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Topic: Nominative case


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  Nominative case - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The nominative case is a grammatical case for a noun, which generally marks the subject of a verb, as opposed to its object or other verb arguments.
The nominative case is the usual, natural form (more technically, the least marked) of certain parts of speech, such as nouns, adjectives, pronouns and less frequently numerals and participles, and sometimes does not indicate any special relationship with other parts of speech.
Therefore, in some languages the nominative case is unmarked, that is, the nominative word is the base form or stem, with no inflection; alternatively, it may said to be marked by a null morpheme.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Nominative_case   (314 words)

  
 CASES
CASE refers to the formal markers (in Latin they are endings added to the stem of a noun or adjective) that tell you how a noun or adjective is to be construed in relationship to other words in the sentence.
The dative case is most familiar to English speakers as the case of the indirect object, and the most common instance of the indirect object is the person "to or for whom" something is given: "I gave the book to her", "to her" would be in the dative case.
The accusative case is the case for the direct object of transitive verbs, the internal object of any verb (but frequently with intransitive verbs), for expressions indicating the extent of space or the duration of time, and for the object of certain prepositions.
omega.cohums.ohio-state.edu /latin/grammar/latin_cases_basic.htm   (552 words)

  
 Encyclopedia: Nominative case   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The genitive case is a grammatical case that indicates a relationship, primarily one of possession, between the noun in the genitive case and another noun.
This declension (case) indicates a change in state of a noun, with the general sense of becoming X or change to X. In the Finnish language, this is the counterpart of the Essive case, with the basic meaning of a change of state.
Moreover, in most languages with a nominative case, the nominative form is the lemma; that is, it is the one used to cite a word, to list it as a dictionary entry, etc. Markedness is a linguistics concept that developed out of the Prague School (also known as the Prague linguistic circle).
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Nominative-case   (2056 words)

  
 Nominative-accusative language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The nominative form is usually the most unmarked form of a word, and the form that is used as the lemma.
The Finnish accusative case is always telic; the object (and thus the action) is finished, a "total object", and may not be referenced again by the same action.
The partitive case may appear contrastively in the same position as the accusative, and indicates an atelic object, which may be referenced again for the same action.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Nominative-accusative_language   (444 words)

  
 Vocative case - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The vocative case is the case used for a noun identifying the person (animal, object, etc.) being addressed and/or occasionally the determiners of that noun.
In Latin, e.g., the nominative case is lupus and the vocative case is lupe!
The vocative case in Romanian is inherited from Latin.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Vocative_case   (1259 words)

  
 Nominative case - RecipeFacts   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The nominative case is a grammatical case for a noun.
Therefore, in some languages the nominative case is unmarked, that is, the nominative word is the base form or stem, with no inflection.
In nominative-absolutive languages, the nominative case marks the subject of a transitive verb or a voluntary subject of an intransitive verb, but not an involuntary subject of an intransitive verb (for which the absolutive case is used).
www.recipeland.com /encyclopaedia/index.php/Nominative   (324 words)

  
 NOMINATIVE CASE. The Columbia Guide to Standard American English. 1993
is the grammatical case that in English dictates the forms of pronouns being used as subjects or as predicate nominatives: We hope to be there (we is subject).
It is we who will suffer (we is predicate nominative, who is subject of an included clause modifier).
I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they, and who are the nominative case pronouns, although you and it are not distinguished from the accusative case forms.
www.bartleby.com /68/85/4085.html   (148 words)

  
 Nominative case
Nominative is a grammatical case for a noun.
Nominative marks, generally, the subject of a verb.
English still retains some nominative pronouns, as opposed to accusative: I (accusative me), we (accusative us), he (accusative him), she (accusative her), and they (accusative them).
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/no/Nominative.html   (101 words)

  
 Linguistics 150, Chapter 6
In general, subjects appear in the nominative (with an exception to be discussed later on), and objects appear in the oblique.
For all practical purposes, the case that a particular verb governs is not predictable and must be learned by rote, since even verbs with similar meanings may govern different cases, as (7) and (8) illustrate.
Given the association of oblique case with V, it might be supposed that nominative case is a feature associated with V as well.
www.ling.upenn.edu /courses/Spring_2000/ling150/ch6.html   (2490 words)

  
 Greek Cases
The substantive in the nominative case is frequently the subject of a finite verb.
The nominative absolute is the use of the nominative case in introductory material, which is not ot be construed as a sentence.
This nominative substantive is the logical rather than syntactical subject at the beginning of a sentence, followed by a sentence in which this subject is now replaced by a pronoun in the case required by syntax.
www.bcbsr.com /greek/gcase.html   (4175 words)

  
 KET DL | Latin 1 | Grammatica | Nouns
A case, in Latin, is a grammatical term to indicate a change that occurs usually in the ending or terminus of a nounor adjective (puella, puellae, puellam).
The case of an adjective must be the same as the noun it modifies.
Latin has five cases, six when one counts the vocative which usually is the same as the nominative form and thus sometimes not listed as a separate case.
www.dl.ket.org /latin1/review/whatiscase.htm   (674 words)

  
 The Russian Noun Case System
First, the Nominative Case indicates that the noun is the subject of the sentence while the accusative indicates that it is the direct object.
The Genitive Case is the 'of' case in that it translates English prepositional phrases beginning with 'of'.
The pattern in Declension IV is for the accent to fall on the stem in the nominative-accusative and on the ending in the remaining four cases.
www.alphadictionary.com /rusgrammar/case.html   (1696 words)

  
 ScienceDaily: Declension   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The patient of a (transitive) verb is in the accusative case.
This noun is in the trigger case, and information elsewhere in the sentence (for example a verb affix in Tagalog) specifies the role of the trigger.
The trigger may be identified as the agent, patient, etc. Other nouns may be inflected for case, but the inflections are overloaded; for example, in Tagalog, the subject and object of a verb are both expressed in the genitive case when they are not in the trigger case.
www.sciencedaily.com /encyclopedia/declension   (1343 words)

  
 RWT: Accusative case
The accusative case endings of adjectives that describe masculine inanimate nouns are the same as in the nominative case.
Possessive adjectives that accompany masculine animate nouns in the accusative case have the same forms as in the genitive.
In Russian we use the accusative case with the prepositions × and ÎÁ when the noun indicates the direction (place) toward which something or someone is moving.
www.auburn.edu /~mitrege/RWT/tutorials/accusative.html   (632 words)

  
 ALS98 PAPERS - Alan Libert   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The Government-Binding rule of Case assignment by adpositions is "NP is oblique if governed by P" (Chomsky 1981:170), and this is consistent with the fact that in some of the best known languages, such as Latin and German, objects (or complements) of adpositions are marked for some case other than the nominative.
If one accepts the GB notion of abstract case, then it is certainly possible that objects of adpositions which appear in the nominative case are assigned some abstract oblique case by a P, but that this abstract case does not correspond to an overt oblique case (as happens to objects of verbs in English).
One may say first that nominative marking of objects of adpositions is not that unusual a phenomenon; the feeling that it is odd may be a result of the fact that it is quite uncommon in the case languages most familiar to traditional linguistics.
www.cltr.uq.edu.au /als98/liber717.html   (2241 words)

  
 Syntactical Classification of Nominative Case   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Subject Nominative - When a word is used as the subject of a finite verb, it is usually in the nominative case.
Predicate Nominative - The object of a copulative (linking) verb will also usually be in the nominative case, rather than in the accusative case as would be expected.
Nominative of Appellation - Sometimes a proper noun is used in the nominative case, regardless of what role it plays in the sentence.
www.ntgreek.org /learn_nt_greek/classify-nominative.htm   (191 words)

  
 Case in German
The subject of a sentence is in the nominative case.
The indirect object is in the dative case.
The word "her" cannot be the subject, because it is not nominative.
www.acampitelli.com /explain_case_in_German.htm   (869 words)

  
 Lessons 141-145 - Parts of the Sentence - Prounouns   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Case means that a different form of a pronoun is used for different parts of the sentence.
Nominative case pronouns are I, she, he, we, they, and who.
we = predicate nominative, I = appositive to a predicate nominative
www.dailygrammar.com /141to145.shtml   (951 words)

  
 E-Intro to Old English - 4. Case   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Case is the inflection of nouns, pronouns and adjectives to signal their functions in sentences and clauses.
For example, nominative and accusative are never distinguished in the plural or in any neuter noun, pronoun or adjective, and they have also fallen together in the singular of strong masculine nouns.
In all of the Germanic languages the dative case is an amalgam of several older cases that have fallen together: dative, locative, ablative, and instrumental.
www.wmich.edu /medieval/research/rawl/IOE/case.html   (1699 words)

  
 Lithuanian Principles in the Nominative Case as the Modifier of the Phrase Subject
The participle may be in the nominative case, modify the subject of the main verb and define more closely the meaning of the main verb.
According to Ambrazas, 1979, 98, the Lithuanian construction of nominative with participle is equivalent to a subordinate clause.
The nominal predicate got the nominative form instead of the accusative (as in Latin: (b) dixit se divitem 'he said himself to be rich' (where divitem 'rich' is in the accusative singular)) under the influence of the subject which is in the nominative case.
www.lituanus.org /1986/86_2_01.htm   (1638 words)

  
 Estonian Inflection
The nominative case is used when the noun is the subject (or predicate) of the sentence.
The elative case is used to show something else is going outside of it, or made from it.
The translative case is also used as a short form of the postposition 'jaoks' to show what something is for.
www.cusd.claremont.edu /~tkroll/inflection.html   (413 words)

  
 Declensions and Cases
To show that a word is in the nominative case, (i.e., the word functions as the subject of a clause), modern English speakers put that word in front of a verb.
Nominative Case: Words in this case usually function as the subject of a sentence, or in some cases as a predicate nominative.
Interjective Case: Words in the interjective case are outbursts or exclamations separate from the rest of the sentence's syntax.
web.cn.edu /kwheeler/declensions.html   (655 words)

  
 Engl401 | Lessons | The Four Main Cases: Masculine and Neuter Strong Nouns
For masculine strong nouns, the demonstrative pronoun alone signals the case: it is sé in the singular.
Unlike masculine nouns for which the demonstrative changes in the accusative (the object case, in the sentences we saw in Lesson 2) to þone, the neuter demonstrative does not change from nominative to accusative: it remains þæt, so word order alone may indicate which noun is the subject and which the object.
The masculine nominative plural is identical to the masculine accusative plural; the neuter accusative plural is identical to the neuter nominative plural.
www.ucalgary.ca /UofC/eduweb/engl401/lessons/casestmn.htm   (770 words)

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