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Topic: Nobel Prize in Physics


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In the News (Wed 22 Nov 17)

  
  Nobel Prize - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The prizes for physics and chemistry shall be awarded by the Swedish Academy of Sciences; that for physiological or medical works by the Caroline Institute in Stockholm; that for literature by the Academy in Stockholm; and that for champions of peace by a committee of five persons to be elected by the Norwegian Storting.
For example, in 2002, a Prize was awarded to Koichi Tanaka and John Fenn for the development of mass spectrometry in protein chemistry, failing to recognise the achievements of Franz Hillenkamp and Michael Karas of the Institute for Physical and Theoretical Chemistry at the University of Frankfurt.
Criticism was levied towards the 2005 Nobel Prize in Physics, specifically the recognition of Roy Glauber and not George Sudarshan for the award.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Nobel_Prize   (2909 words)

  
 Nobel Prize in Physics - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Hannes Alfvén (1908–1995) accepting the Nobel Prize for his work on magnetohydrodynamics [1].
The prize money was with 1/3 allocated to the Main Fund and with 2/3 to the Special Fund of this prize section.
"for his theoretical studies of the physical processes of importance to the structure and evolution of the stars".
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Nobel_Prize_in_Physics   (2263 words)

  
 Nobel Laureates   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-03)
(1928-) won the Nobel Prize in chemistry in 1990 for his “development of the theory and methodology of organic synthesis.” Corey served on the faculty in the Department of Chemistry at the University from 1951 to 1959.
(1929-) shared the Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine in 2003 with Sir Peter Mansfield for "seminal discoveries concerning the use of magnetic resonance to visualize different structures." Lauterbur was among the first scientists to use nuclear magnetic resonance in the studies of molecules, solutions, and solids.
(1912-1991) won the Nobel Prize in medicine and physiology in 1969 with Max Delbruck and Alfred Hershey for discoveries concerning the replication mechanism and the genetic structure of viruses.
www.publications.uiuc.edu /info/nobel.html   (985 words)

  
 Argonne scientist wins 2003 Nobel Prize for Physics
He received his Ph.D. in 1951 from the Institute for Physical Problems in Moscow for the theory of thermal diffusion in plasmas and then the next degree, Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, in 1955 from the same institute for a thesis on quantum electrodynamics at high energies.
He was chairman of theoretical physics at the Moscow Institute for Steel and Alloys from 1976-1991, and was head of the condensed matter theory division of Russia's Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics from 1966-1988.
NOBEL PRIZE WINNER — Argonne physicist Alexei A. Abrikosov has won the 2003 Nobel Prize for Physics, along with Anthony Leggett of the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, and Vitaly Ginzburg of the P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute in Moscow.
www.anl.gov /Media_Center/News/2003/news031007.htm   (905 words)

  
 USATODAY.com - Nobel physics prize brings quantum optics out of dark   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-03)
Glauber chose physics over a career in astronomy — today a research hotbed — because he thought astronomy "was on its last legs." He's still interested in astronomy, and he credits a 1956 experiment by Australians Robert Hanbury Brown and Richard Twiss with sparking his interest in quantum optics.
Last year's prize was given to Americans David Gross, David Politzer and Frank Wilczeck for their explanation of the force that binds particles inside an atomic nucleus.
On Monday, Australians Barry Marshall and Robin Warren won the 2005 Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine for proving, partly by accident, that bacteria and not stress was the main cause of painful ulcers of the stomach and intestine.
www.usatoday.com /news/world/2005-10-04-americans-nobelprize_x.htm   (902 words)

  
 David J. Gross - 2004 Nobel Prize in Physics
The prize is for the "discovery of asymptotic freedom in the theory of the strong interaction" and is shared with H. David Politzer of the California Institute of Technology and Frank Wilczek of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
He is the recipient of the J. Sakurai Prize of the American Physical Society in 1986, a MacArthur Foundation Fellowship Prize in 1987, the Dirac Medal in 1988, the Oscar Klein Medal in 2000 and the Harvey Prize of the Technion in 2000.
The Frederick W. Gluck Chair in Theoretical Physics, an endowed chair for the director of the Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics, was established in 2002 with a generous gift from UCSB Trustee Fred Gluck.
www.ucsb.edu /nobel/gross.shtml   (666 words)

  
 Ray Davis Jr. Wins Nobel Prize in Physics
The Nobel laureates will be awarded their prizes at a ceremony in Stockholm, Sweden, on December 10.
Davis’s Nobel Prize is the fifth one in physics won by scientists connected with Brookhaven Lab.
T.D. Lee and C.N. Yang shared the 1957 Nobel Prize in Physics for a theoretical breakthrough on parity violation, work that was done at Brookhaven.
www.bnl.gov /bnlweb/pubaf/pr/2002/bnlpr100802.htm   (782 words)

  
 Richardson and Lee win Nobel Prize in physics
Two Cornell physicists, Robert C. Richardson and David M. Lee, have won the 1996 Nobel Prize in physics for their 1971 discovery of the superfluid helium-3, a breakthrough in low-temperature physics, the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences announced Wednesday.
Richardson, the Floyd R. Newman Professor of Physics and director of the Laboratory of Atomic and Solid State Physics, was in Washington, D.C., Wednesday for a National Research Council meeting on condensed matter physics.
He was named an assistant professor of physics in 1968, an associate professor in the same field in 1972 and a full professor in 1975.
www.news.cornell.edu /http://www.news.corne/Chronicle/96/10.10.96/Nobel_Prize.html   (716 words)

  
 Jefferson Lab in the News - Nobel Prize in physics awarded
The winner of the Nobel Prize in chemistry will be named on Wednesday morning and the Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel later the same day.
The prizes, which include a gold medal and a diploma, are presented on Dec. 10, the anniversary of Nobel's death in 1896, in Stockholm and in Oslo, Norway.
This year's Nobel Prize in physics is awarded to three physicists who have made decisive contributions concerning two phenomena in quantum physics: superconductivity and superfluidity.
www.jlab.org /news/articles/2003/nobel1.html   (1895 words)

  
 Laughlin wins Nobel Prize in physics: 10/13/98
Robert B. Laughlin, professor of physics and applied physics and the Anne T. and Robert M. Bass Professor in the School of Humanities and Sciences, said he wants the public to understand that nature is a wonderful thing that has many surprises.
SLAC physicist Martin Perl was awarded the Nobel Prize in physics in 1995, and Stanford's Douglas Osheroff and Steven Chu were the recipients in 1996 and 1997.
Both Laughlin and Chu have joint appointments in the departments of physics and applied physics, and both were recruited to Stanford as a result of the joint efforts of Alexander Fetter, then chair of physics, and Malcolm Beasley, then chair of applied physics and now dean of the School of Humanities and Sciences.
news-service.stanford.edu /news/1998/october14/nobel1014.html   (1639 words)

  
 ScienceDaily: Nobel Prize In Physics Honors 'Colorful' Discovery In The World Of Quarks
Nobel Prize In Physics Goes To Discovers Of New State Of Matter: Bose-Einstein Condensate (October 9, 2001) -- The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has decided to award the Nobel Prize in Physics for 2001 jointly to Eric A. Cornell, of JILA and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in...
Spin (physics) -- In physics, spin refers to the angular momentum intrinsic to a body, as opposed to orbital angular momentum, which is generated by the motion of its center of mass about an external...
Electromagnetism -- Electromagnetism is the physics of the electromagnetic field: a field, encompassing all of space, which exerts a force on those particles that possess the property of electric charge, and is in turn...
www.sciencedaily.com /releases/2004/10/041005072322.htm   (1822 words)

  
 Cornell and Wieman Share 2001 Nobel Prize in Physics
Cornell, 39, is a senior scientist at the U.S. Department of Commerce's NIST and an adjoint professor of physics at CU-Boulder.
Thomas Cech, a CU-Boulder professor of chemistry and biochemistry, was a co-winner of the 1989 Nobel Prize in chemistry.
The Physics Laboratory is thrilled that Eric Cornell, Carl Wieman and Wolfgang Ketterle are sharing the Nobel Prize in physics.
www.nist.gov /public_affairs/releases/n01-04.htm   (1061 words)

  
 Harvard Gazette: Glauber wins Nobel Prize in Physics
Roy J. Glauber, Mallinckrodt Professor of Physics at Harvard University, has won a 2005 Nobel Prize in Physics for pioneering work on the nature and behavior of light.
Glauber shares the prestigious prize with John L. Hall of the University of Colorado and Theodor W. Hansch of the Institute for Quantum Optics in Munich, Germany.
Roy also participates in the latest research in nuclear physics, studying the behavior of matter when compressed to ultra-high densities." That is the state that matter was in during and immediately after the origin of the universe.
www.news.harvard.edu /gazette/2005/10.06/01-nobel.html   (865 words)

  
 Nobel Prize in Physics   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-03)
Friedman's dramatic, richly detailed book is essential reading for those wanting to understand the Nobel physics and chemistry decisions in their first fifty years....
The Nobel Population 1901-1937: A Census of the Nominators and Nominees for the Prize in Physics and Chemistry (Berkeley Papers in the History of Sc)
The Nobel Population 1901-1950 is an updated version of...
www.freeglossary.com /Nobel_Prize_in_Physics   (2118 words)

  
 Online NewsHour: Nobel Prize for Physics -- October 12, 1999
Two Dutch physics professors, Gerardus 't Hooft and Martinus J.G.Veltman, were awarded the 1999 Nobel Prize for Physics for putting particle physics theories on a firmer mathematical foundation.
The Nobel Foundation's announcement of the 1999 Nobel Prize for Physics
Veltman was a professor of physics at University of Utrecht and then at the University of Michigan before retiring.
www.pbs.org /newshour/nobel_1999/physics.html   (383 words)

  
 Not Even Wrong » Blog Archive » 2005 Physics Nobel Prize
If, however, citations reflect real influence and prizes ought to be awarded for influential work, the Nobel Committee should consider recognizing string theory and M theory, whose leading figures have been Green and Schwarz, the pioneers, and Witten, who extended their work.
Yeah, yeah totally biased and all, but the physics of complex systems is definitely one of the most exciting fields of modern theoretical physics and it would be a fine idea, in my opinion, to recognize some pioneers in the arena.
Prizes are not given for unprooved theories, so nothing for Witten, but I have to mention Linde and Co. for inflation theory.
www.math.columbia.edu /~woit/wordpress?p=260   (3219 words)

  
 Frederick Reines is Awarded the 1995 Nobel Prize in Physics
The awarding of the Nobel Prizes to UCI faculty was covered by front page stories in the L.A. Times and in the Orange County Register, and on the local and national television news.
The Nobel announcement by the Royal Academy of Sweden and their description of the neutrino experiment of Reines and of atmospheric chemistry for Rowland are on the World Wide Web and are linked to from the UCI Physical Sciences homepage http://www.physsci.uci.edu/.
In the modern Standard Model of fundamental particle physics, the electron neutrino detected by Fred Reines is associated with electrons in the weak interactions, and completed the first generation of elementary particles, along with the electron and the "up" and "down" quarks in neutrons and protons.
www.ps.uci.edu /physics/news/nobel.html   (1373 words)

  
 News in Science - Nobel Prize for physics recognises astrophysics - 09/10/2002
Three astrophysicists have been rewarded with the 2002 Nobel Prize in Physics for their work in pioneering two areas of research — neutrino-astronomy and X-ray astronomy.
They will receive their prize, along with the other Nobel laureates, from Sweden's King Carl XVI Gustaf at the official ceremony in Stockholm on December 10, the anniversary of the 1896 death of the prize creator, Swedish scholar and inventor Alfred Nobel.
In 1930 Wolfgang Pauli predicted their existence and was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1945.
www.abc.net.au /science/news/stories/s697089.htm   (513 words)

  
 Robert Laughlin Wins Nobel Prize   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-03)
, Horst L. Stoermer, and Daniel C. Tsui are the co-winners of the 1998 Nobel Prize in Physics.
He received the E. Lawrence Award in 1984 from DOE and the Oliver E. Buckley Prize from the American Physical Society in 1986 and now he has received the most prestigious prize in all science.
Physicist Robert Laughlin shares in 1998 Nobel Prize in Physics; 4th in a row for Stanford.
www-phys.llnl.gov /Awards/Laughlin/Laughlin_Nobel.html   (324 words)

  
 Winners of the Nobel Prize in Physics
The prize was awarded for pioneering experimental contributions to lepton physics, with one half to:
The prize was awarded for pioneering contributions to the development of neutron scattering techniques for studies of condensed matter to:
The prize money for 1916 was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section.
almaz.com /nobel/physics/physics.html   (1991 words)

  
 Martin Perl awarded 1995 Nobel Prize in physics
SLAC Director Burton Richter, recipient of the 1976 Nobel Prize for physics, said, "All of us at Stanford are elated at the news.
In the standard model of particle physics, the elementary building blocks of matter appear in families, with two leptons and two quarks in each.
Perl was awarded the Wolf Prize for his discovery of the tau in 1982.
www.stanford.edu /dept/news/pr/95/951011Arc5066.html   (704 words)

  
 Illinois professor wins Nobel Prize in physics
He shares the prize with Alexei A. Abrikosov of Argonne National Laboratory in Argonne, Ill., and Vitaly L. Ginzburg of the Lebedev Physical Institute in Moscow.
He was cited in the announcement of the 1996 Nobel Prize in physics for assisting the prize winners in their interpretation of the experiments that led to a breakthrough in low-temperature physics.
Leggett has been awarded the Wolf Prize in physics from the Wolf Foundation, the Maxwell Medal and Prize and the Simon Memorial Prize of the British Institute of Physics, and he is a foreign member of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
www.eurekalert.org /pub_releases/2003-10/uoia-ipw100703.php   (539 words)

  
 Nobel Prize in Physics - Wikipedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-03)
List of Nobel Prize laureates in physics 1901-2002.
Detailed explanations are found at the Nobel foundation's website: http://www.nobel.se.
1934 The prize money was with 1/3 allocated to the Main Fund and with 2/3 to the Special Fund of this prize section
wikipedia.findthelinks.com /no/Nobel_Prize_in_physics.html   (1876 words)

  
 NIST/JILA fellow Jan Hall shares 2005 Nobel Prize in Physics
Nobel Laureate John (Jan) L. Hall describes his research to reporters at a news conference on Oct. 4.
Precise control of the frequency and improved stability have enabled a broad range of laser applications in science and technology, including precision spectroscopy for physical and chemical analysis, new tests and measurements of fundamental physical laws and constants, time and length metrology, and fiber-optic communications, among others.
The proof of that is the now three Nobel Prizes shared by NIST researchers.
www.eurekalert.org /pub_releases/2005-10/nios-nfj100405.php   (758 words)

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