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Topic: Newcastle disease

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In the News (Wed 21 Aug 19)

  Newcastle disease - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Newcastle disease is a highly contagious zoonotic bird disease affecting many domestic and wild avian species.
Newcastle Disease was discovered in the East Indies in 1926, but it is named after Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England, where it was rediscovered a year later, in 1927.
The causal agent, Newcastle disease virus (NDV), is a negative-sense single-stranded RNA virus.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Newcastle_disease   (449 words)

 Exotic Newcastle Disease Backgrounder
Newcastle disease virus (NDV), also called avian paramyxovirus type 1, is a member of the paramyxoviridae family of viruses.
Newcastle disease is attributed to the mesogenic and lentogenic pathotypes.
Newcastle disease virus is shed during the incubation period and also during a portion of the convalescent period.
www.avma.org /public_health/exotic_newcastle_bgnd.asp   (1932 words)

 Defra, UK - Disease surveillance and control - Notifiable diseases - Newcastle disease
On 15 July 2005 an outbreak of Newcastle Disease (ND) was confirmed in pheasants on a premises in Surrey.
ND is a highly contagious disease of birds caused by a paramyxo virus.
Following cleansing and disinfection of the infected premises, surveillance visits to premises within the infected area and no further reports of suspected disease, it was decided that infected area restrictions could be lifted on 25 August 2005.
www.defra.gov.uk /animalh/diseases/notifiable/disease/newcastle/newcastled.htm   (150 words)

 Defra, UK - Disease surveillance and control - Notifiable diseases - Newcastle disease factsheet
Newcastle disease is a highly contagious disease of birds caused by a para-myxo virus.
Newcastle Disease last occurred in 11 cases in 1997, four in broiler chickens and seven in turkey rearing flocks, between January and April.
The Avian Influenza and Newcastle Disease (England and Wales) Order 2003 which extends to these two diseases new powers introduced by the Animal health Act 2002, allowing a preventative or firebreak cull of poultry, providing powers of entry to test and sample, and allowing the slaughter of vaccinated poultry, with compensation.
www.defra.gov.uk /animalh/diseases/notifiable/disease/newcastle/factsheet.htm   (1459 words)

 Newcastle Disease
In 1966, an avirulent strain of Newcastle disease virus was identified in Australia.
Newcastle disease is a viral disease of domestic poultry and wild birds that is characterised by gastrointestinal, respiratory and nervous signs.
Since the disease first came to international attention in 1926, there have been three major pandemics of viscerotropic virulent Newcastle disease - from 1926 to the early 1960s, from the late 1960s to the early 1970s, and from the late 1970s to mid-1980s.
www.animalhealthaustralia.com.au /aahc/index.cfm?7325CE9E-98F9-BC99-9FD7-895092530842   (438 words)

 Burke's Backyard Archives 1998 - Newcastle Disease   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
Newcastle disease was first reported in poultry in Java in 1926 and later spread to Newcastle in England where it was first named.
Newcastle disease poses a major threat to all birds but in particular to pigeons, parrots, poultry and wild birds.
Symptoms of the disease are nervous tremors, diarrhoea and conjunctivitis.
www.burkesbackyard.com.au /1998/archives/26?p=2674&&mysource_site_extension=printer_friendly_pages   (203 words)

 Newcastle Disease: Protecting Poultry Farmers on Two Fronts   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
Keeping tabs on hazardous forms of Newcastle disease is a responsibility of USDA's Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, which collaborates closely with the Agricultural Research Service.
Newcastle disease surfaced in this country in the 1930s.
Hundreds had died from the disease at a lake near where the turkeys were being reared on range.
www.ars.usda.gov /is/AR/archive/oct99/front1099.htm   (998 words)

 New agriculturist: Poultry: Cracking down on Newcastle Disease
Newcastle disease is caused by a number of strains of virus that belong to the Rubulavirus genus of the family Paramyxoviridae and virulence of the disease depends on the particular strain of the virus.
Newcastle Disease is by no means the only disease to affect backyard poultry but it is certainly the most important disease in many areas and, until Newcastle Disease is controlled, farmers are reluctant (and it is generally not cost-effective) to control other poultry diseases.
The potential benefits of controlling Newcastle Disease with respect to household security and poverty alleviation is demonstrated by the current efforts by the scientific community to understand the impact of this disease on village poultry,and the research and trials to provide a suitable vaccine for use in rural areas.
www.new-agri.co.uk /00-1/focuson/focuson2.html   (1094 words)

 [No title]
Det betyder, at der nu oprettes en beskyttelseszone i tre kilometers omkreds fra den ramte ejendom og en overvågningszone i 10 kilometers omkreds.
Danmark havde udbrud af Newcastle disease i 2002, hvor der blev konstateret i alt 135 udbrud.
Newcastle disease er en meget smitsom virussygdom hos fugle og kan medføre stor dødelighed blandt fjerkræ.
www.foedevarestyrelsen.dk /Nyheder/Pressemeddelelser/Arkiv/2005/Mistanken+om+Newcastle+disease+styrket.htm   (340 words)

 Facts about Newcastle Disease (ND)
Newcastle Disease is a highly contagious viral disease, which overseas is known to infect all domestic and wild birds.
Newcastle Disease (ND) first came to international attention in Newcastle on Tyne, England, in 1926.
Newcastle Disease can be spread by direct physical contact with infected or diseased birds.
www.vetafarm.com.au /manage/documents/NCD.htm   (610 words)

 VELOGENIC NEWCASTLE DISEASE   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
Velogenic Newcastle disease (VND) is the most severe form of Newcastle disease and is likely the most serious disease of poultry throughout the world (2,4,13).
Newcastle disease viruses (NDV's) occur as three pathotypes: lentogenic, mesogenic, and velogenic, reflecting increasing levels of virulence.
The Newcastle disease viruses belong to the Paramyxoviridae virus family and, like other members of this group, possess two surface proteins that are important to the identification and behavior of the virus.
www.vet.uga.edu /vpp/gray_book/Handheld/vnd.htm   (3118 words)

 Newcastle Disease
Newcastle disease is a highly contagious viral disease of domestic poultry, cage and aviary birds and wild birds.
The disease has a number of strains that differ in the severity of their clinical signs, ranging from inapparent infection to a rapidly fatal condition.
Between 1998 and 2002, the emergence of Australian origin Newcastle disease and ND virulent "precursor" viruses was associated with a number of outbreaks of Newcastle disease in NSW and an incident in a poultry flock in the south west of Victoria.
www.dpi.vic.gov.au /dpi/nrenfa.nsf/childdocs/-180715ADC627966E4A256B750004BDD5-CCCB356A6EA3B5FECA256EDD008183EA-D9EF22528918328DCA256EDD0081E29D?open   (2022 words)

 Newcastle disease factsheet   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
Newcastle disease is a highly contagious disease that affects the digestive, respiratory and/or nervous systems of domestic poultry, cage and aviary birds, and wild birds.
Milder disease is seen in ducks, geese, pheasant, quails, guinea fowls and canaries.
Severe form of the disease occurred in Australia in the 1930s and in 1998, 1999 and 2002.
www2.dpi.qld.gov.au /health/3950.html   (471 words)

 Exotic Newcastle disease
The rapid tests are being used to assist state and federal exotic Newcastle disease task force personnel in disease detection and control efforts.
In addition to disease identification in affected birds, the rapid test is now being used routinely in surveillance efforts in unaffected commercial flocks to assure their disease-free status.
The development of this exotic Newcastle disease signature and the additional work required to ready it for use was paid for with Laboratory Directed Research and Development money, a Laboratory fund for cutting-edge research.
www.eurekalert.org /pub_releases/2003-03/uoc--end031303.php   (758 words)

 DPIW - Newcastle Disease
Newcastle disease is a highly contagious viral disease of domestic (including poultry) and wild birds.
Birds with a mild form of Newcastle disease may show no clinical signs or there may be some breathing problems and/or a decline in egg production with soft, misshapen or abnormally pigmented eggs.
The series of outbreaks of virulent Newcastle disease on the Australian mainland during 1998 to 2002 were thought to have been caused by the mutation of a non-virulent strain that has been endemic in Australia for some time.
www.dpiwe.tas.gov.au /inter.nsf/WebPages/CART-6FQ8PA?open   (779 words)

 Veterinary Public Health - Newcastle Disease Outbreak   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
An outbreak of exotic Newcastle disease, one of the most infectious diseases of poultry in the world, was confirmed the 1st of October, 2002, in small flocks of backyard birds in Los Angeles County, including some used in illegal cockfights.
The disease was discovered when a bird owner reported a high mortality rate among his flock.
The current epidemic of exotic Newcastle disease is probably the result of Southern California cockfighting operations which are illegal.
www.lapublichealth.org /vet/newcastle.htm   (258 words)

 fact file: newcastle disease
The disease was first reported from Java in 1926 but outbreaks were soon reported from Newcastle in Britain, Ranikhet in India and Colombo in Sri Lanka.
Newcastle disease can easily be confused with fowl plague, which is caused by avian influenza virus.
Because of the differences in their pathogenicity, Newcastle virus infections are given a score using the intracerebral pathogenicity index (ICPI).
www.iah.bbsrc.ac.uk /schools/factfiles/newcastle.htm   (378 words)

 CIDRAP >> Newcastle disease infiltrates Southern California poultry flocks
END is a viral disease, formerly known as velogenic viscerotropic Newcastle disease.
The disease is also easily spread mechanically by such factors as virus-bearing material on the shoes of vaccination crews, feed delivery personnel, and farm owners and employees The virus is destroyed by dehydration and sunlight but can survive several weeks in warm, humid conditions and indefinitely in frozen material.
These are defined as transmissible diseases that have the potential for very serious and rapid spread, irrespective of national borders, that are of serious socioeconomic or public health consequence and that are of major importance in the international trade of animals and animal products.
www.cidrap.umn.edu /cidrap/content/biosecurity/ag-biosec/news/jan0603newcastle.html   (572 words)

 Livestock Disease Chronic Wasting Disease   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
Exotic Newcastle disease is a contagious and fatal viral disease affecting all species of birds.
Previously known as velogenic viscerotropic Newcastle disease (VVND), exotic Newcastle is probably one of the most infectious diseases of poultry in the world.
If exotic Newcastle were detected in domestic poultry or pet birds, APHIS would work quickly with its State and industry counterparts to implement aggressive measures, including quarantine, control, and cleanup, to prevent opportunities for the disease to spread.
www.ag.state.co.us /animals/livestock_disease/Newcastle.html   (973 words)

 DEFRA, UK: News releases 2002: Outbreak of Newcastle disease in Denmark
Newcastle Disease is unlikely to be spread by the wind.
Birds affected by Newcastle Disease are fowls, turkeys, geese, ducks, pheasants, guinea fowl and other wild and captive birds, including ratities (flightless birds) such as ostriches, emus and rhea.
Newcastle Disease causes lack of appetite, respiratory distress with beak gaping, yellowish diarrhoea and nervous signs.
www.defra.gov.uk /news/2002/020808a.htm   (292 words)

 Canadian Food Inspection Agency - Animal Health - Newcastle Disease
Newcastle Disease (ND) is a viral disease that can affect a wide variety of avian species, both wild birds and domestic fowl.
Strains that produce mild and moderate forms of the disease are sometimes found in domestic poultry and pigeons.
The most severe forms of the disease are also known as Exotic Newcastle disease (END), and are caused by "highly pathogenic" strains of the virus.
www.inspection.gc.ca /english/anima/heasan/disemala/newcastle/newcastlee.shtml   (117 words)

 "Information resources on Newcastle disease in birds"
Attempts to control and eradicate ND are not as straightforward as it may appear; in particular vaccination, while preventing deaths and disease, on challenge may not prevent virus replication and could therefore lead to the virulent virus becoming endemic.
disease virus isolates from the 2000 Italian epidemic were characterized by monoclonal antibody binding pattern and nucleotide sequencing of approximately 400 base pairs of the fusion gene.
disease virus (NDV) was isolated from a cloacal swab and from the lungs and liver.
www.nal.usda.gov /awic/pubs/newcastle/2001.htm   (5887 words)

 BASC - Newcastle Disease
Newcastle disease is a highly contagious disease of birds caused by a paramyxo virus.
The Health Protection Agency has confirmed that Newcastle Disease virus does not pose a significant threat to human health even when people handle birds known to be infected.
When disease is confirmed restrictions are imposed on the infected place and movement restrictions and biosecurity measures are enforced.
www.basc.org.uk /content/newcastle_disease   (357 words)

 CHICKEN FEED: Exotic Newcastle Disease Outbreak, October-November 2002 vnd Velogenic Newcastle Disease exotic newcastle ...
Go to Yahoo!Groups and search for "Newcastle Disease" --- join the groups that look active and/or effective (over-active groups might not be as effective as small ones, due to the difficulty of reading dozens and dozens of posts each day).
Newcastle Disease is caused by a virus that occurs in all parts of an infected bird: the droppings, the breath, the eggs, anything.
END: Exotic Newcastle Disease, the popular term for the current outbreak of Velogenic Newcastle Disease, with "Exotic" denoting the fact that VND is considered to be exotic to, i.e., not native to, the United States
www.lionsgrip.com /chickensnewcastle.html   (3422 words)

 Newcastle Disease
Newcastle Disease is caused by a virus (paramyxovirus, of the Group 1 serotype).
Unfortunately, the prognosis for this disease is poor, with nearly a 100 percent mortality rate, once infected.
Since the quarantine requirements were introduced in 1974, the incidence of Newcastle Disease has been greatly reduced, but it is not yet eradicated worldwide.
www.peteducation.com /article.cfm?cls=15&cat=1829&articleid=2264   (915 words)

 Exotic Newcastle Disease - Washington State Dept. of Agriculture - WSDA
The extremely contagious disease affects all species of birds and is spread by contact with infected birds or materials contaminated with the virus.
Exotic Newcastle Disease has not been detected in Washington and WSDA is working with the poultry and egg industries to keep it out.
After Exotic Newcastle Disease was diagnosed last October in backyard poultry flocks in Los Angeles County, Calif., it spread to commercial egg-laying facilities in that state.
agr.wa.gov /FoodAnimal/AnimalHealth/Diseases/ExoticNewcastle/default.htm   (371 words)

 Newcastle's Disease   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
Exotic Newcastle’s Disease is commonly referred to as Newcastle’s Disease, END, and avian pneumoencephalitis.
Newcastle’s Disease was more recently diagnosed in October of 2002.
Birds testing positive will surely die from this incurable disease, and should be humanely destroyed to prevent suffering and the spread of the disease.
www.petsdoc.com /html/usefulinfo/newcastles/newcastles.html   (573 words)

 CIDRAP >> Exotic Newcastle Disease
Newcastle disease derives its name from an outbreak near Newcastle upon Tyne, England, in 1927, which is the first recorded instance of the disease (see References: Alexander 1992).
Morbidity and mortality depend on the virulence of the virus strain, the degree of immunity from previous vaccinations, environmental conditions, and the condition of the flock.
Regardless of the initial treatment, however, vaccinations must be continued throughout the life of the bird to maintain efficacy (see References: OIE: Newcastle disease: Manual of standards for diagnostic tests and vaccines).
www.cidrap.umn.edu /cidrap/content/biosecurity/ag-biosec/anim-disease/exnewcastle.html   (2357 words)

 Newcastle disease
Newcastle disease (ND) is a highly contagious, generalised virus disease of domestic poultry and wild birds characterised by gastro-intestinal, respiratory and nervous signs.
Therefore serological evidences of Newcastle disease should be completed by molecular characterisation or ICPI test.
Clinical signs are very variable depending on strain of virus, species and age of bird, concurrent disease and pre-existing immunity.
www.spc.int /rahs/Manual/AVIAN/NEWCASTLE.htm   (941 words)

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