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Topic: Northern Europe

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  Europe - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Europe is bounded to the north by the Arctic Ocean, to the west by the Atlantic Ocean and to the south by the Mediterranean and the Caucasus.
Europe's boundary to the east is vague, but has traditionally been given as the watershed for the Ural Mountains and Caspian Sea to the southeast: the Urals are considered by most to be a geographical and tectonic landmark separating Asia from Europe.
Azerbaijan and Georgia have territory in Europe north of the crest of the Caucasus and the Kura River.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Europe   (3925 words)

 Northern Europe - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Northern Europe is a name of the northern part of the European continent.
Before the 19th century, the term 'Nordic' or 'Northern' was commonly used to mean Northern Europe in a sense that included the Nordic countries, European Russia, the Baltic countries (at that time Livonia and Courland) and Greenland.
The Baltic States were during the Cold War and before that during the height of the Russian Empire considered to be part of Eastern Europe, although the peoples are not Slavs, and the Baltic States share much history and many common traits with the Nordic countries.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Northern_Europe   (409 words)

 Europe Overview
Eastern Europe consists of the Czech Republic, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, and the Slovak Republic.
Northern Europe's birth rate is higher than the death rate, though not as significantly as in Western Europe.
Northern Europe has the highest percentage of its population living in urban areas, while Eastern Europe has the lowest percentage living in the cities than the rest of Europe.
maps.unomaha.edu /Peterson/funda/Notes/Notes_Exam2/EOverview.html   (2352 words)

The fauna of Europe is in accord with the climate and vegetation.
In Northern Europe are found the polar bear, polar fox, and reindeer; in the region of forests live the bear, wolf, and lynx, which have, however, almost disappeared; the region of the Mediterranean contains numerous reptiles.
A convincing proof of this was the courageous struggle of Europe against the attempted inroads of Islam, and especially the expeditions of conquest to the Holy Land repeatedly undertaken by the various nations of Europe acting together.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/05607b.htm   (7597 words)

 Northern Europe - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Northern Russia, Northern Germany, Northern Poland, and The Netherlands
In earlier eras, when Europe was dominated by the Mediterranean region, everything not near this sea was termed Northern Europe, including Germany, much of France, the Low Countries, and Austria.
The Baltic States were during the Cold War and before that during the height of the Russian Empire considered to be part of Eastern Europe, although the peoples are not Slavonics, and the Baltic States share much history and many common traits with the Nordic countries.
www.goosecreek.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Northern_Europe   (281 words)

 EUROPE   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The earliest mapping attempts which suggested that the full-glacial environment of Europe had been moist and extensively forested have now been superseded, and it is apparent that the LGM environment of Europe was much more barren of vegetation than previously thought.
In southern Europe, some areas of open pine (Pinus) and birch (Betula) woodland seem to have existed in the plains of northern Italy and to the south-east of the Alps, although these were not extensive (C. edakis, August 1995).
In eastern Europe, Huntley (1990) appears to suggest in his map that the present-day steppic region of Ukraine and Southern Russia was mainly forested, partly with pine-birch and partly with mixed conifer-hardwoods.
www.soton.ac.uk /~tjms/europe.html   (4704 words)

 The Northern Dimension - Overview   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The Northern Dimension in the external and cross-border policies of the European Union reflects the EU’s relations with Russia (and particularly North-west Russia) in the Baltic Sea region and Arctic Sea region.
The Northern Dimension addresses the specific challenges and opportunities arising in those regions and aims to strengthen dialogue and cooperation between the EU and its member states, the northern countries associated with the EU under the EEA (Norway and Iceland) and the Russian Federation.
The Northern Dimension concept covers a broad and diverse geographic area, stretching from the Arctic and sub-Arctic to the southern shores of the Baltic, and from North-West Russia in the East to Iceland and Greenland in the West.
europa.eu.int /comm/external_relations/north_dim   (1383 words)

 Discount Northern Europe and European Cruises at Destination Oceans
In striking contrast to the cosmopolitan Europe most people think of, the Norwegian Fjordland is dotted with tiny cities, pristine hamlets and charming fishing villages against a backdrop of towering mountains, sweeping glaciers and rushing waterfalls.
The latitude in Northern Europe limits favorable cruising conditions to the Baltic and Norwegian Fjords to the height of the summer season in June, July and August.
Most cruises to Northern Europe range between 7 and 14 nights, and usually depart from Southampton or Dover, which are the port cities closest to London.
www.destinationoceans.com /europe_cruises.asp?pageID=69   (954 words)

 Northern Europe. (from Performing Arts) --  Encyclopædia Britannica
Northern Ireland is sometimes referred to as Ulster, although it includes only six of the nine counties which made up that historic Irish province.
Northern was created out of part of Transvaal province in 1994.
Under their heading, however, can be placed an enormous number of forms and variations—from classical opera and serious theater to live variety entertainment, popular improvised theater in the streets, and even rock concerts and professional wrestling.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-215314   (813 words)

 Europe - Wikitravel
Europe encompasses an area of 10,400,000 km² (4,000,000 square miles), stretching from Asia to the Atlantic, Africa to the Arctic.
The most extensive and most reliable train travel planner for all of Europe is the one belonging to the German railways (DB) and can be found here in English.
Europe, prior to the conclusion of the Second World War, was a region ravaged by large-scale wars.
wikitravel.org /en/Europe   (1190 words)

 Holidays in Europe - Central & Northern - AiTO : The Association of Independent Tour Operators
Central and Northern Europe has so much to offer whether you’re craving the balmy climes of the southern Mediterranean or the icy fjords and glaciers of the north.
Most of Central and Northern Europe can be visited year-round, though the warmer summer months between May and September are most popular.
Northern Norway, Finland, Sweden, Scotland, and Iceland in particular can be very cold and dark during the winter months, though this is the perfect time for skiing and winter-sports.
www.aito.co.uk /central-northern-europe-holiday.asp   (435 words)

 Northern Europe
The Northern Europe study group was set up by the interdisciplinary peace studies program in 1987 to give students in general and peace studies concentrators in particular an entry into European responses and resistance to war and their efforts in constructing peace.
Northern Europe offers a rich environment for this exploration because European politics and society have been profoundly marked by war, militarism, nationalism and social movement organizing.
The U.S. role in Europe and Yugoslavia’s wars.  It will also discuss neutrality, the European Union, the integration process, including the O.S.C.E.’s role and developments in NATO since 1990, and security aspects of East Europe, the EC and the European Union, after the war in the Balkans.
www.colgate.edu /desktopdefault1.aspx?tabid=1304   (431 words)

 Eye on Northern Europe   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Someone has said that Europe is the last great mission field of the 21st century.
With less than 3% of the population claiming to be born again, it would seem to be the case.
One of the highlights of returning to CTS has been to see the Mentoring Program, which was developed during my time of studies in the US, in action.
www.eyeonnortherneurope.com   (269 words)

 Overview of the Northern Europe Initiative
As part of its broader efforts in Europe, the United States seeks to promote stability, prosperity, and security, bolster U.S. trade and investment, and further integrate the countries of the region into key Western institutions and security structures.
The Northern Europe Initiative (NEI), launched in 1997 and led by the U.S. Department of State, is a key element of U.S. Government strategy to achieve these goals.
The Northern Europe Initiative is a conscious effort to develop a more active public-private partnership in the conduct of diplomacy, in which the U.S. Government works closely with the business and NGO community to achieve shared goals.
www.state.gov /p/eur/rls/fs/1985.htm   (1884 words)

 Northern Europe, or Norden (from Europe) --  Britannica Student Encyclopedia
Northern Europe is often referred to as Scandinavia, but this term technically covers only the Scandinavian peninsula countries of Norway, Sweden, and Denmark.
The organizations formed during the period were intended to bolster the Continent's economic standing and to promote its stability in the hope of avoiding another war.
Europe; consultative assembly made up of representatives of national parliaments to promote European unity, protect human rights, and facilitate social and economic progress; established on May 5, 1949, by 10 founding states (Belgium, Denmark, France, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, and the United...
www.britannica.com /ebi/article-200421   (804 words)

 Amazon.com: The Northern Wars : War, State and Society in Northeastern Europe, 1558 - 1721 (Modern Wars in ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The Northern Wars examines a period of critical importance for the history of eastern and northern Europe.
At the beginning of the period Sweden and Poland were the dominant powers of northern Europe, by the end they were both in eclipse and Russia and Prussia were the new international superpowers, dominating the stage.
He also places the northern wars in their temporal, historical and geographical context by commenting on the developments in Western Europe, the 30 years war, the wars of the protestant reformation, the expansion of the Ottoman Turks in the south of the region, the incursions by Tatars from the asian steppes etc.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0582064295?v=glance   (1460 words)

 Western and Northern Europe History and Politics: Media Resources Center, UC Berkeley
Discusses Europe's worldwide economic leadership, its achievements in the arts, science and technology, and its skillful political leadership, all of which contributed to its international preeminence.
A documentary on the resurgence of fascism and racist violence in Europe, particularly in Germany and Austria.
The film retraces the conflict in Northern Ireland through film footage of events and comments of citizens representing the various factions that have resulted in the struggles through the years from 1968 until the present.
www.lib.berkeley.edu /MRC/EuroVid.html   (14983 words)

 Northern European Shamanism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
And all over Europe, sanctuaries to the gods had ritual bathing pools associated with them, and the healing or purifying bath is a common feature of European magical practise.
Northern Europe has its share of non-human spirits, too, whether helpful or hindering; dwellers in barrows, mines, lakes and streams, trees, stones, and the human household are all well-known.
Finally, the psychopomp function would be performed within the protective circle of kin (as in the modern wake), most likely with the shaman riding the mount of choice or in the favoured shape (probably boar or stag, as the tales indicate) to lead the soul of the deceased.
www.elfhill.com /leighann/writings/eshamn.html   (7457 words)

 Northern Scandinavia : Europe Forum - Travellerspoint   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Which is best...northern Norway (Fjords), northern Sweden, or northern Finland.
At least many parts of the Swedish and Finnish northern territories are rather unpopulated and not very "touristy"..
Northern Finland and Sweden are fairly similar (Norway is obviously different because of the coast), in that they are rugged and wilderness, but both are stunning.
www.travellerspoint.com /forum.cfm?thread=7876   (992 words)

 Travel Channel :: Cruises
Sailing through Northern Europe offers an amazing opportunity to experience extremely diverse cultures in the matter of a week or so.
Summer is the main sailing season for Europe because the weather is warm and, especially in the very north, the sun stays out all night.
Northern European cruises frequently combine the urban, St. Petersburg, for example, with the road (or sea) less traveled, such as Denmark's Faroe Islands.
travel.discovery.com /ideas/cruises/europeprimer/neurope.html   (470 words)

 AllRefer.com - Germans (Ancient History, Northern Europe) - Encyclopedia
Germans, great ethnic complex of ancient Europe, a basic stock in the composition of the modern peoples of Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Iceland, Germany, Austria, Switzerland, N Italy, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, N and central France, Lowland Scotland, and England.
B.C.) in the history of Europe began roughly with the general breakup of Celtic culture in central Europe.
The Goths apparently moved SE from the Vistula River to the Balkans, thence W across Europe.
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/G/Germans.html   (374 words)

As in literature, Italian influence was strong, and some of the greatest of the northern artists were profoundly affected by their own trips to Italy; Drer and Bruegel are good examples.
At the same time, the vigorous indigenous traditions of northern art continued to find expression, so that the art of the northern Renaissance manifested a distinct synthesis of native and Italian elements.
In general, northern art continued to carry on the late medieval tradition of great attention to detail.
www.ku.edu /carrie/texts/carrie_books/gilbert/22.html   (5783 words)

 Nuclear power plants in Europe
As of January 2006 there were a total of 204 nuclear power plant units with an installed electric net capacity of 171 994 MWe in operation in Europe and 8 units with 7 930 were under construction in four countries.
Nuclear power plants in Europe, in operation and under construction, as of January 2006
Nuclear Power Plants in Operation in Europe, 02.06.2005
www.euronuclear.org /info/encyclopedia/n/nuclear-power-plant-europe.htm   (141 words)

 Countries by Continent :: Destination Europe - European Countries
Languages of Europe: English, French, German, Greek, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Nordic Languages, East European languages.
The organization with 55 participating States from Europe, Central Asia and North America is active in early warning, conflict prevention, crisis management and post-conflict rehabilitation.
The Official Gateway to Europe, presented by the European Travel Commission and its 33 member government tourist offices.
www.nationsonline.org /oneworld/europe.htm   (282 words)

 Jordan, W.C.: The Great Famine: Northern Europe in the Early Fourteenth Century.
The horrors of the Great Famine (1315-1322), one of the severest catastrophes ever to strike northern Europe, lived on for centuries in the minds of Europeans who recalled tales of widespread hunger, class warfare, epidemic disease, frighteningly high mortality, and unspeakable crimes.
Jordan begins with a description of medieval northern Europe at its demographic peak around 1300, by which time the region had achieved a sophisticated level of economic integration.
He ultimately shows that while the northern European economy did recover quickly, the Great Famine ushered in a period of social instability that had serious repercussions for generations to come.
pup.princeton.edu /titles/5922.html   (648 words)

 Europe Cruises - Celebrity to Europe
From Northern Europe to the Mediterranean, explore lands rich in romance languages, classic architecture, food, art and music.
Whichever Europe Cruises itinerary you choose, you'll discover the countless treasures of Europe in true Celebrity Cruises style.
From the blooming Tivoli Gardens of Copenhagen to the towering columns of the Parthenon in Athens, a journey to Europe is a truly unforgettable experience aboard Celebrity Cruises.
www.celebritycruises.com /destinations/home.do;jsessionid=0000cO9b7MFLSBe7bScpCZNfVkB:1051tg1dv?dest=EUROP   (346 words)

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