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Topic: Norms

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In the News (Tue 18 Jun 19)

  USCCB - Committee on the Liturgy - Norms for the Distribution and Reception of Holy Communion Under Both Kinds in the ...
The purpose of these norms is to ensure the reverent and careful distribution of Holy Communion under both kinds.
Norms established by the diocesan bishop must be observed wherever the Eucharist is celebrated in the diocese, "even in the churches of religious orders and in celebrations with small groups."
The norms and directives established by the Church for the celebration of any liturgical rite always have as their immediate goal the proper and careful celebration of those rites.
www.usccb.org /liturgy/current/norms.shtml   (6053 words)

  Norm (sociology) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In sociology, a norm, or social norm, is a rule that is socially enforced.
Norms with common sense origins may, over time, lose their original context as society changes: an action that was once performed because it was necessary to survive may over the years become a social norm, even once the circumstances that made it necessary for survival are no longer applicable.
As a series of examples that are under tremendous contemporary pressure as norms evolve: the term "lover" once was presumed to denote a person of the opposite sex; a "mature" adult once was presumed to be or have been married; and a "couple" once was presumed to have or want children.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Norm_(sociology)   (1148 words)

 IFOAM | The IFOAM Norms
The Norms, their Interpretations and their changes resulting from Urgent Revisions can be downloaded from the Norms Documents Library of this website.
Occasionally circumstances warrant that the normal procedures and timelines for norms revisions are superceded, and a section of the norms may be revised in-between the normal revision cycles.
The current revisions to the text of the norms resulting from urgent revisions and the respective policies can be downloaded from the Norms Documents Library.
www.ifoam.org /about_ifoam/standards/norms.html   (699 words)

Norms are used as standards with which we measure the appropriateness of behaviors, perceptions, beliefs, and even feelings, within the social group to which the norms are relevant.
The word norm is from the same root as "normal," and the simplest way of finding norms in some group or society is to see what the people consider to be normal.
Norms, like habits, seem to maintain their own existence: "The behavior 'prescribed' by an informal norm is prescribed because it is deemed to be valid.
www.ship.edu /~cgboeree/socexpect.html   (3644 words)

 OBNotes.htm Organizational Behavior Notes by Wilf Ratzburg: GROUPS AND TYPES OF NORMS   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-27)
Norms differ from rules in that they are not formal or written down.
Norms may in fact be so subtle that group members are in fact unaware that they even exist.
Whereas an organization may have rules regarding honesty in the workplace, it is far more likely that it is unwritten norms which foster worker honesty, loyalty, appropriate dress or behaviors related to absenteeism or tardiness.
www.geocities.com /Athens/Forum/1650/htmlgroups10.html   (109 words)

 The Abnormal Normals
Human societies are all about norms, correct ways to behave, standard ways to look, socially acceptable attitudes to all things.
The whole you is never static, never a 'norm', aspects of you grow and decline, are important or not in different contexts.
All the ideas on which our social norms are based are abstract ones, they do not themselves exist in the material world - we create the ideas of beauty, of good or of worth collectively, and we can change them as we see fit.
www.calresco.org /lucas/normal.htm   (2496 words)

 Cultural Norms   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-27)
Cultural norms are behavior patterns that are typical of specific groups.
Conflict or uncertainty over which cultural norms should be acceptable in which circumstances has contributed to change and instability in the fields of education and prevention during recent years.
Cultural norms often are so strongly ingrained in an individual's daily life that the individual may be unaware of certain behaviors.
www.ncrel.org /sdrs/areas/issues/envrnmnt/drugfree/sa1lk2.htm   (175 words)

 Commentary on the Norms on the Responsibilities of Transnational Corporations and Other Business Enterprises with ...
This paragraph reflects the primary approach of the Norms and the remainder of the Norms shall be read in the light of this paragraph.
The Norms may not be used by States as an excuse for failing to take action to protect human rights, for example, through the enforcement of existing laws.
Transnational corporations and other business enterprises shall recognize and respect applicable norms of international law, national laws and regulations, as well as administrative practices, the rule of law, the public interest, development objectives, social, economic and cultural policies including transparency, accountability and prohibition of corruption, and authority of the countries in which the enterprises operate.
www1.umn.edu /humanrts/links/commentary-Aug2003.html   (6061 words)

 The Coad Letter: Strategy Edition, Issue 40, Working Together -- Lessons Learned From Fred
Part of the reason for that success is that the team leaders understand the value of team dynamics, of getting team members to accept some useful mental models, some agreed-upon ground rules, some norms of behavior.
You cannot get to norming or performing without some storming first (those who think otherwise are only kidding themselves, don't realize just how much more effective they could be).
Explicit norms helped us interact with each other, providing some basic ground rules on what we all agreed would help us be more effective, more productive.
bdn.borland.com /article/0,1410,29861,00.html   (809 words)

 Norms on Indulgences
The three conditions may be fulfilled several days before or after the performance of the prescribed work; it is, however, fitting that Communion be received and the prayer for the intention of the Sovereign Pontiff be said on the same day the work is performed.
The condition of praying for the intention of the Sovereign Pontiff is fully satisfied by reciting one Our Father and one Hail Mary; nevertheless, each one is free to recite any other prayer according to his piety and devotion.
The norms regarding plenary indulgences, particularly the one stated above in Norm 24, 1, apply also to what up to now have been customarily called "toties quoties" ["as often as"] plenary indulgences.
www.ourladyswarriors.org /indulge/norms.htm   (1466 words)

 SSRN-Norms-Based Intellectual Property Systems: The Case of French Chefs by Emmanuelle Fauchart, Eric von Hippel
Norms-based IP systems operate on social norms that are held in common by members of a given community and specify the nature and extent of rights that a group member can assert to intellectual property.
We also point out that the existence of norms-based IP systems means that the usage of information that is freely accessible and not legally protected may be nonetheless restricted to the benefit of innovators.
Indeed, information "commons" may in fact be criss-crossed by norms-based fences, with access by those adhering to community norms controlled by IP owners.
papers.ssrn.com /sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=881781   (432 words)

 Characteristics of a group - norms   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-27)
Some norms will be strictly adhered to while others permit a wide range of behaviour.
Common norms in groups include: taboo subjects, open expression of feelings, interrupting or challenging the tutor, volunteering one's services, avoiding conflict, length and frequency of contributions.
It may be helpful to invite a group to break into subgroups to discuss its norms and perhaps to discard some of those which seem counter-productive.
www.brookes.ac.uk /services/ocsd/2_learntch/small-group/sgt1.8.html   (207 words)

 NIOSH Safety and Health Topic - Occupational Respiratory Disease Surveillance - National Occupational Respiratory ...
The National Occupational Respiratory Mortality System (NORMS) is a data-storage and interactive data-retrieval system developed and maintained by NIOSH.
NORMS is a compilation of national mortality data obtained annually (since 1968, unless otherwise indicated) from the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) multiple cause of death
NORMS compiles mortality data for the total number of U.S. residents identified with any of the previously mentioned respiratory conditions listed on the entity axis
webappa.cdc.gov /ords/norms.html   (854 words)

 Norms on the Responsibilities of Transnational Corporations and Other Business Enterprises with Regard to Human Rights
States should establish and reinforce the necessary legal and administrative framework for ensuring that the Norms and other relevant national and international laws are implemented by transnational corporations and other business enterprises.
These Norms shall be presumed to apply, as a matter of practice, if the business enterprise has any relation with a transnational corporation, the impact of its activities is not entirely local, or the activities involve violations of the right to security as indicated in paragraphs 3 and 4.
The term “stakeholder” shall be interpreted functionally in the light of the objectives of these Norms and include indirect stakeholders when their interests are or will be substantially affected by the activities of the transnational corporation or business enterprise.
www1.umn.edu /humanrts/links/norms-Aug2003.html   (1365 words)

 Mailing List Immortal@secureid.org Message 15
The norms or ethos of the group derive from the system of meanings generated by the cultural worldview.
The dominant normative systems in the West today are based upon the Abrahamic religions, originated about four thousand years ago.
A norm system which is not in conflict with current knowledge and technology, but which takes advantage of the great progress human society has made, could guide future development in a positive direction more surely.
secureid.org:8100 /Lists/Immortal/Message/15.html   (411 words)

 Higher Education Center: Social Norms and Social Marketing   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-27)
Social norms are people's beliefs about the attitudes and behaviors that are normal, acceptable, or even expected in a particular social context.
Therefore, when people misperceive the norms of their group—that is, when they inaccurately think an attitude or behavior is more (or less) common than is actually the case—they may choose to engage in behaviors that are in sync with those false norms.
Student perceptions of drinking norms are part of that campus environment, and correcting student misperceptions about their peers' drinking is an important part of ensuring that inaccurate perceptions about the environment are not negatively influencing student behavior.
www.edc.org /hec/socialnorms   (412 words)

 Agents'2000 Workshop on Norms and Institutions in MAS
As in the first event, the main purpose of the workshop is to enable different approaches to the study of norms and institutions, with their objectives, theoretical, conceptual, methodological and technical instruments and background competencies, to find a common ground in the context of multi-agent systems.
Human organizations and societies have successfully coped with similar problems of coordination, cooperation, etc., in short, with the challenge of social order, mainly by developing norms and conventions, that is, specifications of behavior that all society members are expected to conform to, and that undergo efficient forms of decentralized control.
There is a growing body of work that touches upon the concepts of norms and institutions in the context of multi-agent systems.
ccs.mit.edu /dell/aa2001   (1089 words)

 Alcohol Education Project
Program components include (1) a new inexpensive and efficient web-based strategy for determining local norms and perceptions, (2) a print media campaign to communicate the local norms, (3) new electronic media to expand and enhance student exposure and engagement, and (4) curriculum development to infuse conversations about these issues into the classroom.
A project reinforcing positive norms, correcting misperceptions, and reducing high risk drinking among student-athletes.
This initiative includes the development of a model for expanding AOD issues in the curriculum for colleges and universities, development of an extensive interdisciplinary model course on alcohol, a faculty workshop for AOD curriculum infusion in other courses, and training for student teachers and secondary teachers.
academic.hws.edu /alcohol   (789 words)

E-GEN / Norms is a new component of the E-GEN Suite that is dedicated to Standards management.
E-GEN / NORMS not only optimizes the time spent to verify the compliance of your Files and Datasets with the Standard defined in your Data Center.
E-GEN / Norms is licensed based on the number of servers and seats.
www.iscsoftware.com /norms.htm   (445 words)

 Prof. Steven A. Hetcher : Faculty : Vanderbilt University Law School   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-27)
Steven A. Hetcher's research focuses on the role of social norms in the law, and challenges the economic account of custom and tort law and the norms-based theories of first-generation law and economics.
Norms in a Wired World (Cambridge U. Press, 2004)
"A Normative Interpretation of the Role of Custom in Property Easement Law," in Tradition, Proceedings of an International Research Workshop at Internationales Forschungszentrum Kulturwissenschaften (C. Nyiri, ed.,Vienna, 1995)
www.law.vanderbilt.edu /faculty/hetcher.html   (270 words)

 FOXNews.com - Canadian Town of Herouxville Posts Controversial 'Norms' For Immigrants, Like 'No Stoning' - ...
According to reports, the rural town of about 1,300 recently adopted a declaration of "norms" that would-be immigrants need to know if they plan on settling there.
Among the "norms:" kids can't bring weapons to school — no ceremonial daggers used by Sikhs or others.
Since passing the "norms," the town council has reportedly received some 2,000 emails, mostly in support of the measure.
www.foxnews.com /story/0,2933,248819,00.html   (560 words)

 MOROP - The Norms (NEM)
Only the French and German versions of the norms are original source documents.
The available english version of the Morop norms needs to be revised and updated.
For the latest updated norms, please refer to the french or to the german versions.
www.morop.org /en/normes   (160 words)

 Encyclopedia Coptica: The Christian Coptic Orthodox Church Of Egypt
Throughout that period, the Coptic language remained the language of the land, and it was not until the second half of the 11th century that the first bi-lingual Coptic-Arabic liturgical manuscripts started to appear.
One of the first complete Arabic texts is the 13th century text by Awlaad El-Assal (children of the Honey Maker), in which the laws, cultural norms and traditions of the Copts at this pivotal time, 500 years after the Islamic conquest of Egypt were detailed.
The adoption of the Arabic language as the language used in Egyptians' every-day's life was so slow that even in the 15th century al-Makrizi implied that the Coptic Language was still largely in use.
www.coptic.net /EncyclopediaCoptica   (3365 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-27)
An impressive number articles have been published this year concerning the role of social norms in a broad range of areas, including gambling, tax compliance, energy conservation, risky sexual behavior, and high-risk alcohol consumption.
Neharika Chawla, Clayton Neighbors, Melissa A. Lewis, Christine M. Lee, Mary E. Larimer, "Attitudes and Perceived Approval of Drinking as Mediators of the Relationship Between the Importance of Religion and Alcohol Use" Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 2007, 68(3): 410-418.
The conference's keynote address was delivered by Dr. James Turner, Executive Director of the National Social Norms Research Institute that was recently established at the University of Virginia.
www.socialnorm.org   (761 words)

 GrowingPains: Constitutional Norms
Everybody agrees that norms are essential social constructs in regulating community behavior.
Communities start with simple norms, that gradually grow into complex webs as the community matures.
Many of these norms are implicit and unique to a particular community.
growingpains.blogs.com /home/2004/06/constitutional_.html   (927 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-27)
The NSNRC is an independent center that supports, promotes and provides technical assistance in the application of the social norms approach to a broad range of health, safety and social justice issues, including alcohol-related risk-reduction and the prevention of tobacco abuse.
It is the only national center devoted exclusively to the understanding and use of the social norms approach.
Hee Sun Park and Sandi W. Smith, "Distinctiveness and Influence of Subjective Norms, Personal Descriptive and Injunctive Norms, and Societal Descriptive and Injunctive Norms on Behavioral Intent: A Case of Two Behaviors Critical to Organ Donation" Human Communication Research, 2007, 33(2):194-218.
www.socialnorms.org   (761 words)

 USCCB - (OCYP) - Essential Norms for Diocesan/Eparchial Policies Dealing with Allegations of Sexual Abuse of Minors by ...
USCCB - (OCYP) - Essential Norms for Diocesan/Eparchial Policies Dealing with Allegations of Sexual Abuse of Minors by Priests or Deacons
Essential Norms for Diocesan/Eparchial Policies Dealing with Allegations of Sexual Abuse of Minors by Priests or Deacons
Texts of the 2002 and 2006 Norms set side by side for comparison
www.usccb.org /ocyp/norms.shtml   (92 words)

 Xunzi (Hsün Tzu) [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-27)
He defines human nature as what is inborn and does not need to be learned.
He argues that if people were good by nature, there would be no need for ritual and social norms.
The sages would not have had to create them, and they would not need to have been handed down through the generations.
www.iep.utm.edu /x/xunzi.htm   (5952 words)

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