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Topic: Nroff


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In the News (Thu 19 Oct 17)

  
  Nroff - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
nroff (short for "new roff") is a Unix text-formatting program; it produces output suitable for simple fixed-width printers.
It was a descendant of the RUNOFF program from CTSS, the first computerized text-formatting program, and is a predecessor of the Unix troff document processing system.
There is also a free software version of nroff in the groff package.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Nroff   (107 words)

  
 How to use troff/nroff
Troff and Nroff are text formatting programs, much like LaTeX, that use a markup language, similar to HTML or LaTeX.
Troff is designed for typesetting output, while nroff is designed to output to line printers.
In troff, to italicize and in nroff to underline, use:
www.cs.hmc.edu /tech_docs/qref/nroff.html   (689 words)

  
 UNIX Text Formatting Using the -ms Macros
One of nroff's most important functions is filling, the process of collecting words from the input file and placing them on an output line until no more will fit within a given line length.
For nroff, on the other hand, em and en both mean the same quantity of distance, the width of one typewritten character.
It is necessary to use the nroff commands.nr and.ds to manipulate the -ms number and string registers, as discussed previously.
www.cs.berkeley.edu /~janp/Help/textms.html   (10251 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Nroff is the same program as troff; in fact, on Plan 9 nroff is a shell script that calls troff with the argument.
Nroff internally uses 240 units/inch, corresponding to the least common multiple of the horizontal and vertical resolutions of various typewriter-like output devices.
In nroff, both the em and the en are taken to be equal to the nominal character width, which is output-device dependent; common values are 1/10 and 1/12 inch.
cm.bell-labs.com /sys/doc/troff.html   (11770 words)

  
 Formatting text using Unix tools: Nroff/Troff   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Nroff formats text primarily for screens and for typewriter-like devices such as Diablo printers.
Text formatting done with the UNIX formatting utilities nroff and troff (gtroff) is guided by instructions that you type in the file along with the text.
These instructions fall into two classifications: low-level commands that nroff and troff recognize directly and higher level instructions called macros that are defined in terms of the low-level commands.
www-acs.ucsd.edu /info/format.php   (4461 words)

  
 NROFF(1) manual page   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
nroff [ -h ] [ -i ] [ -mname ] [ -nnum ] [ -olist ] [ -rcn ] [ -Tname ] [ file.
The nroff script emulates the nroff command using groff.
In addition nroff silently ignores options of -e, -q or -s.
www.fiveanddime.net /man-pages/nroff.1.html   (82 words)

  
 hpux nroff.1   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
nroff ignores any lines in the source text that begin with a period (.) but are not valid nroff formatter requests.
nroff halts after every n pages (default n=1) to allow paper loading or changing, and resumes upon receipt of a line-feed or new-line (new-lines do not work in pipelines, such as with mm).
To print only pages 1, 3, and 4 type: nroff -o1,3,4 filename WARNINGS When nroff is used with the -olist option inside a pipeline, it may cause a harmless "broken pipe" diagnostic if the last page of the document is not specified in list.
www.informatik.uni-frankfurt.de /doc/man/hpux/nroff.1.html   (725 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
In nroff, "adjusting" refers to positioning text on a line (with or without "filling" the line, as discussed in Section 4.2) and then optionally aligning the text on the left margin, the right margin, both margins, or the center line, including inserting extra blank spaces if needed.
The nroff request ".ce N", where N is an integer, centers the next N input lines within the currently available horizontal output space, i.e., within the length (72 spaces) specified by the ".ll 7.2i" request in Fragment 1 minus the spaces for the ".in N" that is currently in effect.
When nroff processes the improperly saved paragraph, it adds nine characters at the front of the single "line" it receives; so that when we view the paragraph in the nroff output file, only the first line of the 13 is indented.
www.rfc-editor.org /DOCUMENTS/draft-shirey-ugli-01.txt   (10728 words)

  
 nroff(9)
nroff support provides an nroff-spell-check-word which helps the spell checker to distinguish between nroff tokens and erroneous words for improved spell checking.
Note that the current language must be set and spell dictionaries available for this feature to be usable, see user-setup(3) for information about setting up the current language.
The nroff language template is heavily biased towards the man macros only and includes all of the extension macros used for generating the JASSPA hypertext documentation.
www.dgroth.de /me/m9typ026.htm   (603 words)

  
 CS 730 - Project 4 - Format Evaluation: nroff
The even margin produced by nroff are regarded by many as a more "formal" presentation than the ragged right margins produced by many text formatters.
The one we made the most use of in the example document was the H macro, which was used to identify the header levels for different sections of the document.
Nroff and Troff provide several tools which make some of the more tedious tasks in publishing technical documentation a lot less painfull.
www.cs.ndsu.nodak.edu /~reski/cs730/nroff.html   (2130 words)

  
 nroff(1)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
nroff formats text in the named files for typewriter-like devices.
An argument consisting of a `-' is taken to be a file name corresponding to the standard input.
A range N-M means pages N through M; an initial -N means from the beginning to page N; and a final N- means from N to the end.
www.uni-bielefeld.de /cgi-bin/man.cgi?section=1&topic=nroff   (426 words)

  
 Info Node: (emacs)Nroff Mode   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Nroff Mode ========== Nroff mode is a mode like Text mode but modified to handle nroff commands present in the text.
When the mode is on, each time you use to end a line that contains an nroff command that opens a kind of grouping, the matching nroff command to close that grouping is automatically inserted on the following line.
If you use Outline minor mode with Nroff mode (Note: Outline Mode.), heading lines are lines of the form `.H' followed by a number (the header level).
www.ugrad.cs.jhu.edu /cgi-bin/info2www?(emacs)Nroff+Mode   (238 words)

  
 paper
NROFF, a computer program that runs on the UNIX operating system, reads an input file prepared by the user and outputs a formatted paper suitable for publication or framing.
The primary function of NROFF is to collect words from input lines, fill output lines with those words, justify the right hand margin by inserting extra spaces in the line, and output the result.
Third, do not hyphenate words at the end of lines (except words that should have hyphens in them, such as ``mother-in-law''); NROFF is smart enough to hyphenate words for you as needed, but is not smart enough to take hyphens out and join a word back together.
docs.freebsd.org /44doc/usd/19.memacros/paper.html   (5491 words)

  
 UNIX man pages : nroff ()   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
nroff [ -h ] [ -i ] [ -mname ] [ -nnum ] [ -olist ] [ -p ] [ -rcn ] [ -S ] [ -t ] [ -Tname ] [ -U ] [ -v ] [ file...
If an invalid or no -T option is given, nroff checks the cur- rent locale to select a default output device.
In addition, nroff silently ignores the options -e, -q, and -s (which are not implemented in troff).
unixhelp.ed.ac.uk /CGI/man-cgi?nroff   (245 words)

  
 GNU Emacs Manual: Nroff Mode
All nroff command lines are considered paragraph separators, so that filling will never garble the nroff commands.
Prints in the echo area the number of text lines (lines that are not nroff commands) in the region (
to end a line that contains an nroff command that opens a kind of grouping, the matching nroff command to close that grouping is automatically inserted on the following line.
www.sunsite.ualberta.ca /Documentation/Gnu/emacs-19.34/html_node/emacs_204.html   (213 words)

  
 GNU Emacs Manual: Nroff Mode
Nroff mode is a mode like Text mode but modified to handle nroff commands present in the text.
The other feature of Nroff mode is that you can turn on Electric Nroff mode.
If you use Outline minor mode with Nroff mode (see section T.8 Outline Mode), heading lines are lines of the form
jamesthornton.com /emacs/node/emacs_257.html   (209 words)

  
 NROFF (1)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Stop every N pages.  nroff will halt prior to every N pages (default N =1)  to allow paper loading or changing, and will resume upon receipt of a NEWLINE.
nroff is not 8-bit clean because making nroff 8-bit clean would require rewriting the nroff internals and filters.
Also, some nroff syntax is based on ASCII only and does not lend itself to 8-bit character sequences.
www.mds.mdh.se /~dat95aem/cgi-bin/man2html.cgi?nroff.1   (355 words)

  
 nroff   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The nroff utility formats text in the named files for typewriter-like devices.
If N is missing, then set the embol- dening factor to 0.
Notice that any other available one- or two-character register name may be substi- tuted for yy.
www.cs.virginia.edu /cgi-bin/manpage?section=all&topic=nroff   (443 words)

  
 nroff - a Whatis.com definition
nroff and troff are UNIX commands (and the utilities that support them) for formatting text files for printing.
In general, a text file designed for use with nroff or troff contains embedded codes for line spacing, margin settings, centering, tab stops, keeping lines together, and so forth.
In general, text formatting languages at this level have the drawback of making it difficult to reuse the text in a non-print medium (such as on the Web).
whatis.techtarget.com /definition/0,,sid9_gci212673,00.html   (349 words)

  
 XEmacs User's Manual - Nroff Mode   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Nroff mode differs from Text mode in only a few ways.
All nroff command lines are considered paragraph separators, so that filling never garbles the nroff commands.
to end a line containing an nroff command that opens a kind of grouping, Emacs automatically inserts the matching nroff command to close that grouping on the following line.
www.tau.ac.il /cc/pages/docs/xemacs/xemacs_144.html   (225 words)

  
 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: UNIX Shell Programming, Fourth Edition
Nroff and Troff are the old document processing language of UNIX Shell.
For example, a heading level 1 in nroff (.h1) is similar to the HTML version H1.
Appendix Y - Nroff and Troff - continued
static.www.wiley.com /legacy/compbooks/unixshell   (175 words)

  
 nroff and troff
The command troff is used to process a document for viewing on a graphics terminal or a laser printer, while the nroff command is used to produce output on a lineprinter or a character-mapped screen.
Even if you choose to use a more powerful text preparation system, you need to be familiar with nroff conversions so that the documentation provided with a program can be viewed in a readable form.
A nroff formatted document is recognizable by the formatting statements that start with a period, such as '.PP' and '.TH'.
www.umcs.maine.edu /~www-adm/docs/unixdoc/node44.html   (298 words)

  
 Apache Httpd Documentation - Re: nroff man pages going away   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
At the moment there is nobody updating the man pages because nobody feels like playing with nroff.
Leave in nroff, hope that somebody decides to update them and that we can figure out a decent way to convert to xml/html for the manual.
Convert to xml, and find a way to generate nroff from the xml so that we can continue to distribute man pages.
www.mailarchives.org /list/apache-httpd-docs/msg/2002/01927   (162 words)

  
 Manpages (1:nroff)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
nroff [ −CchipStUv ] [ −dcs ] [ −mname ] [ −nnum ] [ −olist ] [ −rcn ] [ −Tname ] [ file...
If an invalid or no −T option is given, nroff checks the current locale to select a default output device.
In addition, nroff silently ignores the options −e, −q, and −s (which are not implemented in troff).
nroff.1.man.c0d1ng.net   (218 words)

  
 nroff   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
% nroff -man /usr/man/manl/example.l uses the man macros.
The '-T' tells nroff what kind of terminal it is formatting for.
To illustrate, if you invoke like this: % nroff -man then the macro file is sought from the file /usr/lib/tmac/tmac.an, and % nroff -me is sought from /usr/lib/tmac/tmac.e
www.panix.com /~spkemp/examplex/unix/nroff.htm   (390 words)

  
 nroff - OneLook Dictionary Search
Tip: Click on the first link on a line below to go directly to a page where "nroff" is defined.
nroff : Stammtisch Beau Fleuve Acronyms [home, info]
nroff : Free On-line Dictionary of Computing [home, info]
www.onelook.com /cgi-bin/cgiwrap/bware/dofind.cgi?word=nroff   (85 words)

  
 nroff(1): emulate nroff command with groff - Linux man page
nroff(1): emulate nroff command with groff - Linux man page
nroff [ -h ] [ -i ] [ -m name ] [ -n num ] [ -o list ] [ -p ] [ -r cn ] [ -S ] [ -t ] [ -T name ] [ -U ] [ -v ] [ file...
If an invalid or no -T option is given, nroff checks the current locale to select a default output device.
www.die.net /doc/linux/man/man1/nroff.1.html   (238 words)

  
 Linux and UNIX nroff command help
nroff [-e] [-h] [-i] [-q] [-mname] [-nN] [-opagelist] [-raN] [-sN] [-Tname]
nroff will halt prior to every N pages (default N=1) to allow paper loading or changing, and will resume upon receipt of a NEWLINE.
Prepare output for a device of the specified name.
www.computerhope.com /unix/unroff.htm   (202 words)

  
 Manual Lookup for 'nroff'
You might also be interested using tkman, which provides a graphical interface to the man pages.
NROFF(1) NROFF(1) NAME nroff - emulate nroff command with groff SYNOPSIS nroff [ -h ] [ -i ] [ -mname ] [ -nnum ] [ -olist ] [ -p ] [ -rcn ] [ -S ] [ -t ] [ -Tname ] [ -U ] [ -v ] [ file...
] DESCRIPTION The nroff script emulates the nroff command using groff.
www.cse.unsw.edu.au /scripts/man-cgi?nroff   (297 words)

  
 Groff -- GNU troff dicussion list: Re: Nested Tables using basic tbl nroff and col commands   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Groff -- GNU troff dicussion list: Re: Nested Tables using basic tbl nroff and col commands
Re: Nested Tables using basic tbl nroff and col commands
Again, the groff_at_ffii.org will be able to answer better.
lists.ffii.org /groff/2003/Jul/0076.html   (258 words)

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