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Topic: Norman Conquest

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  Norman Conquest - Encyclopedia.WorldSearch   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-08-20)
The Norman Conquest was the conquest of the Kingdom of England by William the Conqueror (Duke of Normandy), in 1066 at the Battle of Hastings and the subsequent Norman control of England.
The Normans quickly adapted to the indigenous culture, renouncing paganism and converting to Christianity, adopting the langue d'oïl of their new subjects and, through the introduction of Norse features, transforming it into the Norman language, and intermarrying with the local populations.
Compare the Norman conquests of Apulia, of Sicily, of the Principality of Antioch and of Ireland.
encyclopedia.worldsearch.com /norman_conquest.htm   (2195 words)

 Norman Conquest of England - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Norman Conquest of England was the conquest of the Kingdom of England by William the Conqueror (Duke of Normandy), in 1066 at the Battle of Hastings and the subsequent Norman control of England.
About 150 years before the Norman Conquest, in the year 911, French Carolingian ruler Charles the Simple had allowed a group of Vikings, under their leader Rollo, to settle in northern France with the idea that they would provide protection along the coast against future Viking invaders.
The Normans quickly adapted to the indigenous culture, renouncing paganism and converting to Christianity; adopting the langue d'oïl of their new home through the introduction of Norse features, transforming it into the Norman language; and intermarrying with the local populations.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Norman_Conquest   (2693 words)

 Anglo-Norman - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
To all outward appearance the Norman conquest of England was an event of an altogether different character from the Danish conquest.
Ousting the Danes who had recently conquered England, and who provided some of the stiffest resistance to the Normans, and largely replacing the powerful English territorial magnates, while co-opting the most powerful of them, the Normans imposed a new political structure that is broadly termed "feudal".
Normans began to identify themselves as Anglo-Norman; indeed, the Anglo-Norman language was considerably distinct from the "Parisian French" which was the subject of some humour by Geoffrey Chaucer.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Anglo-Norman   (766 words)

 Norman Conquest. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
Thus a Norman aristocracy was superimposed on the English, and the new elite brought with it Norman feudal customs (see feudalism), which were reinforced by the need for cohesion and mutual military support among the fairly small group of conquerors.
There was little change in the administrative and judicial systems during the Norman period (usually defined as ending with the accession of the Plantagenet Henry II in 1154) and later developments were not in the nature of Norman superimpositions.
Norman French became the language of the court and upper classes, and of literature, and had great effect on the development of the English language.
www.bartleby.com /65/no/NormanCo.html   (435 words)

 Norman Conquest
The members of the Anglo-Saxon upper class who were not killed in the battle of Hastings were almost all involved in the rebellion from 1068 to 1070 and were either killed or deprived of their lands.
Thus a Norman aristocracy was superimposed on the English, and the new elite brought with it Norman feudal customs, which were reinforced by the need for cohesion and mutual military support among the fairly small group of conquerors.
Thus the rebellions among the Norman barons were minor and short-lived, the interests of stability being paramount.
www.orbilat.com /Encyclopaedia/N/Norman_Conquest.html   (342 words)

 Wikinfo | Norman Conquest
The Norman Conquest was the conquest of England by William, Duke of Normandy, subsequently King William I.
The conquest was effectively completed by William's victory at the Battle of Hastings in 1066, and this is regarded as an important landmark, the start of English history as we know it.
It may be noted that the conquest of Wales by the Normans was completed piecemeal and not finalised until 1282, during the reign of King Edward I.
www.wikinfo.org /wiki.php?title=Norman_Conquest   (233 words)

 Norman Conquest
The term Norman Conquest traditionally refers to the conquest of England by William, Duke of Normandy, subsequently King William I.
Note that the conquest of Wales by the Normans took place piecemeal and finished only in 1282, during the reign of King Edward I.
The Norman conquerors introduced Norman French as the language of the ruling classes in England, displacing Old English.
www.sciencedaily.com /encyclopedia/norman_conquest   (649 words)

 BBC - History - The Norman Conquest   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-08-20)
From the build-up to battle, to the clash at Hastings and William's eventual coronation.
Test your knowledge of the Norman Conquest with a History Trail: articles, quizzes and games that bring the period to life.
Explore the castles and churches of the Norman period.
www.bbc.co.uk /history/war/normans/index.shtml   (200 words)

 1066 and the effects of the Norman Conquest on England
His account of the Norman Conquest is factual and remarkable only because William is called a kinsman of Edward, is said to have made peace with the English after the battle, and is reported to have subjected the Scots as well.
The Norman case rested on the premise that Earl Harold had broken his oath of fealty to Duke William and thus was a perjurer.
When the news of the Norman Conquest spread far and wide, the presence of the Normans in England contributed to a larger political realignment, and people all over Europe began to contemplate the consequences of the new situation for their own affairs.
members.tripod.com /~GeoffBoxell/1066euro.htm   (5841 words)

 Regia Anglorum - Norman Social Organisation and Feudalism
Before the conquest of Britain the highest rank amongst the Normans was Dux, or duke, and the title' of Duke of Normandy' was held by the English Kings from 1066 until 1204.
With the conquest, most of the land previously held by the various Thegns and Eorls was confiscated and placed into the control of the Normans and their Flemming allies.
This term was used from the visual reference of the 1700's, and not during the Norman Conquest, for the simple reason that the subtle governmental system that Harold II had used and as his predecessors had done was unknown.
www.regia.org /norman2.htm   (1769 words)

 EH.Net Encyclopedia: Economy of England at the Time of the Norman Conquest
The Conquest was achieved by an elite, and, although the Normans brought new institutions and practices, these were superimposed on the existing order.
There is an extensive literature on the Norman tax system, much of it influenced by Round (1895), who considered the assessments to be “artificial,” in the sense that they were imposed from above via the county and hundred with little or no consideration of the capacity of an individual estate to pay the tax.
They were unable to perceive that systematic economic relationships were present in the Domesday economy, and, in contrast to their view that the Normans displayed considerable ability in civil administration and military matters, economic production was regarded as poorly organized (see McDonald and Snooks, 1985a, 1985b and 1986, especially Ch 3).
www.eh.net /encyclopedia/?article=mcdonald.domesday   (2722 words)

 [No title]
The year 1066 is the most well-known date throughout all of England, and the Norman Conquest is perceived as the event that really changed the course of history.
The introduction of French culture to England as a result of this conquest brought about the most significant period of change in the history of the country, during which the foundation of modern England was born.
In order to understand the effects the Norman Conquest had on everyday English life and its ruling system, one must first have knowledge of the actual event and why it happened.
awylie.tripod.com /conquest1.html   (351 words)

 Norman Conquest of Sicily   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-08-20)
When English-speaking historians mention the Norman Conquest, they are usually referring to the invasion of England in 1066 by Normans under the leadership of William the Conqueror.
The Pope determined to nip the nascent power of the Normans in the bud, but the army he sent to achieve that purpose was decisively defeated in a battle at Civitate.
Sicily, of course, was actually under Saracen rule; the Pope had in effect granted the Normans a license to conquer the island.
www.boglewood.com /sicily/normanconquest.html   (382 words)

 Norman's Conquest With A Record 64
The Norman conquest 1978 style scattered the field like ninepins as he went surging past overnight leader Ian Stanley who had the record at 66 on Friday.
Norman said the fact that he was in the same group yesterday with Newton had a lot to do with his record scoring.
Norman birdied the second, fifth and eighth on the way out, then ther 10th, 11th, 14th and 16th and eagled the 17th.
www.shark.com /sharkwatch/sharkive/sharkive24.php   (649 words)

 All About Romance: Jo Beverley on the Norman Conquest
The Norman Conquest did not happen overnight, though it was close in the south east, in the areas around Winchester and London.
Normans had been part of the court of previous kings, especially Edward, and had helped him build castles to keep out the Welsh.
I also was tired of the Norman Knight/Saxon Maiden books, so I made my hero son of an English lady (daughter of Earl Leofric of Mercia) nephew and oath-bound to Hereward; and son of a Norman lord, godchild to William, feudally bound to William.
www.likesbooks.com /medevil1.html   (2498 words)

 1066 and the effects of the Norman Conquest on England
The effects of the Norman Conquest on the people and governance of England were immense.
England 1066 on the eve of the Conquest
The traumatic effect on the English of the Conquest
www.geocities.com /Athens/Aegean/3532/1066.htm   (114 words)

 Regia Anglorum - Brief History of the Normans
Desire for conquest, in conjunction with limited available land led many Normans to pursue military goals abroad: to Spain to fight the Moors; to Byzantium to fight the Turks; to Sicily in 1061 to fight the Saracens; and of course to England in 1066.
As the Normans became Christian and adopted the French language, so their dukes found a common interest with the rulers of southern Britain in closing the English Channel to Viking fleets.
The Norman dukes' fear of Scandinavian intervention contributed to William's alliance with Flanders in 1066.
www.regia.org /norman.htm   (630 words)

 The resistance of the English to the Normans Conquest
From the rear guard action at the Battle of Hastings, know as the Fight at the Fosse, where Norman casualties were higher than even those of the main battle, to the final quenching of resistance some twenty years later, the Normans knew little peace from their English subjects.
The Normans in York were slaughtered, with Earl Waltheof's exploit of slaying a hundred Frenchmen with his long-axe as they tried to escape through a gate, ending up in heroic verse.
Because of the high rate of homicide being suffered by the Normans and their French allies, King William legislated that all Frenchmen who settled in England after the invasion were to be in the king's peace and therefore he was their protector in an alien land.
www.geocities.com /Athens/Aegean/3532/resist.htm   (3274 words)

 International Freeway.com: English History and Its Norman Conquest.
In 1066 the conquest of England by the Normans began, and with the battle of Hastings where the English fought against the Normans.
After the Norman conquest there were three languages in England: Latin, the language of the church and the languages in which all educated men wrote and spoke; the kings wrote their laws in Latin for some time after the Conquest.
We have introduced just the Norman Conquest period of the English history which is many centuries old and full of amazing facts.
www.internationalfreeway.com /history_of_england.htm   (223 words)

 Norman Castles
he Norman Barons responsible for the conquest of Wales were a small group of men, rarely exceeding twenty in number, who, in the immediate aftermath of Hastings, were far too busy with problems of security and control in England and Normandy itself to give much attention to Wales.
Following the Norman Conquest, it was to take 200 years before Edward I extended the overlordship of the English kings to this area.
In all of the Norman's initial advances, the castle was the means by which short-term victory was converted into conquest and domination.
www.castlewales.com /norman.html   (773 words)

 Saxo-Norman manorial enclosure at Guiting Power
At the Norman conquest the entire estate was held by its last Saxon tenant Alwin, Sheriff of Gloucestershire, a man of high rank and responsibility within the county, and presumably therefore of some wealth, but of otherwise unknown personal history.
The circumstances of Alwin's death and the passage of his holding into Norman tenancy are unknown but the stated decrease in value might suggest some disruption to efficient operation accompanied by the litigation intimated at the start of the Domesday entry.
During the early Norman period the northern perimeter was upgraded by revetment of an enlarged rampart and patchy addition of another ditch, and its line now extended at least around the eastern side of a square.
www.bradford.ac.uk /acad/archsci/field_proj/amarsh/saxnor.htm   (1106 words)

 artnet.com Magazine Features - Norman's Conquest
The major show of Norman's works, "Pictures for the American People," comprising 70 paintings and over 300 Saturday Evening Post covers, is to end its year-long tour at the single most unlikely venue imaginable -- the Guggenheim Museum, a.k.a.
The pity was that there were no art critical ideologues and scolders of the likes of Robert Hughes, Michael Kimmelman or Hilton Kramer at the press conference to roll their eyes, gnash their teeth and gag.
Norman Rockwell, as we all know, is making a startling come-back today and Rosenblum isn't alone amongst his former high-brow detractors to recognize (belatedly, but what the hell) that Rockwell was a major art force and an exceptionally good painter.
www.artnet.com /Magazine/features/hoving/hoving3-18-99.asp   (888 words)

 The Norman Conquest
Returning to Bristol, Dermot was initially unsuccessful, so he turned his attention to Wales, where the Normans were perpetually engaged in warfare against the native Welsh.
The arrival of Henry II in October 1171 launched a new phase of the conquest.
However, Gaelic resistance to the Norman conquest was never wholly eliminated, and the foundations were laid for eight centuries of Anglo-Irish conflict.
www.irelandseye.com /aarticles/history/events/dates/norman.shtm   (663 words)

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