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Topic: Nihilist movement


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  Nihilist movement - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Nihilist movement was an 1860s Russian cultural movement marked by the questioning of the validity of all forms of preconceived ideas and social norms.
Nihilists were denounced as agitators, and after the killing of the Tzar Alexander II they became known in the Western Europe as preconizers of destruction as the primary tool for political change.
Nihilist political philosophy rejected all religious and political authority, social traditions, and traditional morality as standing in opposition to freedom, the ultimate ideal.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Nihilist   (912 words)

  
 Encyclopedia: Nihilist movement   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Nihilists both wanted to become independent through learning, and use their knowledge to educate the people.
The nihilists of the 1850s and 1860s set themselves against the German-influenced liberals of the 1830s-1840s generation as they pushed for greater political freedoms and new social norms, decrying previous reforms as ineffective.
As a political movement, nihilism was primarily a Russian phenomenon.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Nihilist-movement   (2313 words)

  
 Nihilist movement -- Facts, Info, and Encyclopedia article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
The Nihilist movement was an (The decade from 1860 to 1869) 1860s (A native or inhabitant of Russia) Russian cultural movement marked by the questioning of the validity of all forms of preconceived ideas and social norms.
The movement owe its name to the novel Fathers and Sons by the Russian author (Russian writer of stories and novels and plays (1818-1883)) Turgenev, which main character was a nihilist.
Nihilists refused to enjoy the wealth of their parents, as they saw those as being produced by slavery.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/n/ni/nihilist_movement.htm   (679 words)

  
 Nihilism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Movements such as Dada, Deconstructionism, and Punk have been described by various observers as "nihilist".
In the world of ethics, nihilist or nihilistic is often used as a derogatory word referring to a complete rejection of all systems of authority, morality, and social custom, or one who purportedly makes such a rejection.
Either through the rejection of previously accepted bases of belief or through extreme relativism or skepticism, the nihilist is construed as one who believes that none of these claims to power are valid, and often that they should be fought against.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Nihilism   (2725 words)

  
 Sergius Stepniak on Nihilism and Narodnichestvo
The peculiar character of the Russian revolutionary movement that is known under the name of "nihilism" has been determined by the special nature of the latter-day despotism of the Romanoffs, which is unendurably oppressive for the masses and galling in the extreme for the individual.
In the chaotic popular movements of the past he has discovered system and harmony, showing the masses of the Russian peasantry to be excellent plastic material for the building up of a state very different from the one that temporary historical necessity has actually constituted.
The constructive work of the nihilists is represented by their efforts to take advantage of a time of public excitement to organize a body of conspirators strong enough to attempt an open military revolution.
www.shsu.edu /~his_ncp/Nihilism.html   (5785 words)

  
 Russian Nihilist Movement -
The Nihilist movement was an 1860s Russian cultural movement marked by the questioning of the validity of...
Roughly speaking, the Nihilist movement in Russia may be described as the exaggerated, distorted reflection...
She is a Nihilist who stands for wiping the slate of culture and politics clean and...
movement.faasv.com /index.php?k=russian-nihilist-movement   (1097 words)

  
 Read about Nihilism at WorldVillage Encyclopedia. Research Nihilism and learn about Nihilism here!   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
ethics, nihilist or nihilistic is often used as a derogatory word referring to a complete rejection of all systems of authority, morality, and social custom, or one who purportedly makes such a rejection.
skepticism, the nihilist is construed as one who believes that none of these claims to power are valid, and often that they should be fought against.
Emile Zola, the nihilist character Souvarine dramatizes the danger of nihilism when, in a climactic scene, he sabotages a coal mine and causes a catastrophic accident, then slips away.
encyclopedia.worldvillage.com /s/b/Nihilism   (2332 words)

  
 Nihilism - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography
From a nihilist point of view, the ultimate source of moral values is the individual rather than culture or another rational foundation.
Thus, since the nihilist knows truth cannot be attained in this life, he/she looks upon the activities of those rigorously seeking truth as futile.
In Germinal (1885), by Emile Zola, the nihilist character Souvarine dramatizes the danger of nihilism when, in a climactic scene, he sabotages a coal mine and causes a catastrophic accident, then slips away.
www.arikah.com /encyclopedia/Nihilism   (2572 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
A nihilist can interface reality and all it's beauty and unpleasant consequences with their personal sense of the tangible because the two are the same.
A common error of nihilists is to simply eject most everything at once and remain at the bottom but this is ultimately just as bad as believing in the original fantasies, it's just switching one blindness for another.
And as a nihilist and a free-thinking human being any authority demanding allegiance to a faith or mandated ideology is enough to get me not just a trifle indignant.
www.counterorder.com /text_only/nihilist.txt   (2956 words)

  
 34
The movement found its warmest partisans among the students and young literary men, but not a few grey-beards were to be found among the youthful apostles.
According to popular opinion the Nihilists were a band of fanatical young men and women, mostly medical students, who had determined to turn the world upside down and to introduce a new kind of social order, founded on the most advanced principles of social equality and Communism.
Unlike the fiery young Nihilists of St. Petersburg, they did not want to abolish or paralyse the central power; what they wanted was to co-operate with it loyally and to give their advice on important questions by means of representative institutions.
home.freeuk.net /russica2/books/russia/34.html   (5932 words)

  
 What is Nihilism? | CounterOrder.com
The nihilists enjoyed shocking their parents by calling for an end to the old moral system, advocating, for instance, the extermination of everybody in Russia over the age of 25.
The nihilist realizes that history is often abused and misconstrued through the formation of artificial lines and erroneous connections between disparate events only to substantiate preconceived interpretations of reality, the classic teleological myth.
The nihilist undergoes a personal evolution and has proven themselves the mental superiors to the herd and mob, they have proven their will and 'license' for continued existence and have successfully escaped from the circus of values.
www.geocities.com /liudegast/nihilism.html   (4737 words)

  
 NIGHT TO DAY   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
The choice of the nihilist is, then, not necessarily the choice between living or dying, but the choice between adopting a passive or an active stance towards the world.
The passive nihilist is one who, when faced with the world's uncertainty, withdraws and refuses to engage the world.
Fran's development from a passive to an active nihilist is in response to her awakening to this fact.
users.aol.com /geinster/NTB.html   (3171 words)

  
 Nihilist movement - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography
The movement owes its name to the 1862 novel Fathers and Sons by the Russian author Turgenev, the main character of which was a nihilist.
This "go to the people -- be the people" campaign reached its height in the 1870s, during which decade many underground groups like the Circle of Tchaikovsky, the People's Revenge and Land and Liberty were formed.
In fact, many forms of anarchism rely on the existence or creation of a strong community.
www.arikah.net /encyclopedia/Nihilist   (689 words)

  
 Nihilism [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]
The movement eventually deteriorated into an ethos of subversion, destruction, and anarchy, and by the late 1870s, a nihilist was anyone associated with clandestine political groups advocating terrorism and assassination.
In the twentieth century, it's the atheistic existentialist movement, popularized in France in the 1940s and 50s, that is responsible for the currency of existential nihilism in the popular consciousness.
In one form, "nihilist" is used to characterize the postmodern man, a dehumanized conformist, alienated, indifferent, and baffled, directing psychological energy into hedonistic narcissism or into a deep ressentiment that often explodes in violence.
www.utm.edu /research/iep/n/nihilism.htm   (2620 words)

  
 The Nihilist #3
Ironically, it was the movements fathered by Marx that was to help the capitalists overcome - at least temporarily - the seemingly hopeless contradictions inherent in the system.
Every nihilist in Russia, we are told, even the anarchists who respect no authority whatsoever, are taking their orders from the revolutionary committee.
Litzanoff is also in love with Wanda, and becomes a nihilist because of her, while Litzanoff's wife join the revolutionary movement to overcome her grief over Litzanoff, who doesn't love her and have affairs with other women.
home.no.net /nihil/press/nihil3.html   (2736 words)

  
 gurkan   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
According to Stites, in the feminist response, Russian women’s perspective was liberal and moderate and their goal was to create a peaceful and legal reform in the status and in the economical and educational position of women in Russia.
The nihilist response was a more organized type of the feminist response and they didn’t accept the role of traditional Russian women.
Through the major events and the movements, Russian women have been striving to change themselves and add some more new roles to their traditional role of being a good housewife.
home.ku.edu.tr /~icc700/gurkan.htm   (1782 words)

  
 CHAPTER III
The loss of this war was considered to be the failure of the West-ernization Movement as a way of modernizing China, for the Nor-thern Navy was the comprehensive embodiment of that Movement.
This led finally to the May 4th movement of 1919, whose central point was "Down with Con-fucianism." But as "Down with the Confucianism" meant es-sentially "Down with China’s Own World," the Movement des-troyed the soul and the spiritual universe of the Chinese.
With the failures of the intellectual movement of the royalists and of the folk movement of the Boxers, due to the collapse of national dignity China began to worship with blind faith all things foreign.
www.crvp.org /book/Series03/III-13/chapter_iii.htm   (2104 words)

  
 The Sincerity of the Nihilists
It is nihilism, divested of some of its rougher aspects,--which were unavoidable in a young movement of that sort,--which gives now to the life of a great portion of the educated classes of Russia a certain peculiar character which we Russians regret not to find in the life of Western Europe.
First of all, the nihilist declared war upon what may be described as "the conventional lies of civilized mankind." Absolute sincerity was his distinctive feature, and in the name of that sincerity he gave up, and asked others to give up, those superstitions, prejudices, habits, and customs which their own reason could justify.
The nihilist girl, compelled by her parents to be a doll in a Doll's House, and to marry for property's sake, preferred to abandon her house and her silk dresses.
home.no.net /nihil/press/kropot.html   (1663 words)

  
 Nihilist movement   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
For the philosophy of nihilism, see nihilism.'' The Nihilist movement was an 1860s Russian cultural movement marked by the questioning of the validity of all forms of preconceived ideas and social norms.
The movement owe its name to the novel Fathers and Sons by the Russian author Turgenev, which main character was a nihilist.
Their "go to the people" campaign became known as the Narodnik movement, which followed the philosophy of Narodism.
nihilist-movement.infohub.dnip.net   (680 words)

  
 The "New Moral Order" -- Nihilism
It was actually a historical movement of considerable significance in Russia 150 years ago.
And in the end, the movie's anti-hero nihilist is found to be nothing but a madman bent on self-destruction.
Germany's nihilistic Aryanism was not an affirmation of national superiority such as the contrasting patriotism of Ronald Reagan, but a grand negation.
www.tysknews.com /Depts/society/new_moral_order.htm   (1799 words)

  
 Commentary Magazine - Nihilists, by Ronald Hingley   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
...The movement, then as now, was composed principally of students and ex-students, drawn from the middle class, and brought into the universities when they were expanded under the liberalizing policies of Alexander II...
...The Nihilists also displayed a notable and almost orgiastic addiction: they drank enormous quantities of tea -literal tea, not the euphemistic tea which is the corresponding weakness of their modern spiritual descendants...
...Nihilists affected a style of dress similar to that of modern youth rebels: the men grew their hair long and cultivated bushy beards, the girls wore high boots, and both sexes went in for colored glasses and wore plaids instead of overcoats...
www.commentarymagazine.com /Summaries/V48I2P66-1.htm   (1892 words)

  
 From “Little Sparrow” (Kennedy) pg 84:   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Their critics dubed them "nihilists," and rather than shrink from that title they simply adopted it.
The most famous of these nihilists was mathematician Sophia Kovalevsky, who participated in the Paris commune, and brought Poincare to the problem in Celestial mechanics which began chaos theory.
The nihilist woman usually wore a plain dark wool dress with white collar and cuffs, short hair to avoid the eroticism of long hair and elaborate coiffures (although bobbed hair soon became a widely adopted style).
www.rpi.edu /~eglash/eglash.dir/cult_inq/sophia.htm   (210 words)

  
 Terms used in essay
Nihilism requires at least a working definition; while a more detailed listing of several characteristics of nihilism will be developed later in the paper, a general conception of the term will be a movement of which Bazarov was the first literary example, the creation of whom became a critical defining moment in Russian revolutionary history.
Within "The Golden Age" he refers to romanticism as a movement that "was in open revolt against the rules of French classicism" (71) beginning in 1820 and extending to the end of the Golden Age.
Moser tries to avoid specific dating of the movement, but capitulates with emergence from sentimentalism around 1815 and displacement by realism in the early 1840sgenerally associated with Lermontovs death in 1841 (138).
www.richmond.edu /~dhocutt/bazarov/terms.htm   (766 words)

  
 Influence of anarchists and nihilists
Anarchy was a movement whose growth and spread could be found throughout Russian in the form of revolutionaries bent upon radically reforming Russian society.
Yet Turgenev himself called Bazarov a nihilist (Turgenev 1996, 17) because he wanted to create a type that accurately and objectively reflected the young revolutionaries of the day.
Bazarov is the "archetypal nihilist" in the sense that Turgenev created him as the first literary nihilist.
www.richmond.edu /~dhocutt/bazarov/anarchy.htm   (555 words)

  
 Nihilist movement from LiveJournal   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
But, in the end, the nihilists will site the cruelties of history to hold us back, and somehow I believe we will have to come to terms with our sins as a species before we can reach that state.
Asks one, and Boris knows what she means: because it is all approximation, built on the lies of history, inching closer toward a goal of truth, which we cannot presume to attain...
A self proclaimed Nihilist once told me that Nihilism was the belief in a probation against "Organized Religion." She had absolutely no idea what she was talking about and...
www.ljseek.com /search/Nihilist%20movement   (1528 words)

  
 Robert Fulford's column about the Nihilist Spasm Band
The Nihilist Spasm Band has been issued on CD in Japan as well as in North America, and in 1996 performed in Tokyo, Osaka and Kyoto.
Curnoe was also founding the Nihilist Party, though he was never much of a nihilist.
The term describes someone who believes in nothing, and he believed in a lot -- Canadian independence, his own talent, Canadian history, his family and surroundings, the Canadian tradition in art, etc. The Nietzschean idea of nihilism ("the absolute repudiation of worth, purpose, desirability") was a long way from his view of the world.
www.robertfulford.com /NihilistSpasmBand.html   (976 words)

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