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Topic: Nuclear delivery


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In the News (Thu 20 Jun 19)

  
 Middle East Open Encyclopedia: Hydrogen bomb
Historically the first method of delivery, and the method used in the two nuclear weapons actually used in warfare, is as a gravity bomb, dropped from bomber aircraft.
Nuclear weapons delivery— the technology and systems used to bring a nuclear weapon to its target—is an important aspect of nuclear weapons relating both to nuclear weapon design and nuclear strategy.
Today missiles are by far the most common among systems designed for delivery of nuclear weapons.
www.baghdadmuseum.org /ref/index.php?title=Hydrogen_bomb   (2805 words)

  
 Documents 19-36
We consider that any conventional ship or aircraft can be fitted with nuclear weapons and given nuclear delivery capability; and, furthermore, that any ship or aircraft can be "equipped for nuclear warfare" if only to defend itself.
The development, without atmospheric testing, of the proposed [less than 1 line of source text not declassified] laydown bomb for B-52 delivery would not advance appreciably the nuclear state-of-the-art in the yield-to-weight ratios.
Future large boosters potentially available could provide a capability for delivery of very high-yield warheads.
www.state.gov /r/pa/ho/frus/johnsonlb/x/9016.htm   (15838 words)

  
 LCNP.org - Nuclear Weapons Convention
"Nuclear Weapons Facility" means any facility for the design, research, testing, production, storage, assembly, disassembly, maintenance, modification, deployment, delivery, command, or control of nuclear weapons.
"Destroy" means, with regard to a nuclear weapon and its delivery vehicle, to remove the warhead from its delivery vehicle, dismantle and disable the warhead, dispose of its special nuclear material, and dismantle and disable or convert the delivery vehicle to non-nuclear use, in accordance with the provisions of this Convention.
"Nuclear Weapons Research" means experimental or theoretical work undertaken principally to acquire new knowledge going beyond publicly available information of phenomena and observable facts directed toward understanding, development, improvement, testing, production, deployment, or use of nuclear weapons and protection against nuclear weapons.
www.lcnp.org /mnwc/convention.htm   (15838 words)

  
 Bomb run
In the case of a low-level laydown delivery of a nuclear weapon the bomb would also have a time delay set before take-off, ensuring a safe separation of some miles before weapon detonation after it hit the ground.
That weapon could be delivered from high or low level but in its role as a strategic nuclear bomber of the '70's the delivery would be from low level after a high level transit.
At the end of the day the Vulcan was intended as a means of delivering a nuclear or conventional bomb on a target with a degree of accuracy as a part of an attack under a NATO or National War Plan.
www.john-dillon.co.uk /V-Force/bomb_run.html   (1514 words)

  
 LCNP.org - Nuclear Weapons Convention
"Destroy" means, with regard to a nuclear weapon and its delivery vehicle, to remove the warhead from its delivery vehicle, dismantle and disable the warhead, dispose of its special nuclear material, and dismantle and disable or convert the delivery vehicle to non-nuclear use, in accordance with the provisions of this Convention.
All treatment of nuclear material that improves its quality to the level of special nuclear material or improves the accessibility of special nuclear material is prohibited, as for example separation of plutonium from spent fuel, enrichment of uranium in U-235 beyond unavoidable civilian requirements but not beyond 20% or extraction of tritium from heavy water.
The threat or use of nuclear weapons shall be deemed to be a threat to the peace subject to the provisions of the United Nations Charter.
www.lcnp.org /mnwc/convention.htm   (12956 words)

  
 Verifiable Elimination of Nuclear Warheads: Problems and Prospects
In accordance with US Nuclear Posture Review in force at that time, most of the warheads removed from delivery systems had to be kept ready for deployment (hedge).
It is followed by disassembling the nuclear explosive physics package, which begins with removal of climate control system, separation of the high explosive from the nuclear components, and disassembly of the pit.
The warhead dismantlement process consists of several stages: disassembly of non-nuclear components, removal of tritium containers, removal of the nuclear explosive physics package, removal and disassembly of the secondary.
www.armscontrol.ru /start/w-control.htm   (12956 words)

  
 LCNP.org - Nuclear Weapons Convention
Any nuclear weapon delivery vehicle which has been constructed, developed, flight-tested or deployed for weapon delivery shall be considered a nuclear weapon delivery vehicle.
All treatment of nuclear material that improves its quality to the level of special nuclear material or improves the accessibility of special nuclear material is prohibited, as for example separation of plutonium from spent fuel, enrichment of uranium in U-235 beyond unavoidable civilian requirements but not beyond 20% or extraction of tritium from heavy water.
The threat or use of nuclear weapons shall be deemed to be a threat to the peace subject to the provisions of the United Nations Charter.
www.lcnp.org /mnwc/convention.htm   (12956 words)

  
 MILNET: Nuclear Weapons Descriptions
Nuclear weapons can be distinguished from their delivery vehicles, but it senseless to try to analyze the warhead itself without first understanding the delivery system.
Tactical nuclear weapons can be delivered in a variety of methods, and in fact are found in the first five classes of delivery systems shown above.
Tactical nuclear weapons are those under a certain limit, let's say 1MT of explosive power.
www.milnet.com /milnet/nukedesc.htm   (12956 words)

  
 Forgotten nukes: Tactical Nuclear Weapons
Firstly, tactical nuclear weapons are a much more complex subject for any verifiable measures of limitation, primarily because of the fact that they are carried by dual use delivery systems (short range missiles, tactical aircraft, cruise missiles, etc.), which can carry conventional warheads as well.
It is evident that such an approach is not applicable to tactical nuclear wea pons because arms control measures in this field should deal primarily, if not exclusively, with nuclear explosive devices themselves, but not with delivery systems.
It is interesting to note that for a long period nobody in the Soviet Union thought seriously about unifying tactical nuclear explosive devices by using the same designs in different delivery systems, something which could have resulted in substantial savings.
www.uspid.dsi.unimi.it /proceed/cast97/kono.html   (12956 words)

  
 Current World Nuclear Arsenals
Summary of Pakistan's Possible Nuclear Delivery Systems: N/A
Summary of India's Possible Nuclear Delivery Systems: N/A
There are two interesting loopholes in Israel's oft-repeated pledge never to be the first to introduce nuclear weapons into the region: The U.S. "introduced" weapons in the region in the 1950's when nuclear bombs were stored at Dharan, Saudi Arabia and at sea in the Mediteranean Sixth Fleet.
www.cdi.org /nuclear/database/nukestab.html   (12956 words)

  
 AIM25: Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives, King's College London: Microform: US Nuclear History: Nuclear Arms and Politics in the Missile Age, 1955-1968
Sections include material relating to nuclear weapons properties, effects, production and testing; nuclear strategy and planning; nuclear delivery systems and deployments; nuclear operations; US and Allied nuclear strategy, planning, and delivery systems in the European Theatre and Canada; nuclear command, control and communications; and, warning and defence.
Between 1955 and 1968 the US strategic nuclear program grew rapidly as Washington invested billions of dollars in delivery systems designed to project thermonuclear weapons towards targets in the Soviet Union and the People's Republic of China.
Through multi- billion dollar expenditures of strategic nuclear forces, command and control and communications, these administrations sought to deter threats to professed vital political and strategic interests.
www.aim25.ac.uk /cats/21/2669.htm   (12956 words)

  
 weapons
Laydown: Development of shock-resistant components and ribbon parachute systems by the Sandia National Labs in 1958 made possible the safe laydown delivery of nuclear weapons.
Laydown weapons rest on the ground for a set time before detonating, enabling the delivery plane and its crew to get out of range of the blast.
This is a device or system included in or attached to a nuclear weapon to preclude its arming until a prescribed discrete code or combination, provided by the appropriate higher command authority, is entered by the immediate air crew or missile launch control officer.
members.aol.com /thudeur2/weapons.htm   (935 words)

  
 Why the Administration's Stockpile Stewardship Will Harm the U.S. Nuclear Deterrent
In the past, new nuclear weapons were designed and built for specific delivery systems; likewise, delivery systems were built for specific types of warheads.
Because nuclear testing--something that is prohibited by the CTBT--is necessary to maintain a nuclear stockpile of militarily effective weapons, it is appropriate to examine how both existing and future military requirements may go unmet under the treaty.
The fact that the SBSS program for maintaining nuclear weapons in the U.S. stockpile under the CTBT and the safeguards policy for considering withdrawal from the treaty and for resuming testing excludes the effectiveness standard is a glaring deficiency in the Clinton Administration's nuclear policy.
www.heritage.org /Research/MissileDefense/BG1334.cfm   (3010 words)

  
 uknukes.html
The last of these in the nuclear role, the Vulcan, retired in 1982, with the Tornado assuming its nuclear delivery role.
Both variants are parachute retarded for low altitude or laydown delivery (where the bomb parachutes to the ground and detonates after a preset delay in order for the aircraft to escape the blast.)
The Tornado is the descendant of the larger V bombers (Valient, Victor, and Vulcan) which were produced in the 1950s.
www.cdi.org /issues/nukef&f/database/uknukes.html   (1920 words)

  
 The F-105 Thud, a legend flown by legends
The delivery was with an autopilot pull up to weapon release in a 'solution anticipation' mode (the airplane was almost at release parameters when at optimum release angle).
The B28IN nuclear bomb shown at the forefront of this next photo was the principal nuclear bomb to be carried by the F-105.
This is a photo of a F-105D in flight carrying a full bomb load in a conventional combat configuration employed in the Vietnam War.
www.talkingproud.us /HistoryThudA.html   (2194 words)

  
 NUCLEAR WEAPONS: BOMBERS
The first nuclear bombs were expected to be delivered to their targets by bombers, the only long range delivery system then in operation.
The photo to the left is the Mk-53 (or B53), a nine megaton thermonuclear device first produced in 1962 for delivery by B-52 and other strategic bombers.
The bombs used at the end of World War II against Japan ( Hiroshima and Nagasaki) were delivered by means of the B-29 Superfortress' of the 509th Composite Group based on Tinian.
www.olive-drab.com /od_nuclear_airborne.php   (2194 words)

  
 B83 - free-definition
The B83 Nuclear Weapon is "dial-a-yield" capable gravity bomb developed by the United States in the 1970s; and was loosely based on the B61.
the B83 was one of the first nuclear weapons designed to be "safe" in the sense of not detonating by accident, using an insensitive high explosive (such as C4) to activate the implosion function stage of detonation.
It was designed with the B-1 Lancer in mind ergo the low altitude/high velocity delivery capability.
www.free-definition.com /B83.html   (2194 words)

  
 NUCLEAR WEAPONS: BOMBERS
The first nuclear bombs were expected to be delivered to their targets by bombers, the only long range delivery system then in operation.
The photo to the left is the Mk-53 (or B53), a nine megaton thermonuclear device first produced in 1962 for delivery by B-52 and other strategic bombers.
The bombs used were the Mk-I "Little Boy" uranium bomb with yield of about 15 kilotons and the Mk-3A "Fat Man" plutonium bomb with yield of about 22 kilotons.
www.olive-drab.com /od_nuclear_airborne.php   (2194 words)

  
 B53 bomb Details, Meaning B53 bomb Article and Explanation Guide
The B53 was one of the most powerful nuclear weapons built by the United States, and one of the last very high yield thermonuclear bombs in U.S. service.
Chute deployment depends on delivery mode, with the main chutes used only for laydown delivery (for pure free-fall, the entire system was jettisoned).
The B53 was intended to be retired in the 1980s, reducing the stockpile to a total of 25 weapons by 1987.
www.e-paranoids.com /b/b5/b53_bomb.html   (2194 words)

  
 Tailhook Tale
The Grumman C-2 Greyhound, or COD, for carrier onboard delivery, has trapped aboard CVN-71, the nuclear aircraft carrier USS Theodore Roosevelt.
Its mass is propelled at speeds of more than 30 knots by two nuclear reactors that will power the vessel for 15 years before it requires refueling.
During my visit, the TR was engaged in qualifying the air wing for carrier operations, an ongoing process that keeps pilots current for the rigors of carrier landings and takeoffs.
www.huvard.com /adventures/bigstick/tailhook.html   (1621 words)

  
 Middle East Open Encyclopedia: F-101 Voodoo
Operational F-101C were upgraded in service with Low Angle Drogued Delivery (LADD) and Low Altitude Bombing System (LABS) equipment for delivery of nuclear weapons at extremely low altitudes.
It was fitted with four M39 cannon, and designed to carry a Mk 28 nuclear bomb (although it was theoretically capable of carrying conventional bombs or rockets, the Voodoo never used such weapons operationally).
Despite SAC's loss of interest, the aircraft attracted the attention of Tactical Air Command, and the F-101 was reconfigured as a fighter bomber, intended to carry a single nuclear weapon for use against battlefield targets such as airfields.
www.baghdadmuseum.org /ref?title=F-101_Voodoo   (2658 words)

  
 Arms Control: Operations - Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty
In addition to being the first nuclear agreement to reduce arms delivery vehicles, the INF Treaty was also the first major arms control agreement to establish a verification regime including on-site inspections.
Signed on December 8, 1987, by President Ronald Reagan and Soviet General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev, the INF Treaty was the first nuclear arms control agreement to actually reduce arms delivery vehicles, rather than merely establish ceilings.
The Treaty required that the two countries eliminate all ground-launched ballistic and cruise missiles with ranges between 500 and 5,500 kilometers along with their support structure and equipment.
www.dtra.mil /toolbox/directorates/osi/Programs/ops/inf/index.cfm   (665 words)

  
 Re: [Armytalk] US aircraft carrier to visit SA!
The rationale is that if we put six Aegis-class cruisers near China, only one or two of them may be carrying nuclear weapons, but the Chinese (or North Koreans) don't know which ones they are.
Almost all USN combatants have weapons capable of carrying nuclear warheads.
What they want to hear is (a) you are not going to use any special favors as an opportunity to bash the US or (more importantly from their perspective) the USN, and (b) you influence public opinion and that of opinion-makers.
www.lib.sun.ac.za /army/army-talk/msg30359.html   (665 words)

  
 TXU - Metrology Calibration Services
Our measurement sciences customers in defense, nuclear power, aerospace, pharmaceutical and energy industries set the most demanding standards for device calibration — and they count on us to meet them.
They benefit from expertise and high-quality calibration standards developed in a real-world environment — the TXU Power Comanche Peak twin-unit nuclear generating station.
TXU Energy (REP Certificate No. 10004) and TXU Power are not the same company as TXU Electric Delivery and are not regulated by the Public Utility Commission of Texas, and you do not have to buy TXU Energy's or TXU Power's products to continue to receive quality regulated services from TXU Electric Delivery.
www.txucorp.com /power/generation_services/products/metrology/default.aspx   (665 words)

  
 Laydown delivery - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Laydown delivery is a mode of deploying a free-fall nuclear weapon in which the bomb's fall is slowed by parachute so that it actually lands on the ground before detonating.
Laydown delivery requires that the weapon's case be reinforced so that it can survive the impact, and generally involves a time-delay fuze for detonation.
Laydown mode can be used to increase the effect of the weapon's blast on built-up targets such as submarine pens, or to transmit a shockwave through the ground to attack deeply buried targets.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Laydown_delivery   (136 words)

  
 Nuclear weapon - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Nuclear weapons delivery— the technology and systems used to bring a nuclear weapon to its target—is an important aspect of nuclear weapons relating both to nuclear weapon design and nuclear strategy.
Nuclear weapons have been at the heart of many national and international political disputes, and have played a major part in popular culture since their dramatic public debut in the 1940s, and have usually symbolized the ultimate ability of mankind to utilize the strength of nature for destruction.
Nuclear weapons were symbols of military and national power, and nuclear testing was often used both to test new designs as well as to send political messages.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Nuclear_weapon   (2366 words)

  
 Israeli Nuclear Armament, General Assembly Resolution 46/39
Expresses its deep concern regarding the information on Israel's continuing production, development and acquisition of nuclear weapons and testing of their delivery systems;
Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its forty-seventh session the item entitled "Israeli nuclear armament".
The resolution dealing with Israel's nuclear armament was adopted by a majority of 76 for, 3 against, 75 abstentions.
www.us-israel.org /jsource/UN/unga46_39.html   (2366 words)

  
 Nuclear war - Simple English Wikipedia
In the future, as nuclear weaponry and delivery devices become more affordable to smaller countries, however, the risk of war will increase again.
A nuclear war is a war in which the fighting is not done mainly with soldiers or robots fighting conventional battles, but rather through warplanes and missiles built to carry nuclear explosives to the enemy.
Nuclear war is therefore one of the largest threats to humanity's continued existence in modern times.
simple.wikipedia.org /wiki/Nuclear_war   (2366 words)

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