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Topic: North American Free Trade Area


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In the News (Thu 18 Apr 19)

  
  North American Free Trade Agreement - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The North American Free Trade Agreement, known usually as NAFTA, is a free trade agreement among Canada, the United States, and Mexico.
This agreement was an expansion of the earlier Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement of 1989.
Furthermore, NAFTA was accompanied by dramatic reduction of the influence of trade unions in Mexico's urban areas.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/North_American_Free_Trade_Agreement   (2654 words)

  
 Project on International Courts and Tribunals
The North American Free Trade Area, comprising Canada, Mexico and the United States, was established in 1992 by the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).
The NAFTA Secretariat, comprised of the Canadian, U.S. and Mexican Sections, is responsible for the administration of the dispute settlement provisions of the Agreement.
When general disputes concerning the NAFTA are not resolved through consultation within a specified period of time, the matter may be referred at the request of either Party first to the good offices of the Free Trade Commission, and, if agreement is not reached within a fixed period of time, to ad hoc arbitration.
www.pict-pcti.org /courts/NAFTA.html   (878 words)

  
 Reference.com/Encyclopedia/North American Free Trade Agreement
NAFTA called for immediately eliminating duties on half of all U.S. goods shipped to Mexico and gradually phasing out other tariffs over a period of about 14 years.
NAFTA's approval was quickly followed by an uprising amongst indigenous people led by the Zapatistas, and tension between them and the Mexican government remains a major issue.
In another case Metalclad, an American corporation, was awarded $16.5 million from Mexico after the latter passed regulations banning the toxic waste dump it intended to construct in El Llano, Aguascalientes.
www.reference.com /browse/wiki/North_American_Free_Trade_Agreement   (1063 words)

  
 North American energy independence - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
North American energy independence is a goal of many advocates of enhanced North American economic and physical security seeking primarily to reduce U.S. reliance on (what is to Americans) foreign oil, without increasing fuel taxes.
Limiting oil imperialism to the North American Free Trade Area, reducing exposure to terrorism abroad.
Lower balance of trade and foreign exchange stresses on the U.S. economy especially as more suppliers may begin to price oil in Euros.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/North_American_energy_independence   (199 words)

  
 NAFTA
There are even zealous free trade advocates who are worried that, by pursuing the creation of a North American free trade bloc, the US may be abandoning its traditional support for the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), the mechanism which had been the principal focus of trade liberalization efforts since World War II.
Their sin was to suggest that US trade policies be predicated on the principle of reciprocity rather than on a comparatively abstract ideal like free trade.
In vigorously pursuing a regional trading bloc so soon after the collapse of the latest round of multilateral GATT talks, the Bush administration appears to be tacitly admitting that it no longer considers the GATT to be a particularly useful vehicle for bringing discipline to the world trading system.
members.tripod.com /~jockoconnell/articles14.html   (3933 words)

  
 Public Citizen | NAFTA - North America Free Trade Agreement - North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
NAFTA promoters - including many of the world’s largest corporations - promised it would create hundreds of thousands of new high-wage U.S. jobs, raise living standards in the U.S., Mexico and Canada, improve environmental conditions and transform Mexico from a poor developing country into a booming new market for U.S. exports.
NAFTA was a radical experiment - never before had a merger of three nations with such radically different levels of development been attempted.
The same interests who got us into NAFTA are now pushing to expand it and lock in 31 more countries in Latin American and the Caribbean through the proposed Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) and five Central American countries through a Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA).
www.citizen.org /trade/nafta   (628 words)

  
 North America2
Even though it has been almost four years since Canada, the United States and Mexico became a free trade area under the North American Free Trade Area the debate continues as to whether or not it was beneficial to all concerned.
NAFTA has only been in effect for four years now but the experts are still deciding if it was beneficial to the US economy.
Clinton does not seem to care if NAFTA is effective or not and wants to expand the free trade area to include both North and South America by the year 2005.
www.msu.edu /~jir/archive.mideast2.htm   (471 words)

  
 The University of Arizona Rogers College of Law: Research Guides: NAFTA Bibliography
North American Free Trade Agreement: Hearings Before the Subcommittee on International Economic Policy and Trade and Western Hemisphere Affairs of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, House of Representatives.
Free Trade with Mexico and the Hemisphere: Obstacles and Implications.
North American Free Trade and the Peso: The Case for a North American Currency Area.
www.law.arizona.edu /Library/research/guides/nafta_bib.cfm   (2990 words)

  
 Economics
Because of negotiations elsewhere around the globe on regional trade—such as those that led to the consolidation of the European Union, the formation of the North American Free Trade Area, and the rapid proliferation of bilateral free trade areas—the talk is not surprising.
Free trade negotiations have brought some economies in the region together, but they also have led to links with nations outside the region.
All of North Philadelphia from Diamond (the border would later be moved north to Lehigh) to Spring Garden Street and from Broad to 5th was scheduled to be torn down.
www.wordtrade.com /themes/economics2.htm   (14975 words)

  
 North American Free Trade Area (NAFTA)
The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) was signed by Canada, Mexico, and the United States in December 1992, and came into effect on January 1st, 1994.
The NAFTA is precedent-setting in that it establishes a free trade area among developed and developing countries.
Article 101: Establishment of the Free Trade Area The Parties to this Agreement, consistent with Article XXIV of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, hereby establish a free trade area.
www.itcilo.it /actrav/actrav-english/telearn/global/ilo/blokit/nafta.htm   (794 words)

  
 The North American Free Trade Agreement: Ronald Reagan's Vision Realized
The NAFTA thus guarantees that American workers will remain the most competitive in the world and that American consumers will continue to have access to the world's finest goods and services.
The North American free trade area that the agreement creates will produce 25 percent more goods and services than the European Community, giving North America enough economic muscle to challenge the emerging unified market in Europe and an East Asia market dominated by Japan.
The approval of the NAFTA by the Congress is a recognition of these historic advances and will help ensure that the momentum in favor of economic and political liberty throughout the Americas is maintained.
www.heritage.org /Research/TradeandForeignAid/EM371.cfm   (1000 words)

  
 The EU Data Protection Directive: The North American Response   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
In the context of the North American Free Trade area, this divergence is perhaps surprising and requires analysis and explanation.
There is certainly some fear that larger American multinationals can afford to take care of their interests within the European policy arena, more effectively than their smaller counterparts and subsidiaries in Canada.
A second factor relates to the network of trade associations in Canada, which tend to be more inclusive than their counterparts in the United States.
web.uvic.ca /~polisci/bennett/research/plb98.htm   (1404 words)

  
 Asia Times - News and analysis from throughout Southeast Asia
Negotiations on the trade in goods were completed in September, and tariff cuts will begin in 2005.
Hard talking has yet to start concerning the more prickly areas of services and investment, such as protected aviation routes, employment limits on professionals, and financial services, which will be hampered by deep disparities in development levels.
But look beyond the blurred print, and the numbers speak for themselves: two-way trade between ASEAN and China was multiplying by 20% a year even before the two parties agreed last year on the first phase of tariffs liberalization.
www.atimes.com /atimes/Southeast_Asia/FL03Ae02.html   (1644 words)

  
 Political Affairs Magazine - The FTAA: A Recipe for Economic Disaster?
The pending - but currently floundering - Free Trade Area of the Americas Agreement (FTAA) was launched at the Miami Summit of the Americas in 1994 as a U.S.-led initiative to expand the North American Free Trade Area Agreement (NAFTA).
As a result of trade discrepancies, the Cancun talks collapsed, and in 2004, FTAA negotiations were suspended, spurring a division that has and will likely continue to inhibit the Bush administration’s ratification efforts.
Rather than investing in key areas like the environment, health care, education and housing, member governments would have to divert much of their resources toward debt repayment, spurring further economic and social hardship.
www.politicalaffairs.net /article/articleview/1669/1/114   (1943 words)

  
 - Inter-American Development Bank   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Summary: This paper evaluates the potential impact of NAFTA on Mexican migration with in the country and to the United States.
Summary: This paper examines the effects on employment, output and wages of a free trade agreement between the U.S. and Mexico.
The central question, approached using several theoretical models (such as a wage equalization model and a two-factor Hecksher-Ohlin model), is to determine if a U.S.-Mexico free trade agreement would have a significant effect on the historical trend in which U.S. imports of labor intensive goods have grown rapidly over time.
www.iadb.org /regions/re2/cafta/res_pubsnpre.cfm   (752 words)

  
 Khaleej Times Online - Pan-Asian Free Trade Area proposed by PM
KUALA LUMPUR — Prime Minister Dr Manmohan Singh who is here to attend the India-Asean summit, yesterday mooted a Pan-Asian Free Trade Area, along the lines of North American Free Trade Area and the European Union, as part of efforts to make the Asian region an economic power house.
Like the North American Free Trade Area, and the expanding European Union, a Pan-Asian FTA will be a dynamic, open and inclusive association of the countries of our region," he said.
Regional trading arrangements have become important building blocks of multilateralism in an increasingly globalised world, he noted.
www.khaleejtimes.com /DisplayArticle.asp?xfile=data/subcontinent/2005/December/subcontinent_December469.xml§ion=subcontinent&col='   (377 words)

  
 How Bush Can Prevent Creation of an Asian Anti-U.S. Trade Bloc
Such an Asian trade zone is likely to reduce America's grow- ing trade with Asia and fuel greater protectionist sentiment in the U.S. Because of this, George Bush should enunciate an American free trade vision for Asia.
This wisely aims to increase trade among ASEAN members and may lead to free trade arrangements with other countries.
Such a strategy is needed to preempt moves by some Asian states to form a trade bloc that would exclude the U.S. By promoting a free trade alternative that seeks to spread the benefits of the U.S.-Mexico-Canada NAFTA, Bush can help ensure that Asia continues to play a greater role in America's economic growth.
www.heritage.org /Research/AsiaandthePacific/bu169.cfm   (1204 words)

  
 North American Free Trade Agreement
"Agriculture in a North American Free Trade Agreement".
"A North American Free Trade Area for Agriculture: The Role of Canada and the U.S.-Canada Agreement".
"Preliminary Analysis of the Effects of the North American Free Trade Agreement on U.S. Agricultural Commodities".
web1.msue.msu.edu /imp/modit/12179504.html   (386 words)

  
 NAFTA BIBLIOGRAPHY
NAFTA and Regional Free Trade As Seen From Washington and Geneva, 18 N.Y. Sch.
NAFTA and American Jobs, Joint Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Economic Policy, Trade, and Environment, and Western Hemisphere Affairs of the House Committee on Foreign Affairs (October 21, 1993).
North American Free-Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and Supplemental Agreements to the NAFTA: Hearings Before the Subcommittee on Trade, House Committee on Ways and Means (September 1993).
www.osec.doc.gov /ogc/occic/bibwork.html   (11140 words)

  
 Publication Orders
Catalog info for: A North American Free Trade Area for Agriculture: The Role of Canada and the U.S.-Canada Agreement A North American Free Trade Area for Agriculture: The Role of Canada and the U.S.-Canada Agreement
The U.S.-Canada Free Trade Agreement (CFTA) was enacted on January 1, 1989, after two and a half years of negotiations.
Participation in a NAFTA is important to Canada in order to maintain its status under the CFTA and to ensure its exports to the United States are not displaced by Mexican products.
www.ers.usda.gov /AboutERS/Sales/index.asp?PDT=2&PID=610   (408 words)

  
 The Daily Star Web Edition Vol. 5 Num 538   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
After free trade agreements with Saarc, Singapore and Thailand, India is likely to join Asean free trade area, which could lead to a major FTA in Asia, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh has said.
This pan-Asian FTA could be the third pole of the world economy after the European Union and North American free trade area and would open up new growth avenues for Indian economy, Singh said.
In addition to the pro-active role in WTO, where India was attempting to dismantle barriers to farm trade, the country is actively pursuing regional trade arrangements and concluded FTAs within Saarc and with Singapore as well as Thailand, Singh pointed out.
www.thedailystar.net /2005/12/01/d51201050247.htm   (505 words)

  
 Chicano Studies 125 - Weekly Schedule, Week 7
"Labor Issues in a North American Free Trade Area." In Nora Lustig, Barry Bosworth, and Robert Lawrence (eds.), North American Free Trade: Assessing the Impact.
Lawrence A. Herzog, Where North Meets South: Cities, Space and Politics on the U.S.-Mexico Border (Austin: CMAS/University of Texas) 1990: Chapters 2,3 and 7.
Hinojosa-Ojeda, Raul A. "From NAFTA Debate to Democratic and Sustainable Integration: Potential Implications of the North American Development Bank." Paper in book submitted to MIT Press for publication edited by Timothy C. Weiskel.
naid.sppsr.ucla.edu /confs&class/class/CS/cs125week7.html   (363 words)

  
 Amazon.com: NAFTA 2002: A cost/benefit analysis for the United States, Canada, and Mexico.(North American Free Trade ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Amazon.com: NAFTA 2002: A cost/benefit analysis for the United States, Canada, and Mexico.(North American Free Trade Area)(Statistical Data Included) : An article from: Canadian-American Public Policy [HTML]: e-Books and Docs
I. With the establishment or the North American Free Trade Area (NAFTA) in 1994, the United States, Canada, and Mexico have created the world's largest free trade zone involving over 400 million people and 11 trillion dollars in annual production.
In addition, three-way trade in goods and services reached 660 billion dollars in 2000, more than double the three-way trade of 300 billion dollars in 1993.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/B0008F553E?v=glance   (321 words)

  
 North American Free Trade Area - Selected Bibliography [2004] PICTRes 4 (26 February 2004)
Arnett, Carrie Anne, The Mexican trucking dispute: a bottleneck to free trade.
Cho, Michael Sang H., Private Enforcement of NAFTA Environmental Standards through Transnational Mass Tort Litigation: The Role of United States Courts in the Age of Free Trade, 27
Jones, Ray C., NAFTA Chapter 11 Investor-to-State Dispute Resolution: A Shield to Be Embraced or a Sword to Be Feared, 2002
www.worldlii.org /int/other/PICTRes/2004/4.html   (1798 words)

  
 Novedades - News from the National Law Center for Inter-American Free Trade - May 1998
Former U.S. trade representative William Barreda will be the keynote speaker at the Center’s annual meeting on June 5 in Tucson.
Barreda was chief U.S. negotiator on investment in the North American Free Trade Area negotiations as well as chief U.S. negotiator for trade related investments in the Uruguay Round.
NOVEDADES is published monthly by the National Law Center for Inter-American Free Trade, a non-profit research and educational corporation whose purpose is to facilitate trade and investment in the Western Hemisphere.
www.natlaw.com /novedad/98nov/9806nov.htm   (1702 words)

  
 SICE - NAFTA TOC
Article 101: Establishment of the Free Trade Area
Annex 300-A: Trade and Investment in the Automotive Sector
Trade Agreements - FTAA Process - Trade Issues
www.sice.oas.org /trade/nafta/naftatce.asp   (988 words)

  
 [No title]
The NAFTA Secretariat, comprised of a Canadian Section, a Mexican Section and a United States Section, is responsible for the administration of the dispute settlement provisions of the Nor">
The NAFTA Secretariat, comprised of a Canadian Section, a Mexican Section and a United States Section, is responsible for the administration of the dispute settlement provisions of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).
It contains information on the dispute settlement proceedings, legal texts and panel decisions and reports respecting the NAFTA.
www.nafta-sec-alena.org /DefaultSite/index_e.aspx   (93 words)

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