Age from 4,000 BC to 2,200 BC or New Stone Age
Neolithic Age from 4000 BC to 2200 BC The way of life of the Hunter Gatherer of the Mesolithic carried on virtually unchanged until around 4000 BC, when the first evidence of farming appears in the archaeological record.
The Neolithic farmers began to build permanent settlements and, by using fire and more advanced stone tools like polished stone axes, began the deforestation of large sections of land for the planting of crops.
The people of the Neolithic were also the builders of the stone circles, the henges and burial Cairns that pepper the landscape of Scotland.
www.archaeolink.co.uk /Neolithic-Age.html   (272 words)

  
 The Individualist: Neolithic
The term "Neolithic" thus does not refer to a specific chronological period, but rather to a suite of behavioural and cultural characteristics including the use of (both wild and domestic) crops and the use of domesticated animals.
Early Neolithic farming is limited to a narrow range of crops (both wild and domestic) and the keeping of sheep and goats, but by about 7000 BC it included the domestication of cows and pigs, the establishment of permanently or semi-permanently inhabited settlements and the use of pottery.
The word Neolithic has two meanings, one purely technical, and the other of broader implications: (1) the manufacture and use of polished stone implements, in the form of axes, adzes, gouges, chisels, and hoes; (2) the conquest of the procreative forces of the biological world, through agriculture and animal husbandry.
www.dadamo.com /wiki/wiki.pl/Neolithic   (2703 words)

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