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Topic: Northern Wei Dynasty

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  Northern Wei Dynasty - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The Northern Wei Dynasty (北魏 386-534) is most noted for the unification of northern China in 440, it was also heavily involved in funding the arts and many antiques and art works from this period have survived.
In 493 AD the dynasty moved its capital from Datong to Luoyang and started the construction of the artificial Longmen Caves.
It is thought the dynasty originated from the Tuoba clan of the non-Han Xianbei tribe.
www.bonneylake.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Northern_Wei   (258 words)

 Chinese History - Northern Wei Dynasty (www.chinaknowledge.org)
After hundred and thirty years of foreign rule by various tribes over northern China, the period of the Sixteen Kingdoms, the chieftains of the Tuoba æ‹“è·‹ clan of the Xianbei 鮮卑 ethnicity were able to unite the northern part of China.
A powerful instrument for the Northern Wei rulers - as they were called later - was Buddhism, as the emperor was seen as a living incarnation of the ruling Buddha.
The result of this almost twohundred year long period was the gradual reconstruction of the northern economy and the homogenization of the Chinese with the Non-Chinese population.
www.chinaknowledge.de /History/Division/beiwei.html   (285 words)

 Shaolin History
It was erected by Emperor Hsiao-wen of the Northern Wei dynasty.
The erection of the Shao-lin monastery is also ascribed to the Northern Wei dynasty by the Ming i t'ung chih, the historical gazetteer of the Ming dynasty.
It was during the reign of the Sui dynasty emperor Wen-ti (581-604 A.D.) that the reconstruction was accomplished.
www.angelfire.com /gundam/manji/page2.html   (2504 words)

 Chinese History - Northern Dynasties maps and geography (www.chinaknowledge.org)
The Northern Wei empire stretched from the Liaodong Peninsula 遼東半島, with the three Korean kingdoms Koguryŏ/Gaogouli 高句麗, Paekche/Baiji 百濟, and Silla/Xinluo æ—°ç¾… as neighbors, to the Tarim Basin 塔里木盆地 with the Colonel of the Western Barbarians (Xirong xiaoweifu 西戎校尉府) and the garrison Yanqi 焉耆鎮.
At the end of the 5th century Northern Wei could conquer several regions of the Liu-Song Dynasty 劉宋 in the south.
With the Liang Dynasty in the south disintegrating, the lacking central power gave the two new northern dynasties of Northern Zhou (Beizhou 北周) and Northern Qi (Beiqi 北齊) the chance to conquer vast territories of the south, down to the Yangtse River 長江 and the whole area of modern Sichuan and Yunnan provinces.
www.chinaknowledge.de /History/Division/beiwei-map.html   (496 words)

 Longmen caves --  Encyclopædia Britannica   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The temples were begun late in the Northern Wei dynasty (386–534/535), in the Six Dynasties period.
Following the transfer of the Northern Wei capital from Pingcheng (the present Datong, Shanxi province) south to Luoyang in 494, a new series of cave temples was begun there.
Produced in the northern territory that was occupied and ruled by foreign invaders and that was quick to respond to Buddhism, Northern Wei sculpture is distinct from the more traditional indigenous art produced in...
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9049379?tocId=9049379   (922 words)

 After Han, Ancient Chinese cast coins - Calgary Coin Gallery
The Liang Dynasty was established by general Hsiao Yen of the Southern Ch'i Dynasty, but since he was, however distantly, related to the ruling house of the Southern Ch'i, one might think of this as simply a name change of the Southern Ch'i.
The Northern Ch'i Dynasty was founded by Wen Hsuan Ti, the Son of a general who helped overthrow the Northern Wei in AD 535 and the Eastern Wei in AD 550.
The Northern Zhou dynasty was established in AD 557 by the son (whose name we do not yet know) of a general who helped overthrow the Wei dynasty, and then overthrew the Western Wei which he had ruled through puppet emperors.
www.calgarycoin.com /cast2.htm   (1518 words)

Wei rulers came to this site, which is basically desert, to pray for rain.
These caves were carved around 460 AD and the Buddhas have the faces of the Northern Wei Dynasty Emperors.
The face of the Buddha is that of the Wei Emperor Wencheng.
www.ias.berkeley.edu /orias/visuals/buddha/caves/BuddhaCaves.html   (286 words)

 Northern Wei Dynasty   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
It is thought the dynasty originated from the Tuoba clan of the non-Han peopleHan Xianbei tribe.
Emperor Mingyuan of Northern Wei ChinaEmperor Mingyuan 明元帝 ming2 yuan2 di4/
Emperor Xiaowen of Northern Wei ChinaEmperor Xiaowen 孝文帝; xiao4 wen2 di4/
www.infothis.com /find/Northern_Wei_Dynasty   (373 words)

The end of the Han Dynasty in 220 CE was followed by a period of disunion which came to an end when in northern China the Tuoba Xianbei founded the Northern Wei Dynasty in 386, famous for an extensive patronage of Buddhism.
The History of the Wei Dynasty (Weishu) relates the origins of the Tuoba to Changyi, one of the sons of the Chinese mythical Yellow emperor.
The Qidan (Khitan) and their Liao Dynasty are first mentioned as a people settling in what today is eastern Inner Mongolia in the records of the Northern Wei Dynasty (386-534 CE).
darkwing.uoregon.edu /~inaasim/Mingqing04/ming1.htm   (635 words)

 Ancient China [encyclopedia]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
It was the first dynasty to embrace Confucianism, which became the ideological underpinning of all dynasties until the end of imperial China.
China was ruled by two independent dynasties, one in the south and the other in the north, and hence coined the era of Southern and Northern Dynasties.
In 618 A.D., the Tang Dynasty was established and a new age of flourishing began.
artzia.com /History/China   (1280 words)

 Lóngmén Shíku (Dragon Gate Grottoes) | Museum/Attraction Review | Luoyang | Frommers.com
The first caves were carved in the Northern Wèi dynasty in A.D. 493, when the Xiào Wén emperor moved his capital from Píngchéng (today's Dàtóng) to Luòyáng.
About 30% of the caves are from the Northern Wèi dynasty (386-584); their statues are more elongated, static, and lacking in complexity and detail than the later Táng dynasty sculptures which account for about 60% of the caves, with their fuller figures, gentle features, and characteristic liveliness.
The central Buddha's head was restored during the Qing dynasty, and is said to resemble daoist master Laozi.
www.frommers.com /destinations/luoyang/A32809.html   (1138 words)

 China, 1-500 A.D. | Timeline of Art History | The Metropolitan Museum of Art   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Internal tensions and pressures from northern tribes such as the Xiongnu and the Xianbei eventually force the Han Chinese south of the Yangzi River, where a minor prince gathers the court together and establishes the Eastern Jin (ca.
For the next 270 years, China is divided into the northern dynasties governed by non-Han rulers and the southern regimes under Han Chinese control.
This era is known as the Six Dynasties, in reference to the native rulers in the south, or the
www.metmuseum.org /toah/ht/05/eac/ht05eac.htm   (941 words)

 Datong Culture - China tourist & travel guide for culture of China
In the year 386 AD Datong became the capital of the Northern Wei Dynasty until 494 AD.
Yongguling is the tomb of Empress Wenming, one of empresses of Wenchengdi (the third emperor of the Northern Wei Dynasty).
Most of the caves were carved during the Northern Wei Dynasty between 460 AD and 494 AD.
www.orientaltravel.com /culture/Datong.htm   (247 words)

 Chinese Stir — fried Dishes
In a rhyming dictionary compiled in the 6th century, the ancient form of “chao” was first seen, but it meant to stir cereal in a pot without oil to dry it.
The stir — fried dish was invented at the latest during the Southern and Northern Dynasties (420 - 581).
Su Shi, a famous man of letters in the Song Dynasty, Ni Zan (1301 - 1374), a famous painter in the Yuan Dynasty, Xu Wei (1521 - 1593), a famous painter and literati in the Ming Dynasty, and Yuan Mei (1716 - 1798), a famous man of letters, were all gourmets and good cooks.
www.china.org.cn /english/MATERIAL/26142.htm   (1792 words)

 Longmen Grottoes: Luoyang Tourist Attractions   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The assembly displayed in the Fengxian Temple was very common during the Tang Dynasty and is regarded as the masterpiece of the Buddhist carving of that period.
Using the style which prevailed in Northern Wei, the chief Buddha is sitting in his meditation on an altar with two lions at his feet, and appears delicate and lifelike.
The contents of the grotto are of great value in the study of sculpture, painting, and architecture of the Northern Wei period.
www.travelchinaguide.com /attraction/henan/luoyang/longmen.htm   (897 words)

 Asia Society Visible Traces - Epigraphical and Pictorial Rubbings
Northern Wei dynasty (386—534), Taihe reign period (477—499), dated 498
This rubbing was taken from the Guyang Cave, Longmen Grottoes, situated on the banks of the Yellow River near Luoyang in Henan Province.
The inscription on this rubbing was commissioned by the monk Huicheng to ensure the spiritual salvation of his deceased father, the gentleman Shiping, an aristocrat of the ruling Toba clan, whose name is absent from any other historical record of the Northern Wei dynasty.
www.askasia.org /VISIBLE_TRACES/rubbings/ru13.html   (270 words)

 Longmen Caves China - China tourist & travel guide for Longmen Caves, China
Located in Luoyang city in Henan Province, the Longmen Caves was first constructed in the Emperor Taihe's Reign of the Northern Wei Dynasty (488 AD).
The construction lasted many years from the Wei Dynasty through the Northern Qi, Sui, Tang and Song Dynasties etc. The niches on the sides of the two mountains resemble a honeycomb.
There are over 2100 niches, more than 100,000 statues, some 40 pagodas and 3600 tablets and steles in the caves of Guyang, Binyang and Lianhua constructed in the Northern Wei Dynasty and the Qianxi Monastery, Wanfuo Cave (Cave of Ten Thousand Buddhist Statues), the Fengxian Monastery and Kanjing Monastery etc. built in the Tang Dynasty.
www.orientaltravel.com /province/city/area/Longmen_Caves.htm   (350 words)

 Maitreya altarpiece [China] (38.158.1a-n) | Object Page | Timeline of Art History | The Metropolitan Museum of Art   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
This magnificent and uncommonly large altarpiece is one of the great artistic achievements of the Tuoba, a non-Chinese people who occupied most of the provinces north of the Yellow River by the middle of the fifth century.
As founders of the Northern Wei dynasty, the Tuoba ruled northern China until 534.
Further testimony to this strong devotion, the Maitreya altarpiece is a fine example of the creativity and skill of the late Northern Wei dynasty.
www.metmuseum.org /toah/ho/06/eac/hod_38.158.1a-n.htm   (312 words)

 Chinese Religion - Buddhism (www.chinaknowledge.org)
The Non-Chinese rulers of the Northern Wei Dynasty converted to Buddhism and saw themselves as personification of the Buddha.
The maturity and great age of Buddhism in China was the Tang Dynasty when emperors spent their wealth to establish monasteries and sculptures in different Buddhist caves.
During the Jin Dynasty, the teaching of prajna ("sage wisdom") became prevalent, manifested in the sutra Prajnaparamita ("Perfection of wisdom"), translated by Dharmaraksha (chin.: Zhu Fahu 竺法護) in 291.
www.chinaknowledge.org /Literature/Religion/buddhism.html   (4149 words)

 The Silk Road
The Northern Wei dynasty, that is perhaps the most responsible for the spread of Buddhism in China, started the construction of the Yungang grottos in northern Shanxi province.
From their foothold in Northern Iran, merchants brought the faith along the Silk Road, and the first Nestorian church was consecrated at Changan in 638 A.D. This sect took root on the Silk Road, and survived many later attempts to wipe them out, lasting into the fourteenth century.
The height of the importance of the Silk Road was during the Tang dynasty, with relative internal stability in China after the divisions of the earlier dynasties since the Han.
www.ess.uci.edu /~oliver/silk.html   (8680 words)

 Britannica Concise Encyclopedia - The online encyclopedia you can trust!
Longest-lived and most powerful of the northern Chinese dynasties that ruled after the Han dynasty fell and before the Sui and Tang dynasties reunified China.
To bring into cultivation land abandoned during war, hundreds of thousands of peasants were relocated and allocated land under the equal-field system of land distribution.
The rulers of the Northern Wei were great patrons of Buddhism, and the period is noted for its Buddhist art, particularly at the caves of Yungang.
www.britannica.com /ebc/print_toc?tocId=9373648   (201 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Some of them were produced during the Northern Wei Dynasty, but most were from Sui and Tang Dynasties.
Work on the grottoes began in the year 460, during the Northern Wei Dynasty, under the supervision of Tan Yao, an eminent monk, and took over 60 years to complete.
The work began in the Northern Wei Dynasty and continued for more than 400 years, making them a world-famous treasure house of the art of stone carving.
www.buddhistdoor.com /bdoor/0312/sources/statues2.htm   (334 words)

 The Epoch Times | Epoch Times Commentaries on the Communist Party — Part 6   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Thereafter, Confucianism, Buddhism, and Taoism became complementary beliefs in Chinese society, bringing the Tang Dynasty (618-907 A.D.) to the peak of its glory and prosperity, as is known to all under heaven.
It was built during the Taiyan time period of the Northern Wei Dynasty 1,600 years ago and had precious statues and frescos.
Initially built in 1186 in the Jin Dynasty, it became a summer resort for imperial families during the Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties.
english.epochtimes.com /news/4-12-20/25087.html   (12495 words)

 MAM - Collection - Asian Art - Chinese, Northern Wei dynasty
This graceful and elegant sculpture was part of the late Northern Wei dynasty caves at Longmen near Luoyang in Henan province.
Great patrons of Buddhism, the Wei imperial family commissioned numerous works of Buddhist art, of which this figure may be an example.
It likely represents Mile (Maitreya) bodhisattva, the Buddha of the future, often depicted in sixth-century Chinese art seated with crossed ankles and resting his chin on his hand.
www.mam.org /collections/asianart_detail_northernwei.htm   (128 words)

 DungHuang Grottoes - Silk Road - China the Beautiful   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Northern Wei Dynasty 386-634 AD Fresco painting - A Dancer
Northern Wei Dynasty 386-634 AD Fresco painting - Hunting Scene
Northern Wei Dynasty 386-634 AD Fresco painting - Detail of a Legend
www.chinapage.com /dunhuan.html   (188 words)

 Ichiban Japanese and Oriental Antiques Directory
Rare Chinese Yuan Dynasty Painted Pottery Cat - This charming and very rare pottery model was made during the Yuan Dynasty (AD 1279 - 1368).
Rare Chinese Northern Wei Dynasty Armoured Warrior - This rare and interesting pottery figure was made during the Northern Wei Dynasty (AD 386 - 534).
Rare Chinese Han Dynasty Glazed Pottery Pig /Boar - This amusing, and very rare glazed earthenware model of a pig - or, more probably, a wild boar - was made some 2,000 years ago during the Han Dynasty (206BC - AD 220).
www.trocadero.com /ICHIBAN/catalog530.html   (856 words)

 Find in a Library: The Grand Empress Dowager Wên Ming and the Northern Wei necropolis at Fang Shan.
Find in a Library: The Grand Empress Dowager Wên Ming and the Northern Wei necropolis at Fang Shan.
The Grand Empress Dowager Wên Ming and the Northern Wei necropolis at Fang Shan.
Subjects: Wên-ming, -- Empress of Northern Wei dynasty, -- 443-490.
www.worldcatlibraries.org /wcpa/ow/3828e8ee003d338f.html   (71 words)

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