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Topic: Northwest Ordinance

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In the News (Tue 22 Jan 19)

 Northwest Ordinance: Primary Documents of American History (Virtual Programs & Services, Library of Congress)
The Northwest Ordinance, officially titled "An Ordinance for the Government of the Territory of the United States North West of the River Ohio," was adopted by the Confederation Congress on July 13, 1787.
Also known as the the Ordinance of 1787, the Northwest Ordinance established a government for the Northwest Territory, outlined the process for admitting a new state to the Union, and guaranteed that newly created states would be equal to the original thirteen states.
Instead, it was referred to a new committee that issued a new draft of the ordinance on July 11, which passed in its final form as the Northwest Ordinance on July 13, 1787.
www.loc.gov /rr/program/bib/ourdocs/northwest.html   (903 words)

An Ordinance for the Government of the Territory of the United States, North-West of the River Ohio.
onsidered to be one of the most significant achievements of the Congress of the Confederation, the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 put the world on notice not only that the land north of the Ohio River and east of the Mississippi would be settled but that it would eventually become part of the United States.
bove all, the Northwest Ordinance accelerated the westward expansion of the United States.
www.earlyamerica.com /earlyamerica/milestones/ordinance   (230 words)

 Ordinance of 1787 - HighBeam Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
Ordinance of 1787 adopted by the Congress of Confederation for the government of the Western territories ceded to the United States by the states.
It was based on the ordinance of 1784, drafted by Thomas Jefferson, which provided for dividing the region into numerous territories.
The ordinance also provided that no one born in the Northwest Territory should be a slave, that no law should ever be passed there that would impair the obligation of contract, that the fundamental rights and religious freedom be observed, and that education be promoted.
www.encyclopedia.com /doc/1E1-ordinanc.html   (531 words)

 LIBERTY! . Northwest Ordinance | PBS   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
The Northwest Ordinance established a means and precedence by which the United States could expand westward.
In sum, the Northwest Ordinance dealt with the territory aquired from Great Britain in the aftermath of the war—land north of the Ohio River and east of Mississippi.
While the last of the ordinances was the most ill-kept, the third would prove crucial to the future history of the country.
www.pbs.org /ktca/liberty/popup_northwest.html   (261 words)

 Northwest Ordinance (via CobWeb/3.1 planet03.csc.ncsu.edu)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
Northwest Territory The Northwest Ordinance (formally An Ordinance for the Government of the Territory of the United States, North-West of the River Ohio, and also known as the Freedom Ordinance) was an act of the Continental Congress of the United States passed on July 13, 1787 under the Articles of Confederation.
In the Northwest Territory, various legal and property rights were enshrined, religious tolerance was proclaimed, and free and public education was encouraged.
The text of the Ordinance read "there shall be neither slavery nor involuntary servitude in the said territory, otherwise than in the punishment of crime, whereof the party shall have been duly convicted." In reality, slaves were (illegally) kept in parts of the territory, and the practice of indentured servitude was permitted.
northwest-ordinance.iqnaut.net.cob-web.org:8888   (1104 words)

 Ohio Historical Society | Ohio Governors
Be it ordained by the United States on Congress assembled, That the said territory, for the purpose of temporary government, be one district, subject, however, to be divided into two districts, as future circumstances may, in the opinion of Congress, make it expedient.
The middle State shall be bounded by the said direct line, the Wabash from Post Vincents to the Ohio, by the Ohio, by direct line drawn due north from the mouth of the Great Miami to the said territorial line and by the said territorial line.
Be it ordained by the authority aforesaid, That the resolutions of the 23rd of April, 1784, relative to the subject of this ordinance, be, and the same are hereby, repealed, and declared null and void.
www.ohiohistory.org /onlinedoc/northwest/ordinance/index.html   (964 words)

 Northwest Ordinance in Indiana - Timeline
Monroe's committee on government in the Northwest Territory was reorganized; William Johnson of Connecticut became chairman, and Nathan Dane of Massachusetts joined the committee.
Dane made important contributions to the Ordinance of 1787 and was the compiler of the final draft of the ordinance.
While the Constitutional Convention met in Philadelphia, the Congress of the Confederation enacted the Northwest Ordinance, which was a plan for governing the territory north and west of the Ohio River.
www.statelib.lib.in.us /www/ihb/resources/tlnword.html   (1094 words)

 Northwest Ordinance   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
The Northwest Ordinance of 1787 and the Land Ordinance of 1785 were designed to establish some order among western settlers.
The Land Ordinance prescribed the division of the land into six-mile-square townships.
But these offspring of the Land Ordinance of 1785 had played an important role in early settlement, and continued in many cases as the origin of modern roads.
www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org /pages/908.html   (460 words)

 Does the Northwest Ordinance prove that the First Amendment did not separate church and state?
The purpose of the Ordinance was to create a temporary government for the Northwest Territory (a huge swath of land that extended from the great lakes to the Ohio river valley), and to establish a procedure by which territories could apply for admission into the Union.
The Northwest Ordinance received final House approval on July 21, 1789, Senate approval on August 4, 1789, and was signed into law by President George Washington on August 7, 1789, in the midst of the time that the same Congress was formulating the First Amendment (from June 7, 1789, to September 25, 1789).
Not only does the Northwest Ordinance not violate the separationist understanding of the First Amendment (or otherwise support accommodationist claims), the first sentence of Article III was placed in the Ordinance under the most suspicious of circumstances.
members.tripod.com /~candst/nwo1.htm   (657 words)

 Digital History   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
Thomas Jefferson in 1784 proposed that the Northwest Territories be divided into ten units and that any one of them could become a state as soon as its population equalled that of the smallest existing state.
The Northwest Ordinance guaranteed residents' property rights as well as other rights such as trial by jury and freedom of religion.
Even though the prohibition of slavery in the Northwest Ordinance seems clear, it must be emphasized that this provision did not affect slaves already living in the territory and did not prevent some slaveholders from bringing slaves into Indiana and Illinois territories.
www.digitalhistory.uh.edu /documents/documents_p2.cfm?doc=301   (648 words)

 Chapter 2: The Norhtwest
The stimulus for the rapid drafting and approval of the Ordinance by the Congress was the application from General Rufus Putnam and Reverend Manassah Cutler (forebear of Stanford's Associate Medical Dean Robert Cutler), to purchase five million acres of government land in the Northwest Territory, just north of the Ohio River.
Thirty-one of the 50 states have come into the Union under the principles of the Northwest Ordinance with the result that the United States today is a federal republic of 50 equal partners.
This Arcadian interlude of benign French dominion in the Northwest was followed by a long, grim period of sporadic Indian rebellion and imperial wars that began in 1754 with the French and Indian War (1754-1763), waged in Europe as the Seven Years War, by which the British wrested control of the Northwest from the French.
elane.stanford.edu /wilson/Text/2b.html   (1512 words)

 Nathan Dane and the Ordinance of 1787
The ordinance provided that the navigable waters leading into the Mississippi and Saint Lawrence, and the carrying places between the same, shall be common highways and forever free to the inhabitants of the said territory and the citizens of the United States.
The inhabitants of the Northwest Territory shall always be entitled to the writings of habeus corpus, of trial by jury, of a proportional representation in the legislature and jurical proceedings, according to the course of the Common Law.
The Northwest Ordinance is one of the most important documents of the American founding period and perhaps ever, in it's guarantees of freedom and civil liberty.
www.primaryresearch.org /PRTHB/Dane/Murray/murray.htm   (3221 words)

 Highbeam Encyclopedia - Search Results for Ordinance
Ordinance of 1787 ORDINANCE OF 1787 [Ordinance of 1787] adopted by the Congress of Confederation for the government of the Western territories ceded to the United States by the states.
Baptists BAPTISTS [Baptists] denomination of Protestant Christians holding a distinctive belief with regard to the ordinance of baptism.
Category III films and VCDs: the failure of deterrence in the copyright ordinance of Hong Kong.
www.encyclopedia.com /SearchResults.aspx?Q=Ordinance   (621 words)

 The Northwest Ordinance of 1787   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
Editor's notes: "The Territory of the United States Northwest of the river Ohio," was transferred to the United States from Britain by the Treaty of Paris in 1783.
But the 1787 Ordinance was an explicit rejection of the kind of colonial exploitation that had been practiced upon the thirteen colonies.
The Ordinance is one of many documents featured in a special on-line presentation: "To Form a More Perfect Union: The Work of the Continental Congress and the Constitutional Convention" hosted by the Library of Congress.
www.rootsweb.com /~ohcwayne/NorthwestOrdinance.html   (887 words)

 Land Ordinance of 1785 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Therefore, the immediate goal of the ordinance was to raise money through the sale of land in the largely unmapped territory west of the original colonies acquired from Britain at the end of the Revolutionary War.
The earlier Ordinance of 1784 called for the land west of the Appalachian Mountains, north of the Ohio River and east of the Mississippi River to be divided into ten separate states.
The 1785 ordinance laid the foundations of land policy in the United States of America until passage of the Homestead Act in 1862.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Land_Ordinance_of_1785   (419 words)

 The Northwest Ordinance (1787)
The Ordinance provided the means by which new states would be created out of the western lands and then admitted into the Union.
Moreover, in the Ordinance Congress compacted with the settlers of the territories that they would be equal citizens of the United States, and would enjoy all of the rights that had been fought for in the Revolution.
The Northwest Ordinance would, with minor adjustments, remain the guiding policy for the admission of all future states into the Union.
usinfo.state.gov /usa/infousa/facts/democrac/5.htm   (1175 words)

 Northwest Territories   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
The British maintained forts in the Northwest until the 1790s, and briefly retook much of the region in the War of 1812.
In 1787, it issued the Northwest Ordinance, authored by Nathan Dane, establishing the Northwest Territory.
That ordinance also established a bill of rights and enabled any part of the territory with at least 60,000 citizens to ask for full statehood.
www.geo.msu.edu /geo333/Treaties.html   (547 words)

 The Northwest Ordinance
The Northwest Ordinance was a law passed by Congress that set out rules for a section of the future United States called the Northwest Territory.
The Northwest Territory is the land west of Pennsylvania, north of the Ohio River, and East of the Mississippi River.
The conflict was solved by the Northwest Ordinance, passed in 1787.
www.edhelper.com /ReadingComprehension_35_212.html   (416 words)

 Constitution Inspiration - Northwest Ordinance
The Northwest Ordinance contained provisions that were, and still are, superior to the U.S. Constitution crafted months later.
The Northwest Ordinance also guaranteed civil liberties that later were incorporated in the U.S. Constitution as the Bill of Rights.
After adopting the Northwest Ordinance, the representatives sold a large tract of Ohio for nine cents an acre.
www.lindseywilliams.org /LAL_Archives/Constitution_Inspiration.htm   (1129 words)

 Congress Passes Northwest Ordinance   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
This was the "Northwest Ordinance," which declared that the United States intended to settle the region North of the Ohio River and east of the Mississippi.
The method of admitting new states that was set out in the Northwest Ordinance was used, right up to the fiftieth with only a few minor changes.
But on the whole, this ordinance was wise and is regarded as one of the most worthwhile actions taken by the Continental Congress.
chi.gospelcom.net /morestories/nw_ordinance.shtml   (544 words)

 Indiana History Documents - The Northwest Ordinance
In the initial stage the Northwest Ordinance provided for a highly centralized government with no popular participation.
But the ordinance included a prohibition against slavery, provision for a democratic system of inheritance, and a bill of rights.
The list includes three parts: (1) events preceding 1787, (2) events of 1787 (when the Northwest Ordinance was passed) until 1791, and (3) events from 1800 to 1858.
www.statelib.lib.in.us /www/ihb/resources/docnword.html   (924 words)

 The Patriot Resource Documents: Northwest Ordinance
An Ordinance for the government of the Territory
And all bills, having passed by a majority in the house, and by a majority in the council, shall be referred to the governor for his assent; but no bill, or legislative act whatever, shall be of any force without his assent.
Done by the United States, in Congress assembled, the 13th day of July, in the year of our Lord 1787, and of their soveriegnty and independence the twelfth.
www.patriotresource.com /documents/nwordinance.html   (816 words)

 MariettaOhio.info: History: Northwest Territory
The Northwest Territory, officially called the Territory Northwest of the River Ohio, was established by the Continental Congress on July 13, 1787, by the Northwest Ordinance.
Congress passed the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 to provide for the government of the entire region.
The Ordinance was based in part on a plan drawn up by a committee headed by Thomas Jefferson in 1784.
mariettaohio.info /history/northwest/index.php   (995 words)

 The Northwest Ordinance of 1787   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
The Northwest Ordinance, which antedated the First Amendment, provided in Article III that Religion, morality, and knowledge being necessary to good government and the happiness of mankind, schools and the means of education shall forever be encouraged.
And when Congress adopted the language of Jefferson's land ordinance and his draft of the Declaration of Independence, they were thankful for Jefferson's contribution, but went on to make the drafts appropriate for a Christian nation.
EVEN IF the Northwest Ordinance said "education is essential to religion, so let's build schools," that would be a law designed to advance religion, which would prove that the so-called Lemon test was not intended by the Framers.
members.aol.com /EndTheWall/NWOrd.htm   (3238 words)

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