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Topic: Novgorod

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  Novgorod, Russia (Capital) - LoveToKnow 1911
NOVGOROD (formerly known as Velikiy-Novgorod, Great Novgorod), a town of Russia, capital of the government of the same name, and the seat of an archbishop of the Orthodox Greek Church, situated 119 m.
The Novgorod traders penetrated at an early date to the shores of the White Sea, hunted on Novaya Zemlya in the 11th century, colonized the basins of the northern Dvina, descended the Volga, and as early as the 14th century extended their trading expeditions beyond the Urals into Siberia.
In the beginning of the 17th century Novgorod was taken and held for seven years by the Swedes; and in the 18th century the foundation of St Petersburg ultimately destroyed its trade.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /Novgorod,_Russia_(Capital)   (1300 words)

 Welcome to Velikiy Novgorod / «Velikiy Novgorod» - City portal
The efforts of Novgorod Bishops in spreading and promoting the Orthodoxy were given high credit in the mid-12th century when they were elevated to the ranks of Archbishops which made the Bishops Chair of Novgorod most powerful in the Russian Orthodoxy.
Novgorod is the cradle of Russian republican and democratic traditions.
You are welcome to admire the monuments of the twelfth century Novgorod architecture - the Cathedral of St. Nicholas in Yaroslav's Court and the Church of the Nativity of Our Lady in St. Anthony's Monastery, that have brought to us old fresco painting, carved iconostases, the necropolis of the 17th - 18th centuries.
www.novgorod.ru /eng/info/cityguide/index.htm   (1163 words)

  Novgorod Veliky Hotels
Novgorod is one of the most ancient cities of Russia located in its North-West, near the site where the Volkhov river takes its waters from Lake Ilmen, emerged as a political center of Slavic and Fino-Ugric tribes in the mid-9th century, while as a town it was formed in the middle of the 10th century.
Novgorod is the cradle of Russian republican and democratic traditions.
The Kremlin of Novgorod - the oldest in Russia, this fortress was mentioned in chronicles in 1044, while its today's walls and towers were constructed at the close of 15th century.
www.hotels-russia.info /novgorod-v.htm   (410 words)

  Novgorod - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Novgorod remained the third largest Russian city, however, until Ivan the Terrible sacked the city and slaughtered thousands of its inhabitants in 1570.
The greatest masterpiece of early Novgorod architecture is the Saviour church at Nereditsa (1198).
Novgorod's conquest by Ivan III in 1478 decisively changed the character of local architecture.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Novgorod   (1546 words)

 Nizhny Novgorod - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Nizhny Novgorod was regarded by the Muscovites primarily as a great stronghold in their wars against the Tatars of Kazan.
The enormous red-brick kremlin, one of the strongest and earliest preserved citadels in Russia, was built in 1508–1511 under supervision of Peter the Italian.
The town of Semyonov, to the north of Nizhny Novgorod, is known as a craft center for Khokhloma wood painting.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Nizhny_Novgorod   (1303 words)

 Novgorod Region - Kommersant Moscow   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
Novgorod reached the peak of its prosperity in the 13th-15th centuries.
Novgorod's extensive connections, its central position in a vast territory, and the unique combination of princely and democratic traditions in its social life all contributed to the creation of a unique phenomenon we now call "the artistic culture of medieval Novgorod".
Novgorod Region is noted for its science- and labor-intensive sectors, particularly the chemical and forest industries.
www.kommersant.com /p-56/r_400/Novgorod_Region   (3211 words)

 Novgorod Icon Gallery
Novgorod Icon Gallery will help you to discover the complex and many-sided world of the old Russians icon, and to recognise the links between Russia's past and her present.
Novgorod was joined to Moscow, and the Novgorod republic ruled by the veche fell in 1478 - this was the main result of the Moscow dukes' policy and determined its success.
Until the middle of XVI century Novgorod continued to be the second in importance city in Russia; its creative potential was instrumental in developing a new national Russian style in architecture and painting.
copy-www.novsu.ac.ru /novgorod/icon_gallery/english/nig_main.html   (1033 words)

 Novgorod Russia history tour kremlin fortification
Novgorod, (population 230,000 in 1990, 27,000 in 1914) the "new city", was founded in 859 A. on the Volkov River on the site of an older fortification.
Novgorod escaped the direct assault of the Mongols in the 1240's but was forced to accept Mongol overlords and pay tribute in taxes and troops.
Novgorod's efforts reached a head in 1470 when the boyars invited Prince Mikhail Olel'kovich of Lithuania to be their prince and began negotiations toward closer union with King Casimir, but this was not a popular goal for many of the lower classes.
www.xenophon-mil.org /ruscity/novgorod/novgor.htm   (1729 words)

 BATTLE OF NOVGOROD AND SUZDAL   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
When the forces of the prince of Suzdal, Andrei Bogolyubsky, attacked Novgorod in 1170, the icon was taken from the church and placed on the walls of the city.
The churches in the first scene and the walls of Novgorod in the last two were created by a skilled hand — skilled not only in the craft of painting but in the art of composition.
Such colors are often found in Moscow painting of the 15th century; it is not impossible that the icon reflects the blending of the artistic traditions of Moscow and Novgorod.
www.rollins.edu /Foreign_Lang/Russian/battle.html   (994 words)

What emerges is a picture of how the transcendent visions inside Novgorod’s glittering church interiors were connected to the everyday life of a rugged trading city in the frozen north, from the Christianization of Russia in 988 down to the eclipse of the city by Moscow in the late 16th century.
Novgorod adopted the Byzantine-Orthodox form of Christianity and began constructing stone churches 1,000 years ago in a city almost entirely of wood, attesting to the desire to build temples symbolizing the permanence of heaven.
Novgorod is believed to have been the birthplace of the iconostasis, a wooden screen of icons that separated the nave (lay people) from the sanctuary (clergy).
www.catholicherald.com /articles/06articles/novgorod.htm   (733 words)

 NOVGOROD SCHOOL   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
Novgorod was a republic (it called itself Lord Novgorod the Great), governed by the veche, a democratic assembly of all citizens, roughly resembling a parliament.
In the 13th, 14th and 15th centuries, Novgorod produced some of the greatest works of medieval Russian art, best represented by the paintings of Theophanes the Greek (Feofan Grek).
The 14th century, a period of great prosperity for Novgorod, is reflected in a proliferation of Novgorodian icons.
www.rollins.edu /Foreign_Lang/Russian/novgorod.html   (753 words)

 Novgorod, Russia, Pictures
Novgorod retains examples of early Russian architecture, including a kremlin (citadel) and the Cathedral of Saint Sophia (both 11th century).
One of the oldest cities in Russia, Novgorod was founded as early as the 5th or 6th century.
In the 13th and 14th centuries, Novgorod flourished as a trade outpost of the Hanseatic League and was a major cultural center.
www.greatestcities.com /Europe/Russia/Novgorod_city.html   (275 words)

 Nizhny Novgorod: General information about the city   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
History decreed that the Nizhny Novgorod city should be the "heart of Mother Russia", situated as it is in the very center of the European part of the Russian Federation, on the banks of the River Volga.
Nizhny Novgorod occupies the 5th position among most populated and industrially developed cities of Russia, is a center of Nizhny Novgorod region and a recognized capital of the Volga economic region.
The widely-renowned Nizhny Novgorod trade fair, which first took place in the 16th century near the monastery at Makarev, moved to the city in 1817, and became the largest trade fair in Russia and one of the most important centers for wholesale and retail trading.
www.admgor.nnov.ru /english/general_inf.html   (501 words)

 NOVGOROD,   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
Novgorod retains examples of early Russian architecture, including the kremlin and the Hagia Sophia (Cathedral of the Holy Wisdom; both 11th cent.).
One of the oldest Russian cities, Novgorod was founded as early as the 5th or 6th century.
In 862 Rurik, founder of the Russian monarchy, became prince of Novgorod.
www.history.com /encyclopedia.do?vendorId=FWNE.fw..no066200.a#FWNE.fw..no066200.a   (285 words)

 Nordic Travel. Novgorod :: Sights
Velikiy Novgorod (Novgorod the Great) is situated in the northwest of Russia.
Novgorod was first mentioned in chronicles in the year of 859.
The shape of the monument reminds the bell, which is the symbol of the Novgorod region, and Monomakh's hat, the symbol of the sovereign power.
nordictravel.ru /novgorod/sights.html   (723 words)

 novgorodtreaty - Title   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
Blessings from the Archbishop [of Novgorod], and greetings from the [Novgorod] mayor Mikhail, and from the millenarius Kondrat, and from all the [Novgorod] hundred-men, and from the elders, and from all Novgorod to Prince Iaroslav.
And these are the Novgorod lands [in which you are not to interfere]: Volok with all its districts, and you are to keep an overseer on one half, and a Novgorodian on one half of all the Volok lands.
And those fields which your brother took from Novgorod, you, prince, are to release [back to Novgorod]; what was property of Novgorodians [belongs] to Novgorodians, and what belonged to the prince, then that is the prince's [property].
web.grinnell.edu /individuals/kaiser/novgorodtreaty.html   (575 words)

Through the Hansa, merchants from Novgorod were the principal suppliers of squirrel fur to Western Europe in the 14th century, and indeed devoted most of their efforts to the procurement and sale of this single product.
The relative importance of Moscow and Novgorod is indicated on the map.
The Hansa frequently attempted to place an embargo on silver export to Novgorod which resulted in political problems and the closing of Peterhof for several years at the end of the 14th century.
www.bell.lib.umn.edu /Products/squirrel.html   (1128 words)

 Novgorod - means business   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
Novgorod has a proven record of providing such support - 1ranging from tax incentives to expedited decision-making-that makes it one of the easiest and most profitable places in the Russian Federation to establish and operate a business.
Novgorod's recreation and rehabilitation resources include the lakes lirnen, Seliger, mineral and radon springs, medicinal mud of the Staraya Russa spa.
Novgorod State University trains specialists to work in the free-market environment and has good contacts and cooperative programmes with educational establishments in Denmark, Poland, Germany, Finland, Sweden and the USA.
www.adm.nov.ru /web.nsf/pages/business   (632 words)

 Novgorod the Great   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
In the XII-XV centuries Novgorod was the capital of the Novgorod feudal republic, the largest state formation of medieval Europe.
Novgorod the Great was the most eastern settlement of the Hanseatic trade union.
Since 1992 all monuments of Novgorod are protected by UNESCO as a part of the world cultural heritage.
www.eltech.ru /pria2004/novgorod.html   (341 words)

 Russia : Velikiy Novgorod - «Rusvip» Travel Company
Novgorod was first mentioned as a fortress in the chronicles of 859, and this date is accepted as a starting point of the city's age.
From the year 1136 and on, Novgorod became "free in princes", which means that princes were invited for a period of time (usually during the wars).
Veliky Novgorod is situated on the North-West of Russia, 180 kilometers from Saint-Petersburg and 524 kilometers from Moscow.
www.rusvip.ru /eng/veliki_novgorod.html   (1116 words)

 Russia - Nizhny Novgorod - RussiaTrek.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
Nizhny Novgorod, which used to be an eastern boundary of the Russian kingdom and an outpost of Moscovia till the 17th century, has become a principal crossroads of European Russia.
The natives of Novgorod, an elder city in the northwest of Russia, founded Nizhny Novgorod (which means 'Lower Novgorod') at the confluence of the Volga and the Oka rivers in 1221.
Nizhny Novgorod is the 4th largest city in Russia with a population of 1.36 million, and is the administrative center of the Nizhny Novgorod region and of the Volga Federal District, which covers 14 regions and republics of the Russian Federation.
www.russiatrek.com /r_nnovgorod.shtml   (872 words)

 Novgorod History
The efforts of Novgorod Bishops to spread and promote the Orthodoxy were given high credit in the mid-12th century, when they were elevated to the ranks of Archbishops which made the Bishops Chair of Novgorod most powerful in the Russian Orthodoxy.
The right of Novgorod to select its own princes, that was granted in the middle of the twelfth century, attracted princes to the Novgorod throne, and thus provided favorable conditions to maintain the unity of Russian lands tending to be feudally divided.
The annexation of Novgorod republic to Moscow Principality at the end of the 15th century resulted in the united Russian State with Moscow as a capital.
www.world66.com /europe/russia/novgorod/history   (508 words)

 Novgorod Alliiance   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
Velikiy Novgorod, Novgorod the Great, the oldest city in Russia, dates back as early as 859 AD in her well-preserved birch bark chronicles.
Novgorod means "New City" and has served for many centuries as a major northern fortress and trade route crossroads.
Today Velikiy Novgorod, with a population of 240,000, is located approximately 180 kilometers south of St. Petersburg on the main highway connecting it with Moscow.
www.novgorod-alliance.org /index.htm   (231 words)

 Novgorod on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
Rurik, who is said to have founded the dynasty that ruled Kievan Rus in 862, was invited by the inhabitants of Novgorod to rule them, according to unreliable early accounts.
Novgorod was governed by a popular assembly or veche that elected—and often exiled—the dukes.
The citizens of Novgorod repulsed the attacks of the Teutonic Knights and Livonian Knights and of the Swedes and escaped the Mongol invasion.
encyclopedia.infonautics.com /html/N/Novgorod.asp   (1083 words)

 Novgorod Sightseeing - WayToRussia.Net Guide to Novgorod, Russia
Besides its religious functions, St. Sofia also used to be the place where the treasury of Novgorod was kept, there were special hiding places on the second floor for gold.Local architects built it in the 1050.
This was the economical and political center of the ancient town of Novgorod.
In the 17th century Novgorod was already part of Moscow kingdom, so the new architecture traditions were used.
www.waytorussia.net /CentralRussia/Novgorod/Sightseeing.html   (1351 words)

 Ivan III’s Conquest of Novgorod in 1471   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
For that reason did their fame abate, and their face was covered with shame: by reason of the men of Novgorod leaving the light and giving themselves over in their pride to the darkness of ignorance, saying that they would draw away and attach themselves to the Latins.
Yet the men of Novgorod, gone mentally astray, and forgetful of this, went not in fear of God's words spoken to the whole congregation of the children of Israel.
So these men of Novgorod giving no heed to the writing, nor accepting the benediction, and continuing in their evil courses, could not be compacted [in the right].
lamar.colostate.edu /~aksmith/HY438/IvanIII-Novgorod.htm   (4398 words)

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