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Topic: Northern Zhuang language

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  Probert Encyclopaedia: Language (Z)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Zaparo is a nealy extinct Zaparoan language spoken in Ecuador and formerly in Peru.
Zarmaci is a Songhai language spoken in Niger, Burkina Faso, Mali and Nigeria.
Zulu is a Bantu language spoken in Zululand, northern Natal, Botswana, Lesthoto, Malawi, Mozambique and Swaziland.
www.probertencyclopaedia.com /WZ.HTM   (605 words)

 Zhuang People Profile   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Of the remaining Zhuang, 6% are in the Wenshan Autonomous Prefecture in neighboring Yunnan, and 3% in Guangdong.
Zhuang are also found in most of the major cities of Guangxi, making up one third of the population in some.
Zhuang living in rural villages appear to be very open and responsive when they have been approached by evangelists from urban areas.
www.infomekong.com /zhuang_secondary.htm   (1182 words)

 Zhuang language and alphabet   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Zhuang is a northern Tai language spoken by about 10 million people mainly in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in southern China, and also in Yunnan, Guangdong, Guizhou, and Hunan Provinces.
A method of writing Zhuang based on the Wuming dialect and using a mixture of Latin and Cyrillic letters and a number of IPA symbols was devised in 1955.
Zhuang is a tonal language with six tones which are indicated in written Zhuang with particular letters.
www.omniglot.com /writing/zhuang.htm   (222 words)

 Workshop on Zhuang Language
Zhuang writing has taken two forms: the new Zhuang script is a romanization system that was developed by Chinese linguists in the 1950's and based on the Wuming dialect as the standard pronunciation; it has been successfully promoted among Zhuang speakers and has substantially reduced illiteracy among them.
Zhuang and the Tai substrate in Cantonese grammar
In the alternative question form “A-ma-B” in Zhuang, the particle ma, which is the same as in the ma-particle question, is used to serve as the disjunctive between A and B. Syntactically, this question form may be regarded as resulting from the fusion of two juxtaposed ma-particle questions.
web.hku.hk /~zhuang/Workshop/Abstracts.htm   (1572 words)

 China Source   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
(Even though their language is a part of the same family, the Thai people and the Zhuang cannot understand one another.) A 65% lexical similarity exists between Northern and Southern Zhuang; one source indicates that the two languages are similar in grammatical structure and vocabulary.
The Zhuang probably emigrated from the south in Vietnam.
The Zhuang language remained unwritten until the 1950s when an alphabet based on the Roman alphabet was developed.
www.chsource.org /Zhuang.htm   (1037 words)

 Tai-Kadai Language Family   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Today, languages belonging to the Tai-Kadai language family are spoken in Southeast Asia in an area extending from Thailand into Laos, Vietnam, China, Burma, and India.
These languages were originally thought by some scholars to be part of the Sino-Tibetan family, and by other scholars as part of the Austronesian family.
Languages spoken in the northern and central portions of the Tai-speaking region use writing systems derived from Chinese.
www.nvtc.gov /lotw/months/may/TaiKadaiLanguageFamily.html   (498 words)

 Zhuang 02
Nong (patronymic) in the modern Zhuang language is also cognate for terms such as "brother," and "we." Specific dong of the Luo Yue, then, may well have had a dong totem, perhaps some of those shown on the Zuo River cliffs.
Later Zhuang names are sometimes compounded of two patronymics, suggesting that the Zhuang early used the equivalent of hyphenating the clan names of fathers and mothers, producing a name such as Huang-Nong to indicate both maternal and paternal lines.
The Zhuang were particularly noted for the excellence of their crossbow forces, often firing deadly poisoned arrows, and for their highly disciplined squads of javelin throwers---specialized units no doubt familiar to their Yue precursors as well.
mcel.pacificu.edu /as/resources/zhuang/zhuang2.htm   (11157 words)

This language has a standard Tai system of tonal development, the so-called 2x5 format of fives tones splitting whenever the initial voiced series was devoiced to give ten tones in the reflex language.
This language along with Qabiao may be important in reconstructing the proto language from which the Tai Branch and the Kam-Sui Branch have descended.
This language is a find because it demonstrates tripartition of tones and also considerable voice quality distinction, which are features not widely attested in the Mien sub-branch but are in the Mun sub-branch, and are reported here for this group for the first time known to the authors.
ling.uta.edu /~jerry/research/map.html   (2976 words)

 People of South East Asia
Their language is closely related to the Tai languages but it is remarkable for having some 15 tone distinctions.
This is followed by the Fu-chou dialect of northern and central Fujian, by the Amoy-Swatow dialect of southern Fujian and east Guangdong and by the Hakka dialect of south Guangxi and northeast Guangdong.
The Zhuang dialects of southern Guangxi belong to the Central branch of Tai and are officially designated the Southern dialect of the Zhuang language.
berclo.net /page00/00en-sea-people.html#Yao   (10602 words)

 A Profile of the Thai Language
Thai is noted as a "pro-drop" language, both as a means of avoiding decisions about what pronoun to use and because the referent is understood from context, especially in face-to-face conversation.
As explained earlier, Thai is a pro-drop language, and only the skilled student or native speaker is able to figure out from the topic and context who the centers of action and focus are with any degree of certainty.
Depending on the domain of discourse, the ultimate test of a skilled translator is his or her knowledge of slang and idiomatic usages, in the case of everyday language, or the technical jargon or argot of particular professions -largely a lexical matter, but one which also demands skillful syntactic analytical skills.
www.seasite.niu.edu /thai/LLF/profile.htm   (1938 words)

 World Almanac for Kids
The official spoken language of the Chinese is Putongua (“standard speech”); it is sometimes known to Westerners as Mandarin and is the dialect of North China.
This dialect was declared the common language at the National Conference on Reform of the Chinese Written Language in 1955.
The Mandarin-based dialect is taught in schools, usually as a second language, and knowledge of it is requisite throughout China.
www.worldalmanacforkids.com /explore/nations/china.html   (6553 words)

 Essentialist Explanations   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
German is essentially a language developed by a group of Teutons who gathered in the forest one day to come up with a language that their enemies would have no chance of grasping.
Modern Hebrew is the language of the Bible and the Talmud, refurbished by a mad pedant and bastardized by 5 million immigrants.
Jarda is essentially a relexified Zireen language with a vocabulary derived from the raccoon language Kianarthal.
mercury.ccil.org /~cowan/essential.html   (8792 words)

 Resources on the Zhuang
The Nan Han rule of the Zhuang was marked by minimal interference in Zhuang affairs by the Chinese rulers.
The Song developed a new way of dealing with the Zhuang that was a combination of force and appeasement, a policy that neither satisfied the aspirations of the Zhuang nor ended the savage warfare brought to the region by the Yao against the Chinese.
Once the Yao were devastated, the Ming used the armies they had given the Zhuang leaders to kill the Zhuang Leaders, and force a leaderless Zhuang society under their heavy handed rule.
www.mongabay.com /indigenous_ethnicities/asian/Zhuang.html   (1955 words)

 Ethnologue 14 report for language code:CCX
The following is the entry for this language as it appeared in the 14th edition (2000).
75% to 86% lexical similarity between the dialects; average 65% between Northern and Southern Zhuang; Northern Zhuang has 49% with Dong, 44% with Laka, 32% with Buyang, 30% with Laqua and Hlai, 28% with Lati, 25% with Gelo.
Everywhere except in major cities the clear preference is to speak Zhuang, even in sizable towns.
www.ethnologue.com /14/show_language.asp?code=CCX   (297 words)

 The Unreached Peoples Prayer Profiles   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Zhuang remained unwritten until the 1950's when an alphabet based on the Roman alphabet was developed.
The Zhuang are very similar both in language and culture to the Puyi and other minorities of southern China.
The Zhuang are, for the most part, plains dwellers practicing wet rice farming side by side with the Chinese.
www.ksafe.com /profiles/p_code/1881.html   (829 words)

 Hmong Translation - Translate Hmong Language Translator
This language, which consists of 30-40 mutually unintelligible dialects, belongs, together with the Bunu language, to the Miao branch of the Hmong-Mien (Miao-Yao) language family.
Though many of the speakers of those languages (and of Chinese) undoubtedly consider the Miao to be barbarians, this by no means proves that the word itself has that denotation.
During its zenith of power, northern parts of Vietnam, Laos, Thailand and Burma, Guangxi and eastern portion of Guangdong, southwestern portion of Sichuan, Guizhou and the whole province of Yunnan were all under its control.
www.translation-services-usa.com /languages/hmong.shtml   (2318 words)

 Foundation For Endangered Languages Newsletter 19
This is considered to be a symptom of language shift, and of the language being endangered.
Most of these languages must unfortunately be considered as endangered languages, given the small numbers of their speakers, the remoteness of their speakers habitat and the fact that all but one of these languages has been duly documented and enjoys an existence as written language.
Their language, now spoken by a few thousand people, is the last survivor closely related to Muisca, the speech of the Chibcha people whose domains in the northern Andes were conquered by the Spanish in the 1530s.
www.ogmios.org /194.htm   (7692 words)

 Kungfu Magazine: Magazine Feature Article
Zhuang Quan - The Zhuang minority tribe has the greatest population of any minority, over 15 million, with 90 percent residing in Guanxi, and the rest in Yunnan.
The Zhuang staged their own revolution named Du Lau Qi Yi, and recorded in cave paintings in southwest Guanxi.
Shouts to channel the qi are in the Zhuang language.
ezine.kungfumagazine.com /magazine/article.php?article=108   (2459 words)

 Zhuang 03
The key document for local history in the Zhuang areas, as in all areas of China, is the local gazetteer (fang zhi--Local Annals), an encyclopedic compendium of local history maintained by conscientious notables and magistrates.
And in a sense the Zhuang did, because in extremis they would retreat to deep caverns, close them off with defensive walls and hide until it was safe to return to their homes.
Many of the Zhuang scholars of Guangxi are today his former students and are somewhat split into a Nanning clique and a Guilin clique, which frequently disagree on important points of Yue and later Zhuang history.
mcel.pacificu.edu /as/resources/zhuang/zhuang3.htm   (8725 words)

 Answers to Frequently Asked Questions about the Hmong Language   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
A language consists of a set of speech varieties (dialects) that are mutually intelligible (meaning that the speakers of the varieties can understand each other without being previously exposed to one another's way of speaking).
With the possible exception of Hmong and Mien, the list of languages in this family is populated with such obscure names as Hmu, Qo Xiong (or Ghao Xiong), Bunu, Pa-heng, She (or Ho-ne), Mun, and Biao Min.
It is true that all Hmong-Mien languages share a large number of words with Chinese, but much of this shared vocabulary can be shown to be the result of borrowing.
ist-socrates.berkeley.edu /~dmort/hmong_lang_faq.html   (796 words)

 Bouyei Language   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
The Bouyei Language belongs to the Zhuang-Dong branch of the Sino-Tibetan Family.
The Bouyei are in Guizhou and northern Guangxi and the Zhuang in southeast Yunnan and southern Guangxi.
Bouyei language is divided into three dialect groups: the first is the Luodian-Libo-Sandu group, the second is the Guiding-Longli Group, and the third group encompasses all the rest.
www.peopleteams.org /bouyei/bouyei_language.htm   (148 words)

 EveryTongue.com Language Recordings Main page
Here is the list of languages that you can hear if you order the cassette tape.
Here is a list of the languages that do not have a recording.
Here you can listen to a recording in a language you know and then listen to the same recording in a language that you want to learn.
www.everytongue.com   (531 words)

 Published subjects for languages in ISO 639
The identifiers are URIs based on the bibliographic three-letter codes in ISO 639 ("Codes for the representation of names of languages").
An alpha-2 code is a two-letter code used to identify a language in ISO 639.
For each row, the subject indicated is the subject identified by the three ISO 639 codes and the French and English names for that subject as given in ISO 639-2.
psi.oasis-open.org /iso/639   (392 words)

 Classroomtools.com Warm-up Activity - Interesting Numbers - What language has the highest number of native speakers?   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
11 of the top 100 languages are spoken in China.
Click here to see the distribution of living world languages compiled by Ethnologue.
For more numbers with which to depict the world, see the Classroomtools.com activity The World in a Room.
www.classroomtools.com /speakers.htm   (96 words)

I study an African language called Senari for which a native speaker and myself are devising a standardized orthography in hopes of being able to develop computer programs to promote literacy in the language.
The language is Nafara, a dialect of the Gur-language Senari spoken by a cultural group in the northern part of Cotê d'Ivoire.
There was indeed a tradition of writing Zhuang using a mixture of existing Chinese ideographs (to represent either the pronunciation or meaning of a Zhuang word) and specially devised ideographs that represent the meaning and/or the pronunciation of a Zhuang word in the same manner as the Vietnamese nom script.
abecedaria.blogspot.com   (10909 words)

 Southeast Asia Publications
is the imprint for Northern Illinois University's Center for Southeast Asian Studies, with a 40 year publishing record and over 70 publications.
We produce Thai, Burmese, and Vietnamese language texts that are widely used both nationally and internationally.
Killing a Buffalo for the Ancestors: A Zhuang Cosmological Text from Southwest China.
www.niu.edu /cseas/seap/home.htm   (406 words)

 Phrasebase - Puyi Language Facts And Information
At times the name 'Buyi' is applied to all, or nearly all Northern Tai groups, including Northern Zhuang in Guangxi; the official division between the Zhuang and Buyi is determined by provincial borders.
Those in Guizhou are the Buyi official nationality in China; officially includes the T'en, Ching, and Ai-cham languages.
This is just for fun, base your vote on factors such as ease of learning, ease of pronouncing, the sounds and tones, how appealing it sounds, how effective and convenient it is to communicate in and express what is on your mind.
www.phrasebase.com /languages/index.php?cat=225   (354 words)

 ati information,tai   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
The ati languages are a subgroup of the atiKadai language family.
The ati languages include the most widelyspoken of the ati-Kadai languages, including Thai, the national languageof Thailand, Lao or Laotian,the national language of Laos, Myanmar 's Shan language, and Zhuang, a major language of southern China.
language (Lue, ati Lue)(China, Vietnam, Thailand, Laos, Myanmar)
www.pin-outs.com /ati.html   (137 words)

 ta information,tai   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
The ta languages are a subgroup of the taKadai language family.
The ta languages include the most widelyspoken of the ta-Kadai languages, including Thai, the national languageof Thailand, Lao or Laotian,the national language of Laos, Myanmar 's Shan language, and Zhuang, a major language of southern China.
language (Lue, ta Lue)(China, Vietnam, Thailand, Laos, Myanmar)
www.pin-outs.com /ta.html   (137 words)

 Mekong Springboard Prayer Bulletin
The Lord is calling some individuals to join the Akha / Hani team.
Most of the 270,000 White Tai (who are named for the color of their women's clothing) live in northern
God will speed the completion of the Jesus film and other evangelistic materials into the Tai Don language.
www.infomekong.com /prayer_mekong-050601.htm   (495 words)

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