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Topic: Norm (sociology)

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In sociology, norm is a technical term describing the expected pattern of behavior in a given situation, the custom.
In psychometrics a norm is a statistical characteristic of a sample used for purposes of comparison.
For example, a student's score on a standardized test of academic achievement may be expressed as the percentile rank of that score in a norm group intended to be representative of the population of students.
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/no/Norm.html   (268 words)

 Norm (sociology) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In sociology, a norm, or social norm, is a rule that is socially enforced.
Norms and normlessness are thought to affect a wide variety of human behavior.
As a series of examples that are under tremendous contemporary pressure as norms evolve: the term "lover" once was presumed to denote a person of the opposite sex; a "mature" adult once was presumed to be or have been married; and a "couple" once was presumed to have or want children.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Norm_(sociology)   (849 words)

 Norm of Reciprocity - Gouldner   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
Reciprocity as a moral norm is analyzed; it is hypothesized that it is one of the universal "principal components" of moral codes.
To suggest that a norm of reciprocity is universal is not, of course, to assert that it is unconditional.
The norm thus safeguards powerful people against the temptations of their own status: it motivates and regulates reciprocity as an exchange pattern, serving to inhibit the emergence of exploitative relations which would undermine the social system and the very power arrangements which had made exploitation possible.
www2.pfeiffer.edu /~lridener/courses/NORMRECP.HTML   (10732 words)

 Norm (sociology) - Psychology Wiki - A Wikia wiki
Norm (sociology) - Psychology Wiki - A Wikia wiki
In social situations, such as meetings, norms are unwritten and often unspoken rules that govern individuals' behavior.
Breaking those norms is usually considered by the society as a threat to social organization and are sanctioned harshly.
psychology.wikia.com /wiki/Norm(sociology)   (786 words)

 Encyclopedia :: encyclopedia : Norm (sociology) (via CobWeb/3.1 planetlab2.tamu.edu)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
Norms are thought to affect a wide variety of human behavior.
Norms with common sense origins may, over time, lose their original context as society changes: an action that was once performed because it was necessary to survive may over the years become a social norm, even once the circumstances that made it necessary for survival are no longer applicable.
In social situations, such as meetings, norms are unwritten and often unstated rules that govern individuals' behavior.
www.hallencyclopedia.com.cob-web.org:8888 /topic/Norm_(sociology).html   (655 words)

 sociology - Columbia Encyclopedia article about sociology (via CobWeb/3.1 planetlab2.tamu.edu)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
Sociology tries to determine the laws governing human behavior in social contexts; it is sometimes distinguished as a general social science from the special social sciences, such as economics and political science, which confine themselves to a selected group of social facts or relations.
The term sociology was coined (1838) by Auguste Comte Comte, Auguste (ōgüst` kôNt), 1798–1857, French philosopher, founder of the school of philosophy known as positivism, educated in Paris.
From 1941 on he was a professor of sociology at Columbia Univ. and was especially known for his contributions to the study of social structure, bureaucracy, mass communications, and the sociology of science.
columbia.thefreedictionary.com.cob-web.org:8888 /sociology   (1049 words)

 Norms   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
Norms are expected, socially-acceptable, ways of behaving in any given social situation and, like the values to which they are closely related, they differ from individual to individual and society to society.
A norm associated with the value of natural parenthood might be that the parents of a child are expected by others to be the people to raise that child.
These are much stronger norms and a failure to conform to them will result in a much stronger social response from the person or people who resent your failure to behave appropriately.
www.sociology.org.uk /wsdk8.htm   (376 words)

 sociology - Category:Sociology   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
Sociology is the study of social rules and processes that bind, and separate people not only as individuals, but as members of associations, groups, and institutions.
A typical textbook definition of sociology calls it the study of the social lives of humans, groups and societies.
Sociology is interested in our behavior as social beings; thus the sociological field of interest ranges from the analysis of short contacts between anonymous individuals on the street to the study of global social processes.
www.aboutsociology.com /sociology/Category:Sociology   (129 words)

The curriculum is designed to offer a firm grounding in sociology to those students who plan on graduate study, as well as to any whose careers require experience in the systematic and objective analysis of social data.
Sociology 101 (Principles of Sociology) and Sociology 140 (Social Problems) are designed as introductions to the discipline of sociology and as preparation for more advanced courses.
Sociology 458 is required of all senior majors in the winter semester.
abacus.bates.edu /catalog97-98/sociology.html   (1881 words)

 norm   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
Norm is a culturally established rule prescribing appropriate social behaviour.
Norms are relatively specific and precise and elaborate the detailed behavioural requirements that flow from more general and overarching social values.
For example, the norm in Western society is that one should respect the dead and it is a norm that one should dress in dark colours for a funeral.
sociologyindex.com /norm.htm   (270 words)

 Norms   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
Sumner was one of the first Americans to teach sociology in a major university (Yale).
Norm specify behavorial expectations by defining what are correct and incorrect ways of responding to situations.
- are norms which are designed, maintained and enforced by the political authority of a society.
www.tomcravens.com /norms.html   (198 words)

 cava -- care, values and the future of welfare
There are many strengths to this norm, particularly in comparison to the 'male positivist norm' of questionnaire and survey based empirical sociology, and it is one that forms a central part of my own research with Ros Edwards on lone mothers and paid work (Duncan and Edwards 1999).
However, this 'feminist sociology' norm is not without its problems, and in some ways can be seen as just as one-sided (if a better side!) as the 'male positivist norm'.
One of the criticisms of the 'feminist sociology' approach is that, because it is generally based on a small number of in-depth interviews, it is ungeneralisable and unrepresentative, and therefore inadequate in explanatory terms.
www.leeds.ac.uk /cava/papers/paper18simon.htm   (2877 words)

 Elwell's Glossary of Sociology   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
The knowledge passed on is in the form of technical and cultural knowledge, technical and social skills, as well as the norms and values of the society.
Norms that have strong moral significance, violation of which cause strong social reaction (murder, sexual molestation of children).
A theoretical approach in sociology which focuses on social reality as constructed through the daily interaction of individuals and places strong emphasis on the role of symbols (gestures, signs, and language) as core elements of this interaction.
campus.murraystate.edu /academic/faculty/frank.elwell/prob3/glossary/socgloss.htm   (9253 words)

 Sociology on Trial: the Challenge of Transformation Risks - Nikolai Genov
The relevance of sociology greatly depends on the ability ofsociologists to detect, as Max Weber did, profound changes in "the spirit of time".
All-pervading conflicts and disenchantment have become the norm in a situation of normlessness.
Thus, sociology and sociologists in Central and Eastern Europe are on a professional but also on a moral trial.
www.unesco.org /most/p86doc1.htm   (3741 words)

 AllRefer.com - norm (Philosophy, Terms And Concepts) - Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
norm, authoritative rule or standard by which something is judged and on that basis approved or disapproved.
Examples of norms include standards of right and wrong, beauty and ugliness, and truth and falsehood.
Several fields of philosophy, especially ethics, aesthetics, and logic, evaluate such rules; in sociology, social and institutional norms, more communal and less formal than laws, are studied in relation to conformity, and to anomie or normlessness.
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/N/norm.html   (173 words)

 Norm (via CobWeb/3.1 planetlab2.tamu.edu)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
The word norm coming from the latin word norma which means "angle measure" or (lawlike) "rule", has a number of meanings:
For philosophy, semantics and law, see norm (philosophy), which is a sentence or a meaning unit.
Norm is also a character in the sitcom Cheers, and a spin-off, Norm.
norm.kiwiki.homeip.net.cob-web.org:8888   (240 words)

 Untitled   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
For example, at schools where abstinence was the norm, only 21% of students accurately perceived that the typical student at their school did not drink.
Further, at schools in which the norm was four drinks the last time a student partied/socialized, 37% percent overestimated the norm by one or two drinks and an additional 34% overestimated by three or more.
Additional analysis showed that students' perception of their campus drinking norm is by far the strongest predictor of the amount of personal alcohol consumption, stronger even than gender and the actual campus drinking norm.
www.socialnorm.org /PressRoom/release8-29-05JSA.php   (549 words)

 Timeless Moral Imperatives in Causal Analysis of Social Functioning
Sociology cannot accept imputation of ad hoc social functions to all given social structures as its method, nor the instrumental logic behind it.
While empirically-grounded sociologies such as interpretive symbolic interactionism and ethnomethodology continue to rely heavily on dichotomous ideal types and non-model conceptual language indistinguishable from substantive sociological notions, the need for systemic models in sociology is as great today as ever.
In view of this obstacle to his planned sociology of action, Parsons set aside the microscopic-voluntaristic aspects of social action - ends and means - and attacked the problem from its macroscopic behavioral side, turning to the study of its typical normative orientations of behavior.
www.sociology.org /content/vol005.001/smikun.html   (9887 words)

 Norm sociology   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
There is no need to spent effort to seek the listing on ibn khaldun and sociology you need.
So, whether you are interested in locating info for sociology definitions structure vs agency or tips about weber max sociology, we provide a system to discover the accurate resource that is relevant to you.
You'll find data and information covering virtually every resource about science social sciences sociology academic departments new that you are interested.
www.ikbf.org /norm-sociology.html   (565 words)

 The Sociological Perspective
It is appropriate for students considering sociology as a major as well as for students who have already declared a major in other fields..
The course introduces you to the perspectives of micro sociology, which focus on social life up close (e.g., individuals and their immediate social surroundings), and the perspectives of macro sociology, which aim to make sense of social structures (such as social class) and social institutions (such as patriarchy or the "iron cage" of rationality).
Three are required — the norm violation project, the unzipping census tracks project, and the data analysis and testing hypothesies project.
www.holycross.edu /departments/socant/ethompso/soc/spsyll2002f-1.html   (998 words)

 Category:Sociology - Definition, explanation
Sociology is interested in our behavior as social beings; thus the sociologicalfield of interest ranges from the analysis of short contacts between anonymous individuals on the street to the study of global socialprocesses.
Provides links to sociology departments at all major universities in Canada, sociology conferences in Canada, and Canadian sociology journals and associations.
Interested in spanning the sociology of culture, economic sociology and organizations, migration and development, social demography, social...
lexikon.calsky.com /en/txt/cat/sociology.php   (330 words)

 Legal Fusion Group Norm (sociology)
, a norm, or social norm, is a rule that is socially enforced.
may over the years become a social norm, even once the circumstances that made it necessary for survival are no longer applicable.
, norms are unwritten and often unstated rules that govern individuals' behavior.
www.legalfusiongroup.com /articles/n/o/r/norm_(sociology)/norm_(sociology).html   (568 words)

 USC Department of Sociology - Graduate Students
Kyle’s main interests in sociology are social psychological, and center primarily on situations that pose tension between individual and collective interests, or social dilemmas.
Mary is a Lecturer in Sociology in the University of North Carolina at Charlotte.
Leia Velasquez, BA Psychology and Sociology, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri, 2004.
www.cas.sc.edu /socy/students.html   (2089 words)

 Majors and Careers
The students who do the best as sociology majors are able to think analytically and to write persuasively about social issues, and can handle the ambiguity and uncertainty that characterizes social phenomena.
Sociology majors have selected a wide variety of careers from school principal to social worker, from editor to financial advisor.
Sociology is also one of the few majors that allows students in upper level courses to work in groups.
www.grinnell.edu /careerdevelopment/makingchoices/sociology.html   (1539 words)

 Teaching Sociology: Abstracts, Volume 34, Number 2, April 2006
The debate over balance is important to sociology because the discipline is sometimes characterized as overtly liberal and activist; but the implications of balance for teaching and learning remain unclear.
Using OLS regression on undergraduate classes' quantitative evaluations of sociology instructors at Indiana University during the 2002-2003 academic year (N=99 classes), we asked whether classes perceived their sociology instructors to be balanced and whether positive perceptions led to better evaluations.
The success of social breaching as a learning tool depends upon: a) students' repeated attempts at a specific norm violation; b) the student's level of discomfort while performing the exercise; and c) a careful documentation of how the norm violation is proceeding.
www.lemoyne.edu /ts/34tsabstracts2.html   (1321 words)

 SOCIOLOGY Course Descriptions   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
Topics in sociology which are not carried in the catalogue on a regular basis.
Prerequisites: SO 101 or CJ 101 A study of the legal and social background of the pressing American problem of drugs and alcohol: their use and abuse in American society.
Emphasis is on the nature of social norms and rules; styles of social control; sources and varieties of deviant behavior; the development of unconventional ideologies and world views; and the role of deviant subcultures, associations, and organizations.
www.wnec.edu /~lchojnic/courses/ugrad/so.html   (844 words)

 Human (Concept) - SporeWiki   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
Humans create complex social structures composed of co-operating and competing in groups, ranging in scale from nations to individual families, and social interaction between humans has established a variety of norm (sociology), rituals, traditions, values, laws, and ethics which form the basis of human society.
Social psychology links sociology with psychology in their shared study of the nature and causes of human social behavior, with an emphasis on how people think towards each other and how they relate to each other.
As with other human self-descriptions, humans propose that it is high intelligence and complex societies of humans that have produced the most complex sexual behaviors of any animal, including a great many behaviors that are not directly connected with reproduction.
www.sporewiki.com /Human_(Concept)   (5823 words)

 Ethnomethodological Perspective (on Crime and Deviance)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
Here, where the norm is made manifest, the ceaseless interpretive work of societal members which produces a sense of the objective reality of the norm can be observed and described.
This is in stark contrast to traditional sociologies which typically define deviance as disorder, disorganization, or the product of conflict between differing groups--in one way or another an objective reality independent of, and constraining upon, members of a group.
I use the concept "normative sociologies of deviance" to refer to those approaches which define deviance as the violation of social norms and that seek to provide a causal analysis of the social forces which propel individuals into norm violation.
www.umsl.edu /~rkeel/200/ethdev2.html   (3081 words)

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