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Topic: Neoplatonism

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  Neoplatonism in Islamic philosophy
The Alexandrian philosophical syllabus was imbued with Neoplatonism and coated with Aristotelianism.
Neoplatonism in Islam may be said to have reached its furthest limits of development in the thought of Isma'ili theologians such as Hamid al-Din al-Kirmani on the one hand, and that of Shihab al-Din Yahya al-Suhrawardi and Muhyi al-Din Ibn al-'Arabi on the other.
Neoplatonism as a radical system of philosophical thought with a controversial theological agenda was enshrined in the writings of such thinkers as the Ikhwan al-Safa', but generally speaking its greatest surviving influence was, and is, on the theology of the Isma'ili sect in Islam, one of the three great divisions of Shi'ism.
www.muslimphilosophy.com /ip/rep/H003.htm   (2887 words)

  Neoplatonism - LoveToKnow 1911
Neoplatonism perceived that neither sense perception nor rational cognition is a sufficient basis or justification for religious ethics; consequently it broke away from rationalistic ethics as decidedly as from utilitarian morality.
Neoplatonism claimed to be not merely the absolute philosophy, the keystone of all previous systems, but also the absolute religion, reinvigorating and transforming all previous religions.
Neoplatonism thus represents a stage in the history of religion;' indeed this is precisely where its historical importance lies.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /Neoplatonism   (7418 words)

 Neoplatonism [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]
Neoplatonism is a modern term used to designate the period of Platonic philosophy beginning with the work of Plotinus and ending with the closing of the Platonic Academy by the Emperor Justinian in 529 CE.
The origins of Neoplatonism can be traced back to the era of Hellenistic syncretism which spawned such movements and schools of thought as Gnosticism and the Hermetic tradition.
Augustine, also, was responsible for imparting a sense of Neoplatonic doctrine to the Latin West, but this was by way of commentary and critique, and not in any way a systematic exposition of the philosophy.
www.utm.edu /research/iep/n/neoplato.htm   (6884 words)

  Neoplatonism. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
Neoplatonism was a viable force from the middle of the 3d cent.
The Neoplatonic cosmology also had religious overtones, for Plotinus believed that people potentially sought a life in which the individual soul would rise through contemplation to the level of intelligence (the Divine Mind) and then through mystic union would be absorbed in the One itself.
There are thus two reciprocal movements in Neoplatonism: the metaphysical movement of emanation from the One, and the ethical or religious movement of reflective return to the One through contemplation of the forms of the Divine Mind.
www.bartleby.com /65/ne/Neoplato.html   (952 words)

  Neoplatonism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Neoplatonism (also Neo-Platonism) is a school of philosophy that took shape in the 3rd century A.D. Based on the teachings of Plato and the Platonists, it contained enough unique interpretations of Plato that some view Neoplatonism as substantively different from what Plato wrote and believed.
Neoplatonism survived in the Eastern Christian Church as an independent tradition and was reintroduced to the west by Plethon.
Neoplatonism itself had a major impact on Shia Muslims known as the Isma'ilis, and became the substratum for its theology.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Neoplatonism   (2578 words)

Iamblichus was the chief representative of Syrian Neoplatonism.
In the West, Christian neoplatonism exerted a strong influence on philosophy and theology at least until the rise of scientific materialism in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.
Neoplatonism had a profound effect on mediaeval Christian and Islamic mystical thought and on Jewish Kabbalah, Renaissance Hermeticism, the Cambridge Platonism of the 18th century, and 19th century Theosophy.
www.kheper.net /topics/Neoplatonism/Neoplatonism-history-of.htm   (1823 words)

 Neoplatonism and Michelangelo
In the Renaissance, Neoplatonism enjoyed a resurgence in popularity, and was not thought of as being in opposition to Christianity.
Neoplatonism, as a school of thought, had its origins in the work of Plotinus in the third century.
Condivi argued that the theme of the tomb was primarily a tribute to the dead pope.
www.faculty.de.gcsu.edu /~dvess/micel.htm   (4213 words)

 20th WCP: The Neoplatonist Roots of Sufi Philosophy
According to neoplatonism, God is conceived as the source and goal of everything; from him everything comes, to him all things return; he is the alpha and omega, the beginning, middle and end.
Neoplatonism is the closest doctrine of thought to Sufi philosophy in terms of their system of belief.
The mystic elements within neoplatonism, woven together with ancient Anatolian beliefs (eg, the sacredness of natural events such as the sun which is incorporated in sufism in the belief of God's resemblance to the sun), prepared the way for liberal interpetations of Islamic principles in sufi philosophy.
www.bu.edu /wcp/Papers/Comp/CompGode.htm   (2313 words)

Since Neoplatonism contained elements of asceticism and unworldliness it was strongly favored by the early Fathers of the Christian Church.
The revival of Neoplatonism begun with the German Roman Catholic speculative philosopher Nicholas of Cusa and other mystics who sought to overcome the doubt arising from the limitations of human knowledge by espousing the theory of man’s direct intuition of God.
Such a theory was closely aligned with the Neoplatonic doctrine that the soul when in a state of ecstasy has the power to transcend all finite limitations.
www.themystica.com /mystica/articles/n/neoplatonism.html   (685 words)

Neoplatonism is a type of idealistic monism in which the ultimate reality of the universe is held to be an infinite, unknowable, perfect One.
Other important Neoplatonic thinkers were the Syrian-Greek scholar and philosopher Porphyry, the Syrian-Greek philosopher Iamblichus, and the Greek philosopher and mathematician Proclus.
The elements of asceticism and unworldliness in Neoplatonism appealed strongly to the Fathers and Doctors of the Christian Church.
www.ron-turner.com /neoplatonism.html   (620 words)

 Tarot.com :: Tarot, Astrology, Numerology & I-Ching
Neoplatonism adopted initiations, rituals, spells, and passwords to be used during the ascent (Betts 1986).
Nevertheless, Augustinian Neoplatonic theory held that the intense love and pity evoked by such images were an integral part of the mystical ascent and medieval saints are often depicted as staring intently at a crucifix.
The Neoplatonism implicit in Dante and Petrarch became explicit in Luigi Marsigli and Coluccio Salutari.
www.tarot.com /about-tarot/library/boneill/neoplatonism   (8374 words)

 Highbeam Encyclopedia - Search Results for Neoplatonism
Fundamental to Neoplatonism was the concept of the...
Neoplatonism was a religious and philosophical system based on elements from Plato, Pythagoras, Aristotle, and the Stoics, with overtones of Eastern mysticism.
It is characteristic of Neoplatonism and of Gnosticism and is frequently encountered in Indian metaphysics.
www.encyclopedia.com /SearchResults.aspx?Q=Neoplatonism   (746 words)

 Tarot.com :: Tarot, Astrology, Numerology & I-Ching
Neoplatonism is a term coined in the mid-nineteenth century (Harris 1972) to describe late Greek/Alexandrian philosophy (Merlan 1960).
Neoplatonism adopted initiations, rituals, spells, and passwords to be used during the ascent (Betts 1986).
Nevertheless, Augustinian Neoplatonic theory held that the intense love and pity evoked by such images were an integral part of the mystical ascent and medieval saints are often depicted as staring intently at a crucifix.
horoscopes.aol.tarot.com /about-tarot/library/boneill/neoplatonism   (8373 words)

 Doull, Neoplatonism
This completion he found in Neoplatonism: the divine self-consciousness which was for Aristotle the first among substances became in the full development of Neoplatonism the one comprehensive substance which, going into the division of an ideal and a sensible world, was at once the origin of that division and the end to which it returned.
The student of Neoplatonism at least is unlikely to confuse this with the so-called scepticism of Hume or Schultze.
Although Proclus has moved far from Plotinus and early Neoplatonism towards a concrete concept of man, there is still a distance to go if the sensible individual is to be known as the immediate existence of the whole man. The original concept and desire of Neoplatonism is not yet fully realized.
www.mun.ca /animus/1999vol4/doull4.htm   (15610 words)

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