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Topic: North Korea nuclear weapons program

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In the News (Sun 26 May 19)

 North Korea Nuclear Weapons - Center for Defense Information
On Jan. 10, North Korea withdrew from the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), an international accord prohibiting the acquisition and proliferation of nuclear weapons.
North Korea's uranium enrichment program, were it to continue, could produce highly-enriched uranium sufficient for nuclear weapons in roughly five years, depending on available technology.
North Korea has an arsenal of hundreds of Scud missiles, which due to their extremely short range, could be used exclusively against targets in neighboring states.
www.cdi.org /nuclear/nk-fact-sheet.cfm   (1873 words)

 Nuclear Weapons Program - North Korea
The north has always argued that while they're interested in economic reform, they need to leverage the security threat because they're not certain that the intentions of the rest of the world are really benign in terms of negotiating with North Korea.
North Korea maintains uranium mines with four million tons of exploitable high-quality uranium.
It is estimated that North Korea has completed the nuclear fuel cycle from acquisition to reprocessing of nuclear fuel and is on the threshold of a nuclear weapons capability.
www.globalsecurity.org /wmd/world/dprk/nuke.htm   (1318 words)

 CNS - Military Options for Dealing with North Korea's Nuclear Program
North Korea is unlikely to have secret nuclear reactors, but it could have secret facilities that could reprocess spent fuel into plutonium.
North Korea's reactors, fuel fabrication facilities, and the reprocessing facilities necessary for producing plutonium for nuclear weapons would be relatively easy to destroy.
North Korea's ability to escalate the conflict into a large-scale ground war that South Korea and the United States do not want would be a powerful negotiating chip.
cns.miis.edu /research/korea/dprkmil.htm   (2788 words)

 Asia Times - News and analysis from Korea; North and South
Whereas previously North Korea had tended to deny that it possessed or was seeking to develop nuclear weapons, its alleged admission to visiting US officials in October that it was operating a secret nuclear program suggested a new brazenness in its approach to relations with the US.
That document stated that a US nuclear strike might be launched in retaliation for the use of chemical, biological or nuclear weapons, or under circumstances in which a target could withstand a conventional attack - or merely "in the event of surprising military developments".
Although North Korea refrained from testing a nuclear device on the 55th anniversary of the founding of the communist state last September, as some had feared, Pyongyang announced in October that it had finally finished reprocessing 8,000 nuclear fuel rods from which to build dozens of nuclear weapons.
www.atimes.com /atimes/Korea/FC02Dg04.html   (3294 words)

 CNN.com - U.S.: North Korea admits nuke program - Oct. 15, 2002
North Korea has revealed to the U.S. that it has a secret and active nuclear weapons program after it promised to never again pursue such a course.
North Korea has revealed to the United States that it has a secret and active nuclear weapons program begun years after it promised to never again to pursue such a course, the White House said late Wednesday.
North Korea told U.S. officials it was no longer bound by the anti-nuclear agreement, U.S. officials who spoke on the condition of anonymity told the AP.
archives.cnn.com /2002/US/10/16/us.nkorea   (1188 words)

 North Korea Special Weapons   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
North Korean Nuclear Weapons, CIA Estimate for Congress, November 19, 2002
North Korea Advisory Group U.S. House of Representatives 03 November 1999
North Korea: The Foundations for Military Strength October 1991
fas.org /nuke/guide/dprk   (126 words)

 Nuclear Weapons Program - North Korea
North Korea maintains uranium mines with an estimated four million tons of exploitable high-quality uranium ore. Information on the state and quality of their mines is lacking, but it is estimated that the ore contains approximately 0.8% extractable uranium.
At least two of the estimates are said to be based on the assumption that North Korea removed fuel rods from the 5-MW(e) reactor and subsequently reprocessed the fuel during slowdowns in the reactor's operations in 1990 and 1991.
In October 2002, North Korean officials acknowledged the existence of a clandestine program to enrich uranium for nuclear weapons that is in violation of the Agreed Framework and other agreements.
fas.org /nuke/guide/dprk/nuke   (2849 words)

 North Korea Nuclear Weapons Program History .. The History Beat
Faced with diplomatic pressure and the threat of American military airstrikes against the reactor, North Korea agreed to dismantle its plutonium program as part of the Agreed Framework in which South Korea and the United States would provide North Korea with light water reactors and fuel oil until those reactors would be complete.
This was widely seen as a violation of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and the 1994 U.S.-North Korea nuclear pact signed during the Clinton administration.
China and South Korea are also very worried about the economic and social consequences should this situation cause the North Korean government to collapse.
history.searchbeat.com /north-korea-nuclear-weapons-program.htm   (901 words)

 USATODAY.com - U.S. reacts calmly to North Korea's nuclear weapons   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
They suggested North Korea might be wooed back to the table later this year after the U.S. presidential election and after the board of the U.N. International Atomic Energy Agency meets in November and reviews South Korean experiments with enriched uranium and plutonium.
North Korean Vice Foreign Minister Choe Su Hon disclosed Monday at the United Nations that his country had converted the spent nuclear fuel rods, saying it would serve as a deterrent to increasing U.S. nuclear threats and to prevent a nuclear war in northeast Asia.
"North Korea's nuclear program is well ahead of what Saddam Hussein was even suspected of doing, yet the president took his eye off the ball, wrongly ignoring this growing danger," Kerry said recently.
www.usatoday.com /news/world/2004-09-28-us-north-korea_x.htm   (642 words)

 CRS Report IB91141 - North Korea’s Nuclear Weapons Program - NLE Abstract   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Abstract: North Korea's nuclear weapons program became an immediate foreign policy issue facing the United States because of North Korea’s refusal to carry out its obligations under the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) and other nuclear accords it had signed.
The United States and North Korea signed an agreement on October 21, 1994, that offers North Korea a package of benefits in return for a freeze of North Korea’s nuclear program.
Benefits to North Korea include: light water nuclear reactors totaling 2,000 electric megawatts; shipments of “heavy oil” to North Korea (50,000 tons in 1995 and 500,000 tons annually beginning in 1996 until the first light water reactor is built).
www.ncseonline.org /NLE/CRS/abstract.cfm?NLEid=20907   (364 words)

 CRS REPORT: North Korea's Nuclear Weapons Program - CRS94-470F June 1, 1994
The calculus of North Korea's leaders, including the impact of recent changes in their external environment and an assessment of their goals and strategy, is the focus of the second major section.
North Korea's refusal to allow free access to the IAEA inspectors and evidence of forced entry into the hot cell area lent new urgency to the issue and underscored Pyongyang's unreliability as a negotiating partner.
Given North Korea's longstanding goal of securing a withdrawal of U.S. troops from South Korea, its leaders might in theory, at least, be willing to allow inspections of their nuclear facilities in return for a reduction or elimination of the U.S. military presence.
www.globalsecurity.org /wmd/library/report/crs/94-470f.htm   (9970 words)

 Speedy North Korean Nuclear Dismantlement Possible, Bolton Says - US Department of State
A speedy dismantlement of North Korea's nuclear weapons program is possible if the Pyongyang regime makes the decision to do so, says John R. Bolton, under secretary of state for arms control and international security.
I would think the ball is in North Korea's court now, and that we would certainly expect that the fourth round, which hasn't been scheduled yet, but whenever that round is scheduled, that we would get a substantive reaction from the North Koreans.
And with respect to North Korea, I think the most important aspect is that there is no disagreement on the fundamental objective, which is a nuclear weapons-free Korean Peninsula.
usinfo.state.gov /eap/Archive/2004/Jul/23-340108.html   (4094 words)

 North Korea and Nuclear Weapons: The Declassified U.S. Record
North Korea's nuclear weapons program has moved back to the front pages with the unprecedented acknowledgement by North Korea during talks this week in Beijing that the North has developed nuclear weapons.
Initial identification of the program by the CIA in the early 1980s was not immediately followed by concern that North Korea was seeking to develop nuclear weapons (see "A Ten-Year Projection …").
The paper examines North Korean action since October 2002, Bush administration policy, the state of the DPRK nuclear program, and a number of issues related to the Agreed Framework.
www.gwu.edu /~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB87   (2902 words)

 North Korea Admits Nuclear Program   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
The prospect of nuclear weapons in the North is likely to upset the delicate peace process that has recently restarted between the two Koreas.
White House spokesman Scott Stanzel said North Korea was in violation of its agreements and the Bush administration is consulting on the matter with Congress and U.S. allies.
North Korea was one of three states dubbed a part of the "axis of evil" by President George W. Bush, along with Iran and Iraq.
www.newsmax.com /archives/articles/2002/10/17/61003.shtml   (564 words)

 N Korean Nuclear Arsenal   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
In May 1989, N Korea and Germany signed a comprehensive agreement on the transfer of "substantial" amounts of German nuclear technology and nuclear weapons materials, including enriched uranium, to Pyongyang.
The plutonium factory for the nuclear weapons is a single story building constructed on top the main plutonium reprocessing facility, deep underground.
Most intelligence sources, including Russian and Chinese, state that N Korea has close to 10 operational nuclear warheads for its missiles and two nuclear devices that can be carried by truck, boat or transport aircraft.
www.kimsoft.com /korea/nk-nukes.htm   (739 words)

 Advice raises North Korea nuclear spectre - North Korea - www.theage.com.au
North Korea's nuclear weapons program may be more threatening than previously thought, according to US officials who are working on the new theory.
They fear that a covert highly enriched uranium program could be operational by 2007, and capable of producing another half a dozen bombs.
US officials said they hoped a new, more alarming estimate would convince sceptics such as China that Pyongyang's nuclear weapons efforts were a growing danger, and pressure must be exerted to halt them.
www.theage.com.au /articles/2004/04/29/1083224514427.html   (306 words)

 Online NewsHour: Nuclear Weapons -- November 5, 2002
We're happy to undertake the negotiations, but first North Korea really has to dismantle, and do so rather promptly, this program they have, which is in clear violation of the previous agreements we've had in some three other international agreements.
JAMES KELLY: What we're seeing is a repeat of what North Korea worked in 1993 and 1994, in which they're caught with a nuclear weapons program that they had earlier agreed not to do, and then after extensive negotiations, some kind of formula is found in which they will presumably stop doing it.
And the North Koreans have said that it was nullified and we guess it probably is nullified.
www.pbs.org /newshour/bb/military/july-dec02/nuclear_11-5.html   (1672 words)

 CNS - North Korea Special Collection
The statement was the first official comment by the DPRK about the upcoming trilateral meetings between the United States, North Korea and China that are scheduled to be held in Beijing the week of April 20th.
North Korea's withdrawal could trigger further defections from the treaty and cause other states in the region to pursue nuclear weapons of their own.
North Korean leaders have strong incentives to conceal their true intentions in order to maximize their bargaining power and to minimize international reactions to their nuclear weapons program.
cns.miis.edu /research/korea   (2056 words)

 Call for united strategy to end North Korea's nuclear weapons program   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Washington is the chief sponsor of the protracted talks designed to wean North Korea away from its nuclear program and defuse the crisis in the Korean peninsula.
But the parties to the talks -- the two Koreas, the United States, Japan, Russia and China -- are divided on how to reward and reign in Pyongyang, which last week spurned talks and made an unambiguous declaration it is a nuclear weapons state.
Furthest away from the crisis flashpoint and having seen North Korea renege on a bilateral deal for ending its nuclear arms program, the United States has the "least pressing need to deal with the problem and yet it is absolutely vital for any breakthrough," said US think tank Strafor's Korea expert Rodger Baker.
www.theallineed.com /news/0502/132038.htm   (979 words)

 North Korean Nuclear Program
During those talks, Assistant Secretary James A. Kelly and his delegation advised the North Koreans that we had recently acquired information that indicates that North Korea has a program to enrich uranium for nuclear weapons in violation of the Agreed Framework and other agreements.
In light of our concerns about the North’s nuclear weapons program, however, we are unable to pursue this approach.
North Korea’s secret nuclear weapons program is a serious violation of North Korea’s commitments under the Agreed Framework as well as under the Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT), its International Atomic Energy Agency safeguards agreement, and the Joint North-South Declaration on the Denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula.
www.state.gov /r/pa/prs/ps/2002/14432.htm   (367 words)

 The North Korean Nuclear Crisis (1)
DPRK had placed several political conditions on its acceptance of safeguards, including demands that U.S. nuclear weapons be withdrawn from South Korea and that the annual U.S.- South Korean military exercise ("Team Spirit") be canceled.
In December 1991, North and South Korea signed a bilateral agreement prohibiting nuclear weapons, as well as uranium enrichment and plutonium reprocessing facilities, from the Korean peninsula.
DPRK denied that the sites contained nuclear waste and refused to permit inspection of the facilities on grounds that they were military sites not related to the nuclear program.
www.nci.org /n/nkib1.htm   (1003 words)

 North Korea
September 2005 -- Images of the 5 MWe Reactor which appears to be not operating and the 50 MWe reactor prior to the reported restart of construction from June 2005.
ISIS Issue Brief -- North Korea's Current and Future Plutonium and Nuclear Weapon Stocks.
March 2001 -- Stay the Course on North Korea, an ISIS Policy Brief by Holly Higgins, urging the Bush administration to continue to engage North Korea, particularly with respect to the 1994 Agreed Framework.
www.isis-online.org /publications/dprk   (816 words)

 North Korea Admits Nuclear Weapons Program   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
North Korea has told the United States it has a secret nuclear weapons program in violation of an agreement signed with the Clinton administration, a senior administration official said Wednesday night.
North Korea also told U.S. diplomats it no longer beholden to the anti-nuclear agreement, said the official who spoke on condition of anonymity.
To leverage a deal to get us out of S Korea and scare the poop out of Japan...who is threatening militarization and a nuclear weapons program.
www.freerepublic.com /focus/news/770463/posts   (1680 words)

 Call for united strategy to end North Korea's nuclear weapons program
The United States should set the stage for a unified multilateral strategy to end North Korea's nuclear weapons drive, analysts say after Pyongyang publicly boasted it had nuclear arms and rebuffed six-party talks.
Advertising does not imply endorsement, agreement or approval of any opinions, statements or information provided by SpaceDaily on any web page published or hosted by SpaceDaily.
Ambitious Chinese Program Could Trigger Asian Space Race
www.spacewar.com /2005/050213084535.oka48ytq.html   (1058 words)

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