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Topic: Nikaya Buddhism

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  Nikaya Buddhism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Nikāya Buddhism is a general term for those schools of Buddhism that accept only the class of sūtras collected in the Nikayas as authentic.
Nikāya Buddhism is distinguished from the Buddhism of the various Hinayana, Mahāyāna and Vajrayāna schools, which accept the authenticity of a range of other scriptures.
The main doctrinal position of Presecular Buddhism is that the Soul or Atman was taught by Gotama the Buddhas as is evidenced by countless teachings themselves and is utterly unlike most modern sects of Buddhism which are based in secular conjecture and in a revisionist commentarial agenda to subvert the original teachings.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Nikaya_Buddhism   (739 words)

 Nikaya - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Nikaya is a word of Pali origin and Sanskrit usage which was adopted into English in reference to Buddhist texts.
The word has other usages: in particular, in the southeast Asian Theravada school, it is the polite term for monastic orders, divisions among monks, or sects.
An equivalent used in China is Agama, and the Sutta Pitaka of the Pali Canon is sometimes referred to as "the Agamas" by Mahayana Buddhists or as "the Nikayas" in the company of Theravada Buddhists.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Nikaya   (161 words)

 Buddhism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Nikaya Buddhism and consequently Theravada are sometimes referred to as Hinayana or "lesser vehicle", although this is considered by some to be impolite.
Buddhism had become the fastest-growing religion in Australia and many other Western nations by the 1990s, in contrast to the steady decline of traditional western beliefs (see Christianity).
Chögyam Trungpa, the founder of Shambhala Buddhism, claimed in his teachings that his intention was to strip the ethnic baggage away form traditional methods of working with the mind and to deliver the essence of those teachings to his western students.
www.keywordmage.net /bu/buddhism.html   (6300 words)

 Buddhism - The real meaning from Timesharetalk wikipedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
According to all Buddhist traditions, the Buddha of the present age, called Siddhartha (Sanskrit) or Siddhattha (Pali) of the Gautama (Pali: Gotama) gotra or clan, was born in the grove of Lumbini near the town of Kapilavastu (Pali: Kapilavatthu), the capital of the kingdom (mahajanapada) of the Sakyas (Pali: Sakyas).
Buddhism was established in the northern regions of India and Central Asian, and kingdoms with Buddhist rulers such as Menander I and Kaniska.
Buddhism was briefly prosecuted under the Zorastrian priest-king Kirder who saw the syncretism resulting from the Buddhist influence that led to the rise of a Buddha-Mazda divinity as a heresy.
www.timesharetalk.co.uk /information.asp?k=Buddhism   (8879 words)

 Bangladesh Indebtedness to Myanmar: A Study of Reformation Movement in the Buddhist Sangha of Bangladesh (1856-1971)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
When Buddhism of the Barua community in Bangladesh was in a moribund condition, Arakan (or Rakhaing, the major portion of it is presently a state in the Union of Myanmar), situated in the eastern sector, had been maintaining its pristine position since the earliest time.
When the age-old priestly corruption and religious heresy were weakening the very fabric of Buddhism, Arakan which kept to her Buddhist tenets with many phongis21, pagodas22 and innumerable monasteries for the promotion of Buddhist scholarship; it remained for one Arakanese monk to inaugurate reformation movement in the Buddhist community of Bengal.
A temple for the worship of the goddess Kali.
www.rakhapura.com /scolumns/read.asp?ScID=25   (4002 words)

 Buddhism - Integral Wiki   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Buddhism teaches followers to perform good and wholesome actions, to avoid bad and harmful actions, and to purify and train the mind.
While Buddhism does not deny the existence of supernatural beings (indeed, many are discussed in Buddhist scripture), it does not ascribe power for creation, salvation or judgement to them.
The nikaya sutras are generally considered by modern scholars to be the oldest of the surviving types of Buddhist literature, and they are accepted as authentic in every branch of Buddhism.
integralwiki.net /index.php?title=Buddhism   (744 words)

 Buddhism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Buddhism is a religion and philosophy based on the teachings of Siddhārtha Gautama (Sanskrit ; in Pāli Siddhattha Gotama) who lived between approximately 563 and BCE.
Nikaya Buddhism and consequently Theravada are referred to as Hinayana or "lesser vehicle" although this is considered to be impolite.
Buddhism spread slowly in India until the Maurya emperor Asoka converted to it and actively supported His promotion led to construction of Buddhist sites and missionary efforts that spread the into the countries listed at the beginning the article.
www.freeglossary.com /Buddhism   (4778 words)

 Buddhism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Buddhism is a religion and philosophy based on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama (Sanskrit; in Pāli, Siddhattha Gotama), who lived between approximately 563 and 483 BCE.
Theravada Buddhism: parts of India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar (where it is imposed as the state religion),Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, parts of Vietnam (along the Mekong Delta frontier with Cambodia, the so-called "Khmer Krom" region), and parts of China (in Yunnan, Guangxi, and Sichuan).
Tibetan Buddhism: found in Tibet (and adjacent areas of China), North India, Bhutan, Nepal, southwestern China, Mongolia and, various Constituent republic of Russia that are adjacent to the area, such as: Amur Oblast, Buryatia, Chita Oblast, Tuva Republic, and Khabarovsk Krai.
www.thaiexotictreasures.com /buddhism.html   (5803 words)

 Buddhism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Buddhism is a religion and philosophy based on the teachings of Siddhārtha Gautama; (Sanskrit; in Pāli;, Siddhattha Gotama), who lived between approximately 563 and 483 BCE.
Nikaya Buddhism and consequently Theravada are sometimes referred to as Hinayana or "lesser vehicle", although this is generally considered to be impolite.
While in the West, Buddhism is often seen an as exotic and progressive, in the East, Buddhism is regarded as familiar and part of the establishment.
www.aseannewsnetwork.de /articles/content/b/bu/buddhism_1.html   (5104 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Theravada Buddhism, Jainism, and nontheistic Hinduism regard the journey on the path to liberation as entirely the responsibility of the individual.
In several of the passages from Buddhism and Islam given here, there is explicit rejection of reliance upon a savior from without, and both Buddha and Muhammad reject characterization of themselves as saviors.
Samyutta Nikaya i.62 Single is each being born; single it dies; single it enjoys the reward of its virtue; single it suffers the punishment of its sin.
www.textfiles.com /occult/WORLDSCRIPTURE/theme091.txt   (2142 words)

 Buddhism - Article from FactBug.org - the fast Wikipedia mirror site
In one of the Pali sutras belonging to the Theravada lineage of Buddhism, Buddha says that vegetarianism is preferable, but as monks in ancient India were expected to receive all of their food by begging they had little or no control over their diet.
Buddhism spread slowly in India until the powerful Mauryan emperor Asoka converted to it and actively supported it.
The Mahāyāna corpus of sutras further expanded after Buddhism was transmitted to China, where the existing texts were translated, and new texts were composed for the purpose of adapting the Indian tradition to the East Asian philosophical mindset.
www.factbug.org /cgi-bin/a.cgi?a=3394   (7010 words)

 Nowrojee.com: Buddhism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Buddhism does not believe in existence of a god controlling everything, but believes that every being is capable of becoming a Buddha.
Although these are different sects of Buddhism, the core beliefs are the same but have certain differences in perceptions, that came up during a series of councils of the disciples over the years.
Tibetan Buddhism, Zen Buddhism, Pure Land Buddhism and Nichiren Buddhism are offshoots of Mahayana Buudhism.
www.nowrojee.com /buddhism.html   (392 words)

 Mahayana Buddhism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
In chapter sixteen of his work, A History of Indian Buddhism from Sakyamuni to Early Mahayana, Hirakawa argues for an originally lay this-wordly, and socially distinct Mahayana Buddhism, and for its stemming from three sources: Nikaya Buddhism, biographies of the Buddha, and lay-administered stupa worship.
Nevertheless, if Mahayana grew at the very core of Nikaya Buddhism, it is ultimately irrelevant to underline the fact that biographies of the Buddha were informed by meta-sectarian impulses.
Since most recent scholarship considers the claim that Mahayana Buddhism was in its earliest form a distinct social group inaccurate, Hirakawa's buttressing of it with evidence from the biographies of the Buddha is a futile effort.
www.russbo.com /scholar/mahayana_buddhism.htm   (2531 words)

 Samsara   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Whereas in Hinduism some being (atman, jiva, etc.) is regarded as being subject to Samsara, Buddhism was founded on a rejection of such metaphysical substances, and originally accounts for the process of rebirth/reincarnation by appeal to phenomenological or psychological constituents.
The basic idea that there is a cycle of birth and rebirth is, however, not questioned in early Buddhism and its successors, and neither is, generally, the concept that samsara is a negative condition to be abated through religious practice concluding in the achievement of final nirvana.
According to several strands of the Mahayana Buddhist tradition, the division of samsara and nirvana is attacked using an argument that extends some of the basic premises of anatta and of Buddha's attack on orthodox accounts of existence.
www.thaiexotictreasures.com /samsara.html   (545 words)

 Lecture 8
Add to this the amazingly candid explanation for their choice of Hinayana as the chief identification of the Nikaya sects, despite their own admission that it is pejorative, and disliked by those they choose to use it to label with it (p 83), and we have a fairly strong Neo-Orientalist framework.
Madhyamikas dominated the "university" of Nalanda in the north, Yogacarins and Sammatiyas the university of Valabhi in the west.
All the Nikaya texts were now translated into Sanskrit, a phenomena so pervasive that when Buddhaghosa went looking for Nikaya texts in their original vernaculars, he had to go to Sri Lanka to find any, and even these were long out of use.
www.public.iastate.edu /~tart/arth382/lecture8.html   (4703 words)

 The Three Main Branches of Buddhism
In addition to the Nikaya scriptures, Mahayana schools recognize all or part of a genre of scriptures that were first put in writing around 1 CE.
Because of this immense timeframe, many Mahayana schools accept the idea of working towards rebirth in a Pure Land, which is not enlightenment in itself but which is a highly conducive environment for working toward enlightenment.
Mahayana Buddhism is practiced today in China, Japan, Korea, and most of Vietnam.
www.important.ca /three_branches_of_buddhism.html   (433 words)

 Economics in Buddhism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
On the view of Buddhism the man must have one eye to see the way of happiness in this life and one eye to see the way of happiness in the next life.
Buddhism is for living people and for the happiness of mankind.
In Buddhism mental factors are more important than physical factors because it is mind that directs all matters relevant behaviour including economy.
pachome2.pacific.net.sg /~bvs/economics.htm   (3772 words)

 E-sangha, Buddhist Forum and Buddhism Forum -> Buddha Nature - Simply
The well-known motto of Ch'an Buddhism is that "perceiving the true self, one becomes a Buddha." The "true self" signifies the Buddha nature inherent in all sentient beings.
On the contrary, early Buddhism teaches that ultimately no substantial self (i.e., 'anatman') can be found, since the self is nothing but the union of the five aggregates.
Although the concept of an intrinsically pure mind exists in the Nikaya Buddhism, many Buddhologists, such as Wayman (1), Paul (2), Yin-shun (3) think that the 'tathagatagarbha' thought was originated from the 'Mahasamgika', but was rejected by the 'Theravada';.
www.lioncity.net /buddhism/index.php?showtopic=5840   (4915 words)

 Asian Art and Architecture: Art & Design 382/582
It is devoted to a comparison and contrasting of Nikaya, Mahayana, and Vajrayana Buddhism of India.
As Mahayana Buddhism is Buddhist expression of the bhakti movement that recognized in the Brahmanical theistic religions of Vaishnavism and Saivism, so Vajrayana is the Buddhist response to the Tantric vision articulated in a parallel manner in Vaishnavism and Saivism and Shakti cults.
Nikaya Buddhism reflected them totally on the basis of their abandoning of the 8 Fold Path and the Buddha’s original insights about karma.
www.public.iastate.edu /~tart/arth382/lecture12.html   (3209 words)

Unfortunately, with the exception of the Theravada, none of early these schools survived beyond the late medieval period by which time several were already long extinct, although a considerable amount of the canonical literature of some of these schools has survived, mainly in Chinese translation.
For this reason, Theravada Buddhism does not recognize the authenticity of this council, and sometimes they call it the “council of heretical monks”.
The painting is from the 9th or 10th century in the Tarim Basin.Around the 1st century, Buddhism spread from India through successive waves of merchants and pilgrims.
mastersofentropy.freeservers.com /master2.html   (2046 words)

 Three Branches of Buddhism - Nikaya, Mahayana, and Vajrayana
Buddhism has evolved into myriad schools that can be roughly grouped into three types: Nikaya, Mahayana, and Vajrayana.
Native Mahayana Buddhism is practiced today in China, Japan, Korea, and most of Vietnam.
The Vajrayana or "Diamond Vehicle" (also referred to as Mantrayana, Tantrayana, Tantric or esoteric Buddhism) shares many of the basic concepts of Mahayana, but also includes a vast array of spiritual techniques designed to enhance Buddhist practice.
www.newsdial.com /religion/buddhism/branches-buddhism.html   (629 words)

 E-sangha, Buddhist Forum and Buddhism Forum -> The 18 Shravakayana/nikaya Schools
Then in that case we are left with the label Nikaya Buddhism to describe non-Mahayana Buddhism, unless there are some other labels that can be used, of which I do not know, to avoid the use of Hinayana, during necessary times in conversations, and the resultant annoyance it will inevitably cause some/many people.
Adherents of the Individual Vehicle of Buddhism engage themselves in trying to fix their own shortcomings and in negative ascesis, that is, refraining from committing acts which are considered to accrue bad karma for oneself.
The goal of Hinayana practice is to reach the stage of an arhat, one who has rid oneself of the defilements of ignorance (avidya), attachment (raga), and aversion (dvesha) with the aid of a teacher.
www.lioncity.net /buddhism/index.php?showtopic=5103   (4993 words)

 Amazon.com: Buddhism: A History (Religions of the World): Books: Noble Ross Reat   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
He also demonstrates the impact of the political history of different countries on the development of Buddhism and interweaves explanations of the importance of several Buddhist canonical texts with his descriptions of the development of the Theravada and Mahayana schools of Buddhism in various countries.
I thought the emphasis given to the politicization of Buddhism and its importance in the emergence of the national identity of the various Asian peoples was especially good.
Noble Ross Reat's 'Buddhism: A History' sheds new light on old theories of connections between Mahayana and Hinduism, the emergence of Mahayana philosophy as a reaction to Nikaya Buddhist philosophies, the importance of Nikaya Buddhism as the fundament of later (Mahayana) development, and the large cultural framework wherein Buddhism evolved to its present from.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0875730019?v=glance   (1298 words)

Buddhism is a religion and philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhirtha Gautama, who lived between approximately 563 and 483 BCE.
Native Vajrayana is practiced today mainly in Tibet, Nepal, Bhutan, Mongolia, Kalmykia, areas of India, and -- among the Shingon (Zhenyan), and Tendai schools in China and Japan.
It should be noted that the literal, and possibly original, meaning of the third precept covers more than the now generally standard meaning "sexual misconduct" and actually involves refraining from "wrong indulgence in all sensory pleasures".
www.paradisemoon.com /thai_main/Huahin/china_myth_thai_gypsy/Buddhism_overvu.htm   (963 words)

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