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Topic: Nuclear power weapons

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In the News (Wed 24 Apr 19)

  Nuclear weapon - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The detonation of a nuclear weapon is accompanied by a blast of neutron radiation.
The energy released by a nuclear weapon is generally measured by the explosive power of an equivalent amount of trinitrotoluene, known as the weapon's yield.
Nuclear weapons have been at the heart of many national and international political disputes, and have played a major part in popular culture since their dramatic public debut in the 1940s, and have usually symbolized the ultimate ability of mankind to utilize the strength of nature for destruction.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Nuclear_weapons   (2652 words)

 Nuclear power - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Currently, Nuclear power is generated by nuclear fission reactions which occur when sufficient amounts of uranium-235 and/or plutonium are confined to a small space, often in the presence of a neutron moderator.
The use of nuclear power is controversial because of the problem of storing radioactive waste for indefinite periods, the potential for possibly severe radioactive contamination by accident or sabotage, and the possibility that its use could in some countries lead to the proliferation of nuclear weapons.
The first self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction was obtained by Enrico Fermi in 1943, and reactors based on his research were used to produce the plutonium necessary for two of the nuclear weapons (the "Trinity" device and the "Fat Man" weapon dropped on Nagasaki, Japan).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Nuclear_power   (7732 words)

 US Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons Statement on Power and Democracy
Organizing to abolish nuclear weapons is a significant moral and ethical undertaking that inherently defies the status quo.
Building a movement for the abolition of nuclear weapons in the United States provides us with the opportunity to join together with the growing international peace and justice community that is linking the abolition of nuclear weapons to the abolition of economic exploitation and institutional oppression.
Nuclear weapons, like slavery, are symptoms of social degradation and a climate of fear and confusion which have much deeper roots.
www.wslfweb.org /abolition/demo.htm   (784 words)

 Enviromental Videos on Nuclear Power and Weapons
The health and environmental effects of nuclear power, from Three Mile Island to Chernobyl, and from the the radioactive waste of atomic energy and nuclear weapons testing are revealed in these Enviro Close-Ups.
The intimate linkage between nuclear power and nuclear war -- and what must be done to create a nuclear-free world at peace -- is discussed by Dr. Mitsuo Okamoto of Hiroshima Shudo University.
Johnsrud, director of Environmental Coalition on Nuclear Power and Dr. Boardman, founder of the Center for Atomic Radiation Studies, speak of the impacts of radiation on health.
www.envirovideo.com /topics/nuclear.html   (1668 words)

 Nuclear Weapons Glossary   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
Nuclear reactor fuel composed of plutonium and uranium oxides.
A radioactive gas, an isotope of hydrogen, that serves as a booster for the fusion reaction in the secondary component of a nuclear weapon.
A retired weapon or weapon system is no longer in an active status or deliverable, but may still be a fully functioning nuclear device.
infomanage.com /nonproliferation/primer/nwg.html   (1567 words)

 Nuclear Power & Nuclear Weapons
In 1954 utilities which were to operate commercial nuclear reactors were given further incentive when Congress amended the Atomic Energy Act so that utilities would received uranium fuel for their reactors from the government in exchange for the plutonium produced in those reactors.
This dangerous reversal of national policy was promptly beaten down in the Senate by a 88-9 vote by the Hart-Simpson Amendment to the NRC Authorization Bill which prohibited the use of nuclear power wastes to create nuclear weapons, and which saw both utilities and environ- mentalists lobbying together for its passage.
If one were to imagine for a moment that commer- cial nuclear power no longer existed, it would be obvious that the only use a country would then have for its uranium mining, milling, fuel fabrication and reactors would be to produce nuclear weapons.
www.neis.org /literature/Brochures/weapcon.htm   (1578 words)

Some argue that as long as we depend upon nuclear power reactors for electricity, we'll never be free from the threat that someone will use the technology or materials to make nuclear weapons.
Today, it costs between 10 and 12 cents per kilowatt hour to generate electricity from a nuclear power plant -- roughly the same as the cost of electricity at a solar thermal plant and nearly twice as much as electricity generated from a wind or coal-powered facility.
Nuclear materials at power plants, military facilities, reprocessing plants, and storage sites, or in transit could be stolen and used to make a nuclear bomb.
www.cdi.org /adm/transcripts/1023   (3705 words)

 Bushehr - Iran Nuclear Reactor
Iran is a signatory to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, though it has not ratified two additional protocols to the International Atomic Energy Agency's Program 93 + 2, which is designed to prevent states from developing nuclear weapons covertly despite IAEA inspections as Iraq was able to do prior to the Gulf War.
Nuclear power industry contacts between Iran and Russia are based on the intergovernmental agreements of 25 August 1992, on cooperation in the civil use of nuclear energy and in the construction of a nuclear power plant in Iran.
The Bushehr nuclear power plant was to come on line during the "latter part" of the next Iranian year that begins on 21 March 2003, its manager Nasser Shariflu told the Persian daily "Iran" on 11 March.
www.globalsecurity.org /wmd/world/iran/bushehr.htm   (3300 words)

 End the nuclear threat | Greenpeace International   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
Nuclear installations, whether military or civil, have a sad record of accidents and incidents, shrouded in cover-ups, lies and misinformation.
The generation of electricity in nuclear reactors produces substances than can be used for the fabrication of nuclear weapons.
Greenpeace was born when a group of peace activists tried to sail into the US nuclear weapons testing zone near Amchitka, Alaska in 1971.
www.greenpeace.org /international/campaigns/nuclear   (663 words)

 Nuclear Weapons - Israel
As early as 8 December 1960, the CIA issued a report outlining Dimona's implications for nuclear proliferation, and the CIA station in Tel Aviv had determined by the mid-1960s that the Israeli nuclear weapons program was an established and irreversible fact.
The actual size and composition of Israel's nuclear stockpile is uncertain, and is the subject of various estimates and reports.
The Dimona nuclear reactor is the source of plutonium for Israeli nuclear weapons, and the number of nuclear weapons that could have been produced by Israel can be estimated on the basis of the power level of this reactor.
fas.org /nuke/guide/israel/nuke   (2324 words)

 Nuclear Weapons - Global Issues   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
While the major nuclear powers have agreed to eliminate their nuclear arsenal at a UN review of the NPT, it remains to be seen how much of that will be rhetoric and how much real political will there will be to follow it through.
Nuclear weapons have long been considered to be used as either a matter of immediate national survival, or in retaliation to a nuclear strike.
The BBC also revealed a report from the Los Alamos Study Group, a nuclear disarmament organization, that a leaked document suggests that Washington is beginning detailed planning for a new generation of smaller nuclear weapons.
www.globalissues.org /Geopolitics/ArmsControl/Nuclear.asp   (6767 words)

 USS Clueless - Nuclear power and nuclear weapons
I thought you might answer an engineering question for me. I heard on the radio today that the nuclear power plant in Iraq that the Israelis blew up some years ago (sorry, I don't recall the name of the plant), was not capable of producing material that could be used in an atomic/nuclear bomb.
In one sense Le Sommier is correct: the French-built nuclear plant in Iraq is not capable of producing material which could be used in nuclear weapons.
Such "breeder" reactors produce little power (or none at all) but the yield of isotopes suitable for use in atomic weapons is much greater.
denbeste.nu /cd_log_entries/2004/07/Nuclearpowerandnuclearwea.shtml   (1301 words)

 nuclear power and weapons 1996 focus   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
In April fell the tenth anniversary of the disaster at the Chernobyl nuclear plant in the Ukraine.
The overall impact of Chernobyl has been to mute the world's enthusiasm for nuclear power: only one new plant is under construction in the US, none in Canada and just four in Western Europe.
This remains a major problem but all the other nuclear or near-nuclear powers have endorsed the treaty and a moratorium on testing is in place while the lengthy ratification process goes on.
www.newint.org /chronicle96/nuclear.html   (362 words)

 Nuclear Power/Nuclear Weapons   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
We will also cover the co-evolutionary history of nuclear energy from the Manhattan project until the present, setting a variety of decisions, and agencies, into their social and political as well as industrial and technical context.
What is new about ERG 251 this fall is that we will be going a step further, using some of the newer tools of social science, such as frame, narrative, and discourse analysis to "deconstruct" both the history and the politics in search of social context and meaning.
There will be lectures and handouts, division of labor assignments for reading with intense discussion, and the viewing of at least five or six excellent videos to explore the narrative and discursive elements that create the social and cultural representations through which nuclear weapons, and nuclear power, have been and are being interpreted.
socrates.berkeley.edu /~rochlin/251_f97_blurb.htm   (294 words)

 Israel's Nuclear Weapons Program
Israel is believed to possess the largest and most sophisticated arsenal outside of the five declared nuclear powers.
The center of Israel's weapons program is the Negev Nuclear Research Center near the desert town of Dimona (the center is usually identified simply as "Dimona").
A nuclear reactor and plutonium production facility was built by France at this facility in the late 1950s and early 60s.
nuclearweaponarchive.org /Israel   (2724 words)

 Toward a Plutonium Free Future
Since nuclear power plants are giant radiation-bombs-waiting-to-happen, it is probably only a matter to time before the security costs are shifted to the taxpayers also.
Not mentioned in the article are other costs of nuclear energy, such as cancer among uranium miners and the costs of decomissioning the giant plants when their 30 year life-span (governed by metal fatigue) is over.
A Renunciation of Nuclear Weapons One Citizen at a Time Documents in support of United States citizens' renunciation of nuclear weapons use on their behalf.
www.nonukes.org   (1234 words)

These are the nuclear power-weapons connection, and the need for a shift away from a growth economy towards a conserver economy.
SGR is especially dismayed that Professor King appears to be going along with a general political line, which remains silent on the nuclear power-weapons connection and on the need for changes in our economic priorities.
Concerning the first of these, a major reliance on nuclear energy inevitably produces large amounts of materials that might be used as nuclear weapons.
www.sgr.org.uk /press/NuclearPowerWeaponsAndEconomicGrowth8Mar02.html   (630 words)

Nukewatch is a Wisconsin-based environmental and peace action group, dedicated to the abolition of nuclear power and weapons.
Staff and volunteers advocate Gandhian nonviolence in education and action, and report on nuclear issues in a quarterly newsletter, The Pathfinder.
Nukewatch began in 1979 in response to the cold war build up of nuclear weapons and the secrecy surrounding the nuclear industry.
www.nukewatch.com   (200 words)

In addition to the nuclear rocket, NASA also plans a growing list of nuclear missions to outer planets in the coming years.
The nuclear industry views space as a new market and are feverishly working to convince the global public that launching nuclear power into space will be safe.
This is not some theoretical possibility, since the beginning of the space age, there have already been eight accidents with space nuclear power, some quite severe.
space4peace.blogspot.com /2005/03/bbc-nukes-in-space-story.html   (705 words)

 Environmental Videos on Health Issues
Environmental pollution from toxic chemicals, nuclear power and weapons production, electromagnetic fields and X-rays, food irradiation and pesticides can all cause health effects like breast cancer or leukemia.
The close linkage between environmental pollution and cancer is discussed by biologist Dr. Sandra Steingraber and Ellen Crowley, both of the Women's Community Cancer Project of Cambridge/Boston.
Dr. Louis Slesin, editor and publisher of Microwave News, a pioneer in exposing the dangers of electromagnetic fields, points to the sources of EMF-- from power lines to electric blankets to cellular phones -- and describes the efforts by industry to downplay the effects of EMF and outlines past and current research.
www.envirovideo.com /topics/health.html   (972 words)

The goal appears to be to redefine radioactive materials, no matter what their source (nuclear power, nuclear weapons, naturally occurring or other), based on EPA-calculated and projected risks.
NRC is claiming they could approve "restricted" release of nuclear waste meaning certain conditions would apply but that NRC would not enforce them--someone else, as yet un-named would.
The upshot is that NRC and EPA are joining forces to allow nuclear power and weapons waste which is now generally required to be regulated and controlled, to be released to waste sites never designed to take radioactive materials and either deliberately or unintentionally to the marketplace !QW!
www.nirs.org /alerts/12-01-2003/1   (755 words)

 Countries with Nuclear Weapons Capability
In Dec. 2002, North Korea revealed that it had violated its 1994 agreement to freeze its nuclear weapons program and has been developing a nuclear bomb.
Sharon hints at Israel's nuclear plans as whistle-blower savours uneasy freedom; Middle East Cheers and jeers for technician who exposed his country's weapons capability and paid with 18 years in prison.(Foreign News) (The Independent Sunday (London, England))
Nuclear ambitions: India and Pakistan are upping the ante in the world's most dangerous arms race.
www.infoplease.com /ipa/A0762462.html   (335 words)

 TIME.com: Iran's Nuclear Threat -- Page 1
Iran insists that its nuclear program is for peaceful purposes and told elBaradei that Tehran intends to bring all of its programs under IAEA safeguards.
Israel — which destroyed an Iraqi nuclear plant in Osirak in a 1981 raid — is deeply alarmed by the developments.
The revelations come at a particularly bad time for Washington, which is locked in a battle to gain U.N. approval for an attack on Iraq and to build consensus among its allies for a multilateral approach to the crisis in North Korea.
www.time.com /time/world/article/0,8599,430649,00.html   (720 words)

 Global Network Against Weapons & Nuclear Power
GAINESVILLE, FL - February 2 - The Global Network Against Weapons & Nuclear Power in Space has announced a series of protests in 2001 that will begin on February 3 in Munich, Germany and continue throughout the year.
ยท Daily protest vigils at the 18th Annual Symposium on Space Nuclear Power & Propulsion to be held at the Hyatt Regency Hotel (330 Tijeras NW) from 12:00 - 3:00 pm.
This annual conference of Air Force, NASA, DoE, aerospace industry and nuclear academia promotes the expanded use of nuclear power for space-based weapons and "civilian" space applications.
www.commondreams.org /news2001/0202-02.htm   (790 words)

 environmental health risks from nuclear power, waste,weapons
Larry inspired thousands to speak out against the dangers of nuclear power with the determined intention of preserving a livable earth.
Envirovideo also has available several videos on the weaponization and nuclearization of space including "Star Wars Returns" as well as "3 Mile Island Revisited" and more on nuclear power.
Now, more then ever, it is important that we fully examine the appalling state of nuclear power and weapons so that we can make better decisions effecting the lives of those who will follow us.
www.mothersalert.org   (519 words)

 Global Network Against Weapons & Nuclear Power in Space
It will also eventually surround China, and will force a chain reaction of nuclear weapons proliferation as Iran, China, India, and Pakistan all move to respond to U.S. destabilizing deployments.
The farewell warning to the American people by President Dwight Eisenhower in 1961 to "beware of the power of the military industrial complex" seems all the more relevant today as the aerospace industry now has "unwarranted" access and influence in Congress and the White House.
Democracy is in danger when such decisions are made to spend the national treasury on plans that will only lead to a more unstable world.
www.commondreams.org /news2001/0709-10.htm   (479 words)

 Nuclear Energy Information Service (NEIS) Home Page
Nuclear Power is NOT the answer for global warming.
In fact, only 5 countries in the world - of which one is the USA - generate more nuclear power than the state of Illinois.
We have eleven operating power reactors, three power reactors prematurely closed, and hearings underway for a new plant.
www.neis.org   (603 words)

 LBJ Library Nuclear Power and Weapons Search
Material in the WHCF was filed under 60 major subject headings, several of which are pertinent to Nuclear Power and Nuclear Weapons.
on nuclear power and nuclear weapons in speeches
Material on nuclear strategic weapons is scattered throughout.
www.lbjlib.utexas.edu /johnson/archives.hom/searches.hom/forpol.hom/lbj_nuke_search.html   (3074 words)

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