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Topic: North Sumatra

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  archipelaGoNorth Sumatra   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
The Batak population of North Sumatra consist of several sub-groups, such as the Karo, the Simalungun, the Pakpak, the Toba, the Angkola, and the Mandailing Batak.
For those reasons, North Sumatra is often regarded as constituting a natural museum of Indonesia's proto-Malay heritage in which ancient customsand traditions have been preserved, presumably as a result of centuries of isolation.
Tarutung is the approximately 300-year-old capital of the regency of North Tapanuli.
www.goarchi.com /archo/provinces/n-suma/n-sumatour.html   (4758 words)

 PreventConflict.org - Maps - Sumatra
Sumatra is the western-most island in the Indonesian archipelago.
The population of Aceh is estimated at 4.2 million (2000), or 3% of the Indonesian population and nearly a quarter of the population of Sumatra as a whole.
Sumatra has a long history as a trading area and was likely the first island of Indonesia to be in contact with the rest of the world.
www.preventconflict.org /portal/main/maps_sumatra_overview.php   (1344 words)

 NORTH SUMATRA TOURS- Indonesia Tour Packages   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
North Sumatra is a land of volcanos, high plateaus, waterfalls, lakes, and plantations.
The centrepiece of Lake Toba, the gigantic crater lake (1,707 square km) and one of the deepest (450 m) in the world, is locaced in the center of the province.
Karo highland is the "Puncak" area of North Sumatra.
www.travellingtoindonesia.com /sumatra/north.htm   (708 words)

 Indonesia: Palm Oil Production A Mainstay of  North Sumatra Economy
Agriculture remains an important mainstay to North Sumatra's economy, employing 52 percent of the workforce overall and between 60 to 90 percent of the workforce outside of the major cities; generating 31.8 trillion Rupiah (about 3.2 billion USD) in provincial GDP; and exporting goods worth nearly one billion USD.
A North Sumatra environmental figure noted that oil palm plantations make a good buffer for environmentally protected areas but complained that the heating of the oil palm nut to extract the CPO remains a dirty process, though he allowed that the industry tries to minimize its environmental impact.
North Sumatra’s largest private plantation, for example, can produce annually 35 million germinated seeds, distributed in Indonesia and other palm oil producing countries, and accounting for over three percent of its sales.
jakarta.usembassy.gov /econ/Sumatera_palm_oil_dec05.html   (1098 words)

 Indonesia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The earliest historical mention of the area was of the Jawa Dwipa Hindu kingdom in Java and Sumatra around 200 BC by Indian scholars, and various archeological sites show the influence of the Hindu religion in the area from the first century AD to the fifth century AD.
Under the influences of Hinduism and Buddhism, several kingdoms formed on the islands of Sumatra and Java from the 7th to 14th century.
Partly as a result of the need for cooperation and peace during the recovery from the tsunami in Aceh, peace talks between the Indonesian government and Gerakan Aceh Merdeka (GAM, the Free Aceh Movement) were restarted and have borne fruit in a peace agreement.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Indonesia   (4833 words)

 Medan - North Sumatra - Lake Toba - INDONESIA
The stuff of Hollywood adventure movies is all-too-real in North Sumatra, the most visited region of the island.
The centerpiece of North Sumatra, Lake Toba's bracing climate and magnificent panoramas clear the mind and soothe the soul.
North Sumatra has a warm tropical climate with wet and dry seasons lasting approximately six month each.
www.geocities.com /Area51/Corridor/8339/medan.htm   (1183 words)

 Interim Indonesia Update - Sumatra Election Outlook - Analysis by Geoff Forrester
Sumatra, with 100 of the 219 seats outside Java/Bali in the DPR (Parliament) and 40 of the 165 regional delegates in the MPR is critical to this strategy.
In West Sumatra, an additional issue is the perceived humiliation of the province following its participation in the abortive PRRI rebellion in the 1950s.
North Sumatra is perhaps Indonesia’s most diverse province ethnically and religiously, with its Malay, Chinese and Acehnese minorities and with Christian and Muslim Bataks living side by side in the same village.
www.gfcom.biz /sumatraelectionoutlook.html   (1491 words)

North Sumatra is a large province stretching from the indian Ocean in the west to the Straits of Malaka in the East and from Aceh in the north to West Sumatra in the south.
North Sumatra is also one of the riches provinces in Indonesia for flora and fauna with a wealth of birds, butterflies, buffalo and deer.
The province proudly boats of its Orang Utan Rehabilitation Center in the Gunung Leuser National Park which is bordered by the fast flowing Bohorok River and some delightful countryside and of course lake Toba, legendary birthplace of the mountain-dwelling Bataks and the largest inland lake in Southest Asia.
www.indonesia-tourism.com /north-sumatra/history.html   (318 words)

 RPI Geophysics
The magnitude 9.0 December 26, 2004, earthquake near Sumatra is the largest earthquake to occur since the 1964 Alaska quake and the fourth largest in this century.
Sumatra Observed GPS vectors (in blue) showing how sections of Indonesia are moving relative to Asia (orange vectors are predicted results of our simulations).
The orange shaded areas are the rupture areas of the 1833 magnitude 8.7 earthquake and the 1861 magnitude 8.4 quake.
www.rpi.edu /~mccafr/sumatra04   (810 words)

 Ethnologue report for Indonesia (Sumatra)
Southern Sumatra, south of Muaraenim, east and southeast of Lahat.
Southeastern Sumatra, Martapura, Kangkung, nearly to Kayuagung, and east to the coast.
Southern Sumatra, west coast from north of Ipuh to Tembesi River, to near Argamakmur in the south.
www.ethnologue.com /show_country.asp?name=Indonesia+(Sumatra)   (699 words)

 Lake Toba, North Sumatra - Indonesia Tour Packages   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
Lake Toba lies in the northern part of Barisan Mountain Range, which is volcanic and traverses Sumatra Island from northwest to southeast as its backbone.
Lake Toba is one of Sumatra's spectacular sights - a remarkable volcanic crater set in the middle of northern Sumatra, 176km from Medan.
Samosir, the wedge-shaped island in the middle of the lake, is thought to have been created by subsequent upheavals between 30,000 and 75,000 years ago.
www.travellingtoindonesia.com /sumatra/toba.htm   (435 words)

In 1292 Marco Polo visited Sumatra on his way back from China to Persia and reported that the north part of the island had as many as six busy trading ports including Perlak, Samudera and Lambri.
The province includes a large part of east Sumatra and is the heartland of the Malays.
In South Sumatra, another interesting sight is the Lima house which is still found scattered around the region.
www.pacificislandtravel.com /asia/indonesia/about_destin/sumatra.html   (931 words)

 Human H5N1 Sequences from North Sumatra Indonesia
The human viruses from this cluster are genetically similar to viruses isolated from poultry in North Sumatra during a previous outbreak.
The two North Sumatra sequences sound like they are closely related to each, which would have been expected for isolates from
However, the North Sumatra cluster was generated by extended human to human transmission (H2H), covering at least
www.recombinomics.com /News/05230604/H5N1_Sumatra_Sequences.html   (713 words)

 Amazon.com: Music Of Indonesia 4: Music Of Nias & North Sumatra: Music: Various Artists   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
The Toba and Karo from North Sumatra developed complex instrumental traditions.
The selections from batak country in North Sumatra are an absolute treat.
The North Sumatran Batak are a loud and lively people, who gave up their wild (cannibalistic) pasts in favor of Christian belief, but their love of music and dance continues.
www.amazon.com /Music-Indonesia-Nias-North-Sumatra/dp/B000001DL0   (561 words)

 Distribution of magma beneath the Toba caldera complex, north Sumatra, Indonesia, constrained by three-dimensional P ...
We estimate the one- and three-dimensional P wave velocity structure beneath the Toba caldera complex, a 30 × 100 km topographic depression in North Sumatra, using arrival time data of local earthquakes recorded by a 40-station seismic network that operated for 4 months.
A smaller volume of low velocities is observed in the upper crust under the north end of the depression.
Separating the two regions is a zone of locally high velocities, indicating that the shallow, subcaldera magma system is composed of two separate reservoirs, not a single one that extends the entire length of the caldera complex.
www.agu.org /pubs/crossref/2001.../2000GC000096.shtml   (414 words)

 Bali Crisis Center for Aceh North Sumatra Tsunami Disaster
Aceh is located on the northern tip of the island of Sumatra.
Early Western media attention was focused on Sri Lanka and Thailand, even though the earthquake epicenter was closer to Aceh, and the largest waves struck the northwestern coast of Sumatra.
The town of Lhoknga, on the west coast of Sumatra near the capital of Aceh, Banda Aceh, was completely destroyed by the tsunami.
4aceh-sumut.kcbtours.com   (407 words)

 Tests on North Sumatra Contacts of H5N1 Cluster
Officially the North Sumatran Health carried out the taking of blood and wiped off the throat to 59 people.
They were 5 nurses RS Elisabeth, 2 patients Suspect, the community in the Simbelang Fortification Village, the Subdistrict of three bows, the Karo Regency, as well as the medical staff in RS Kabanjahe, the Clinic G the Arena, the Melva Clinic, RS the Ester, and RSUP Adam the Owner, Medan.
Whereas that Probable, East Java, North Sumatra and South Sulawesi, now that suspect Yogyakarta, East Kalimantan, South Sumatra, and Riau.
www.recombinomics.com /News/05150601/H5N1_Sumatra_Contacts.html   (378 words)

 Batak people of North Sumatra, Indonesia.
His friend Marsden, in his History of Sumatra, had said the Bataks were cannibals.
The principal Batak tribes live around the lake-on the shore the Toba's, on the east the Timurs, on the north the Karos, and on the west the Pakpaks(Dairi).
All these regard Samosir as their homeland, and it may therefore be surmised that this island contains all sorts of ancient relics, of the great interest to study of the Bataks.
members.tripod.com /~sitogol/index.html   (379 words)

 Travelling to Indonesia (North Sumatra)
Besides them are several ethnic groups who live in Medan and other towns of North Sumatra.
Medan is the capital of North Sumatra Province, a trading center and important harbor.
It lies in the southern part of North Sumatra, bordering the provinces of West Sumatra and Riau.
www.emp.pdx.edu /htliono/sumut.html#toba   (1489 words)

 Family Life Surveys Newsletter
For example, if the person using Indonesian is Hindu, he or she is almost certainly Balinese, particularly if living on Bali; if Indonesian is used and the person is Christian and lives in North Sumatra, he or she is almost certainly Batak.
Only one ethnic group, the Minang of West Sumatra, follows the matriarchal system, whereby a girl has to buy her future husband with a dowry.
If the dowry is paid in goods, jewelry, and money, it may not go to the new family but may become a part of defraying the cost for the wedding party.
www.rand.org /labor/FLS/news4/user.html   (1350 words)

 Surfing in North Sumatra
We can head straight out to the Mentawais OR we can head north to the Nias area via a smaller group of secluded islands which are home to a variety of different waves (both lefts and rights) which are usually empty.
Regularly surfed, but still uncrowded, waves in the Nias and Hinakos area include Asu, Bawa and the infamous Lagundri Bay right but that is just the tip of the iceberg.
The other good thing about this area is that there are reefs facing every direction of the compass, meaning there is always a perfect wave breaking...
www.wavehunters.com /sumatra/sumatra_surf.asp   (376 words)

 Barnes & Noble.com - Music: Music of Indonesia, Vol. 4: Music of Nias & North Sumatra, Osner Gultom, CD
This volume samples the music of three ethnic groups, the mostly Muslim Karo and the Christian/animist Toba, both from North Sumatra, and the Ono Niha (or Hoho) of Nias.
Sumatra is the world's fourth largest island, and Nias is a much smaller island 90 miles away.
This is rare music from remote places where traditional religious beliefs and rituals are still in active conflict with world religions, especially Christianity.
music.barnesandnoble.com /search/product.asp?ean=93074042021   (554 words)

 Tsunami Factfile
Before and after satellite images of Banda Aceh, North Sumatra, Indonesia.
On Dec. 26, 2004, a 9.0 magnitude earthquake—the largest earthquake in 40 years—ruptured in the Indian Ocean, off the northwest coast of the Indonesian island of Sumatra.
The earthquake triggered the deadliest tsunami in world history, so powerful that the waves caused loss of life on the coast of Africa and were even detected on the East Coast of the United States.
www.infoplease.com /spot/tsunami.html   (443 words)

 Tsunami Disaster- The Great Wave from the Indian Ocean; Earthquake, North Sumatra - Cybermed Update December 2004
The 2004 Indian Ocean Earthquake was an undersea megathrust earthquake of moment magnitude 9.0 that struck the Indian Ocean off the western coast of northern Sumatra, Indonesia on December 26, 2004 at 00:58:49 UTC (07:58:49 local time in Jakarta and Bangkok; 08:58:49 local time Malaysia).
That is a lot of slip.” The north-western tip of the Indonesian island of Sumatra may also have shifted to the south-west by around 36 metres".
The devastating megathrust earthquake of December 26, 2004, occurred on the interface of the India and Burma plates and was caused by the release of stresses that develop as the India plate subducts beneath the overriding Burma plate.
www.vadscorner.com /internet65.html   (2341 words)

 Music of North Sumatra
Voices and instruments rise in sacred and secular celebration with an idyllic elegance that belies the music's vigorous, complex locomotion.
75 thousand years ago, a volcano erupted deep in the interior of North Sumatra, spreading ash as far as Sri Lanka and leaving behind a crater now known as Lake Toba.
One hundred kilometers long, it is the largest volcanic crater lake in the world.
www.newalbion.com /NA046   (475 words)

 Surfing Sumatra : Surf The Waves : Leonardy Gunawan 2006
The best way across Sumatra to Sibolga is by taking a mini van.
Information above is presented to assist with your travel across Panoramic North Sumatra and to the attractions of Nias Island.
All information is given in good faith, and directly related to the numerous questions that I have been frequently asked by travelers venturing through this part of the woods.
www.surfingsumatra.com   (2354 words)

 North Sumatra   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
Day 3- Surfing - this is the first paid day of the charter.
Days 3 - 12 - Spent in North Sumatra, Hinakos, Nias region depending on conditions.
Day 12- Final surfing day - this is the last paid day of the charter; departure for Sibolga in the PM.
www.wavehunters.com /sumatra/bohemian_prices.asp   (311 words)

 Democracy Now! | ExxonMobil, Aceh and the Tsunami
I was very close to Aceh, and part of the problem in actually going to Aceh is that the Indonesian government has not regularly allowed foreigners, journalists, NGOs, etc., to enter without securing special permission, which is very difficult to get.
So I was in North Sumatra, very close to Aceh.
I met with numerous people, villagers who lived very close to the ExxonMobil facilities in Aceh, who traveled at great personal risk to themselves to North Sumatra, the area where I was, to meet with me. They told me of continuing human rights abuses.
www.democracynow.org /article.pl?sid=05/01/04/160250   (2022 words)

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