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# Topic: Notation

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 Notation - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Commonly, "notation" refers to the typographical conventions or rules of symbol usage that are followed, e.g., within a book or article. Notation may refer to notation systems, meaning an interpreted system of tokens having a syntax and semantics. Dance notation - to document various forms of is used to dance movement such as Labanotation, Benesh Notation, and Eshkol-Wachman notation. en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Notation   (379 words)

 Mathematical notation - Encyclopedia.WorldSearch   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07) Mathematical notation is used in mathematics, and throughout the physical sciences, engineering, and economics. After the rise of Boolean algebra and the development of positional notation, it became possible to mechanize simple circuits for counting, first by mechanical means, such as gears and rods, using rotation and translation to represent changes of state, then by electical means, using changes in voltage and current to represent the analogs of quantity. The wide use of programming languages, which teach their users the need for rigor in the statement of a mathematical expression (or else the compiler will not accept the formula) are all contributing toward a more mathematical viewpoint across all walks of life. encyclopedia.worldsearch.com /mathematical_notation.htm   (649 words)

 MSN Encarta - Scientific Notation As its name suggests, scientific notation is commonly used by scientists, who often deal with numbers so large or so small that it would be inconvenient to write out the numbers and difficult to read them once written. Scientific notation is written as a number between 1 and 10 multiplied by a specific power of 10. The number 3 in this notation is an exponent and indicates the number of times 10 should be multiplied by itself. encarta.msn.com /encnet/refpages/RefArticle.aspx?refid=681500484   (287 words)

 Bra-ket Notation Encyclopedia Article, Description, History and Biography @ ArtisticNudity.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07) Bra-ket notation is the standard notation for describing quantum states in the theory of quantum mechanics. The notation was invented by Paul Dirac, and is also known as Dirac notation. The notation is justified by the Riesz representation theorem, which states that a Hilbert space and its dual space are isometrically isomorphic. www.artisticnudity.com /encyclopedia/Bra-ket_notation   (1109 words)

 Mark Lowery's Exciting World of Chess - Notation English Algebraic notation is based upon assigning numbers to the 8 ranks (rows) and lower case letters to the 8 files (columns) on the board. In English Algebraic notation no letter is used for the pawns, which instead generally are referred to simply by the file letter from which the pawn is advanced. A move by a piece not involving a capture is noted by using the upper case/capitalized letter assigned to the piece followed by the lower case letter of the file and the number of the rank of the square to which the piece is moved. www.markalowery.net /Chess/Notation/notation.html   (1886 words)

 Summation and Product Notation For instance, here is the summation notation to represent the sum of the first 10 positive integers, the first sum described on this page. To expand this summation notation, that is, to determine the set of addends that we are to sum, we replace any occurance of the dummy variable in the addend representation with the lower limit of the index variable. The only difference is that we use product notation to express patterns in products, that is, when the factors in a product can be represented by some pattern. www.math.ilstu.edu /~day/courses/old/305/contentsummationnotation.html   (797 words)

 Mathematical Notation: Past and Future By the way, even though math notation hadn't gotten going very well by their time, the kind of symbolic notation used in alchemy, astrology, and music pretty much had been developed. Actually, he thought that having the right notation was somehow the secret to a lot of issues of human affairs in general. In particular, it emphasized using notation whenever one could, and somehow minimizing the amount of potentially imprecise text that had to be written. www.stephenwolfram.com /publications/talks/mathml/mathml2.html   (4335 words)

 Music notation: an issue of purpose and use in traditional music   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07) The western art music notation (staff notation) has been quite a stable and generic system for notation since the 17th century, with its origins in the horizontal line system of the 9th or 10th century. The main alternatives are alphabetical notation, numerical notation, graphic or numeric tablature and tonic sol-fa [3]. His notation also preserves more of his performance, as the numbers indicate what fingers he used and the location of the number indicates which one of the four strings of the fiddle he used, and other graphical elements of the notation indicated the stroke of the bow [6]. www.ul.ie /~idc/library/papersreports/MikaelFernstrom/music01/music01.html   (1707 words)

 musical notation on Encyclopedia.com Mensural notation, in which each note has a specific time value, became a necessity with the development of polyphony. The advent of aleatory music has produced notation systems, varying from piece to piece, indicating only approximate pitch, duration, and dynamic relations. Notation for electronic music is still not standardized but generally uses traditional reference symbols (staff and clef signs) in conjunction with specially adapted pitch and rhythm notation. www.encyclopedia.com /html/m1/musicaln.asp   (976 words)

 Swar lippi, Indian Musical Notation Modern musical notation may be said to have begun with Vishnu Digambar Paluskar at the turn of the 20th century. Unfortunately, the use of staff notation distorts the music by implying things that were never meant to be implied. Staff notation is not the only approach to the internationalization of North Indian music, simply writing in Roman script is the another approach. chandrakantha.com /articles/indian_music/lippi.html   (1183 words)

 Lesson 1-6 Scientific Notation Scientific notation is simply a method for expressing, and working with, very large or very small numbers. Numbers in scientific notation are made up of three parts: the coefficient, the base and the exponent. Remember that correct scientific notation has a coefficient that is less than 10, but greater than or equal to one. www.fordhamprep.com /physics/physics/lessons/ch1/less16.htm   (727 words)

 Prefix, Postfix, & Infix Notation   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07) In infix notation, the operation symbol is written between the two operands. Because the infix notation for the basic arithmetic and logical operations have been commonly used in ordinary mathematics, this notation has been widely adopted in programming languages. In prefix notation, the operator, precedes (comes before) the operands hence it is called prefix notation. triton.towson.edu /~akayabas/COSC455_Spring2000/Prefix.html   (560 words)

 International standard date and time notation The time notation described here is already the de-facto standard in almost all countries and the date notation is becoming increasingly popular. In some applications, a date notation is preferred that uses only the year and the day of the year between 001 and 365 (366 in leap years). The ISO 8601 notation is today the commonly recommended format of representing date and time as human-readable strings in new plain-text communication protocols and file formats. www.cl.cam.ac.uk /~mgk25/iso-time.html   (2932 words)

 Notation Design notation needs to be standardized because it is shared among many people who must all interpret it consistently. This is to maintain the property from Booch notation of objects being distinctly recognizable and visible in diagrams. Their notation is interesting because of its distinctive combination of other notations already existing: hexagons for classes and dog-eared notes for Code blocks. www.chimu.com /publications/javaStandards/part0006.html   (976 words)

 The Guqin - Notation   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07) The documentary record shows guqin notation to have been remarkably stable for at least 800 years. Throughout its known history guqin notation has been a form of tablature, that is to say it gives fingering instructions but does not directly indicate what notes are to be played. Each note was given two sentences on the lines of, "with the ring finger stopping the second string at the tenth inlay, the middle finger plucks the second string inwards." The first sentence always referred to the left hand, and the second to the right. www.cechinatrans.demon.co.uk /gq-no.html   (531 words)

 Notation Software Support Forum: A few newbie questions about this software However, there are many notation software programs that have the feature of importing MIDI files and converting the MIDI to notation. In many ways, these other programs are better than MidiNotate because after you convert the MIDI to notation, you can then edit the notation, and in some cases, to a lesser extent, you can also tweak the MIDI in these other programs. If the other program is a music notation program, and the author used that other music notation to create the MIDI file, then the score produced by that other music notation program will be the definitive score. www.notation.com /discus/messages/15/1408.html?1084922329   (1726 words)

 African Drum Rhythms - The Notation Playback Program Notation Playback 2.2 is a Windows program designed to file and play back your notation of djembe, bass and bell parts. you can only play back one notation line at a time, but several lines can be played consecutively and then be repeated. The notation line is played back through the use of short samples of each notated sound, which are put together and repeated continuously. www.djembe.net /program.shtml   (365 words)

 Grade 9:  Scientific Notation Write a whole number in scientific notation and vice versa. Follow the directions to learn how to convert from scientific notation to whole numbers using the scientific calculator, then make your own examples. Scientific notation is a product of a number between 1 and 10 and a power of 10. argyll.epsb.ca /jreed/math9/strand1/1204.htm   (204 words)

 Postfix Notation Mini-Lecture At some point in your career you will be asked to write a program that can interpret an expression in a notation similar to that of algebra. It turns out to be surprisingly easy if the program is decomposed into two steps: translation to postfix notation and evaluation of the postfix notation expression. Postfix notation is a way of writing algebraic expressions without the use of parentheses or rules of operator precedence. www.spsu.edu /cs/faculty/bbrown/web_lectures/postfix   (1232 words)

 Notation To record a game of chess a special kind of notation is used. The idea behind short notation is to leave out anything unnecessary out of long notation. And thus, if you wanted the b2 Knight to move to c4 the notation is Nbc4, and if you wanted the d2 Knight to move to c4 - Ndc4. www.geocities.com /CapeCanaveral/Lab/8354/not.htm   (372 words)

 MidiIllustrator music notation software Learn about how easy it is to find, download and notate free Midi and Karaoke files with our simple Step by Step Guide. MidiIllustrator is a full-featured music notation and learning package for a fraction of the cost of similar software. Sophisticated Midi to notation software technology identifies complex musical ideas, such as tuplets and multiple voicings. www.midiillustrator.com   (387 words)

 My Funny Notation In order to be able to describe pieces which are made up of various combinations of the basic geometrical moves, I have had to develop a strange-looking notation. There was never any notation for a move that can go from e4 to c5 or g5 and nowhere else, but I think it would be "fsN" -- the sideways part of the forward motion of the Knight. Imagine a piece that moves one square diagonally, and if that square is empty it can continue by jumping two squares diagonally in the same direction, and then three squares (like a Bishop that goes faster and faster!). www.chessvariants.com /d.betza/chessvar/pieces/notation.html   (862 words)

 Music Notation - Musical notation codes Sister Betsy recorded Music of Angels in a Shaker system of notation known as "small letteral notation." Developed by Shaker leaders in the first half of the nineteenth century, this system replaced traditional note values with letters. It was interpreted as an ancient way of musical notation where the colours represent the tone and the shapes represent different musical lengths. The notation is for doumbek (dumbec, dumbek, dumbeq...) and related instruments such as tabla, djembe and ashiko. www.music-notation.info /en/compmus/musicnotation.html   (1481 words)

 Chemistry 103 Writing Numbers in Exponential Notation Notice that in standard exponential notation, the number is always written with only one digit to the left of the decimal. An easier method of converting a number to exponential notation is to note the direction and number of places you had to move the decimal point to leave just one digit to the left of the decimal point. To write this number in exponential notation, it is necessary to move the decimal 9 places to the left. web.uccs.edu /slc/modules/chem103/exponents.htm   (1454 words)

 Chess Move Record In order to record and communicate chess moves, several written notations are widely used in books and by the players themselves. One of the most popular forms of chess notation is called the Algebraic System. The formal notation of cxd5 means the pawn on c4 captures the piece on d5. www.logicalchess.com /info/reference/notation   (409 words)

 scientific notation   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07) In this notation, the number is written as a product of a number between 1 and 10 and a power of 10. The short way is to count the number of decimal places you move to the right, which decreases the exponent by one for each movement of the decimal place. is also equivalent to 0.000573, but it is not written in proper scientific notation because 57.3 is not a number beteen 1 and 10. www2.pvc.maricopa.edu /tutor/chem/chem151/scinot/scinot.html   (498 words)

 Readings on Powers of Ten Consequently, scientific notation has been introduced to deal with such quantities. Another dimension to illustrate this kind of notation is the mass of the Sun expressed in units of kilograms (kg): Note that when you multiply, the coefficients are multiplied together while the exponents (or powers of ten) are added. acept.la.asu.edu /PiN/rdg/powers/powers.shtml   (532 words)

 Bryn Mawr College: Survival Skills for Problem Solving--Scientific Notation This is commonly written as the number "93" followed by six zeros signifying that the "93" is actually 93 million miles and not 93 thousand miles or 93 miles. Scientific notation (also called exponential notation) provides a more compact method for writing very large (or very small) numbers. Multiplication and division of large or small numbers is simplified using scientific notation. www.brynmawr.edu /nsf/tutorial/ss/ssnot.html   (443 words)

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