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Topic: Noun case


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  Declension - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The patient of a (transitive) verb is in the accusative case.
This noun is in the trigger case, and information elsewhere in the sentence (for example a verb affix in Tagalog) specifies the role of the trigger.
The trigger may be identified as the agent, patient, etc. Other nouns may be inflected for case, but the inflections are overloaded; for example, in Tagalog, the subject and object of a verb are both expressed in the genitive case when they are not in the trigger case.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Noun_case   (554 words)

  
 Greek Nouns (Shorter Definitions)
A noun or pronoun that is the subject of the sentence is always in the nominative case.
The accusative case is the case of the direct object, receiving the action of the verb.
With many nouns, the case form of the vocative is the same as the nominative, but the context and function leave no question as to whether the person is being addressed or, contrariwise, spoken about.
www.ntgreek.org /learn_nt_greek/nouns1.htm   (1425 words)

  
 Oblique case - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
casus generalis) is a noun case of analytic languages that is used generally when a noun is the predicate of a sentence or a preposition.
In ergative-absolutive languages, the absolutive case is used for a direct object (the subject will then be in the ergative case); but the absolutive case is also used for the subject of an intransitive verb, where the subject is being passively described, rather than performing an action.
In analytic Indo-European languages, the oblique case is a relic of the original, more complex system of noun cases from the common Proto-Indo-European language.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Oblique_case   (336 words)

  
 8 Case theory
As is evident from (3), the distinction between nominative and accusative case is marked in German on the head of the noun phrase, the determiner.
Earlier, we said that the purpose of case is to encode a noun phrase's function in a sentence.
Case licensing is a relationship between a head and an 'outside' noun phrase (that is, a noun phrase distinct from any projections of the case-checking head).
www.ling.upenn.edu /courses/ling150/ch8.html   (6654 words)

  
 8 Case theory
We begin by illustrating the basic purpose of case, which is to identify a noun phrase's function or grammatical relation in the sentence (for instance, whether a noun phrase is a subject or object).
For clarity, the noun phrase that is case-marked by the possessive determiner is underlined in (20b); the entire sequence in (20b) from the to cat is of course also a noun phrase.
In languages with a dative-accusative distinction, case checking in VP shells and small clauses is a bit more involved than in English, and we therefore defer discussion of these constructions in these languages until the end of the chapter.
www.ling.upenn.edu /courses/Spring_2004/ling150/ch8.html   (8572 words)

  
 Noun and Pronoun Characteristics
You use the subject case for a noun or pronoun which stands alone, is the subject of a clause, is the subject complement, or stands in apposition to any of these.
You use the object case for the object of a preposition, a verb, or a verbal, or for any noun or pronoun which stands in apposition to one of these.
The number of a noun or pronoun is either singular, if it refers to one thing, or plural, if it refers to more than one thing (if the noun or pronoun is the subject, then its number will also affect the verb).
www.uottawa.ca /academic/arts/writcent/hypergrammar/nounchar.html   (595 words)

  
 Quenya Lessons!
In this case, it is near the speaker, so whatever book is nearest the person to whom we are speaking is the one that he or she is talking about.
If a noun terminating in a consonant is to be declined using a plural case ending also beginning in a consonant, an -i- is inserted between the noun and case ending to facilitate pronunciation.
Allative: This noun case means 'to,' 'into,' or 'upon,' and can be formed by adding '-nna' to the end of a noun ending in a vowel and '-enna' to a noun ending in a consonant.
www.livejournal.com /community/quenyalessons   (4611 words)

  
 Cases in Indo-European Languages: an article by Cyril Babaev
Case is a grammar category of nominal parts of speech which expresses their syntactic relation to other words of the sentence.
The noun denoted the subject, the adjective meant its attribute, numerals were used for counting, and their declension was limited.
Genitive was the case which denoted possessiveness of a noun, meant thet it belongs to someone or something.
indoeuro.bizland.com /archive/article10.html   (2973 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Languages which use case tend to rely less on word order to identify the grammatical function of a noun phrase than languages that don't use case.
Case is one of the four inflections that can appear on an English verb.
Because friend(s) is in the nominative case in (a) and the accusative case in (b).
courses.washington.edu /lin100/exam1ans00.htm   (1067 words)

  
 definitions of english grammar terms (page 1)
In English grammar an antecedent is a noun that precedes a pronoun in a sentence.
A noun or pronoun that is the subject of a sentence is nominative case.
(Graffito is a noun and is the object of the preposition of.
www.iscribe.org /english/list.html   (1526 words)

  
 Glossary of Grammatical Terms
A given noun belongs to one of the five declensions.
Hardly any English nouns decline, but the genitive case is indicated by the endings 's (belonging to one) and s' (belonging to more than one) in such phrases as the dog's bone, the cats' litter box.
Differences in case appear only in pronouns, and then not always (you and it can be either nominative or objective).
www.southwestern.edu /~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html   (1342 words)

  
 RhymeZone
noun: nouns or pronouns or adjectives (often marked by inflection) related in some way to other words in a sentence
noun: a person who is subjected to experimental or other observational procedures; someone who is an object of investigation
noun: a comprehensive term for any proceeding in a court of law whereby an individual seeks a legal remedy
www.poemzone.com /r/d?u=case   (298 words)

  
 Nouns
A plural noun refers to more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
A nominative noun can also be a predicate noun (predicate nominative) which follows a "be" verb (am, is, are, was, were, be, being, been) and renames the subject.
noun can be a direct object, and indirect object, or an object of the preposition.
www.kahnwithak.com /nouns.htm   (267 words)

  
 The Lord of The Rings - Learning Elvish Lesson 11 - 15
The remaining cases, in addition to the nominative, are the genitive, the possessive, the dative, the allative, the ablative, the locative, and the instrumental.
The one noun case of modern English, except for the nominative, is the genitive.
The Quenya genitive case has the ending -o (displacing a final -a, where such is present); the plural form is -on (added to the nominative plural), whereas dual genitives receive the ending -to (but nouns with nominative dual forms in -u would possibly have genitive duals in -uo rather than -uto).
www.thelordoftherings.ca /elvish/lesson3.html   (15817 words)

  
 Declension   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Nominative-accusative: The agent of a verb is always in the nominative case, along with the patient of intransitive verbs.
Active: The agent of a verb is always in the subject case, and the patient is always in the object case.
This noun is in the trigger case, and inf ormation elsewhere in the sentence (e.g.
www.sciencedaily.com /encyclopedia/declension   (534 words)

  
 A Trainable Bracketer for Noun Modifiers - Ken (ResearchIndex)
In the case of noun compounds, this decomposition usually means bracketing the modifiers into nested modifierhead pairs.
It is then possible to determine the semantic relationships among individual components of the noun phrase.
NMRs are also assigned to the relationships between the head noun of the noun phrase and each...
citeseer.ist.psu.edu /barker98trainable.html   (582 words)

  
 [No title]
% To parse a sentence s such that % 1) its parse tree is an s-assert consisting of a noun phrase and a verb phrase % 2) it is of type assertion % 3) it may or may not have a gap, % parse a noun phrase and a verb phrase.
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%% % Case 6 - noun phrase of the form % 'for np to vp' % as in 'for her to argue' % % NP % +----+-----+-----+ %
The salad eaten by the man [=the man eats [gap: the salad]] is good % % - an optional relative pronoun followed by a sentence % with a gap in the (object) noun phrase or prepositional % object % e.g.
www.cs.toronto.edu /~dianaz/2501/fullParser.pl   (3533 words)

  
 Iranica.com - ERGATIVE CONSTRUCTION
All languages also have transitive clauses containing a verb and two noun phrases; in this case the noun phrase which "could initiate or control the activity" is associated with the syntactic relation A, while the second noun phrase is associated with the syntactic relation O.
If the grammatical property involved is case, then S and A are typically described as being in the "nominative (Nom.)" case, and O is in the "accusative (Acc.)" case.
Table 4, this principle had a passive orientation in the case of transitive verbs, with the agent expressed either by a genitive noun phrase (4.i), or a genitive clitic pronoun (4.ii).
www.iranica.com /articles/v8f5/v8f566.html   (1332 words)

  
 KryssTal : Grammar
Noun is a word that describes a tangible object or idea.
Case determines the part that the Noun plays in a sentence.
German, Greek, Russian, and Finnish all have noun Case in their grammar.
www.krysstal.com /grammar.html   (1244 words)

  
 Possessive / Instrumental Cases   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The possessive case is added to nouns to indicate that the noun has ownership or possession of something.
The possessive case may also be formed by adding the suffix
The instrumental case is added to nouns to mean "with the use of", "because of", or "by means of".
www.unc.edu /~echeran/paadanool/lesson25.html   (112 words)

  
 KET DL | Latin 1 | Grammatica | Nouns   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Predicate nominative nouns follow linking verbs (sum to be, fio to become).
Vocative case endings are the same as the Nominative case endings.
It is -î, therefore, it is a 2nd declension noun.
www.dl.ket.org /latin1/review/faq-cases.htm   (355 words)

  
 What is case?
Case is a grammatical category determined by the syntactic or semantic function of a noun or pronoun.
The term case has traditionally been restricted to apply to only those languages which indicate certain functions by the inflection of
noun phrase constituents, such as adjectives and numerals.
www.sil.org /linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsCase.htm   (140 words)

  
 Notes from the Dawn of Time
In the case where the noun can also be an adjective, the implementation of parse(r_noun_group) could easily gobble up a noun believing it to be an adjective, then fail when looking for a following noun.
Within that rule itself, backtracking a word and trying to see if that is the noun is a valid option (although in practice it would probably check for the noun case before the adjective case).
The parser is looking at the third component of a noun group, which is a list of adjectives.
www.skotos.net /articles/dawnof16.shtml   (972 words)

  
 ORB: The Online Reference Book for Medieval Studies
noun case exercises based on the text of the "Voyage of Ohthere"
case exercises (nouns and pronouns) based on the text of the "Voyage of Ohthere"
flashcards on the cases of feminine, masculine, and neuter nouns and demonstratives
the-orb.net /textbooks/oeindex.html   (270 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
case not specified for marking:unmarked), % nonfinite forms cont:(nucleus:(walk, walker:Ind), quants:[]), conx:backgr:e_set), (@ empty_non_loc), qstore:e_set.
case not specified (@ vp(Prop), % for nonfinite forms loc:cat:(head:vform:bse, subcat:[NP]))], marking:unmarked), cont:Prop, conx:backgr:e_set), (@ empty_non_loc), qstore:e_set.
% in case it isn't, and it should also be subset % of the second set_diff((elt:X,elts:Xs),Set,Diff) if set_select_eq(X,Set,Rest), set_diff(Xs,Rest,Diff).
www.cs.technion.ac.il /~cs236362/ale/hpsg.pro   (2077 words)

  
 Quia - Ecce Romani I - Chapter 11 - Columns - Noun Endings & Case Names
Quia - Ecce Romani I - Chapter 11 - Columns - Noun Endings & Case Names
See a list of terms used in this activity.
To learn how to make your own, just like this, click here.
www.quia.com /cm/11883.html   (60 words)

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