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Topic: Nuclear physics

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In the News (Thu 18 Jul 19)

  Nuclear physics
The reason why nuclear power plants do not exploses is that there are control rods to control the number of the neutrons in the reactor.
This is a controlled nuclear chain reaction in the opposite of an uncontrolled nuclear chain reaction in nuclear bombs.
The nuclear power plants in the future will be fusion reactors which do not crack heavy atomic nucleus, but fuses light atomic nucleus.
www.hpwt.de /Kern2e.htm   (1674 words)

  Nuclear physics - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Nuclear physics is the branch of physics concerned with the nucleus of the atom.
Thus nuclear physics can be regarded as the descendant of chemistry and atomic physics and in turn the progenitor of particle physics.
Investigation of nuclear properties and the laws governing the structure of nuclei is an active and productive area of research, and practical applications, such as nuclear power, smoke detectors, cardiac pacemakers, and medical imaging devices, have become common.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Nuclear_physics   (662 words)

 Experimental Applied Physics and Experimental Nuclear Physics
Members of the Department of Physics are also working in some of these areas in close collaboration with researchers at Argonne National Laboratory and Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory.
Nuclear Physics: Studies of the nuclear many-body system: Nuclear structure and interactions, non-nucleonic degrees of freedom in nuclei and phenomena requiring a quark description.
Measurement of nuclear properties that are important in the processes of nucleosynthesis, with particular attention to the breakout point from the hot CNO cycle that is crucial in producing elements heavier than oxygen, and to the properties of some of the nuclei that are the principal visible remnants of supernova explosions.
physics.uchicago.edu /x_applied.html#Winston   (1418 words)

 Relevant Very Elementary Physics   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
Unless one takes some rather complex facts on authority, which may be good enough depending on the authority, forming an opinion on nuclear energy requires just a little bit of physics.
Uranium and plutonium are involved in nuclear energy production, and carbon and hydrogen are the main elements in conventional fuels like coal, oil and natural gas.
For nuclear reactors, it is economical to use uranium that has been enriched to contain 4 to 5 percent U-235 instead of the 0.7 percent U-235 of natural uranium.
www-formal.stanford.edu /jmc/progress/physics.html   (1481 words)

 Nuclear Physics
Nuclear physics is a field that studies properties of atomic nuclei, the constituents of those nuclei, and the forces that affect them.
Nuclear physics has wide practical applications, such as in nuclear power, archeological dating, biochemical labeling, smoke detectors, nuclear medicine, etc. It is also an area that touches on many aspects of fundamental physics.
Nuclear physics has a long and distinguished history at the University of Rochester.
spider.pas.rochester.edu /mainFrame/research/nuc.html   (375 words)

 Nuclear Physics at Surrey   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
Nuclear Physics has the aim of understanding the basic structure of atomic nuclei in terms of the forces between their constituent neutrons and protons, and developing new theories of nuclear interactions.
There is a special emphasis on the effects of nuclear spin and nuclear shape, on reactions that probe new aspects of nuclear structure such as nuclear halos, and on the structure of nuclei with unusual proportions of neutrons and protons.
Computational nuclear theory is carried out using University and EPSRC national supercomputing facilities, and is based on advanced mathematical techniques of quantum mechanics as applied to few-body models of nuclear processes.
www.ph.surrey.ac.uk /npg/npg.html   (230 words)

 Erik's Chemistry: Nuclear Physics: An Introduction
Nuclear Physics is concerned with the fundamental nature of matter.
The central focus of this area of study is the relationships between a quantity of energy and its mass, given by E = mc
The results of particle accelerator experiments have led scientist to postulate the existence of three types of forces important in the nucleus: The strong force, the weak force, and the electromagnetic force.
members.tripod.com /~EppE/nclrphys.htm   (437 words)

 Open Directory - Science: Physics: Nuclear   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
Nuclear Data Project (NDP) - Devoted to the collection and evaluation of nuclear structure and astrophysics data.
Nuclear Physics - Provides an introduction to atoms, radioactivity and the structure of a nuclear bomb.
Nuclear Science and Technology - Presents information on nuclear science and technology and how our everyday lives are influenced through it.
dmoz.org /Science/Physics/Nuclear   (498 words)

 Rutgers University Nuclear Physics Home Page
Even the more traditional nuclear structure studies now explore regions of nuclei and nuclear excitation, angular momenta, and stability that were not previously accessible, because of the advent of more advanced detectors and accelerators.
The nuclear structure experimentalists have been involved in the identification of a nonaxial symmetry in nuclear structure and tests of symmetry- based models of nuclear structure by measuring electromagnetic moments, level energies, and gamma ray transitions using a variety of nuclear probes.
Three of the experimentalists are involved in the broad area known as intermediate energy nuclear physics.
www.physics.rutgers.edu /npx/group-npx.html   (461 words)

 Nuclear Solid State Physics
As head of the Nuclear Solid State Physics, André Vantomme is leading a group of approximately 20 people.
Nuclear techniques, either based on hyperfine interactions or on ion-solid interactions, are complemented with "conventional" techniques such as microscopes, diffraction and magnetometry.
At the heart of the lab are two molecular beam epitaxy set-ups, to which a number of in situ characterization techniques are connected, and two accelerators - a 100 kV ion implanter (equipped with stable and radioactive ion sources) and a 1.7 MV tandem Van de Graaff accelerator (used for RBS, Channeling, PIXE and NRA).
fys.kuleuven.be /iks/nvsf/nvsf.html   (280 words)

 Nuclear Reactions   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
Nuclear energy can be produced by either of two types of reactions: fission, the splitting apart of a massive atomic nucleus, or by fusion of lighter nuclei into a heavier nucleus.
Nuclear Reactions from the University of Oregon's Electronic Textbook.
Because the neutrinos are the only nuclear reaction products that make it out from the solar core, the most direct confirmation of the theories would be to measure the neutrinos emitted by the sun's P-P chain.
cassfos02.ucsd.edu /public/tutorial/Nukes.html   (1240 words)

 Physics at Minnesota: Nuclear Physics
Nuclear theorists seek to understand nuclear matter under the conditions present in the early universe and after super-novae.
A major thrust of nuclear physics at Minnesota is ultra-relativistic, heavy-ion collisions.
The newest faculty member in the nuclear theory group, Professor Yong-Zhong Qian, has interests that lie at the intersection of nuclear physics and astrophysics.
www.spa.umn.edu /research/nuclear.html   (280 words)

 Crank Dot Net | nuclear physics
The real misson of the physics science it's that the natural occurrences appropriately to experimental results, without contradiction descripts with in the narture exclusively dominating, universal valided nature laws.
The universal validity of the nature laws not just means that likewise valid on any point of the world, but means it also that likewise valid to the particles and atomic world, as valid to the total universum, which constructs up from particles and atoms.
"In Nuclear Witnesses outlines [Dr. John Gofman's] own personal career history and how, over time, he came to understand the true dangers of artificial, man-made radioactive matter and how the government, and the people in charge of the nuclear industry, were suppressing the facts of this danger from humankind.
www.crank.net /nuclear.html   (1218 words)

 Elsevier.com - Physics   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
Professor Roberto Merlin, Professor of Physics and Director of the Optical Physics Interdisciplinary Laboratory at the University of Michigan.
Physics of Life Reviews is an international journal appearing quarterly, that publishes review articles on physics of living systems, complex phenomena in biological systems, and related fields of artificial life, robotics, mathematical bio-semiotics, and artificial intelligent systems.
Physics backfiles on ScienceDirect, breakthrough research is electronically available at every researcher's fingertips, across interdisciplinary fields.
www.elsevier.com /gej-ng/29/35/show/index.htt   (272 words)

 Nuclear Physics - Edinburgh   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
Nuclear physics deals with the properties of nuclei and how their properties may be understood in terms of the interactions between the constituents.
The basic questions facing nuclear physics today range over the extremes of physical phenomena from the microscopic to the macroscopic.
The activities of the Edinburgh Nuclear Physics Group reflects this diversity.
www.ph.ed.ac.uk /nuclear   (143 words)

 Physics | The WWW Virtual Library
This encyclopedia explains basic terms and principles of laser physics and technology, with some content added from other topics such as general optics, nonlinear optics, and quantum optics.
Information sources for Nuclear Physics research institutes and accelerator facilities - This list is originally based on the HEP list, modified by adding nuclear physics research institutes and universities.
Plasma science and technology are multilevel, multifacted, and multimedia as demonstrated here by diverse and comprehensive links to references, subjects, societies, publications, conferences, funding sources, formulary, glossary, newsgroups, and a broad-based Coalition for Plasma Science founded to increase public awareness and understanding of the plasma sciences and their many applications and benefits to society.
vlib.org /Physics   (345 words)

 Nuclear Physics   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
Modern physics has discovered how atoms are made up of smaller particles and how these particles interact to build atoms into molecules and larger objects of matter.
This century research in particle physics has taken us deep into the heart of the atom, far beyond the limits of the most powerful conventional microscopes.
noun: nuclear physics, atomic physics, nucleonics = the branch of physics that studies the internal structure of atomic nuclei.
www.kosmoi.com /Science/Physics/Nuclear   (1388 words)

 Department of Energy - Nuclear Physics
Nuclear science began by studying the structure and properties of atomic nuclei as assemblages of protons and neutrons.
Research focused on nuclear reactions, the nature of radioactivity, and the synthesis of new isotopes and new elements heavier than uranium.
At its heart, nuclear physics attempts to understand the composition, structure, and properties of atomic nuclei.
www.energy.gov /sciencetech/nuclearphysics.htm   (177 words)

 APS Division of Nuclear Physics
The Division of Nuclear Physics (DNP) is comprised of scientists and educators who study fundamental problems related to the nature of matter.
Nuclear scientists probe the properties of nuclei and nuclear matter and the interactions of their ultimate constituents — quarks and gluons.
They also address interdisciplinary questions: the basis of fundamental symmetries in nature, the first moments of the universe, the origin of the elements, education, and the application of nuclei and nuclear techniques to meet societal needs including medical diagnoses and treatment, energy, advanced materials, and Homeland Security.
dnp.nscl.msu.edu   (207 words)

 Nuclear Physics Institute, ASCR   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
The Institute was created in 1972 from the Physics Section of the former Institute of Nuclear Research of the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences, which was founded in 1955.
The work of the Institute is primarily devoted to research in nuclear physics at low and medium energies, both theoretical and experimental.
The dosimetry of ionizing radiation is concerned with the metrology of ionizing radiation, the dosimetry of natural radiation fields, including dosimetry in the orbits of satellites with human crews, dosimetry of selected radionuclides and study of their transport in the environment.
www.cas.cz /en/UJF.html   (261 words)

 Department of Nuclear Physics
The Department of Nuclear Physics operates the premier laboratory in Australia for accelerator-based research in nuclear physics, providing and developing facilities for local staff and national and international outside users.
This workshop will be attended by undergraduate students from the University of Wollongong's Medical Physics Program and will provide an opportunity for them to get first hand experience in the methods of nuclear measurements and in the use of large accelerators.
The Nuclear Physics Department will host the Accelerator Technical Forum from 14 to 16 September 2004.
wwwrsphysse.anu.edu.au /nuclear   (435 words)

The high energy and nuclear physics (HE/NP) groups work closely together on a wide range of experiments.
However, the energy range that is relevant to Nuclear Physics is much lower where QCD, unfortunately, cannot be calculated perturbatively.
Some of the important fundamental issues in non-perturbative QCD remain mysterious, such as the mechanism of confinement, and the connection between QCD and the strong force that binds the protons and neutrons in nuclei.
www.physics.rice.edu /nuc.cfm   (515 words)

 3rd year course information   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
Elements of theory of nuclear reactions, the emphasis is on neutron reactions.
The amount of brainpower and money invested in nuclear physics is probably greater than that invested in all other sciences taken together.
Elementary particle physics is at the forefront of fundamental studies of matter.
www.phys.unsw.edu.au /2nd_and_3rd_syllabi/phys3050.htm   (577 words)

 BUBL LINK: Nuclear physics
Definitions for nuclear science terms with an emphasis on radioactive decay, illustrated with animated images which display conservation of charge, momentum, mass and energy.
A bibliography of citations and keyword abstracts for publications in low and intermediate energy nuclear physics research from 1910 to the present.
Information is provided on the generation of electricity by nuclear energy, the nuclear fuel cycle, uranium mining, radioactive waste management, and nuclear non-proliferation.
bubl.ac.uk /link/n/nuclearphysics.htm   (635 words)

 The World-Wide Web Virtual Library: Nuclear Physics
Nuclear Physics Laboratory, Department of Physics at the University of Colorado at Boulder
Frankfurt EF=" the University of Frankfurt in Germany, UFTP the Institute for Theoretical Physics, IKF Institute for Nuclear Physics
Nuclear Physics Division of the Jagellonian University, Cracow, Poland
www.rarf.riken.go.jp /rarf/np/nplab.html   (804 words)

 Physics 30 - Nuclear Physics
The use of nuclear energy in society is certainly one of the most widely debated and probably one of the most widely misunderstood topics in physics today.
It could be argued that an understanding of nuclear energy is a basic requirement for all students.
This Core Unit is intended to provide students with such a broad base of knowledge and information from which they can form opinions and debate the use of nuclear energy.
www.sasked.gov.sk.ca /docs/physics/u430phy.html   (327 words)

 The ABC's of Nuclear Science
The ABC's of Nuclear Science is a brief introduction to Nuclear Science.
Discover what have we gained by its study.
These experiments can be done in a classroom with inexpensive equipment.
www.lbl.gov /abc   (259 words)

 ScienceDirect - Nuclear Physics, Volume 89, Issue 3, Pages 481-716 (December 1966)
Continued as Nuclear Physics A and Nuclear Physics B
C : Hazzard, E.T., F. Ajzenberg-Selove and P.V. Hewka, Nuclear Physics 75 (1966) 592.
Analysis of the scattering of 28 MeV alpha particles : Satchler, G.R., Nuclear Physics 70 (1965) 177.
www.sciencedirect.com /science/journal/00295582   (638 words)

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