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Topic: North Germanic


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In the News (Thu 18 Apr 19)

  
  Introduction & Abbreviations
Germanic, a branch of Indo-European, ancestral language of English, German, Dutch, Frisian, Scandinavian tongues and several extinct languages such as Gothic and Frankish.
North Germanic, the subgroup of Germanic comprising Norwegian, Danish, Swedish, Icelandic, Old Norse, etc.; also the language spoken by the ancestral group during the presumed period of unity.
O.H.G. Old High German, the ancestor of the modern literary German language, spoken in the upland regions of Germany; German language as written and spoken from the earliest period to c.1100.
www.etymonline.com /abbr.php   (3129 words)

  
 Germanic languages
Strong evidence for the unity of all the modern Germanic languages can be found in the phenomenon known as the first Germanic sound shift or consonant shift (also called Grimm’s law), which set the Germanic subfamily apart from the other members of the Indo-European family.
Also peculiar to the Germanic languages is the recessive accent, whereby the stress usually falls on the first or root syllable of a word, especially a word of Germanic origin.
Lastly, vocabulary furnished evidence of a common origin for the Germanic languages in that a number of the basic words in these languages are similar in form; however, while word similarity may indicate the same original source for a group of languages, it can also be a sign of borrowing.
www.orbilat.com /Encyclopaedia/G/Germanic_Languages.html   (805 words)

  
 (21) History, language and the civilization of the British Isles; and the Germanic languages.
The North Germanic people moved towards Jutland and the North Sea Germanic group crossed the North Sea and settled in England (they were Angles, Saxons and Jutes).
After the great Germanic tribal migration of the 4th century AD the proto-Germanic language took the shape of several Germanic languages.
According to the development of German language it could be divided into four periods: Old period (700 to 1000), Middle period (1000 to 1300), Early Modern period (1300 to 1650) and Modern period (1650 onward).
www.encyclopediaofauthentichinduism.org /articles/21_history_language.htm   (516 words)

  
 Germanic Languages
Gutnish is a contemporary Eastern North Germanic language spoken on the island of Gotland.
It is spoken on the North German plain in Germany and the Netherlands.
West Norse is the western branch of the North Germanic languages used in Iceland, Ireland, Norway, the Hebrides, Orkney, Shetland, and the Faroe Islands.
softrat.home.mindspring.com /germanic.html   (3010 words)

  
 Northvegr - Holy Language Lexicon
Germanic, a branch of Indo-European, ancestral language of English, German, Dutch, Frisian, Scandinavian tongues and several extinct languages such as Gothic and Frankish.
North Germanic, the subgroup of Germanic comprising Norwegian, Danish, Swedish, Icelandic, Old Norse, etc.; also the language spoken by the ancestral group during the presumed period of unity.
O.H.G. Old High German, the ancestor of the modern literary German language, spoken in the upland regions of Germany; German language as written and spoken from the earliest period to c.1100.
www.northvegr.org /holy/abbrev.php   (2648 words)

  
 Germanic languages at AllExperts
Germanic languages possess several unique features, such as the following:# The leveling of the IE tense and aspect system into the present tense and past tense (also called preterite).# The use of a dental suffix (/d/ or /t/) instead of vowel alternation (Indo-European ablaut) to indicate past tense.
The earliest evidence of Germanic comes from names recorded in the 1st century by Tacitus, and in a single instance in the 2nd century BC, on the Negau helmet.From roughly the 2nd century AD, certain speakers of early Germanic varieties developed the Elder Futhark, an early form of the runic alphabet.
All Germanic languages are thought to be descended from a hypothetical Proto-Germanic, united by their having been subjected to the sound shifts of Grimm's law and Verner's law.
en.allexperts.com /e/g/ge/germanic_languages.htm   (1547 words)

  
 North Germanic language - Biocrawler   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The North Germanic languages (also Scandinavian languages or Nordic languages) is a branch of the Germanic languages spoken in Scandinavia, parts of Finland and on the Faroe Islands and Iceland.
All North Germanic languages are thought to be descended from Proto-Norse.
Note that divisions between subfamilies of North Germanic are rarely precisely defined; most form continuous clines, with adjacent dialects being mutually intelligible and the most separated ones not.
www.biocrawler.com /encyclopedia/North_Germanic_languages   (495 words)

  
 Verbix -- Germanic. Conjugate verbs in 50+ languages
Germanic languages are spoken by more than 480 million people in northern and western Europe, North America, South Africa, and Australia.
North Germanic or Scandinavian: western group - the Icelandic language, the Norwegian language, and Faroese; eastern group - the Danish language and the Swedish language.
West Germanic: Anglo-Frisian group - the English language and the Frisian language; Netherlandic-German group - Netherlandic, or Dutch-Flemish and the Low German dialects, Afrikaans, the German language or High German, and the Yiddish language.
www.verbix.com /languages/germanic.asp   (113 words)

  
 North   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Magnetic north is of interest because it is the direction indicated as north on a properly functioning (but uncorrected) magnetic compass.
Thus the choice of the north as corresponding to up in the northern hemisphere, or of south in that role in the southern, is, prior to world-wide communication, anything but an arbitrary one.
Globes of the earth have the North Pole at the top, or if the earth's axis is represented as inclined from vertical (normally by the angle it has relative to the axis of the earth's orbit), in the top half.
articles.gourt.com /en/North   (941 words)

  
 Germanic Branch of the Indo-European Family
Germanic languages are spoken by close to 470 million people in many parts of the world, but mainly in Europe and the Western Hemisphere.
All Germanic languages are characterized by a shift of stress to the root and later to the first syllable of the word.
German is somewhat more difficult (30 weeks), while Icelandic is considered to be Category III language (44 weeks).
www.nvtc.gov /lotw/months/december/GermanicBranch.html   (1160 words)

  
 chronology of boys' clothing : ancient civilizations -- the Germanic Tribes
The Germanic tribes pushing south encountered the Romans at a period in their history that they were expanding north of the alps, setting in motion one of the titanic confrontations in history and one which was not completely resolved until World War II.
The western Germanic tribes are the ones who first contacted the Romans and their territory in the west and south became a province of the Roman Empire.
The migration from Scandinavia was often along rivers, the Germans from South Skandinavia pushed south along the Weser, Oder, Ostee and North Harz to the Rhine, the Channel, Weichsel and Danube.
histclo.com /chron/ancient/ac-teut.html   (3872 words)

  
 North Dakota History: Historic Facts and Overview
As it was in 1889, North Dakota remains a social, cultural, and economic colony, a producer of raw materials, a consumer of manufactures and capital, and an exporter of educated young people.
For these movements, the goal was returning control of North Dakota's government and economy to the people, and they were not afraid to demand that state government organize and operate banking, insurances, and processing businesses in order to bring the benefits of competition, lower costs, and better services to the people.
North Dakota's basic industry, agriculture, underwent major difficulties in the 1970s and 1980s, again emphasizing that the state was a participant in a world-wide economy.
www.e-referencedesk.com /resources/state-history/north-dakota.html   (4787 words)

  
 softrat
The North Germanic languages are modern Danish, Swedish, Norwegian (with two written variants, Bokmål or Dano-Norwegian and Nynorsk or New Norwegian), Icelandic, and Faroese, as well as the various dialects of these languages.
Pennsylvania German is the language of the descendants of early German Mennonite immigrants in Pennsylvania.
Old Norse was a Western North Germanic language used in Iceland, Ireland, Norway, the Hebrides, the Orkneys, Shetland (see Norn), and the Faroe Islands from approximately the tenth to the thirteenth century.
www.hum.uit.no /a/svenonius/lingua/history/history_3.html   (3160 words)

  
 Writing English - Proofreading and Copyediting Services
Languages of the Germanic branch of the Indo-European language family are usually classified on the basis of similarities in grammar, vocabulary, and phonology into three categories.
German is the national language of Austria and Germany, as well as one of Switzerland's official languages.
The North Germanic languages are the Scandinavian languages (Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, and Icelandic), which the Vikings carried as far west as Greenland and as far east as Russia during the early Middle Ages.
www.writingenglish.com /germanic.htm   (471 words)

  
 The Germanic Languages - Cambridge University Press
Germanic - one of the largest sub-groups of the Indo-European language family - comprises 37 languages with an estimated 470 million speakers worldwide.
This book presents a comparative linguistic survey of the full range of Germanic languages, both ancient and modern, including major world languages such as English and German (West Germanic), the Scandinavian (North Germanic) languages, and the extinct East Germanic languages.
Authoritative and comprehensive, this much-needed survey will be welcomed by scholars and students of the Germanic languages, as well as linguists across the many branches of the field.
www.cambridge.org /catalogue/catalogue.asp?isbn=0521808251   (255 words)

  
 The sci.lang FAQ: 8
Icelandic and Norwegian are descended from Proto-North Germanic, a separate branch of Germanic.
All the Germanic languages have a common ancestor, Proto-Germanic; farther back, this ancestor was descended from Proto-Indo- European, as were the ancestors of the Italic, Slavic, and other branches.
English is a Germanic language with a lot of Latin vocabulary, borrowed from French in the Middle Ages.
www.zompist.com /lang8.html   (939 words)

  
 north germanic - OneLook Dictionary Search
North Germanic : The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language [home, info]
noun: the northern family of Germanic languages that are spoken in Scandinavia and Iceland
Words similar to north germanic: nordic, norse, scandinavian, more...
www.onelook.com /?w=north+germanic&ls=a   (154 words)

  
 Cities and Towns - Hometown England
Unaided by the Roman army, Roman Britannia could not long resist the Germanic tribes who arrived in the 5th and 6th centuries, enveloping the majority of modern day England in a new culture and language and pushing Romano-British rule back into modern-day Wales and western extremities of England, notably Cornwall and Cumbria.
This was perhaps crucial in the North East, where resentment at the Barnett Formula, which delivers greater regional aid to adjacent Scotland, was a significant impetus for the North East devolution campaign.
It is bordered to the north by Scotland and to the west by Wales.
www.hometownengland.com   (6247 words)

  
 Germanic Language Family - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia
Linguists generally divide the Germanic language family into three major branches: East Germanic, North Germanic (also known as Ikean), and West Germanic (also known as the Macro-Yiddish family, since Yiddish is its best known member).
The West Germanic languages descend from the Proto-Yiddish language, which was spoken by a Jewish merchant population which settled during Roman times in the Rhine river valley.
The speakers of the South Germanic languages reportedly migrated westward out of the Mediterranean to Atlantis, and subsequently disappeared with the deluge of that continent.
uncyclopedia.org /wiki/Germanic_Language_Family   (510 words)

  
 [North Germanic languages] | [All the best North Germanic languages resources at karaoke.velocityincome.com]   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Germanic is usually assumed to have split into three branches: West Germanic, which includes German and Dutch; East Germanic, the language of the Goths and Vandals; and North Germanic, consisting of the Scandinavian languages.
The North Germanic languages make up one of the three branches of the Germanic languages, a sub-family of the Indo-European languages, along with the West Germanic languages and the East Germanic languages.
North Germanic languages Classification Classification The Germanic languages in Europe are divided into North and West Germanic Languages ██ Low German (West Germanic) ██ High German (West Germanic) ██ Insular Anglo-Frisian (West Germanic) ██ Continental Anglo-Frisian (West Germanic) ██ East Scandinavian ██ West Scandinvavian ██ Line dividing the North and West Germanic languages.
karaoke.velocityincome.com /North_Germanic_languages   (1330 words)

  
 Germanic
The tribes that settled in the western part of the Germanic region were the Angles, the Saxons, the Frisians, and the Jutes.
To their north other tribes settled what is now Scandinavia, and further east settled the Goths, the Burgundii (who later moved southwest into Gaul, giving their name to the region that has become famous for its wine), and the Vandals (famous for being the tribe that sacked Rome in 455 A.D.).
By the time that the spread of Germanic was at its peak, the Germanic language was so far flung geographically that it was inevitable that dialects would have arisen and that these dialects would eventually become mutually incomprehensible and thus comprise separate languages.
homepage.mac.com /ebranscomb/courses/HEL/Germanic.html   (638 words)

  
 German-American World Historical Society   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Whereas most German immigrants of the 18th century came from the Palatine or Wuerttemberg, states along the Rhine River in the southern and wester regions of the German lands, those in the second wave of immigration came mainly from the north and east-Prussia, Bavaria, and Saxony.
Whether, the Germans are from the north, south, east or west, they are proud of their regional dialects and speak it even now, and even in America, and proudly so.
Germans contributed substantially to its growth: By 1841, 28 percent of the total population was German; 10 years earlier the figure was only 5 percent.
www.gawhs.org /germanic2.html   (17407 words)

  
 Ancient Northwest Europe   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The precipitating event for the Germanic migrations seems to have been widespread, catastrophic flooding of old farmlands at a time when population was rapidly increasing.
Germany is perhaps the least "Germanic" of the Medieval Germanic kingdoms, since it was relatively close to Rome and was transformed quite early by Roman cultural influence, which moved northward as the Germanic peoples moved southward.
The best idea of Germanic culture can probably be derived from study of Scandianavian (North Germanic) peoples on the European margin, especially those who settled remote Iceland, where a vast repository of sagas survive, giving us a glimpse into the daily life of pre-Christian Europe.
www.brown.edu /Departments/Medieval_Studies/russom/nweindex.html   (1494 words)

  
 north definition - Dictionary - MSN Encarta
area in north: the part of an area, region, or country that is situated in or toward the north
position equivalent to north: the position equivalent to north in a diagram consisting of four points at 90-degree intervals
in north: situated in, facing, or coming from the north of a place, region, or country
encarta.msn.com /dictionary_1861633749/north.html   (181 words)

  
 Germanic Linguistics
The Germanic languages is a subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages, which were spoken by about 420 million people in many parts of the world (chiefly in Europe and the Western Hemisphere).
These modern North Germanic languages are all descendants of Old Norse and have several distinctive grammatical features in common.
The first sound shift, affecting both English and German, was from the early phonetic positions documented in the ancient, or classical, Indo-European languages (Sanskrit, Greek, Latin) to those still evident in the Low German languages, including English; the second shift affected only the High German languages (e.g., standard German).
www.geocities.com /Athens/Atrium/3993/germanics/grm_linguistics.htm   (2365 words)

  
 Swedish language at AllExperts
Swedish () is a North Germanic language (also called Scandinavian languages) spoken predominantly in Sweden and in parts of Finland, especially along the coast and on the Åland islands, by more than nine million people.
Swedish is an Indo-European language belonging to the North Germanic branch of the Germanic languages.
As in other North Germanic languages there are definite and indefinite articles, but indicating the definite form of a noun is done mainly by a suffix which varies according to gender (-n/-t).
en.allexperts.com /e/s/sw/swedish_language.htm   (6052 words)

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