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Topic: Nestorian Schism


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In the News (Wed 20 Mar 19)

  
  The Eastern Schism
However, the Eastern Schism always means that most deplorable quarrel of which the final result is the separation of the vast majority of Eastern Christians from union with the Catholic Church, the schism that produced the separated, so-called "Orthodox" Church.
It is a case, perhaps the only prominent case, of a pure schism, of a breach of intercommunion caused by anger and bad feeling, not by a rival theology.
The Eastern Schism was not a movement arising in all the East; it was not a quarrel between two large bodies; it was essentially the rebellion of one see, Constantinople, which by the emperor's favour had already acquired such influence that it was able unhappily to drag the other patriarchs into schism with it.
www.catholicity.com /encyclopedia/s/schism,eastern.html   (4871 words)

  
 Nestorianism - OrthodoxWiki
Nestorianism is a Christological heresy which originated in the Church in the 5th century out of an attempt to rationally explain and understand the incarnation of the divine Logos, the Second Person of the Holy Trinity as the man Jesus Christ.
Nestorianism teaches that the human and divine essences of Christ are separate and that there are two persons, the man Jesus Christ and the divine Logos, which dwelt in the man. Thus, Nestorians reject such terminology as "God suffered" or "God was crucified", because they believe that the man Jesus Christ suffered.
Nestorian ideas were originally confined to the writings of Diodore, Theodore of Mopsuestia and their close followers in Antioch.
orthodoxwiki.org /Nestorianism   (3107 words)

  
 Nestorianism - Theopedia
Nestorianism is basically the doctrine that Jesus existed as two persons, the man Jesus and the divine Son of God, rather than as a unified person.
This view of Christ was condemned at the Council of Ephesus in 431, and the conflict over this view led to the Nestorian schism, separating the Assyrian Church of the East from the Byzantine Church.
The problem with Nestorianism is that it threatens the atonement.
www.theopedia.com /Nestorianism   (264 words)

  
 How Greek Science Passed to the Arabs   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
In the first place Hibha [a Nestorian] had introduced the Aristotelian logic to illustrate and explain the theological teaching of Theodore, of Mopseustia, and that logic remained permanently the necessary introduction to the theological study in all Nestorian education.
From this as their headquarters Nestorian monks wandered trhough Arabia, visiting the great fairs and preaching to such as were willing to listen to them.
Most of the translators of the next generation received their training from Hunayn or his pupils, so that he stands out as the leading translator of the better type, though some of his versions were afterwards revised by later writers.
www.nestorian.org /how_greek_science_passed_to_th.html   (1569 words)

  
 Nestorianism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This, and not strict Nestorianism, is the teaching of the Assyrian Church.
Nestorianism was particularly active in the 12th century, being a state religion of Kidans in the times of Elyui Dashi.
As outlined above, the Assyrian Church of the East and the "Nestorian" Church of the East and Abroad represent a historical continuity with the Nestorian Christianity, though it is debated whether their doctrine is actually Nestorian.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Nestorian   (1413 words)

  
 Nestorianism Summary
The Antiochene theologians (the forerunners of Nestorianism) believed that Jesus Christ was the result of a union between the divine Son of God and the man Jesus.
Nestorianism, however, is not to be identified with the teaching of Nestorius, though he is venerated by the Nestorian church (i.e., the church of eastern Syria and Persia).
Historical references to Nestorians are to the Assyrian Church of the East, commonly described as Nestorian because it refused to drop support for Nestorius and denounce him as an heretic.
www.bookrags.com /Nestorianism   (2147 words)

  
 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Eastern Schism
From the time of Diotrephes (3 John 1:9-10) there have been continual schisms, of which the greater number were in the East.
The loyalty of the Eastern Christians on the other hand went first to his own patriarch, so there was here always a danger of divided allegiance — if the patriarch had a quarrel with the pope — such as would have been inconceivable in the West.
There were fifty-five years of schism (343-98) during the Arian troubles, eleven because of St.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/13535a.htm   (4881 words)

  
 John of Antioch
Towards these bishops (the first founders of the Nestorian Church in East Syria) John used a policy of moderation and concession, as far as was possible without sacrificing the Faith of Ephesus, from which he did not again swerve.
When a definite Nestorian schism organized itself at Edessa, it was by renouncing the obedience of Antioch.
John even invoked the civil power to put an end to the schism, and so began the persecution of the Nestorians that ended an their escaping across the frontier to Persia.
www.catholicity.com /encyclopedia/j/john_of_antioch.html   (1117 words)

  
 Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Nestorianism
Nestorianism is the Christian doctrine that Jesus existed as two persons, the man Jesus and the divine Son of God, or Logos, rather than as a unified person.
However, the Assyrian Church has continued to be called "Nestorian" in the West to distinguish it from other ancient Eastern churches, despite the fact that Babai's Christology is basically the same as that of Catholicism and Orthodoxy; the Baltimore Catechism teaches that Christ is one "person" (like Babai's parsopa) but has two "natures" (Babai's qnome).
As outlined above, the Assyrian Church of the East and the "Nestorian" Church of the East & Abroad represent a historical continuity with the Nestorian Christianity, though it is debated whether their doctrine is actually Nestorian.
www.reference.com /browse/wiki/Nestorianism   (1412 words)

  
 Christian Faith : History :: Nestorianism
Nestorians stressed the independence of the divine and human natures of Christ and, in effect, suggested that they were two persons loosely united.
Nestorian scholars played a prominent role in the formation of Arab culture, and patriarchs occasionally gained influence with rulers.
The Nestorian Church in India, part of the group known as the Christians of St. Thomas, allied itself with Rome (1599), then split, half of its membership transferring allegiance to the Syrian Jacobite (Monophysite) patriarch of Antioch (1653).
www.neobyzantine.org /orthodoxy/history/nestorian.php   (649 words)

  
 Nestorianism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
The term Nestorianism is eponymous, even though the person who lent his name to it always denied the associated belief.
The condemnation resulted in the Nestorian schism and the separation of Assyrian Church of the East from the Byzantine Church.
In addition to the Assyrian Church of the East, some Protestant and Reformed organizations foster or tolerate doctrine that could be seen as Nestorian, specifically the doctrine that the Virgin Mary is merely the Mother of "Christ's humanity" and denying that she could be seen as the Mother of the Son of God.
nestorianism.iqnaut.net   (969 words)

  
 Who are the Assyrians   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Accordingly, the Nestorians promoted three legends in support of that contention while relating them to the three Magi and their visit to the infant Jesus, the story of King Abgar of Edessa, and the Acts of St. Thomas the Apostle...
This is the church erroneously called Nestorian, after the Cilician Nestorius, whom it antedates by about two and a half centuries...”[66] Hitti continues later, “The East Syrian Church was represented at the beginning of the First World War by… members domiciled around Urmiyah, al-Mawsil (Mosul) and central Kurdistan.
Assyrians have come to be called Nestorians, Chaldeans, Jacobites, Syriacs, Syrians, Maronites and Melkites through religious influences and by the governments that now rule over portions of what is their ancestral homeland.
www.nestorian.org /who_are_the_assyrians.html   (5201 words)

  
 How Greek Science Passed to the Arabs
Nestorian missions pushed on towards the south and reached the Wadi l-Qura', a little to the north-east of Medina, an outpost of the Romans garrisoned, not by Roman troops, but by auxiliaries of the Qoda' tribes.
From this as their headquarters Nestorian monks wandered through Arabia, visiting the great fairs and preaching to such as were willing to listen to them.
Abu Zakariah Yahya Ibn Masawaih, an Assyrian Nestorian.
www.aina.org /aol/peter/greek.htm   (1571 words)

  
 AD 354
If we are to judge by the Nestorian churches of today this was a misunderstanding.
The fight went on and in AD 451 the Nestorians claimed a victory in the council of Chaldeons in the year 451.
Nestorians adopted the name Chaldeon Church and the Patriarch took the title of Patriarch of Babylon.
www.acns.com /~mm9n/Malankara/5.htm   (1092 words)

  
 Communicatio idiomatum   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Nestorianism is the Christian doctrine that Jesus existed as two persons, the man Jesus and the divine Son of God, rather than as a unified person.
Nestorianism, Nestorianism - Nestorius, Nestorianism - Christological implications, Nestorianism - The involvement of the Assyrian Church, Nestorianism - The spread of Nestorianism, Nestorianism - Modern Nestorianism
The Sassanid Persian kings, who were at constant war with Byzantium, saw the opportunity to assure the loyalty of their Christian subjects and supported the Nestorian schism: They granted protection to Nestorians (462).
www.globaloneness.com /communicatio_idiomatum   (909 words)

  
 Antiochene Theology, Theodoret
At the Council of Chalcedon (451), Theodoret was identified with the Nestorian opposition, but he was persuaded to renounce Nestorius and was recognized as orthodox.
Theodore's Christology, although it contributed to Nestorianism, anticipated the formula adopted at the Council of Chalcedon (451) on the dual but united natures of Christ.
The separation from the imperial church of the bishops who led the Nestorian schism and the capture of Antioch in 637 by the rising power of Islam checked the further distinctive development of the School of Antioch.
mb-soft.com /believe/txc/antioche.htm   (1517 words)

  
 "Forgotten Brothers" - the three-year social research programme on Oriental Christianity by the Centre for Comparative ...
The word 'Nestorians', used mostly in the West, has been derived from the name of Nestorius, a Persian monk and priest from Antioch, who was elected the Patriarch of Constantinople in 428.
The Nestorian Church is one of the oldest Christian communities, and it is also known as the East-Syrian Church, which differentiates it from the Jacobites.
The Nestorian Church covered the most extensive territory in the Christian world and could boast 27 metropolises and 230 dioceses which were inhabited by some 60 million people.
www.uj.edu.pl /IRO/NEWSLET/IRO11/FLIS-P.html   (1628 words)

  
 Chiesa assira   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
The Assyrian Church was split from the western churches as a result of the Nestorian schism in 431, but the theology of the Assyrian church cannot be defined as Nestorianism.
At the time of the arrival of the Nestorian refugees from Edessa, the prelate was Babaeus or Babowai (sometimes also called 'Babai', not to be confused with 'Babai the Great') (457-484), who appears to have received them with open arms.
In 1964, the issue of hereditary succession again caused a schism, with the subsequent election of Mar Thoma Darmo as a rival to the hereditary Mar Eshai Shimun XXIII.
www.itawiki.com /chiesa_assira.html   (2292 words)

  
 THE GREAT SCHISM The Estrangement of Eastern and Western Christendom   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
The schism was conditioned by cultural, political, and economic factors; yet its fundamental cause was not secular but theological.
Long before there was an open and formal schism between east and west, the two sides had become strangers to one another; and in attempting to understand how and why the communion of Christendom was broken, we must start with this fact of increasing estrangement.
Thus the schism was outwardly healed, but no real solution had been reached concerning the two great points of difference that the dispute between Nicolas and Photius had forced into the open.
www.freerepublic.com /focus/f-religion/1066873/posts   (19834 words)

  
 NESTORIUS   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
The question before us-whether the theology of the Church of the East is "Nestorian" or not-can be quickly answered if one is asking whether that church holds to the same Christological formulae as the historical figure, Nestorius.
The synod of Dadis°o`, which marks the beginning of the Church of the East's administrative separation vis-a-vis the "western" bishops is notable for its lack of a theological "cause of schism".
The outbreak of the "Nestorian" controversy in the West did not immediately demand action by the Church in the East, there was no Persian imperial pressure on the bishops to make a decision, and the bishops were on the whole apparently unwilling to do so.
www.cired.org /east/nest.html   (6019 words)

  
 ORB: Ecclesiology
Most of the schisms were caused by national and temperamental divergences among members of the Christian Church, but once the spirit of mutual charity had been lost, differences in doctrine made their appearance, for the divided Christian Churches fell into one-sided interpretations of the faith.
But the schisms invariably ended in a reconciliation, for both sides acknowledged that the Church of Christ must include both Eastern and Western Christians, and that their gifts were complementary.
This file may be copied on the condition that the entire contents,including the header and this copyright notice, remain intact.The contents of ORB are copyright © 1995-1999 Laura V. Blanchard and Carolyn Schriber except as otherwise indicated herein.
the-orb.net /textbooks/eccles/relations.html   (616 words)

  
 The Antiochene School
At the Council of Chalcedon (451), Theodoret was identified with the Nestorian opposition, but he was persuaded to renounce Nestorius and was at last recognized as an orthodox theologian.
The separation from the imperial church of the bishops who led the Nestorian schism and the capture of Antioch in 637 by the rising power of Islam checked any further distinctive development of the School of Antioch.
Nevertheless for almost five centuries it had balanced the teaching of the school of Alexandria with its emphasis on the divinity of Christ compared to the humanity of the Antiochene School.
mariannedorman.homestead.com /Antioch.html   (2995 words)

  
 The 11th to the 13th Centuries: Innocent III and the Great Schism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
The struggle between the temporal power of the Kings and the spiritual pressure of the popes came to a head in the reigns of Pope Nicholas II (1059 - 1061) and Gregory VII (1073 - 1085) in their opposition to King Henry IV.
The Orthodox, in return, have hurled against Western Christians charges of arrogance and pride, and have insisted that both Latins and Protestants have wilfully departed from the sound tradition of the early Church and perverted their religion by arbitrary and harmful innovations.
Both parties wilfully persisted in their errors; one side was arrogant, the other unforgiving: the West tried hard to induce the East to submit; the latter remained firm in its refusal to open its heart and mind to those who had formerly been allies and who had violated the bond of peace and love.
dlibrary.acu.edu.au /staffhome/yukoszarycz/ecc/MOD5.HTML   (6580 words)

  
 Mohammed upon the fact of God
It was the intestine war between the Nestorians and Cyrilians that engendered Islamism; and it is in the convent of Bozrah that the prolific seed was first sown by Bahira, the Nestorian monk.
Bahira is a Nestorian monk that Muhammad was supposed to have met during a trip returning from Syria to Mecca.
Its decline was the result of earthquakes, chiefly that of 1151, when the city was left in ruins.
members.tripod.com /logos_endless_summer/id257.html   (3437 words)

  
 Creeds of Christendom, with a History and Critical notes. Volume I. The History of Creeds. | Christian Classics ...
Thus the Council of Nicæa (325) was only the signal for a new and more serious war between orthodoxy and the Arian heresy, and, even after the triumph of the former at Constantinople (381), the latter lingered for centuries among the newly converted German races.
The Council of Ephesus (431) gave rise to the Nestorian schism, and the Council of Chalcedon (451) to the several Monophysite sects, which continue in the East to this day with almost as much tenacity of life as the orthodox Greek Church.
The nearest parallel to the case in hand is the schism of the Bishops and clergy of Utrecht, which originated in a protest against the implied Papal Infallibility of the anti-Jansenist bull Unigenitus, and which recently made common cause with the Old Catholics of Germany by giving them the Episcopal succession.
www.ccel.org /ccel/schaff/creeds1.vi.xv.html   (3803 words)

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