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  Friedrich Nietzsche: Tutte le informazioni su Friedrich Nietzsche su Encyclopedia.it   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-20)
Friedrich Nietzsche: Tutte le informazioni su Friedrich Nietzsche su Encyclopedia.it
Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (Röchen, vicinanze di Lützen, 15 ottobre 1844 - Weimar, 25 agosto 1900) fu uno dei maggiori filosofi ottocenteschi che ebbe un'influenza imponente, articolata e controversa sul pensiero filosofico e politico del Novecento.
Successivamente Nietzsche criticò i valori fondamentali della società (filosofia, cristianesimo e democrazia), giungendo alla negazione di qualsiasi principio trascendente ed all'affermazione del libero arbitrio come destino dell'uomo.
www.encyclopedia.it /f/fr/friedrich_nietzsche.html   (386 words)

 Friedrich Nietzsche - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Nietzsche believed that it was wrong to deprive people of their pain, because it was this very pain that stirred them to improve themselves, to grow and become stronger.
Nietzsche believed that "Democracy has in all ages been the form under which organizing strength has perished," that "Liberalism [is] the transformation of mankind into cattle," and that "Modern democracy is the historic form of decay of the state"(Nietzsche, der Antichrist).
Nietzsche is important as a precursor of 20th-century existentialism, an inspiration for post-structuralism and an influence on postmodernism.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Nietzsche   (5462 words)

 Friedrich Nietzsche
Nietzsche refers to this higher mode of being as "superhuman" (übermenschlich), and associates the doctrine of eternal recurrence -- a doctrine for only the healthiest who can love life in its entirety -- with this spiritual standpoint, in relation to which all-too-often downhearted, all-too-commonly-human attitudes stand as a mere bridge to be crossed and overcome.
In the third essay, Nietzsche focusses upon the ascetic ideals typical of the social representatives of art, religion and philosophy, and he offers a particularly scathing critique of the priesthood: the priests are allegedly a group of weak people who shepherd even weaker people as a way to experience power for themselves.
Nietzsche became especially influential in French philosophical circles during the 1960's-1980's, when his "God is dead" declaration, his perspectivism, and his emphasis upon power as the real motivator and explanation for people's actions revealed new ways to challenge established authority and launch effective social critique.
plato.stanford.edu /entries/nietzsche   (4711 words)

 Friedrich Nietzsche - Free Encyclopedia of Thelema
Nietzsche's concept of the Übermensch, often mistaken for a biological "breeding" upwards towards the "higher man", is indirectly addressed in biological interpretations of human history, such as Dr. Elmer Pendell's Why Civilizations Self-Destruct or Oswald Spengler's The Decline of the West.
Nietzsche's sister Elisabeth Förster-Nietzsche's heavily edited Nietzsche's work in order to promote him as a proto-Nazi thinker (she was herself an ardent German nationalist and pro-Nazi); this bastardization was largely to blame for Nietzsche being associated in the 1930s with the Nazis, who primarily took Elisabeth's deliberately misconstrued versions of his works as their source.
Nietzsche is important as a precursor of 20th century-existentialism and an inspiration for post-structuralism and an influence on postmodernism.
www.egnu.org /thelema/index.php/Friedrich_Nietzsche   (3484 words)

 AllRefer.com - Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (Philosophy, Biography) - Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-20)
The son of a clergyman, Nietzsche studied Greek and Latin at Bonn and Leipzig and was appointed to the chair of classical philology at Basel in 1869.
Nietzsche was not a systematic philosopher but rather a moralist who passionately rejected Western bourgeois civilization.
Nietzsche's thought had widespread influence but was of particular importance in Germany.
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/N/Nietzsch.html   (415 words)

 Literary Encyclopedia: Nietzsche, Friedrich
Nietzsche's studies were interupted in 1867 for military service in the cavalry, but he was seriously injured in an accident when mounting a horse in March 1868, enabling him to return to his studies in October 1868.
Nietzsche baptises the state of complete loss of belief in moral values that the death of God signifies with the name “nihilism”;: the belief that nothing is true and everything is permitted is, in fact, a direct consequence of self-destructive elements in Christian ideals fulfilling themselves.
Nietzsche argues that Christian culture (whose roots lie in the slave ethos of Judaism) is a prime example of slave morality.
www.litencyc.com /php/speople.php?rec=true&UID=3342   (4049 words)

 Friedrich Nietzsche - Free Online Library
Friedrich Nietzsche was the son of a Lutheran pastor and a devout hausfrau.
Later in life Nietzsche addressed Cosima Wagner as "Princess Ariadne" in his letters to her and declared that the author of them is the god Dionysus.
Nietzsche called the composer "Old Minotaur." In History of Western Philosophy, Bertrand Russell remarked: "Nietzsche's superman is very like Siegfried, except that he knows Greek." By the end of the decade, Nietzsche became interested in the French enlightenment, which ended his friendship with Wagner in 1878.
nietzsche.thefreelibrary.com   (1626 words)

 Friedrich Nietzsche at opensource encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-20)
Nietzsche was born in the small town Röcken bei Lützen not too far from Leipzig, Prussia (now a part of Germany).
Nietzsche may have contracted syphilis as a student (some think this was the cause of his madness) and endured periods of illness during his adult life, which forced him to resign from the University of Basel.
Nietzsche's assessment of both the antiquity and resultant impediments presented by the ethical and moralistic teachings of the world's monotheistic religions eventually led him to his own dualistic epiphany, resulting in his work Also sprach Zarathustra.
wiki.tatet.com /Friedrich_Nietzsche.html   (1913 words)

Nietzsche's mastery of classical literature led to an early academic appointment at Basel and the publication of
From this Nietzsche concluded that traditional philosophy and religion are both erroneous and harmful for human life; they enervate and degrade our native capacity for achievement.
Gary Brent Madison on Nietzsche's influence on postmodern thinkers.
www.philosophypages.com /ph/niet.htm   (433 words)

 Nietzsche and Society   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-20)
Nietzsche saw that the noble lies of herd morality were set in stone, along with the error they were based upon.
Nietzsche's doctrines of eternal return and amor fati combine to redeem man's past and future, but are also the most apparently contradictory doctrines of his philosophy.
Nietzsche destroyed the common values of the society he lived in during the late nineteenth century, but this does not necessarily mean he can't exist in a society.
infonectar.com /nietzsche/nietzsch.htm   (2952 words)

 Amazon.com: Books: The Portable Nietzsche (Viking Portable Library)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-20)
Nietzsche even had the foresight to see that his concise style would be often quoted without being truly understood, and he frequently says so in many writings included here.
Nietzsche is one of the most brilliant of all philosophical writers, and the epigramatic aphoristical and paradoxical character of his writing makes it often seem more a form of poetry than of philosophy.
Nietzsche's life after this period was a very choppy one - he left the university, claiming illness, and while this developed later to be a true situation, at the time is was probably academic politics and difficulties fitting in with the establishment he was trying to break.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0140150625?v=glance   (2741 words)

 The Influence of Nietzsche
He, like many writers influenced by Nietzsche, rejected the kind of traditional Christian dualism which sorts existence into good and evil with the physical and earthly being regarded as a source of evil and goodness identified with pure spirit and the life after death.
Blake, Whitman and Nietzsche form a sort of triumvirate whose influence runs through large swaths of modern literature in their rejection of dualism and embrace of the body as good.
Many of them have their roots in Romanticism, with Nietzsche merely articulating impulses that others shared; but he is a major transmitter of them to the modern world.
www.wsu.edu:8080 /~brians/hum_303/nietzsche.html   (1169 words)

 Madison (background) - Coping with Nietzsche's Legacy: Rorty, Derrida, Gadamer
Whether or not Nietzsche actually succeeded in "overcoming metaphysics"--by means of his inventive myths, his "fictions," of the Will to Power, the Uebermensch, and the Eternal Return--or whether, as Heidegger would have had it, he was simply the "last of the metaphysicians," his own "last man" in effect, is a question still awaiting an answer.
Nietzsche's word about the "death of God" seems to have been the liberating news he had been awaiting throughout all of the years of his exile in the arid waste lands of analytic philosophy.
If "reality" was, as Nietzsche would say, one of our longest and most tenacious of illusions, so also, accordingly, was the notion of "science" or "knowledge." "Knowledge," we now know, is but an honorific name for a certain kind of socially sanctioned narration and story-telling.
www.focusing.org /madison2.html   (5221 words)

 Natural Born Killers : Beyond Good And Evil
Nietzsche describes most forms of morality as a perverse ranking and valuation of human drives that "are always the expression of the needs of a community or herd." Nietzsche, Gay Science in The Vision of Nietzsche, 97.
Nietzsche, who was influenced profoundly by Darwin, believed that human culture and morality were the result of biological imperatives and that the strongest and most "evil" individuals were indispensable for the advancement of the human species.
Nietzsche also believes in the redemptive power of love because it is love that inspires the superman to utter the "sacred yes" to existence.
www.geocities.com /Hollywood/2682/heidi1.htm   (6486 words)

 Nietzsche's biography   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-20)
Nietzsche was born on October 15, 1844, in Rocken, Prussia.
In addition to the influence of Greek culture, particularly the philosophies of Plato and Aristotle, Nietzsche was influenced by the German philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer, by the theory of evolution, and by his friendship with the German composer Richard Wagner.
Nietzsche claimed that new values could be created to replace the traditional ones, and his discussion of the possibility led to his concept of the overman or superman.
www.nietzsche.ru /english/biography.php3   (777 words)

Nietzsche insists that there are no rules for human life, no absolute values, no certainties on which to rely.
In the "slave morality" endorsed by religious establishments, Nietzsche argued, forceful action which should be admired gets labelled as "evil," while the cowardly tendency to think through everything in advance is transformed into the supposed virtue of prudence.
Thus, on Nietzsche's view, the fundamental self-betrayal of the human race is to submit its freedom to the ficticious demands of an imaginary god.
www.philosophypages.com /hy/5v.htm   (536 words)

 Nietzsche: The Problem of Autumn, photo feature from The Good European by Krell and Bates
Friedrich Nietzsche was acutely sensitive to place: to the taste of sea air, to the sweep of wind across the coast, to the narrow confines of medieval walls or the tumbling breadth of an Alpine vista framed by the window near his writing desk.
Nietzsche also was thrilled by the beauty of Recoaro Terme, in the Dolomites of the South Tyrol [11], and he loved the simple elegance of the Albergo Tre Garofani ("The Three Carnations") [12] [13] [14], where he resided for a time with Heinrich Köselitz.
One of the reasons Nietzsche chose Turin as his ultimate solution to the problem of autumn was its even pavements of fl granite [26], which he could navigate without the aid of vision.
www.press.uchicago.edu /Misc/Chicago/452786.html   (2890 words)

Born in 1844, Nietzsche was influenced by Darwin and philosophers such as Schopenhauer.
Nietzsche thought that no moral belief system could be objectively true or false, not even his own beliefs about morality.
However, unlike A.J.'s sullen interpretation of Nietzsche's philosophy, Nietzsche thought that the fact that life is ultimately absurd was not a reason for angst but a cause for celebration, self-creation, and artistic fervor.
www.philosophytalk.org /pastShows/Nietzsche.htm   (1076 words)

 Open Directory - Society: Philosophy: Philosophers: N: Nietzsche, Friedrich   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-20)
Nietzsche, Dionysus and Apollo - Summary of Nietzsche's use of contrast between Dionysian and Apollonian culture, with a lengthy quote from Walter Kaufmann.
Nietzsche's Schopenhauer and Education - Explores the pedagogical aspects of Nietzsche's thought as revealed in his statements relating to Arthur Schopenhauer.
The Philosophy of Friedrich Nietzsche - E-text of H.L. Mencken's lengthy synopsis of the philosopher.
dmoz.org /Society/Philosophy/Philosophers/N/Nietzsche,_Friedrich   (570 words)

 The New Yorker: The Critics: Books   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-20)
Nietzsche's announcement was far less remarkable than the shattering drama with which it was made, and the fact that a man so clearly imbued with faith was making it.
Nietzsche's education in classics had been rigorous, and his conversion was soon complete; he was appointed professor of classical philology at the University of Basel at the age of twenty-four.
It was through their influence, Nietzsche railed, that man had become a sickly animal, trapped in a civilization that sapped his sex and strength; the time had come for man to reclaim his instincts and redeem his rights.
www.newyorker.com /critics/books/?020408crbo_books   (4923 words)

 Nietzsche, Friedrich --  Encyclopædia Britannica
Friedrich Nietzsche (1844–1900) was a literary and social critic, not a systematic philosopher.
It was not so much what Friedrich Nietzsche believed as what he saw happening in European civilization that was so meaningful in later decades.
Along with Friedrich Nietzsche, Arthur Schopenhauer was one of the great pessimists of 19th-century German philosophy.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9108765   (773 words)

 Amazon.com: Books: Basic Writings of Nietzsche (Modern Library Classics)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-20)
Those coming to Nietzsche for the first time will be pleased to find three of his best-known works--The Birth of Tragedy, Beyond Good and Evil, and On the Genealogy of Morals--as well as a collection of 75 aphorisms drawn from Nietzsche's celebrated aphoristic work.
Nietzsche opposed Christianity not because it anulled visualizing the mechanical relationship between cause and effect, but rather because it changes the meaning of the word "meek" to be what it has come to mean in the expressionin "The meek shall enherit the earth" rather than the Old Testament meaning of "logical".
Durant thought Nietzsche was simply a neurotic who had nothing wrong with him which could not have been cured by the love of a good woman.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0679783393?v=glance   (2722 words)

 New Nietzsche Studies
Babich (Executive Editor of the journal and author of Nietzsche's Philosophy of Science as well as Habermas, Nietzsche, and Critical Theory) together with an internationally recognized board of editorial advisors.
All English translations from Nietzsche's work rendered by the author should be standardized to include references to the German texts available in the critical German editions (preferably the KSA).
Following the first endnote citation, subsequent references to Nietzsche's works may be abbreviated and parenthetically noted, where possible, with section or note numbers rather than page numbers, in the body of the essay.
www.fordham.edu /gsas/phil/nns_journal_description.html   (1227 words)

 Friedrich Nietzsche - Spuren
Der Name Friedrich Nietzsche ist mit Sils Maria in ganz besonderer Weise verbunden.
Nietzsche Spuren CD-ROM: alle Werke Nietzsches, die Fragmente und biographischen Frühwerke samt der grandiosen Biographie dieser Internetseite, ein Muß für jeden Nietzsche-Leser...
Nietzsches Ahnentafel - ein einmaliges Dokument zeigt die Herkunft Nietzsches bis in das 16.Jh.
www.friedrichnietzsche.de   (281 words)

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