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Topic: Nitrous oxide

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In the News (Sun 16 Jun 19)

  Nitrous Oxide
Nitrous oxide was negative in three carcinogenicity assays in mice and rats exposed to concentrations as high as 400,000 ppm for 4 hours/day, 5 days/week for 78 weeks [ACGIH 1991].
Nitrous oxide should be stored in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area in tightly sealed containers that are labeled in accordance with OSHA's Hazard Communication Standard [29 CFR 1910.1200].
Nitrous oxide should also be stored separately from aluminum, boron, hydrazine, lithium hydride, phenyllithium, phosphine, sodium, tungsten carbide, hydrogen, hydrogen sulfide, organic peroxides, ammonia, and carbon monoxide.
www.osha.gov /SLTC/healthguidelines/nitrousoxide/recognition.html   (3516 words)

  Nitrous oxide - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Nitrous oxide is present in the atmosphere where it acts as a powerful greenhouse gas.
The structure of the nitrous oxide molecule is a linear chain of a nitrogen atom bound to a second nitrogen atom, which in turn is bound to an oxygen atom.
Nitrous oxide also attacks ozone in the stratosphere, aggravating the excess amount of UV striking the earth's surface in recent decades (various freons and related halogenated organics also consume ozone in the stratosphere).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Nitrous_oxide   (1770 words)

 Nitrous Oxide
Nitrous oxide is broken down in the atmosphere by chemical reactions that involve sunlight.
Like carbon dioxide and methane, nitrous oxide is a greenhouse gas whose molecules absorb heat trying to escape to space.
Nitrous oxide contributes to the Earth's natural greenhouse effect.
www.ace.mmu.ac.uk /eae/Global_Warming/Older/Nitrous_Oxide.html   (141 words)

 GG Ch4 Nitrous Oxide Emissions [w51]
Nitrous oxide (N2O) is a potent greenhouse gas, with a direct global warming potential 170 to 290 times that of carbon dioxide (see Chapter 1, Table 3).
Nitrous oxide emissions from the biosphere to the atmosphere originate mainly from soils.
Until the uncertainty regarding nitrous oxide emissions is resolved, the IPCC suggests that countries assume that 1 percent of the nitrogen (both mineral and organic) applied annually as fertilizer is released to the atmosphere.
www.eia.doe.gov /oiaf/1605/87-92rpt/chap4.html   (1794 words)

 BBC - Weather Centre - Climate Change - Nitrous Oxide
Nitrous oxide makes up an extremely small amount of the atmosphere - it is less than one-thousandth as abundant as carbon dioxide.
Nitrous oxide has one of the longest atmosphere lifetimes of the greenhouse gases, lasting for up to 150 years.
Burning fossil fuels and wood is one source of the increase in atmospheric nitrous oxide, however the main contributor is believed to be the widespread use of nitrogen-base fertilisers.
www.bbc.co.uk /climate/evidence/nitrous_oxide.shtml   (208 words)

 Some of the Dangers of Nitrous Oxide
Deaths involving nitrous oxide are very rare, but almost always involve putting a bag over the head or opening a tank in a sealed space such as a car.
One of the problems occasionally encountered when nitrous oxide is used for recreational purposes is that, unless the compound is administered with at least 20 percent oxygen, hypoxia (decreased oxygen content of the blood) can be induced.
Mandatory nitrous horror story: Layzer (in (1978) "Myeloneuropathy after prolonged exposure to nitrous oxide," _Lancet_ 2:1227) reports a case of 15 people who had been inhaling nitrous oxide for long periods of time and developed a condition resembling subacture combined degneration of the cord, whatever that means.
www.justsayn2o.com /nitrous.dangers.html   (2314 words)

 Nitrous Oxide Injection
Injection of nitrous oxide into the combustion chambers of an internal combustion engine as a way to increase power output was discovered by the German air craft industry early in the Second World War.
Nitrous oxide has this effect because it has a higher percentage of oxygen content than does the air in the atmosphere.
Simply stated, nitrous oxide injection is very much like a supercharger or a compression ratio increase in that, during combustion, it can dramatically increase the dynamic cylinder pressure in the engine.
www.idavette.net /hib/nitrous.htm   (1028 words)

 Emissions of Greenhouse Gases in the United States 1998 - 4. Nitrous Oxide Emissions
Emissions of nitrous oxide from mobile combustion stabilized from 1995 through 1998, as growth in the light-duty truck fleet slowed and the next generation of lower-emitting catalytic converters was introduced.
Nitrous oxide emissions from animal waste are dominated by emissions from cattle waste, which account for 94 percent of emissions from the solid waste of domesticated animals.
Nitrous oxide emissions from industrial wastewater treatment are the result of nitrification and denitrification, with denitrification having the largest effect.
www.eia.doe.gov /oiaf/1605/gg99rpt/nitrous.html   (2806 words)

 US EPA - Nitrous Oxide: Sources and Emissions
Nitrous oxide is also produced naturally from a wide variety of biological sources in soil and water, particularly microbial action in wet tropical forests.
Nitrous oxide is produced as part of the nitrogen cycle through the nitrification and denitrification of the organic nitrogen in livestock manure and urine.
Nitrous oxide emissions are most likely to occur in dry manure handling systems that have aerobic (in the presence of oxygen) conditions, but that also contain pockets of anaerobic (in the absence of oxygen) conditions due to saturation.
www.epa.gov /nitrousoxide/sources.html   (1311 words)

 Nitrous Oxide 101
Uses of Nitrous oxide date all the way back to World War II where the start of RandD was traced back to piston-powered aircraft.
Nitrous pressure is fed to the nozzle and the back side of the fuel pressure regulator diaphram, thus incresing fuel pressure.
Nitrous Express gave The Sentra Network permission to publish their Nitrous Oxide Frequently Asked Questions.
www.nissanperformancemag.com /august01/nitrous.shtml   (1914 words)

 Erowid Nitrous Vault: Basics
Nitrous Oxide (N2O) is a simple gas that, when inhaled, causes rapid analgesia (pain relief), euphoria, mild sedation, and sometimes psychedelic dissociation.
Nitrous is most frequently used in the form of whipped cream chargers, small metal cartridges which are 'cracked' either into a whipped cream canister or with a special 'cracker' into a balloon for inhalation.
Nitrous has remained popular throughout the 20th Century and is sold over the counter in small cartridges ("whippets") for making whipped cream and in large tanks for industrial and medical purposes.
www.erowid.org /chemicals/nitrous/nitrous_basics.shtml   (697 words)

 Nitrous - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Nitrous oxide is an oxidizing agent used to increase an engine's power output by allowing for faster burning of a fuel (usually gasoline).
Nitrous oxide is stored as a liquid in tanks, but because of its low boiling point it will vaporize when it enters a cylinder during the intake stroke.
The purpose of a nitrous purge is to ensure that the correct amount of nitrous oxide is delivered the moment the system is activated—air or gaseous nitrous oxide in the line will cause the car to "bog" for an instant until liquid nitrous oxide reaches the intake.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Nitrous   (1513 words)

 Overboost.com - Street/Strip Nitrous Oxide   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
While not permitted by most race governing bodies, some enthusiasts mount their nitrous bottles in the passenger compartment so the bottle valve can be turned on and off without having to make a trip to the trunk, or purchasing additional accessories to open the bottle valve with a remote-mounted switch.
The base of the nozzle is where the nitrous jet is installed; the jet is simply a brass cone with a tiny orifice to control the volume of nitrous that makes it to the engine.
Since nitrous oxide systems receive some of their fuel from the factory fuel system, it's important that the nitrous isn't triggered unless the factory fuel system is delivering as much fuel as possible — this means not firing the nitrous unless the engine is at wide-open throttle.
www.overboost.com /story.asp?id=201   (1118 words)

 US EPA - Nitrous Oxide
Nitrous oxide is about 310 times more effective in trapping heat in the atmosphere than CO over a 100-year period.
Nitrous oxide is also emitted naturally from a wide variety of biological sources.
Nitrous Oxide is one of several non-CO gases that contribute to global climate change.
www.epa.gov /nitrousoxide/index.html   (161 words)

 Nitrous Oxide FAQ
O, or Nitrous Oxide, also known as laughing gas, is a weak anaesthetic (painkilling) gas that was first synthesised in 1775 by Joseph Priestley.
The dairy industry uses nitrous as a mixing and foaming agent as it is non-flammable, bacteriostatic (stops bacteria from growing) and leaves no taste or odour.
Nitrous is even used in diving to prepare divers for the nitrous-like effects of nitrogen narcosis.
www.justsayn2o.com   (732 words)

 Nitrous Oxide   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Nitrous oxide interferes with activity of vitamin B12, which further interferes with the activity of folic acid, causing adverse actions.
Monitoring cobalamin inactivation during nitrous oxide anesthesia by determination of homocysteine and folate plasma and urine.
Effect of nitrous oxide on folate and vitamin B12 metabolism in patients.
www.kroger.com /hn/Drug/Nitrous_Oxide.htm   (704 words)

 Nitrous oxide (PIM 381)
Nitrous oxide is used for induction and maintenance of anaesthesia and, in sub-anaesthetic concentrations, for analgesia in a variety of situations.
Nitrous oxide is not recommended for anaesthesia and analgesia in patients with head injuries, impaired consciousness, facial injuries, the very young and the very old, pneumothorax, decompression sickness and heavy sedation including the effects of alcohol (Johnson, 1979; Reynolds, 1989).
The delayed toxic effect of nitrous oxide anaesthesia occasionally seen in large hospitals may be attributable to the prolonged cerebral anoxia due to the free nitrogen present in nitrous oxide.
www.inchem.org /documents/pims/pharm/nitrusox.htm   (2816 words)

 Drug Info
Nitrous is legally available for over-the-counter sale, although in many states it is illegal to sell nitrous to a minor.
Nitrous is most commonly sold in small canisters for use in making whipped cream ("whippits"), although it can also be purchased in large tanks.
A lungful of nitrous oxide results in the temporary loss of motor control and a "dissociative" psychological effect, where sensations and perceptions become disconnected.
www.dancesafe.org /documents/druginfo/nitrousoxide.php   (312 words)

 Nitrous Oxide Power - Car Craft Magazine   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
That's been a good thing for everybody who makes nitrous kits, because the huge profits they reap from fools who want to blow the intake welds on their Hondas means more cash in the coffers to develop and market high-quality, low-cost plate and fogger systems for real musclecars like ours.
First, since the ratio of gaseous nitrous to the enrichment fuel is a critical part of the "tuneup," the volume and pressure of fuel delivered to the fuel solenoid must be accurate and controllable.
If pressurized nitrous leaks out of the system and causes a pocket of air to develop in the line, there could be a lag when the solenoids are activated while the gas flows through the lines and solenoid and into the engine.
www.carcraft.com /techarticles/116_0302_nitrous_oxide_power   (1451 words)

A lot of other people have had nitrous administered at the dentist (it's laughing gas, folks); I don't care how cool a drug is, it's hard to have a good trip when some bastard's about to shove a tiny air-powered diamond drill into your dentine.
Nitrous is used for aerating cream because it's soluble in fat and doesn't tingle on the tongue like carbon dioxide.
Nitrous bulbs are very similar to carbon dioxide bulbs - a little broader in the beam, and usually grey and made by one and only one company in Hungary, whose bankruptcy would cause long-haired louts the world over to wear fl armbands for a year.
www.dansdata.com /personal/nitrous.htm   (1893 words)

 nitrous oxide systems | nitrous kits and systems | nitrous oxide uk dealer
We supply Nitrous Oxide systems for off and on road use which includes all types of vehicles such as streetcars, Raleigh cars, and even stock and drag racing cars.
A property of nitrous oxide is that at about 565 degrees F., it breaks down into nitrogen and oxygen.
Just do a bit of math in your head and you can see if we substitute some nitrous oxide for some of the air going into an engine than add the appropriate amount of additional fuel, the engine is going to put out more power.
www.nitrouskits.co.uk   (361 words)

 Nitrous Oxide Injection F.A.Q.
When the nitrous oxide is heated to approximately 572oF (on compression stroke), it breaks down and release extra oxygen, However, it is not this oxygen alone which creates additional power, but the ability of this oxygen to burn more fuel.
Secondly, as pressurized nitrous oxide is injected into the intake manifold, it changes from a liquid to a gas (boils).
Nitrous can be extremeny advantageous i that it is only used when you want it, not all the time.
members.aol.com /agspeed/nos.htm   (2817 words)

 Tuning Nitrous Oxide Systems - Nitrous Supply
Nitrous oxide injection systems are probably the most efficient way to increase the flow of oxygen and fuel.
Nitrous oxide is a convenient way to add the additional oxygen required to burn more fuel.
Nitrous oxide simply allows you to burn a greater quantity of fuel in the same time period; thus the overall effect is a tremendous increase in the total amount of energy, or power,
www.nitroussupply.com /tuning.php?PHPSESSID=df1a9676b066f36713f61171c370a2ac   (3028 words)

 Nitrous Oxide and Nitrite Inhalants: Just Say N2O
And nitrous oxide (commonly known as "laughing gas") and the nitrites mostly seem to fit the bill: They are cheap and easy to get (sometimes legally) in clubs and boutiques and through mail-order magazine ads.
Like amyl nitrite, nitrous oxide (N2O) is a medical drug with tons of history -- this time dating back to the 18th Century.
Commonly known as "laughing gas," nitrous is colorless and sweet-smelling, and produces giddiness, relaxation, floating sensations, and a mild anesthesia.
www.doitnow.org /pages/142.html   (1706 words)

 Nitrous Oxide   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Nitrous oxide is used as an inhalation anesthetic and analgesic.
Nitrous oxide is produced by the general thermal method used in previous parts of this series.
Joseph Priestley described the combustion of a candle in nitrous oxide as enabling the candle to burn with an “enlarged flame.” As the discoverer of oxygen, he was familiar with the dazzling combustion of a candle in the presence of oxygen.
mattson.creighton.edu /N2O   (3436 words)

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